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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5987 matches for " China "
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Sociodemographic Effects on the Onset and Recovery of ADL Disability among Chinese Oldest-old
Gu Danan,Zeng Yi
Demographic Research , 2004,
Abstract: By pooling the data from the three waves (1998, 2000, and 2002) of the Chinese Longitudinal Health and Longevity Survey, this study examines the association of sociodemographic factors with the onset and recovery of ADL disability including changes in functional status before dying. The results show that the sociodemographic factors play some specific roles in disability dynamics at very high ages even after controlling for a rich set of confounders. Our results also point out that the conventional method, which excludes the information of ADL changes before dying due to unavailability of the data, overestimates the effects of age, gender, ethnicity, and living alone on disability transitions whereas it underestimates the effects of SES, although such discrepancies are not very big compared with the results including information of ADL changes before dying.
Tuberculosis in China  [PDF]
Tian Hu, Wenjie Sun
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2013.12002
Abstract: Tuberculosis in China
Globalization Impacts on Chinese Politics and Urbanization  [PDF]
Jamie P. Halsall, Ian G. Cook
Chinese Studies (ChnStd) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/chnstd.2013.22012
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to critically explore the complex debates on the contemporary growth of China’s urban economies. It has been well documented that China is the second largest economy in the world and is seen to be a major player in the financial markets. Over the last decade China has experienced a dramatic urban transformation and globalization is a key factor in the change in China from Maoist production cities to Dengist cities of consumption, albeit with a strong export-oriented production element. As this paper will argue, without the impact of Globalization, the recent development of China as a key economic power could not have taken place. The findings of this research revealed however, that the Chinese State has also played a key role, intertwined as it is with the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
Regulating the Internet: China’s Law and Practice  [PDF]
Haiping Zheng
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2013.41005

Though internet was not commercially available in China until 1995, it has been growing tremendously over the years. At the same time, the Chinese government has never ceased regulating or even censoring internet. This paper provides an overview of the development of internet in China, and the major regulatory schemes that have a direct impact on internet speech. Further, it describes some of the specific measures the Chinese government uses to control the internet: filtering and blocking, imposing liabilities on private parties, access control, internet “police”, and “guiding” public opinion. Finally, it concludes that internet censorship does more harm than good.

A Survey-Based Discussion on Perception and Attitude towards CSR in China  [PDF]
Yiming Wu
Creative Education (CE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.44040

The rapid growth of China’s economy is changing the current pattern of the international market. Nevertheless, scholars have concluded that there is a serious misconduct of CSR among Chinese enterprises. This research is conducted based on a survey to some companies in Guangdong Province to investigate the perception and attitudes of employees from enterprises towards CSR and sustainable development with focuses on three aspects which includes enterprises’ understanding of CSR, the influence of enterprises’ stakeholders on their CSR and what enterprises should do to assume CSR. It can be concluded that some enterprises have had some extent of CSR awareness and do assume CSR in their practices, however enterprises’ attention to CSR is still not sufficient enough and only confines to solving social responsibility problems that closely related to their economic interests.

Engineering agro-food development: The cluster model in China  [PDF]
M. Yu, J. Calzadilla, J. L. Lopez, A. Villa
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.49B006

The concept of industrial clusters has been around for some time. For many national and regional authorities, particularly in the United States and Europe, cluster development policies became the core for the new development paradigm based on the agglomeration economy. The potential of clusters for the development of a new model for the agro-food industry was recognized at an early stage. Both the United States and Europehave developed a strong base of agro-food clusters. Also in developing countries, where agriculture is the main economical source, a strong ally to change their economy has been found in clusters.Latin Americahas many good examples of agro-based clusters. The Asian region is now starting to include the agro-foodclusters into the mainstream of changes inagriculture, farming and food industry. The case in China is very relevant, as the potential it holds for agro-food development is enormous. In this communication, the state of agro-based clusters inChinais described together with two examples of clusters, one specialized in vegetables and other in flowers.

The Optimal Gasoline Tax for China  [PDF]
C.-Y. Cynthia Lin, Jieyin Zeng
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2014.44037

Gasoline-powered vehicles produce many negative externalities including congestion, air pollution, global climate change, and accidents. A gasoline tax is perhaps the best policy to jointly address these externalities. This paper calculates the optimal gasoline tax for China. Using a model developed by Parry and Small [1] [2], we calculate the optimal adjusted Pigovian tax in China to be $1.58/gallon which is 2.65 times more than the current level. Of the externalities incorporated in this Pigovian tax, the congestion costs are taxed the most heavily, at $0.82/gallon, followed by local air pollution, accident externalities, and finally global climate change.

Culturally Embedded Mechanism, Guanxi in Marketing  [PDF]
Meiling Wong, Ping-Chieh Huang
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.37025

While it is emphasized in Western on “what you know”, which refers to technological expertise, including the price and quality of tendered product or service, it is emphasized in Confucian societies on “who you know”, which refers to personal connections with the appropriate authorities or individuals. These connections are known in Chinese as guanxi. The present paper attempts to explore the underlying mechanism of guanxi which is culturally embedded onto added value of service quality by examining the construct equivalence of the two concepts between Western relationship marketing and Chinese guanxi. This paper provides an inner view of cultural value which offers insights that should prove helpful to academics in management and related disciplines as well as to practitioners engaged in Chinese business.

Anti-Corruption in Microfinance and China’s Reaction  [PDF]
Rongrong Zhou
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.410010
Abstract: Microfinance offers poor people access to basic financial services such as loans, savings, money transfer services and micro insurance. Corruption happens in microfinance area and the FCPA applies to it. In China, micro finance and social enterprises have developed for year; however, the government corruption poses a chilling climate for the flourish of microfinance and the innovation of private capital. Chinese government took measures to fight corruption and via the government’s action. Corruption problems became more tangible and more controllable.
Chinese Tax Reform and Risk Reduction of SME M&A  [PDF]
Sven Ludwig, Lars Büttner
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2019.94070
Although China has developed into one of the world’s leading economies, its inbound M&A market appears to be losing attractiveness. The number and volume of transactions have decreased for about a decade and multi-national corporations still note the difficult institutional framework leading to an uncertainty whether their investment will lead to economic success. A weak enforcement of law, widespread corruption as well as informal agreements between enterprises and authorities, often lead to business conditions that cannot be maintained by foreign investors post-acquisition. With the new tax-reform effective January 1, 2019, China, however, enables the taxation system to play a more supportive role in state governance. Thus, taxation & social insurance compliance is expected to improve which might influence the uncertainty and attractiveness of M&A investments in China as well. The paper at hand aims at summarizing the origin of tax-related risks in Chinese M&A-transactions as well as reflecting whether the recent tax reform will have an impact on the uncertainty of the investor.
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