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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 108876 matches for " Chen-Peng Chang "
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Electronic and Optical Properties of Graphene Nanoribbons in External Fields
Hsien-Ching Chung,Chen-Peng Chang,Chiun-Yan Lin,Ming-Fa Lin
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: A review work is done for electronic and optical properties of graphene nanoribbons in magnetic, electric, composite, and modulated fields. Effects due to the lateral confinement, curvature, stacking, non-uniform subsystems and hybrid structures are taken into account. The special electronic properties, induced by complex competitions between external fields and geometric structures, include many one-dimensional parabolic subbands, standing waves, peculiar edge-localized states, width- and field-dependent energy gaps, magnetic-quantized quasi-Landau levels, curvature-induced oscillating Landau subbands, crossings and anti-crossings of quasi-Landau levels, coexistence and combination of energy spectra in layered structures, and various peak structures in the density of states. There exist diverse absorption spectra and different selection rules, covering edge-dependent selection rules, magneto-optical selection rule, splitting of the Landau absorption peaks, intragroup and intergroup Landau transitions, as well as coexistence of monolayer-like and bilayer-like Landau absorption spectra. Detailed comparisons are made between the theoretical calculations and experimental measurements. The predicted results, the parabolic subbands, edge-localized states, gap opening and modulation, and spatial distribution of Landau subbands, have been verified by various experimental measurements.
Low-frequency Magneto-optical Spectra of Bilayer Bernal Graphene
Yen-Hung Ho,Yu-Huang Chiu,De-Hone Lin,Chen-Peng Chang,Ming-Fa Lin
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: The low-frequency magneto-optical absorption spectra of bilayer Bernal graphene are studied within the tight-binding model and gradient approximation. The interlayer interactions strongly affect the electronic properties of the Landau levels (LL's), and thus enrich the optical absorption spectra. According to the characteristics of the wave functions, the low-energy LL's can be divided into two groups. This division results in four kinds of optical absorption peaks with complex optical selection rules. Observing the experimental convergent absorption frequencies close to zero magnetic field might be useful and reliable in determining the values of several hopping integrals. The dependence of the optical absorption spectra on the field strength is investigated in detail, and the results differ considerably from those of monolayer graphene.
Magneto-optical Selection Rules in Bilayer Bernal Graphene
Yen-Hung Ho,Yu-Huang Chiu,De-Hone Lin,Chen-Peng Chang,Ming-Fa Lin
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1021/nn9015339
Abstract: The low-frequency magneto-optical properties of bilayer Bernal graphene are studied by the tight-binding model with four most important interlayer interactions taken into account. Since the main features of the wave functions are well depicted, the Landau levels can be divided into two groups based on the characteristics of the wave functions. These Landau levels lead to four categories of absorption peaks in the optical absorption spectra. Such absorption peaks own complex optical selection rules and these rules can be reasonably explained by the characteristics of the wave functions. In addition, twin-peak structures, regular frequency-dependent absorption rates and complex field-dependent frequencies are also obtained in this work. The main features of the absorption peaks are very different from those in monolayer graphene and have their origin in the interlayer interactions.
Dramatic Co-Activation of WWOX/WOX1 with CREB and NF-κB in Delayed Loss of Small Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurons upon Sciatic Nerve Transection in Rats
Meng-Yen Li,Feng-Jie Lai,Li-Jin Hsu,Chen-Peng Lo,Ching-Li Cheng,Sing-Ru Lin,Ming-Hui Lee,Jean-Yun Chang,Dudekula Subhan,Ming-Shu Tsai,Chun-I Sze,Subbiah Pugazhenthi,Nan-Shan Chang,Shur-Tzu Chen
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007820
Abstract: Tumor suppressor WOX1 (also named WWOX or FOR) is known to participate in neuronal apoptosis in vivo. Here, we investigated the functional role of WOX1 and transcription factors in the delayed loss of axotomized neurons in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) in rats.
The sectionalized DNA shuffling: an effective tool for molecular directed evolution of Meiothermus ruber TreS
分段DNA shuffling: 一种大分子海藻糖合酶有效的定向进化方法

Liu Yan-Chao,Wang Yu-Fan,Qian Ke-Fan,Zhang Jun,Xiao Chen-Peng,Xing Lai-Jun,Li Ming-Chun,

