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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 14780 matches for " Christian Joerges "
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The Timeliness of Direct Democracy in the EU—The Example of Nuclear Energy in the EU and the Institutionalisation of the European Citizens’ Initiative in the Lisbon Treaty  [PDF]
Christian Joerges
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2012.31001
Abstract: The catastrophic nuclear incident in Fukushima in March 2011 has shocked Europe. Its impact was particularly strong in Germany with its decade-old anti-nuclear movements. Political and technological re-orientations were initiated in that country without considering at any depth the potential of European law and politics to control or obstruct such moves. Somewhat paradoxically, the Euratom Treaty of 1957 and also the new Treaty of Lisbon confirm the right of each Member State to decide upon the use of nuclear energy autonomously. This means that European citizens remain exposed to the risks of that technology until the highly unlikely consent of all Member States to abstain from its further use. That constellation poses a dilemma for democracy because it implies that each political decision taken within parts of the Union exerts external pan-European effects. The article considers the chances for an inclusive democratic process which would lead to a legitimated European decision. It examines the possibilities offered by the new European Citizens Initiative which the Lisbon Treaty has institutionalized in its Article 12 and concludes that this instrument could indeed be used to instigate a European-wide debate which may eventually lead to pertinent changes in the Treaties.
The Market without the State? The 'Economic Constitution' of the European Community and the Rebirth of Regulatory Politics
Christian Joerges
European Integration Online Papers , 1997,
Abstract: The paper reacts to a widespread perception of the development of the European Community after the adoption and implementation of the internal market programme. These perceptions are characterised as endorsing the emergence of a "market without the state". This vision, the paper argues, is neither normatively sound nor empirically correct. The normative doubts are elaborated with the help of a comparative discussion of three competing approaches to the understanding of European Integration (German "Ordnungspolitik", Ipsens Neo-Functionalism, Joseph Weilers Dual Supranationalism). The empirical part of the argument is elaborated with the help of of a comparison of the internal market programme and its actual implementation. This implementation can be characterised as a rebirth of regulatory politics. After a discussion of current approaches or suggestions such as regulatory competition, neo-corporatism and the building up of non-majoritarian institutions of governments, the paper asserts, that the Community will have to embark upon the task of meditating between mainly functional needs of market integration and broader regualtory concerns of the European Polity. Both the analysis of legal perception of the European integration process and the normative suggestions are further taken up in a related paper: Joerges, State without a Market? Comments on the German Constitutional Courts Maastricht-judgement and a Plea for Interdisciplinary Discourses , European Integration online Papers Vol. 1, No. 20 ( http:eiop.or.ateiop exte1997-020a.htm ).
The Market without the State? The 'Economic Constitution' of the European Community and the Rebirth of Regulatory Politics
Christian Joerges
European Integration Online Papers , 1997,
Abstract: The paper reacts to a widespread perception of the development of the European Community after the adoption and implementation of the internal market programme. These perceptions are characterised as endorsing the emergence of a "market without the state". This vision, the paper argues, is neither normatively sound nor empirically correct. The normative doubts are elaborated with the help of a comparative discussion of three competing approaches to the understanding of European Integration (German "Ordnungspolitik", Ipsen s Neo-Functionalism, Joseph Weiler s Dual Supranationalism). The empirical part of the argument is elaborated with the help of of a comparison of the internal market programme and its actual implementation. This implementation can be characterised as a rebirth of regulatory politics. After a discussion of current approaches or suggestions such as regulatory competition, neo-corporatism and the building up of non-majoritarian institutions of governments, the paper asserts, that the Community will have to embark upon the task of meditating between mainly functional needs of market integration and broader regualtory concerns of the European Polity. Both the analysis of legal perception of the European integration process and the normative suggestions are further taken up in a related paper: Joerges, State without a Market? Comments on the German Constitutional Court s Maastricht-judgement and a Plea for Interdisciplinary Discourses , European Integration online Papers Vol. 1, No. 20 ( http:eiop.or.ateiopexte1997-020a.htm ).
States Without a Market? Comments on the German Constitutional Court's Maastricht-Judgement and a Plea for Interdisciplinary Discourses
Christian Joerges
European Integration Online Papers , 1997,
Abstract: As the title of this lecture indicates, it builds upon the author s previous ananlysis of the European Communities market building efforts (C. Joerges, The Market Without the State? The "Economic Constitution" of the European Community and the Rebirth of Regulatory Politics , European Integration online Papers , Vol. 1, No. 19 ( http://eiop.or.at/eiop/texte/1997-019a.htm ). The analytical approach chosen includes a "comparative analysis" of legal and political science theories of European integration. It is a asserted, that the schisms between legal and political sciences inhibit an adequate understanding of the European Polity. Lawyers risk to overlook important institutional innovations; political scientists are urged to address the "constitutionalist" dimension of the European law. The theoretical argument is then substantiated by an analysis of the German Constitutional Court s decision on the Maastricht Treaty. Without even mentioning the normative visions of Germany s neo-liberal tradition, the Constitutional Court has, while pretending to defend the nation state, in fact endorsed the idea of a purely economic constitution of the European Community. The paper argues that the Europeanization process is de facto and de jure depending upon a constitutional vision which is to overcome the separation between "political" nation states and an "unpolitical" European governance structure.
States Without a Market? Comments on the German Constitutional Court's Maastricht-Judgement and a Plea for Interdisciplinary Discourses
Christian Joerges
European Integration Online Papers , 1997,
Abstract: As the title of this lecture indicates, it builds upon the authors previous ananlysis of the European Communities market building efforts (C. Joerges, The Market Without the State? The "Economic Constitution" of the European Community and the Rebirth of Regulatory Politics , European Integration online Papers , Vol. 1, No. 19 ( http://eiop.or.at/eiop/texte/1997-019a.htm ). The analytical approach chosen includes a "comparative analysis" of legal and political science theories of European integration. It is a asserted, that the schisms between legal and political sciences inhibit an adequate understanding of the European Polity. Lawyers risk to overlook important institutional innovations; political scientists are urged to address the "constitutionalist" dimension of the European law. The theoretical argument is then substantiated by an analysis of the German Constitutional Courts decision on the Maastricht Treaty. Without even mentioning the normative visions of Germanys neo-liberal tradition, the Constitutional Court has, while pretending to defend the nation state, in fact endorsed the idea of a purely economic constitution of the European Community. The paper argues that the Europeanization process is de facto and de jure depending upon a constitutional vision which is to overcome the separation between "political" nation states and an "unpolitical" European governance structure.
'Deliberative Supranationalism' A Defence
Christian Joerges
European Integration Online Papers , 2001,
Abstract: This paper is essentially a translation of a comment in German (Joerges 2000) on a series of articles in which Rainer Schmalz-Bruns (1998, 1999a, 1999b) developed a concept of legitimate governance beyond the constitutional state, which he called deliberative supra-nationalism and contrasted with what Jürgen Neyer and the present author had suggested under the same title (Joerges/Neyer 1997). Our querelles allemandes were not specifically Teutonic: while Schmalz-Bruns presented his approach as a systematic elaboration of the theories of deliberative democracy, based, in particular, on recent contributions by Joshua Cohen, Michael Dorf and Charles Sabel (Cohen/Sabel, 1997; Dorf/Sabel 1998), Jürgen Neyer and I had offered an interpretation of institutional innovations and decision-making practices as observed in the European market-building project. This discussion has had precursors and follow-ups in various contexts, among both lawyers and political scientists. This essay should hence be understood as contribution to an ongoing debate.
'Deliberative Supranationalism' A Defence
Christian Joerges
European Integration Online Papers , 2001,
Abstract: This paper is essentially a translation of a comment in German (Joerges 2000) on a series of articles in which Rainer Schmalz-Bruns (1998, 1999a, 1999b) developed a concept of legitimate governance beyond the constitutional state, which he called deliberative supra-nationalism and contrasted with what Jürgen Neyer and the present author had suggested under the same title (Joerges/Neyer 1997). Our querelles allemandes were not specifically Teutonic: while Schmalz-Bruns presented his approach as a systematic elaboration of the theories of deliberative democracy, based, in particular, on recent contributions by Joshua Cohen, Michael Dorf and Charles Sabel (Cohen/Sabel, 1997; Dorf/Sabel 1998), Jürgen Neyer and I had offered an interpretation of institutional innovations and decision-making practices as observed in the European market-building project. This discussion has had precursors and follow-ups in various contexts, among both lawyers and political scientists. This essay should hence be understood as contribution to an ongoing debate.
Role of Estradiol, Progestins, Insulines and Adipocytokines in Breast Cancer Promotion in Post-Menopausal Women  [PDF]
Christian Jamin
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2010.11007
Abstract: Estrogens and artificial progestins used in hormone replacement therapy increase breast cancer risk. This seems to bedue to a promoting and not initiating effect. A synergic effect of estradiol and hyperinsulinism has been shown. Insulinplays a role in the increase of breast cancer risk when associated with android obesity, sedentariness, type II diabetes,and high glycemic index food, alcohol and trans fatty acids intake. Natural menopause induces insulin resistance anddoes not induce a risk decrease. The role of insulin gives a new outlook on the influence of HRT in breast cancer promotion:estradiol alone, which improves insulin-sensitivity, does not increase breast cancer risk. Artificial progestinsassociated with estrogens increase the risk, whereas estrogens associated with progesterone do not. This could be dueto the fact that artificial progestins increase insulin resistance, whereas natural progesterone does not. Adipose tissue,which is an endocrine gland, is insulin dependant. Breast cancer and its seriousness are correlated to adipocytokincirculating levels such as resistin, leptin, interleukin 1, adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein, and are inversely correlatedto the level of adiponectin. Insulin could play a synergic role with sexual steroids by a direct effect and by increasingadipose tissue secretions.
The Methodological Implications of the Schutz-Parsons Debate  [PDF]
Christian Etzrodt
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.31006
Abstract:

