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Wild Medicinal Plants of Cholistan Area of Pakistan
M. Saleem Shafi,M. Yasin Ashraf,G. Sarwar
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2001,
Abstract: This communication reports the findings of survey of medicinal plants found in barren Cholistan area of Pakistan. Information is presented about 71 species belonging to 23 families which are common and widespread in the different wild and barren lands together with information on the use by local inhabitants and professional workers.
Floristic Composition of the Plants of the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan  [PDF]
Hafiz Muhammad Wariss, Muhammad Mukhtar, Shazia Anjum, Ghulam Raza Bhatti, Saeed Ahmad Pirzada, Khurshid Alam
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.412A1009

A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. Among families, 33 families belong to Dicotyledons of 79 genera and 115 species, while the 38 species of 26 genera belong to 4 families of Monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms with 1 genus and 1 species. The largest family was Poaceae with 34 species followed by Papilionaceae and Zygophyllaceae with 10 species while Asteraceae with 9 species respectively. The life form of plant species was determined by following the Raunkier’s method. Therophytes comprised of 74 species (48%), Chamaephyte 40 species (26%), Hemicryptophyte 18 species (12%), Phanerophyte 19 species (12%) and Cryptophyte 3 species (2%) of the flroa of the area. It will be helpful and serve for the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant resources of the study area.

Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2009,
Abstract: The camel is one of the typical and the best adopted animals of the desert, capable of enduring thirst and hunger for days and is the most patient of land animals. For desert nomads of Pakistani Cholistan, it is a beloved companion, a source of milk and meat, transport facility provider and a racing/dancing animal, thus, playing an important role in the socioeconomic uplift of the local community. Camels of Marrecha or Mahra breed are mainly used for riding and load carrying but may be trained for dancing or racing. Berella is another heavy and milch breed of camel famous for milk production and can produce upto 10-15 liters of milk per day. This breed is also suitable for draught purpose, though comparatively slow due to heavy body. The present paper also describes the traditional camel rearing system used by nomads of Cholistan desert. Some aspects of camel health, production, feeding, socio-economic values, marketing and some constraints and suggestions are also given so that the policy makers may consider them for the welfare of this animal.
Farooq Ahmad,Zulfiqar Ali,Sameera Farooq
Revista Sociedade & Natureza , 2005,
Abstract: Cholistan is an extension of the Great Indian Desert, which includes the Thar Desert in Sindhprovince of Pakistan and the Rajasthan Desert in India, covering an area of 26,330 Km2, it lieswithin Southeast quadrant of Punjab province between 27o42' and 29o45' North latitude and69o52' and 73o05' East longitude (Arshad et al., 1995; Ahmad, 1999).The word ‘Cholistan’ has been derived from a Turkish word, ‘Chol’, means a desert, whilesome historians believe that this name has been distorted from Iraqi (Kurdish) word,‘Chilistan’ meaning waterless waste land (Ahmad et al., 1992; Auj, 1995 and Ahmad, 1999),popularly Cholistan is known as ‘Rohi’. In a dialect still spoken in some parts of Tibet, ‘roh’means a hill, from which the name Rohilla has been attributed. In fact, Rohi has been derivedfrom the Pushto word ‘roh’, meaning is a sandy desert (Auj, 1987; 1991; Ahmad, 1999b).
Runoff farming in reducing rural poverty in Cholistan desert
Ahmad, Farooq;
Sociedade & Natureza , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1982-45132008000100012
Abstract: the proposed study strives to provide an overall picture for establishing a relationship of indigenous rainwater harvesting technology and its impact in poverty alleviation. the topographic form and the soil characteristics of cholistan is the best catchment area for rainwater harvesting. different profiles point out that the area is very poorly drained, capable of generating maximum runoff after absorbing minimum water. water intake characteristics of fine textured soils show that infiltration rate is low to very low. findings show that there is direct relationship between water availability and poverty reduction. study also sheds light on both strengths and limitations of the indigenous technology on reducing rural poverty and recommends using this technology along with modern water harvesting techniques.
