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La eficiencia en el sector financiero en Espa?a: un enfoque de género
Charlo Molina,María José; Nú?ez Torrado,Miriam;
Cuadernos de Administración , 2011,
Abstract: the purpose of this work is to study the economic repercussions which may be experienced as a result of the participation of women in high-level decision making processes of financial sector businesses listed in the spanish capital markets. an analysis is made of the relationship between the presence of women in posts of entrepreneurial responsibility and the success of the organization, using the theoretical framework provided by the management of diversity. the methodology used is analysis of linear regression, and analysis of variances (anova). the statistical analysis offers the conclusion that the presence of women the boards of the companies studied does not entail any impairment of the results of the business, and therefore, it is not understood that they do not have access to such posts on the same conditions as their male colleagues.
La eficiencia en el sector financiero en Espa a: un enfoque de género A eficiência no setor financeiro espanhol: um enfoque de gênero The efficiency of the financial sector in Spain: a gender focus
María José Charlo Molina,Miriam Nú?ez Torrado
Cuadernos de Administración , 2011,
Abstract: El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar las repercusiones económicas que se pueden derivar de la participación de la mujer en los procesos de toma de decisiones de alto nivel en las empresas del sector financiero que cotizan en el mercado espa ol de capitales. Se analiza la relación entre la presencia de mujeres en puestos de responsabilidad empresarial y el éxito de la organización bajo el marco teórico proporcionado por la gestión de la diversidad. Se emplea como metodología un análisis de regresión lineal y un análisis de varianzas (Anova). Del análisis estadístico se concluye que la presencia de mujeres en la jerarquía directiva y en los consejos de administración de las empresas estudiadas no supone un menoscabo en los resultados empresariales, por lo que no se entiende que no accedan a esos puestos en igualdad de condiciones que sus homólogos masculinos. O objetivo deste trabalho é estudar as repercuss es econ micas que podem derivar da participa o da mulher nos processos de tomada de decis es de alto nível nas empresas do setor financeiro que cotam no mercado espanhol de capitais. Analisa-se a rela o entre a presen a de mulheres em cargos de responsabilidade empresarial e o sucesso da organiza o no entorno teórico proporcionado pela gest o da diversidade. Foi empregada como metodologia uma análise de regress o linear e uma análise de varian as (Anova). Da análise estatística conclui-se que a presen a de mulheres na hierarquia diretiva e nos conselhos de administra o das empresas estudadas n o sup e um menoscabo nos resultados empresariais, por isso n o é compreensível que n o tenham acesso a esses cargos em igualdade de condi es que seus pares masculinos. The purpose of this work is to study the economic repercussions which may be experienced as a result of the participation of women in high-level decision making processes of financial sector businesses listed in the Spanish capital markets. An analysis is made of the relationship between the presence of women in posts of entrepreneurial responsibility and the success of the organization, using the theoretical framework provided by the management of diversity. The methodology used is analysis of linear regression, and analysis of variances (Anova). The statistical analysis offers the conclusion that the presence of women the Boards of the companies studied does not entail any impairment of the results of the business, and therefore, it is not understood that they do not have access to such posts on the same conditions as their male colleagues.
EL COMPORTAMIENTO FINANCIERO DE LAS EMPRESAS SOCIALMENTE RESPONSABLES
Charlo Molina, M.J,Moya Clemente, I.
Investigaciones Europeas de Direccion y Economia de la Empresa , 2010,
Abstract: El objeto del presente trabajo es analizar determinadas variables de naturaleza financiera en las empresas consideradas socialmente responsables, las que forman parte del índice de sostenibilidad espa ol FTSE4Good IBEX, y determinar si existen diferencias significativas en su comportamiento respecto a las del resto de índices de la familia IBEX. Los resultados muestran que las acciones de las empresas socialmente responsables obtienen una rentabilidad superior para el mismo nivel de riesgo sistemático y que su sensibilidad ante los cambios en el mercado es mayor.
