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Hyperkeratosis of palms and soles : clinical study
Chopra A,Maninder,Gill S
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 1997,
Abstract: Typical lesions of hyperkeratosis of palms and soles do not create any problem but when slight variation is there it becomes difficult to diagnose and that changes the line of treatment. For that we have studied 300 fresh cases of hyperkeratosis of palms and soles which included 110 cases of hyperkeratotic eczema. 42 cases of hyperkeratotic tinea, 64 cases of psoriasis of palms and soles and 84 cases of pustulosis palmaris et plantaris (PPP). To reach the final diagnosis alongwith the detailed history, general physical examination and routine investigations, help was taken of special investigations like pus for culture and sensitivity, KOH smear examination of skin scrapings and nail cutting and culture on Sabouraud′s dextrose agar medium.
Histopathological study of hyperkeratosis of palms and soles
Chopra A,Maninder,Gill S
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 1997,
Abstract: Clinically it is sometimes difficult to differentiate the various hyperkeratosis of palms and soles like psoriasis of palms and soles, pustulosis palmaris et plantaris, hyperkeratotic tinea and hyperkeratotic eczema. To differentiate amongst these conditions we have to take the help of histopathology. Here we are presenting the data of 292 cases of hyperkeratosis of palms &soles examined histologically by doing Haematoxylin and Eosin staining for the typical changes of the above mentioned conditions and PAS for the demonstration of the fungus in stratum corneum in cases of hyperkeratotic tinea.
Thoracic neurenteric cyst in a 60 year old male
Jain S,Chopra S,Mathur P
Neurology India , 2004,
Abstract:
Craniopharyngioma in an 82-year-old male
Jain S,Chopra S,Mathur P
Neurology India , 2003,
Abstract:
Use of a modified anterior inclined plane in the treatment on the dentoskeletal Class II division 2 patient
Rao S,Thomas A,Chopra S
Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry , 2010,
Abstract: Class II malocclusions are seen due to the underdevelopment of the mandible in most of the cases. To compensate for the mandible retrusive position, there is flaring of the lower anterior teeth or retroclination of the central incisors as a compensatory mechanism seen in Class II division 2 type of malocclusion. This case report evaluates the skeletal and dental changes when a 12-year-old female patient with Class II div 2 malocclusion was treated with a modified anterior inclined plane. The postreatment data suggested that there were no significant changes in the vertical skeletal parameters. The upper central incisors were significantly realigned by proclination along with retroclination of the lateral incisors. There was significant increase in the mandibular length. The results revealed that the modified anterior inclined plane showed good results in the treatment of a case of Class II div 2 malocclusion.
Comments on the article ′Antimicrobial and analgesic activities of Wendlandia thyrsoidea leaf extracts′
Gupta Kanchan,Chopra S,Kaushal Sandeep
International Journal of Green Pharmacy , 2010,
Abstract:
Evaluation of puva therapy in palmoplantar dermatoses
Dogra Alka,Dua Aman,Chopra S
Indian Journal of Dermatology , 2006,
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Palmoplantar dermatoses often show therapeutic problem. PUVA therapy represents an effective remedy for refractory dermatoses. PURPOSE: To evaluate the response of palmoplantar dermatoses to PUVA therapy. METHODS: A propsective study undertaken on 50 patients from the Outpatients Department of Dermatology in Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana to study the effect of PUVA therapy in plamoplantar dermatoses. Out of the total of 50 patients, 26 patients (52%) had chronic plaque psoriasis, 19 patients (38%) had vitiligo (acrofacial variety) and 5 patients (10%) had lichen planus. Each patient was given PUVA therapy 3 times of week on alternate days for 6-12 months or remission whichever was earlier and then followed up for 6 months. RESULTS: About 62.5% patients of psoriasis, 55.5% of vitiligo and 60% of lichen planus showed improvement. Main side effects were nausea and erythema (20%). PUVA Therapy had to be stopped in one patient due to flaring of psoriasis. After six months of follow-up, 60% of patients were maintained in remission in psoriasis; none of the patients of vitiligo showed any loss of pigmentation; and, all the patients who showed improvement in lichen planus were maintained in remission. CONCLUSION: PUVA Therapy is a successful treatment for plamoplantar dermatoses like psoriasis, vitiligo and lichen planus. LIMITATION: Open study having no control and small sample size.
Ultrasonographic evaluation of inflammatory swellings of buccal space
Srinivas K,Sumanth K,Chopra S
Indian Journal of Dental Research , 2009,
Abstract: Objectives : The main objective of the study was a) to differentiate cellulitis and abscess in buccal space region, b) to study the ultrasonographic anatomy of cheek region and c) to investigate the use of ultrasound in the diagnosis of inflammatory swellings of cheek region. Patients and Methods : The study consisted of 25 patients with unilateral buccal space inflammatory swellings of odontogenic origin. The contra lateral side was used as control. Toshiba ultrasonographic device with a linear array transducer (5-8 MHz) was used. The areas of interest were scanned under both transverse and longitudinal sections and were interpreted by a single observer. The clinical diagnosis of cellulitis or abscess was confirmed by the absence or presence of pus respectively both sonographically and by aspiration. Also various anatomical structures present in buccal space were studied. Results : Clinically 23(92%) were diagnosed as buccal space abscess and 2 (8%) were cellulitis. Ultrasonographically and therapeutically 24 (96%) were buccal space abscess and 1 (4%) was cellulits. The sensitivity of clinical criteria over ultrasonographic diagnosis was 96% with a specificity of 100%. Also the cheek thickness in males and females varied from 8.2 to 17.1mm with a mean of 11.6mm±2.1 (SD) and 8.2 mm to 14.2 mm with a mean of 11±1.8 (SD). The subcutaneous tissue appeared moderately echogenic, buccinator - highly echogenic, deep adipose tissue - less echogenic and parotid duct was appreciated as a thin hyperechogenic band crossing the buccinator muscle. Buccal space, masticator space and parotid space were appreciated. Conclusion : This study supports the ultrasonographic method of imaging of orofacial inflammatory swellings with high sensitivity and specificity. This imaging modality can also help in aspiration of pus in different spaces. We have described the ultrasonographic anatomy of the above mentioned spaces which can help a beginner in this field.
Tear film break up time (B.U.T.) in non-contact lens wearers and contact lens wearers in normal Indian population
Chopra S,George Saramma,Daniel R
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 1985,
Abstract:
Unusual clinical and histopathological presentation of facial tuberculosis
Chopra Adarsh,Gill S,Jain Chanchal,Kiranjot
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 1995,
Abstract: Atypical facial lupus vulgaris is described in two cases. The first case resembled sarcoidosis clinically and histologically but responded well to ATT. The second case whose clinical diagnosis of lupus vulgaris was confirmed therapeutically had an atypical histology.
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