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Prosthodontic management of mandibular deviation using palatal ramp appliance
Prince Kumar,Chandni Jain,Ashish Kumar,Harkanwal Preet Singh
Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Segmental resection of the mandible generally results in deviation of the mandible to the defective side. This loss of continuity of the mandible destroys the balance of the lower face and leads to decreased mandibular function by deviation of the residual segment toward the surgical site. Prosthetic methods advocated to reduce or eliminate mandibular deviation include intermaxillary fixation, removable mandibular guide flange, palatal ramp, implant-supported prosthesis and palatal guidance restorations which may be useful in reducing mandibular deviation and improving masticatory performance and efficiency. These methods and restorations would be combined with a well organized mandibular exercise regimen. This clinical report describes the rehabilitation following segmental mandibulectomy using palatal ramp prosthesis.
Introduction Of Financial Inclusion
Chandni Kaur
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: Financial inclusion is the process of ensuring access to appropriate financial products and servicesneeded by vulnerable group such as weaker sections and low Income groups at an affordable cost in a fair andtransparent manner by mainstream institutional player. Financial inclusion has become one of the most criticalaspects in the context of inclusive growth and development. The importance of an inclusive financial system iswidely recognized in policy circles and has because a policy priority in many countries.
Public Key Encryption Algorithms for Wireless Sensor Networks In tinyOS
Chandni Vaghasia,,Kirti Bathwar
International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering , 2013,
Abstract: generally, when people consider wireless devices they think of items such as cell phones, personal digital assistants, or laptops. These items are costly, target specialized applications, and rely on the pre-deployment of extensive infrastructure support. In contrast, wireless sensor networks use small, low-cost embedded devices for a wide range of applications and do not rely on any pre-existing infrastructure. The emerging field of wireless sensor networks (WSN) combines sensing, computation, and communication into a single tiny device called sensor nodes or motes. Through advanced mesh networking protocols, these devices form a sea of connectivity that extends the reach of cyberspace out into the physical world. here some algorithms are implemented and result is analyzed on different platforms like PC MICA,Mica 2, Mica2dot and analyze which algorithm is best for which platform.
Recruiting local public relations professionals for global public relations practice: A comparative analysis between Australian and Indian public relations recruitment advertisements
Chandni Gupta,Jennifer Bartlett
PRism Online PR Journal , 2009,
Abstract: The aim of this exploratory study was to gain an insight into Asian and Western public relations practices by investigating them through job advertisements and thus reflecting on what organisations expect from their public relations professionals. Grunig’s (1984) four models of public relations and the concept of relationship management were used as the foundation for this study. Australia was used to represent the Western region and India was used to represent the Asian region. Sample sets of public relations recruitment advertisements from both countries were examined against Grunig’s one-way communication, two-way communication and relationship management attributes.
A simple kinetic sensor to structural transitions
Chandni U.,Arindam Ghosh
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.134105
Abstract: Driven non-equilibrium structural phase transformation has been probed using time varying resistance fluctuations or noise. We demonstrate that the non-Gaussian component (NGC) of noise obtained by evaluating the higher order statistics of fluctuations, serves as a simple kinetic detector of these phase transitions. Using the martensite transformation in free-standing wires of nickel-titanium binary alloys as a prototype, we observe clear deviations from the Gaussian background in the transformation zone, indicative of the long range correlations in the system as the phase transforms. The viability of non- Gaussian statistics as a robust probe to structural phase transition was also confirmed by comparing the results from differential scanning calorimetry measurements. We further studied the response of the NGC to the modifications in the microstructure on repeated thermal cycling, as well as the variations in the temperature drive rate, and explained the results using established simplistic models based on the different competing time scales. Our experiments (i) suggest an alternative method to estimate the transformation temperature scales with high accuracy, and (ii) establish a connection between the material-specific evolution of microstructure to the statistics of its linear response. Since the method depends on an in-built long-range correlation during transformation, it could be portable to other structural transitions, as well as to materials of different physical origin and size.
Lipoprotein(a) in type 2 diabetic subjects and its relationship to diabetic microvascular complications
Radhakrishnan Chandni,Kollengode Parameswaran Ramamoorthy
World Journal of Diabetes , 2012, DOI: 10.4239/wjd.v3.i5.105
Abstract: AIM: To estimate the level of serum lipoprotein (a) [Lp (a)] in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and to determine the relationship between Lp(a) in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and micro-vascular complications. METHODS: A cross sectional study was performed that enrolled 144 subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus above the age of 25 years attending outpatient clinic of Government Medical College, Kozhikode. Lp(a) levels were measured quantitatively in venous samples using Turbidimetric Immunoassay in all subjects. Each patient was evaluated for micro vascular complications, namely diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy. The relationship between Lp(a) levels and the micro vascular complications was assessed by univariate analysis. RESULTS: Mean age of cases was 53.93 ± 10.74 years with a male to female ratio of 1.3:1. Mean duration of diabetes was 9.53 ± 7.3 years. Abnormal Lp(a) levels (≥ 30 mg/dL) were observed in 38 (26.4%) diabetic subjects. Seventy-eight (54.16%) cases had diabetic nephropathy and significantly higher Lp(a) levels were found among these cases [Median 28.2 mg/dL (Interquartile range; IQR 24.4-33.5) vs 19.3 mg/dL (IQR 14.7-23.5); P < 0.05]. Retinopathy was present among 66 (45.13%) cases and peripheral neuropathy was detected among 54 (37.5%) cases. However, Lp(a) levels were not significantly different among those with or without retinopathy and neuropathy. Positive correlation was found between higher Lp(a) levels and duration of diabetes (r = 0.165, P < 0.05) but not with HbA1c values (r = – 0.083). CONCLUSION: Abnormal Lp(a) levels were found among 26.4% of diabetic subjects. Patients with diabetic nephropathy had higher Lp(a) levels. No association was found between Lp(a) levels and diabetic retinopathy or neuropathy. Longer duration of diabetes correlated with higher Lp(a) levels.