Desempenho de cultivares de mel?o rendilhado em fun??o do sistema de cultivo
Vargas, Pablo F;Castoldi, Renata;Charlo, Hamilton César de O;Braz, Leila T;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362008000200014
Abstract: in this study the productive characteristics of five net melon cultivars, using two different cultivation systems were evaluated. the study was conducted in a greenhouse from november/05 to february/06. the experiments were carried out using randomized complete block design with a 5 x 2 factorial scheme and four repetitions. the evaluated factors were five net melon hybrids (maxim, b?nus 2, shinju 200, fantasy and louis) and two cultivation systems (in the soil and in substrate of coconut husk fiber). after harvest we evaluated the production per plant (kg planta-1); transverse (dtf) and longitudinal diameters (dlf) of fruit, in mm; format index of fruit (iff); transverse (dtl) and longitudinal diameters (dll) of locule, in mm; format index of locule (ifl); insertion diameters of the grain stalk (dip), in mm; and mesocarp thickness (em), in mm. no interactions were observed among the studied factors. the cultivation in substrate provided better performance when compared to cultivation in soil (2.51 and 1.52 kg planta-1, respectively), where the cultivar fantasy (2.44 kg plant-1) presented the best performance among cultivars, but not differing from louis and maxim. for the characteristics dip, dtl and em, a better performance was observed in plants cultivated in substratum. for the characteristics dtf, dlf, iff and dll no interactions were observed among the cultivation systems. therefore, the cultivation in substrate stood out in relation to cultivation in the soil, the cv. fantasy showing better performance than shinju 200 and bonus 2.
Desempenho de híbridos de couve-flor de ver?o em Jaboticabal
Monteiro, Beatriz Cristina B de Almeida;Charlo, Hamilton César de O;Braz, Leila T;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362010000100022
Abstract: the experiment was installed in field and aimed to compare the performance of eight hybrids of summer cauliflower. the statistical design was the randomized blocks with eight treatments and four replicates. the experimental plot measured 14 m2, with 28 plants of cauliflower spacing 1.0 m between rows and 0.5 m between plants. it was considered for evaluation 10 plants of the two central rows of each plot and the following hybrids of cauliflower: tpx00123, tpc00218, sarah af-1169, sharon, snow-flake, first-snow, veneza and verona. top-dressing was carried out with 10,5 kg of ammonium sulfate and 2,8 kg of potassium chloride, applied at 15, 30, 45 and 60 days after the seedlings transplantation. the cauliflowers were harvested at the ideal moment, with compact heads and united flower buds. the hybrids tpc00218 and tpx00123 were promising, with commercial productivity of 23.8 and 23.2 t ha-1, respectively. the hybrid first-snow presented low plant development and good productivity, so it can be cultivated with smaller spacing among plants. the hybrid snow-flake presented the lowest productivity, so it is not recommended for the region of jaboticabal. all tested hybrids had its production classified as "extra"and class 8 (greater than 230 mm).
Desempenho agron?mico de dez linhagens de soja-hortali?a
Charlo, Hamilton César de O;Pessoa, Roseli;Funichello, Marina;Castoldi, Renata;Braz, Leila T;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362011000300015
Abstract: the objective was to evaluate the performance of ten vegetable soybean strains, in field. the experiment was arranged in randomized blocks with ten treatments (strain) and five replications. plots comprised four rows measuring five meters in length. sprinkle irrigation was used. the following strains were used: jlm003; jlm004; jlm010; jlm018; jlm019; jlm024; jlm030; br36; br155 and brs216. the average earliness, insertion height of first pod, number of pods without grain, number of pods with one grain, number of pods with two grains, number of pods with three grains, fresh weight of pods with one, two and three grains, fresh weight of 100 seeds from pods with one, two and three grains, weight of no marketable pods and marketable production of pods per plant were evaluated. results showed that the strain jlm010 is the best for vegetable soybean production, with total yield of immature grains of 12.53 t ha-1 and higher fresh weight of 100 seeds.
Crescimento, acúmulo de nutrientes e produtividade da cultura da couve-flor
Castoldi, Renata;Charlo, Hamilton César de O;Vargas, Pablo F;T Braz, Leila;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362009000400007
Abstract: the cauliflower is one of the main vegetables grown in brazil. the study of growth and nutrients accumulation by cauliflower could be useful for its fertilization. therefore, a research was conducted in the field to determine the nutrients accumulation by 'verona' cauliflower, from february 23 to june 5, 2006. the experiment consisted initially of 480 plants divided into three blocks. for each period two plants per block were collected. five samples of the vegetative part were collected each 14 days after transplantation and three samples of inflorescences were collected every four days after the beginning of the cauliflower formation. also, plant growth and nutrient accumulation in the inflorescences, stem, leaves and petioles were evaluated. plants showed linear increase of growth and accumulation of dry matter. the greatest accumulation period occurred from the beginning of the inflorescence formation up to the harvest. the decreasing order of accumulated nutrients was: n>k>ca>s>mg>p>fe>mn>zn>b>cu. the export of nutrients (g per plant of macronutrients and mg per plant of micronutrients) by inflorescences was 3.50 of n; 0.296 of k; 0.06 of ca; 0.290 of s; 0.032 of mg; 0.249 of p; 2.08 of fe; 0.375 of mn; 1.01 of zn; 1.45 of b and 0.07 of cu.