The aim of this paper is an analysis of the different standpoints of Parsons and Schutz concerning Weber’s suggestion that sociological explanations have to include the subjective point of view of the actors, the Cartesian Dilemma that the actor’s consciousness is not accessible to the researcher, and the Kantian Problem that theories are necessary in order to interpret sensory data, but that there is no guarantee that these theories are true. The comparison of Schutz’s and Parsons’s positions shows that Parsons’s methodology is na?ve and unsuitable for a sociological analysis. But although Schutz’s methodological standpoint is much more reasonable, it is also problematic, because it excludes highly abstract social “facts” such as social systems from the research agenda. Parsons can deal with such highly abstract facts, despite the drawback that with his methodology the truth content of theories cannot be judged.

Psychodynamic Positive Psychotherapy Emphasizes the Impact of Culture in the Time of Globalization  [PDF]
Christian Henrichs
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.312A169
Abstract:

The emphasis of Positive Psychotherapy on culture is a specific contribution to psychodynamic psycho- therapy and to contemporary psychological reasoning and intervention in general. In this article, it is argued that a consistent psycho-cultural perspective as introduced by the founder of Positive Psychotherapy, the Persian-German psychiatrist and psychotherapist Nossrat Peseschkian (1933-2010), is beneficial for humanity’s psychological needs in the time of globalization. Also elementary concepts and the style of intervention in Positive Psychotherapy are described.


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