MATLAB Simulation Model for PV System with MPPT Function.
Chandni Jagga,Ashish Khandelwal,Atul Sharma
International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology , 2012,
Abstract:
Towards the 'tangible unknown': Decolonization and the Indigenous future
Aman Sium,Chandni Desai,Eric Ritskes
Decolonization : Indigeneity, Education & Society , 2012,
Abstract: On the occasion of the inaugural issue of Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society, we examine the many contradictions, contestations and possible pathways to decolonization. In working to explore the many themes that the articles in this issue bring forth, we recognize that, despite our certainty that decolonization centers Indigenous methods, peoples, and lands, the future is a ‘tangible unknown’, a constant (re)negotiating of power, place, identity and sovereignty. In these contestations, decolonization and Indigeneity are not merely reactionary nor in a binary relationship with colonial power. Decolonization is indeed oppositional to colonial ways of thinking and acting but demands an Indigenous starting point and an articulation of what decolonization means for Indigenous peoples around the globe. This editorial works towards the possibility of a global Indigenous movement that strengthens and supports local moments for decolonization, and does so by exploring some of the many layers and questions that this necessarily entails.
A Narrative Synthesis of the Published Literature on Antenatal Care in Low and Middle Income Countries
Shanta Kumar Shrestha,Joanne Travaglia,Chandni Joshi
Health Prospect , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/hprospect.v13i1.11341
Abstract: Background: Good quality antenatal care is one of the recommended strategies to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality and improve health outcomes of the mother and her child. The utilization and quality of antenatal care in low and middle income countries is not well documented and hence deserves further study. This is a literature review of antenatal care in low and middle income countries on its utilization, the barriers and facilitators, and the available evidence of effectiveness and quality of antenatal care Method: A systematic review of the published literature was conducted which also included published systematic reviews. Studies published between 2002 and 2012 were identified by searching Medline, EMBASE and CINAHL. This was supplemented by papers provided by international advisors from grey literature and snowballing search of reference list of all included papers. Only English language studies in low and middle income countries on antenatal care were included Results: Twenty-three papers met the inclusion criteria. Health-facility based studies reported near universal access to antenatal care, which was not the case for community based studies. Women received at least one antenatal visit but fewer women had the recommended number of visits. Socioeconomic status and women’s education were the most frequent and the strongest predictors of antenatal care use. Antenatal care promoted the use of skilled birth attendant at delivery, but did not contribute to reductions in maternal mortality and stillbirths. The quality of care was reported as unsatisfactory; major issues being poor client-provider relationship and inferior quality of counselling. Conclusion: In order to increase the utilization of antenatal care, in the short term, less educated women from socioeconomically disadvantaged households require targeting. Long-term improvements require a focus on improving female education. Further research is needed to explore the quality of antenatal care in order to validate its effect on maternal and child health. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/hprospect.v13i1.11341 Health Prospect Vol.13(1) 2014: 12-23
Effect of Cyantraniliprole on Feeding Cessation of Q Biotype Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)  [PDF]
Rameshwar Singh Rattan, Hardik Purohit, Chandni Patel, Pankaj Suvagia, Vineet Singh, Hector Portillo, I. Billy Annan, Juan M. Alvarez
Advances in Entomology (AE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ae.2015.32007
Abstract: The whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) is one of the most devastating agricultural pests in many cropping systems worldwide. Growers rely on the use of insecticides to control this pest. However, some insecticides do not reduce the feeding of B. tabaci fast enough to prevent the direct and indirect damage produced by this insect. The effect of a new insecticide, cyantraniliprole 10OD (CyazypyrTM), on the feeding of B. tabaci adults, was studied under laboratory conditions. Cyantraniliprole 10OD is an insecticide that belongs to the IRAC Group 28 with a new mode of action for sucking insects, which provides rapid feeding cessation by impairing muscle function, resulting in reduced transmission of important insect vectored crop diseases. Laboratory experiments were conducted to determine the effect of cyantraniliprole along with some other commercially available insecticides on the feeding of B. tabaci adults by measuring the excretion of honeydew as an indirect assessment of insect feeding. In these experiments, cyantraniliprole resulted in significantly higher reduction of honeydew excretion (64.0%) by Q biotype B. tabaci adults during the first 30 minutes of exposure than diafenthiuron, triazophos, acetamiprid and spiromesifen, with all treatments having no adult mortality. Observations between 1 and 48 hours after exposure indicated that cyantraniliprole had numerically higher or similar reduction in honeydew production as the other insecticides, but by 48 hours (mid and high rate) and 96 hours (high rate) of exposure, cyantraniliprole had significantly higher reduction of honeydew excretion than all other insecticides tested. Low adult mortality was observed during first 24 hours of exposure in all treatments. Cyantraniliprole resulted in numerical or significantly higher adult mortality than all other treatments at the later observation intervals (72 - 96 hours). The higher reduction in honeydew excretion by cyantraniliprole appeared to be related to faster feeding cessation during the initial hours of exposure by a combination of feeding cessation and direct mortality as the exposure time increased. These findings document significant effects of cyantraniliprole on feeding cessation in Bemisia tabaci.
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