Cultivo de mel?o rendilhado com dois e três frutos por planta
Charlo, Hamilton César de O;Castoldi, Renata;Vargas, Pablo F;Braz, Leila T;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362009000200023
Abstract: the pruning of fruits of net melon cultivars was evaluated in this study. the cultivars maxim, louis, fantasy, shinju 200 and b?nus no2 were evaluated in plants bearing two and three fruits. the experimental design was of randomized blocks in factorial scheme 5 x 2, with four replications and the plants arranged in the spacing of 1.0 m between lines and 0.5 m between plants. the experiment was conducted in greenhouse, using fertirrigation and plastic pots of 13 l, filled with coconut fiber golden mix? misto 98. the seedlings were grown in expanded polystyrene trays of 128 cells and transplanted to pots when the first definitive leaf was completely developed. we evaluated the roughness of the rind, the longitudinal and transversal diameters of fruits, the fruit shape index, the longitudinal and transversal diameters of the locule, the locule shape index, the thickness of the mesocarp, the average weight of fruits and the production per plant. no interaction between the studied factors was detected. for the conditions of this experiment, the conduction of two fruits per plant generated greater transverse diameter of fruit, greater longitudinal diameter of the locule, greater roundness of the rind and greater average weight of fruits. however, the greatest productions per plant was observed in plants bearing three fruits. the hybrids fantasy and shinju 200 presented the best fruit characteristics and greater production.
Cultivo de híbridos de piment?o amarelo em fibra da casca de coco
Charlo, Hamilton César de O;Castoldi, Renata;Fernandes, Carolina;Vargas, Pablo F;Braz, Leila T;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362009000200006
Abstract: the yield of five yellow sweet pepper hybrids was evaluated in protected cultivation, using coconut fiber and fertirrigation. the experiment was arranged in a randomized blocks design, with five cultivars (zarco, clx 1463, línea, matador and eppo) and four replications, therefore each plot comprised eleven plants. plants were grown in open system, in plastic pots of 13 l, transplanting one seedling pot, which was produced in polystyrene trays. the spacing utilized was single row spacing of 0.8 m, double rows of 1.10 m and plant spacing of 0.5 m. the plants were trained individually in "v" shape with four main stems. fruits were harvested at ideal size, with at least 70% of the skin yellow colored. there were studied: fruit mean length and diameter, the ratio length/diameter, pulp thickness, total soluble solids content, ph, number of fruits per plant, total weight of fruits per plant, mean fruit weight, total and commercial yield and fruit classification. the hybrid clxp 1463 yielded fruits of greater length and diameter. this hybrid produced lower number of fruit per plant, but with greater mass. for the characteristics of pulp thickness, total soluble solids and ph there was not significant difference between hybrids. the hybrids clxp 1463, eppo and matador showed themselves to be promising, with commercial yields of 107.61, 102.62 and 95.31 t ha-1, respectively. the whole production of the hybrids clxp 1463, eppo, línea and matador was classified as extra.
Desempenho e qualidade de frutos de tomateiro em cultivo protegido com diferentes números de hastes
Charlo, Hamilton César de O;Souza, Samuel de C;Castoldi, Renata;Braz, Leila T;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362009000200004
Abstract: an experiment in a greenhouse was conducted to evaluate different orientations of growth of tomato plants, and the effect on productivity. the soil was prepared according to technical recommendations for the culture and soil analysis. plants were spaced 1.0 m between rows and 0.5 m between plants in the line. the experimental design was comprised of a complete randomized block design, with eight treatments and four repetitions, in factorial arrangement of 2x2x2. each plot consisted of seven plants, where only the central five plants of each plot were evaluated. two systems of conduction were used (leaving only one stem per plant and leaving two stems per plant); and two systems of pruning (conventional and differentiated); and two numbers of plants per hollow (one plant per hollow and two plants per hollow). in the conventional pruning all the lateral sprouts were removed and, in the differentiated pruning the lateral sprouts were left, and in these one raceme. we evaluated the number of raceme per plant, height of the first raceme, number of fruits per plant, diameter and length of fruits, thickness of pulp, weight of fruits, number of locules per fruit, diameter of locule, commercial and total yield estimated, ph, titratable acidity, soluble solids and vitamin c. the conduction of two plants per hollow, two stems per plant and conventional pruning type are recommended.
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