Status of Flora in Lal Sohanra (Cholistan) Forest Preserves
M. Naeem,Salah-ud-Din Baber,M. Yasin Ashraf,A.R. Rao
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2000,
Biodiversity in the Surface Dwelling Fauna from Cholistan Desert, Pakistan
Nuzhat Sial,Mohammad Arshad
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2003,
Abstract: A field study aimed at knowing the patterns of distribution of surface dwelling fauna in Cholistan desert, was conducted from January 2000 to December 2001. Class insecta was found to achieve maximum abundance (68%) in such a dry and harsh conditions of Cholistan desert. The individuals recorded in class arachnida were 18%, in scincida 5%, in lacerta 4%, in squamata 3% and in mammalia 2%. Maximum number of animals were captured during the months of August, September and October of both the years. It is concluded from the results that the Cholistan desert sustains a high faunal range and a wide range of habitat selection mainly depending upon their feeding habits and other behavior.
Cholistan and Cholistani Breed of Cattle
U. Farooq, H. A. Samad*, F. Sher1, M. Asim1 and M. Arif Khan2
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2010,
Abstract: Cholistan, once a green and prosperous land with the source of water being the ancient Hakra River, was also the cradle of great Hakra Valley Civilization. It is sprawled at an area of 26,000 Km2, located between the latitudes 27o42′and 29o45′North and longitudes 69o52′and 75o24′East. The bioclimatic system of Cholistan falls under the category of “tropical desert” with very scanty rainfall. Geomorphologically, the soils of Cholistan are a complex blend of river alluvium and Aeolin sands. Based on topography, type of soil and vegetation, this desert is divided into two geomorphic regions: the Lesser Cholistan (the Northern 7,770 Km2 region) and the Greater Cholistan (the Southern 18,130 Km2 region). The primary source of water is rainfall which is utilized through natural depressions or man-made ponds called “Tobas” and “Dahars.” The secondary source is underground water which is brackish and salty and not fit for human/animal consumption. Two livestock production systems prevail under pastoralism in Cholistan viz. transhumanie and nomadic. Despite an uncertain, unpredictable rainfall, low humidity and extremes in temperatures, Cholistan has long been famous for raising different breeds of livestock, contributing a significant share to national milk, meat and wool output. The total livestock population estimated during 2006 was 12,09528, out of which 47% were cattle. Cholistani cattle are considered to be ancestor of the Sahiwal and are a thermo-tolerant, tick-resistant breed. Preliminary data on some productive and reproductive traits of Cholistani cows maintained at Govt. Livestock Station, Jugait Peer, Bahawalpur during the period 2005 to 2009 revealed the avergae values for the productive traits i.e. lactation length, lactation yield, dry period, service period and fat percentage in milk as 165 days, 1235 liters, 155 days, 121 days and 4.8%, respectively. Similarly, the average values for reproductive traits i.e. age at maturity, age at first calving, gestation period and calving interval were 1112, 1390, 278 and 422 days, respectively, which are at par with those of Sahiwal and Red Sindhi cattle. However, comprehensive data supported by research need to be analyzed to manipulate the potentials of this breed. Furthermore, gene mapping and Marker Assisted Selection (MAS) will open up new horizons to study performance traits of Cholistani cattle in detail.
RUNOFF FARMING IN REDUCING RURAL POVERTY IN CHOLISTAN DESERT / Redu o da pobreza rural no deserto do Cholist o através da agricultura baseada em escoamento superficial
Farooq Ahmad
Revista Sociedade & Natureza , 2008,
Abstract: The proposed study strives to provide an overall picture for establishing a relationship of indigenousrainwater harvesting technology and its impact in poverty alleviation. The topographic form and thesoil characteristics of Cholistan is the best catchment area for rainwater harvesting. Different profilespoint out that the area is very poorly drained, capable of generating maximum runoff after absorbingminimum water. Water intake characteristics of fine textured soils show that infiltration rate is low tovery low. Findings show that there is direct relationship between water availability and poverty reduction.Study also sheds light on both strengths and limitations of the indigenous technology on reducing ruralpoverty and recommends using this technology along with modern water harvesting techniques.
Leptochloa fusca cultivation for utilization of salt - affected soil and water resources in Cholistan Desert
Ahmad, Farooq;
Sociedade & Natureza , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1982-45132010000100010
Abstract: in the cholistan desert, 0.44 million hectares are salt - affected low lying and clayey in nature locally known as 'dhars', where rainwater as well as saline groundwater could be utilized for growing salt tolerant grasses like leptochloa fusca as forage during summer. l. fusca is a promising candidate grass for economic utilization and better management of sodic, high ph, saline soil and saline water resources of the cholistan desert. l. fusca is known to be a versatile, halophytic, primary colonizer, easily propagatable, perennial, nutritive and palatable forage plant species. the grass has the good biomass producing potential and can grow equally well both under upland and submerged saline soil environment.
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