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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 12913 matches for " Cheraghi Mohammad "
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Distributions of ischemic heart disease risk factors in patients who were admitted for angioplasty in Iran  [PDF]
Ahmad Reza Assareh, Maria Cheraghi, Mohammad Nourizadeh, Farzad Daeenejad, Habib Haybar, Mohammad Reza Kiarsi
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2013.34A007
Abstract:

The aim of this study was to study the prevalence of different risk factors of coronary artery disease (CAD) in Patients who were admitted for angioplasty. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 333 patients who were admitted with diagnosis as a CAD and candidates for angioplasty in Imam Khomeini hospital, Ahvaz city, Iran 2011. The prevalence of different risk factors was determined using descriptive statistics. Results: The prevalence of CAD risk factors in overall subjects were: 1) 45.3% hypertension (considering >140/90 mmHg); 2) 34.5% high cholesterol (>240 mg/dl); 3) 27.6% diabetic mellitus (>126 mg/dL); 4) family history of heart disease: 20.7%; 5) smokers: 19.9%. Conclusion: This data have shown the prevalence of IHD (Ischemic Heart Disease) risk factors specially about hypertension in patients with IHD was high, so could require urgent decision making to national control program of non-communicable diseases in Iran.

Application of Bait Treated with the Entomopathogenic Fungus Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch.) Sorokin for the Control of Microcerotermes diversus Silv.
Amir Cheraghi,Behzad Habibpour,Mohammad Saied Mossadegh
Psyche , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/865102
Abstract:
Evaluation of cellulose substrates treated with Metarhizium anisopliae (Metschnikoff) Sorokin as a biological control agent against the termite Microcerotermes diversus Silvestri (Isoptera: Termitidae)
Behzad Habibpour,Amir Cheraghi,Mohammad Saeed Mossadegh
Journal of Entomological and Acarological Research , 2011, DOI: 10.4081/jear.2011.e28
Abstract: This article is the first report on the promising effect of an entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium anisopliae (Metschnikoff) Sorokin to control populations of Microcerotermes diversus Silvestri. Biological control is an alternative to the long-term usage of chemical pesticides. M. anisopliae, the causal agent of green muscardine disease of insects, is an important fungus in biological control of insect pests. Bait systems can eliminate entire colonies of subterranean termites. Baiting reduces adverse environmental impacts caused by organochlorine and organophosphate pesticides in the control of termites and creates sustainable protection of buildings against their invasion. Treated-sawdust bait was applied by two methods: a) combination of treated sawdust and untreated filter paper, and b) combination of treated sawdust and untreated sawdust. When combinations of treated sawdust and untreated sawdust were used, LC50 and LC90 were 8.4×106 and 3.9×107 (spore/ml), respectively. With the use of improved bait formula and more virulent strains, we hope to achieve better control of termite colonies and enable pathogens to become a useful element in the Integrated Pest Management system.
Philosophizing in skilled nursing care: Must or nice?  [PDF]
Fatemeh Khoshnavay Fomani, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Yahya Ghaedi, Rahmatollah Kharazmi Rahimabadi
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.37068
Abstract:

To become a professional nurse requires that nurses learn to think in a right way. Thinker nurses strive to be clear, accurate, logical, complete, precise and faire in their practice and manner. In other words, a thinker nurse is a philosopher who has the ability of reasoning, critical and reflective thinking. In many investigations, the role of critical or reflective thinking is explored, but in this review article, we are trying to introduce a comprehensive concept that involves all these elements of thinking skills. It is philosophizing.