微生物学通报 , 2013,
Abstract: Objective] The gene M-treS from Meiothermus ruber CBS-01 encodes a trehalose synthase of 962 amino acids, named M-TreS. To improve its catalytic activity, we constructed a method of molecular directed evolution, the sectionalized DNA shuffling. Methods] Through two PCR steps with two pairs of partially complementary primers, the M-treS gene was parted into two sections. After the two sections shuffled respectively, a whole gene was obtained through the complementarity of the primers. This method was more feasible, with higher mutability than normal DNA shuffling. Results] Mutants were obtained after one round of the sectionalized DNA shuffling, in combination with error-prone PCR. The best mutant enzyme contained 6 amino acid substitutions, whose catalytic activity and efficiency were 1.6-fold and 2-fold of that of the wild type, respectively. In the 6 amino acid substitutions, 5 were caused by homologous recombination, and one by error-prone PCR. Conclusion] This study indicates that the sectionalized DNA shuffling is an effective tool for molecular directed evolution of macromolecular proteins.
Formulating for Innovative Self-Compacting Concrete with Low Energy Super-Sulfated Cement Used for Sustainability Development  [PDF]
Hoang-Anh Nguyen, Ta-Peng Chang, Jeng-Ywan Shih, Chun-Tao Chen
Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (MSCE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/msce.2016.47004

This study proposed a new way to formulate a low energy super-sulfated cement (SSC) which can be used to produce self-compacting concrete (SCC) with high compressive strength and durability in terms of chloride penetration resistance. This innovative SSC, different from the traditional SSC, was purely produced with a ternary mixture of three industrial by-products of ground granulated blast furnace slag, low calcium Class F fly ash and circulating fluidized bed combustion (CFBC) fly ash and was denoted as SFC-SSC (super-sulfated cement made by mixture of slag, Class F fly ash and CFBC fly ash). Experimental results showed that the combination of a fixed amount of 15 wt.% of CFBC fly ash with various ratios of Class F fly ash to slag could be used to produce the hardened SCCs with high 28-day compressive strengths (41.8 - 65.6 MPa). Addition of Class F fly ash led to the resulting SCCs with lowered price and preferable engineering properties, and thus it was considered as state-of-the-art method to drive such type of concrete towards sustainable construction materials.

Flavor Asymmetry of the Nucleon Sea and the Five-Quark Components of the Nucleons
Wen-Chen Chang,Jen-Chieh Peng
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.252002
Abstract: The existence of the five-quark Fock states for the intrinsic charm quark in the nucleons was suggested some time ago, but conclusive evidence is still lacking. We generalize the previous theoretical approach to the light-quark sector and study possible experimental signatures for such five-quark states. In particular, we compare the $\bar d - \bar u$ and $\bar u + \bar d - s -\bar s$ data with the calculations based on the five-quark Fock states. The qualitative agreement between the data and the calculations is interpreted as evidence for the existence of the intrinsic light-quark sea in the nucleons. The probabilities for the $|uudu\bar{u}>$ and $|uudd\bar{d}>$ Fock states are also extracted.
On the extraction of the intrinsic light-quark sea in the proton
Wen-Chen Chang,Jen-Chieh Peng
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.92.054020
Abstract: The HERMES collaboration recently reported a reevaluation of the strange-quark parton distribution, $S(x)$, based on kaon production in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering. Two distinct results on $S(x)$ at the $x> 0.1$ region, one with a sizable magnitude and another with a vanishing content, were reported. We show that the latter result is due to a particular assumption adopted in the analysis. The impact of the new HERMES $S(x)$ result on the extraction of intrinsic light-quark sea in the proton is discussed. Given the large uncertainty in the kaon fragmentation function, we find that the latest HERMES data do not exclude the existence of a significant intrinsic strange-quark sea in the proton. The $x$ dependence of the $(s+\bar s)/(\bar u+ \bar d)$ ratio is also in qualitative agreement with the presence of intrinsic strange-quark sea.
Extraction of Various Five-Quark Components of the Nucleons
Wen-Chen Chang,Jen-Chieh Peng
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2011.08.077
Abstract: We have generalized the approach of Brodsky {\it et al.} for the intrinsic charm quark distribution in the nucleons to the light-quark sector involving intrinsic $\bar u, \bar d, s$ and $\bar s$ sea quarks. We compare the calculations with the existing $\bar d - \bar u$, $s + \bar s$, and $\bar u + \bar d - s -\bar s$ data. The good agreement between the theory and the data allows the extraction of the probabilities for the $|uudu\bar{u}>$, $|uudd\bar{d}>$, and $|uuds\bar{s}>$ five-quark Fock states in the proton. We also calculate the $x$-dependence of the intrinsic charm after taking into consideration the QCD evolution of the intrinsic quark distribution.
Flavor Structure of the Nucleon Sea
Wen-Chen Chang,Jen-Chieh Peng
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1016/j.ppnp.2014.08.002
Abstract: We review the current status and future prospects on the subject of flavor structure of the nucleon sea. The flavor structure of the nucleon sea provides unique information on the non-perturbative aspects of strong interactions allowing stringent tests of various models on the partonic structures of the nucleons as well as lattice QCD calculations. The scope of this review covers the unpolarized, polarized, and the transverse-momentum dependent sea-quark distributions of the nucleons. While the main focus of this review is on the physics motivation and recent progress on the subject of the nucleon sea, we also discuss future prospects of addressing some outstanding issues on the flavor structure of the nucleon sea.
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