Application of Bait Treated with the Entomopathogenic Fungus Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch.) Sorokin for the Control of Microcerotermes diversus Silv.
Amir Cheraghi,Behzad Habibpour,Mohammad Saied Mossadegh
Psyche , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/865102
Abstract: Microcerotermes diversus Silvestri (Isoptera, Termitidae) is considered to be the most destructive termite in Khuzestan province (Iran), and its control by conventional methods is often difficult. Biological control using entomopathogenic fungi could be an alternative management strategy. Performance of a bait matrix treated with the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch.) Sorokin, Strain Saravan (DEMI 001), against M. diversus was evaluated in this paper. The highest rate of mortality occurred at concentrations of 3.7 × 107 and 3.5 × 108 (conidia per mL). There was no significant difference between treatments, in the rate of feeding on the bait. The fungal pathogen was not repellent to the target termite over the conidial concentrations used. The current results suggest potential of such bait system in controlling termite. However the effectiveness of M. anisopliae as a component of integrated pest management for M. diversus still needs to be proven under field conditions. 1. Introduction Currently, species in the genera, Amitermes and Microcerotermes (Termitidae), Anacanthotermes (Hodotermitidae), and Psammotermes (Rhinotermitidae), are the most important termites in Iran [1]. Majority of termites in the Khuzestan province belong to the subterranean termite group [2]. Studies show Microcerotermes diversus is the most destructive termite in Khuzestan province. It has a wide foraging area and is able to form secondary colonies in walls, ceilings of buildings, and in trees. This termite is also prevalent in other parts of Iran and in Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Saudi Arabia and is one of the most important pests of date palms (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in Iran, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia [3]. Current management of subterranean termites in Iran involves the application of soil insecticides [1]. However, continuous use of chemical pesticides in the environment is a concern [4–6], especially in areas with a high groundwater table, as in the city of Ahvaz [7]. Biological control has been suggested as an alternative strategy to the widespread application of chemical pesticides. Following this interest in the use of entomopathogenic fungi to combat insect pests has increased. Application of entomopathogenic fungi against termites has the minimum negative impact on the environment [8]. There have been a number of studies evaluating the efficacy of the hypocrealean Hyphomycete, Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuillemin, against subterranean termites [9]. Similarly Ascomycete, Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch.) Sorokin, present in the
Investigation on Relationship between Test Anxiety and Academic Performance of Nursing and Midwifery Students in Tabriz and Maragheh—Iran  [PDF]
Maedeh Alizadeh, Fattaneh Karimi, Sousan Valizadeh, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Parvin Cheraghi, Asghar Tanomand
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.621345
Abstract: Background and Aim: Given the dramatic decline in the ability of test due to test anxiety, the goal of this study was to evaluate the relationship between test anxiety and academic performances in students. Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was performed on 216 Iranian nursing and midwifery students in 2011-2012, utilizing Sarason Anxiety Inventory, demographic checklist and the average mark of students in the period of midterm and final exam. Multinomial logistic regression analyses by reporting odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals were performed by SPSS17 software to assess the relationship between test anxiety and academic performances. Results: Mild, moderate and sever test anxiety was observed in 30.6, 43.1 and 26.4 percent of students respectively. Test anxiety was significantly related to academic performance (average), major and city. Also, there was 52.9% decrease for odds of having sever anxiety (compared to mild anxiety) with 1 point increase in average (OR = 0.471, 95% CI = (0.298 - 0.745) and p = 0.001). Conclusions: Due to inverse relationship between test anxiety and academic performance, performing preventive programs such as in time treatment of anxiety, empowering the students to deal with anxiety and conducting consulting services for how to studying are very important. Consequently it would be a big step in decreasing the test anxiety and therefore in improving the academic performance.
Horizontal Transmission of the Entomopathogen Fungus Metarhizium anisopliae in Microcerotermes diversus Groups
Amir Cheraghi,Behzad Habibpour,Mohammad Saied Mossadegh,Mona Sharififard
Insects , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/insects3030709
Abstract: An experiment was carried out in order to investigate fungal conidia transmission of Metarhizium anisopliae (Metschnikoff) Sorokin from vector (donor) to healthy Microcerotermes diversus Silvestri (Iso.: Termitidae) and determine the best donor/concentration ratio for transmission. After preliminary trials, concentrations of 3.1 × 10 4, 3.9 × 10 5, 3.2 × 10 6 and 3.5 × 10 8 conidia mL ?1 were selected for testing. The experiment was performed at three donor : Recipient ratios of 10, 30 and 50%. The highest mortality of recipient workers was observed after 14 days at the concentration of 3.5 × 10 8 conidia mL ?1 and donor ratio of 50%. The mortality of recipient workers was less than 20% at all concentrations at a donor ratio of 10%. Our observations indicate social behavior of M. diversus, such as grooming, can be effective in promoting epizootic outbreaks in a colony. While the current results suggest good potential for efficacy, the use of M. anisopliae as a component of integrated pest management of M. diversus still needs to be proven under field conditions.
Achievements of Nursing Portal Development in Selected Countries
Reza Safdari,Mashaallah Torabi,Mohammad Ali Cheraghi,Niloufar Masoori
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2011,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Web-based technologies provide new opportunities for education, research and professional development of nursing. Nurses have few opportunities to use the Internet due to managers' obligations not to use the Internet in work hours, and their traditional attitudes to nursing practice. Establishment of a national nursing portal is a useful way to resolve some of these problems. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the experiences of development of nursing portals in some countries and provide helpful recommendations. Methods & Materials: This was a descriptive- comparative study. Using systematic review of the literature, the least features for nursing portal structures and contents were identified. Then, the identified features were assessed in selected countries through observation or communication with the portal board. Results: Personalization, user's profile, search engine, platform-independent display, SSO capability, security mechanisms and collaborative capabilities, clinical guidelines, continuing education, electronic learning courses, and evidence-based nursing processes were common features in the nursing portals. Conclusion: Development of a specialized comprehensive portal that has all of the desirable features can be achieved through clear definitions of strategies on portal development, maintenance, and analysis of user's requirements. The main requirement to integrate services and contents provided by the portal include specific and integrated structure of all entities in nursing services systems.
Caring for people at the end of life: Iranian oncology nurses′ experiences
Iranmanesh Sedigheh,Abbaszadeh Abbas,Dargahi Helen,Cheraghi Mohammad
Indian Journal of Palliative Care , 2009,
Abstract: Aim: To explore the meaning of Iranian oncology nurses′ experiences of caring for people at the end of life. Materials and Methods: A phenomenological hermeneutic approach was applied. Fifteen nurses working in oncology units were interviewed in 2007 regarding their experiences of caring for people at the end of life. Results: Participants experienced caring for people at the end of life as sharing space and time to be lost within an organizational context. This main theme was divided into three subthemes including being attentive to the dying persons and their families, being cared for by the dying persons and their families, and being faced with barriers. Conclusion: The study suggests that the nurses′ success in caring for people at the end of life is reliant on their interpersonal caring relationship. Facilitating such relationship requires the establishment of palliative care unit, incorporation of palliative care into undergraduate nursing studies, and cultural preparation through public education.
Prevalence of and Some Factors Relating with Unwanted Pregnancy, in Ahwaz City, Iran, 2010
M. Najafian,K. B. Karami,M. Cheraghi,R. Mohammad Jafari
ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology , 2011, DOI: 10.5402/2011/523430
Abstract:
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