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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5677 matches for " Chávez "
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Predicting Ecosystem Response to Perturbation from Thermodynamic Criteria  [PDF]
V. Alonso Chávez, K Michaelian
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2011.226073
Abstract: The response of ecosystems to perturbations is considered from a thermodynamic perspective by acknowl-edging that, as for all macroscopic systems and processes, the dynamics and stability of ecosystems is sub-ject to definite thermodynamic law. For open ecosystems, exchanging energy, work, and mass with the en-vironment, the thermodynamic criteria come from non-equilibrium or irreversible thermodynamics. For ecosystems during periods in which the boundary conditions may be considered as being constant, it is shown that criteria from irreversible thermodynamic theory are sufficient to permit a quantitative prediction of ecosystem response to perturbation. This framework is shown to provide a new perspective on the popula-tion dynamics of real ecosystems.
Chávez Chávez,José Antonio;
Chungará (Arica) , 2001, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562001000200014
Abstract: we started our research in high mountains in southern perú by 1980 together with dr. johan reinhard. we have concurrently performed fieldwork and have gathered literature relevant to our research. then, we have a lot of information about the inca santuaries in high mountains. our research is mainly about ampato, pichu pichu, calcha, sara sara, hualca hualca, huarancante, misti, coropuna and other volcanoes. so far, we have recovered and are keeping eight human bodies from: ampato volcano (4 bodies), pichu pichu ( 3 bodies), and sara sara (1 body). as a result, of our research we now have a better understanding and conceptual framework about human sacrifices and offerings that were carried out by inca as worship to the mountains (apus). our research work confirms many data written in early chronicles of spaniards. sanctuaries that were investigated by us in pichu pichu and ampato, confirmed that inca performed their offerings on those mountains trying to appease the apus after the volcanic eruptions in misti (about 1440 ad _ 1450 a.d. ), and sabancaya volcanoes (about 1466 a.d.). our preliminary results obtained after hard multidisciplinary team work open new avenues for research since the variety of materials collected is enormous. material available for research includes: dna, pollen, microorganisms, chemicals, cat scan views etc
José Antonio Chávez Chávez
Chungará (Arica) - Revista de Antropología Chilena , 2001,
Abstract: Las investigaciones arqueológicas en Alta Monta a, en el Sur del Perú las iniciamos hacia el a o de 1980 junto al Dr. Johan Reinhard, continuando desde entonces en forma ininterrumpida en la investigación bibliográfica y de campo, logrando con ello obtener una amplia información acerca de los Santuarios de los Incas en Alta Monta a, referidos a los volcanes de Ampato, Pichu Pichu, Sara Sara, Hualca Hualca, Huarancante, Misti, Coropuna, Calcha y otros. En la actualidad, se han logrado poner en salvaguarda ocho cuerpos de los volcanes de Ampato (4 cuerpos), del Pichu Pichu (3), del Sara Sara (1). Producto de estas investigaciones, tenemos una mejor conceptualización y conocimiento acerca de las ofrendas y sacrificios humanos realizados por los Incas a las Monta as (Apus). Una parte de los relatos ofrecidos por los cronistas, se ven confirmados por nuestros trabajos. Los santuarios investigados en el Pichu Pichu y Ampato confirman que los Incas han realizado sus ofrendas en dichas monta as a raíz de las erupciones volcánicas del Misti (aproximadamente hacia el a o 1440-1450), y del Sabancaya (aproximadamente en el a o 1466) . Los resultados preliminares obtenidos en la investigación multidisciplinaria abren nuevos canales entre ellas mismas, lo que se convierte en una riqueza de información invalorable: DNA, polen, microorganismos, químicos, Cat Scan etc We started our research in high mountains in Southern Perú by 1980 together with Dr. Johan Reinhard. We have concurrently performed fieldwork and have gathered literature relevant to our research. Then, we have a lot of information about the Inca Santuaries in high mountains. Our Research is mainly about Ampato, Pichu Pichu, Calcha, Sara Sara, Hualca Hualca, Huarancante, Misti, coropuna and other volcanoes. So far, we have recovered and are keeping eight human bodies from: Ampato volcano (4 bodies), Pichu Pichu ( 3 bodies), and Sara Sara (1 body). As a result, of our research we now have a better understanding and conceptual framework about human sacrifices and offerings that were carried out by Inca as worship to the mountains (Apus). Our research work confirms many data written in early chronicles of Spaniards. Sanctuaries that were investigated by us in Pichu Pichu and Ampato, confirmed that Inca performed their offerings on those mountains trying to appease the Apus after the volcanic eruptions in Misti (about 1440 AD _ 1450 A.D. ), and Sabancaya volcanoes (about 1466 A.D.). Our preliminary results obtained after hard multidisciplinary team work open new avenues for research since the variety of materi
Sobre la necesidad de una alfabetización digital y en información en una sociedad globalizada
Fresno Chávez,Caridad;
ACIMED , 2007,
Abstract: to identify and develop an appropriate digital schooling strategy means to set a series of objectives and work aimed at achieving, in the least time possible, the knowledge, the skills and the attitudes necessary for a proper progress of each individual in the digital era we are living in. an approach is made to the ideas and concepts currently used when dealing with the need of creating certain abilities that will characterize education in a new era.
La cooperación universitaria Internacional de cara al siglo XXI
Fresno Chávez,Caridad;
Educaci?3n M??dica Superior , 2005,
Abstract: in order to meet the challenges of higher education for the milenium set by unesco in the world declaration on higher education in the 21st century, the academic institutions should implement quality-raising strategies in the higher education that will bring them to the level of technological development demanded by a digital economy and contribute to the development of a sustainable and co-operative economy, which will play a vital role in solving the economic and social problems of their communities. one suitable way to achieve this is the international co-operation among universities, whose role has been re-shaped after the ibero-american university co-operation summit held in lima. there, the university co-operation was characterized as an intrinsic and strategic element for institutional strengthening and as a tool for internalization of the higher education systems that will give the universities the possibility of being real promoters of the society′ advancement . several concepts and criteria on the terms involved in the topic were presented and reflections were made on the university as an objective and an agent of the ibero-american co-operation.
La presencia de los dioses en el Hiparco de Jenofonte
Olivares Chávez, Carolina;
Nova tellus , 2008,
Abstract: the religious aspects in xenophon's works have been studied by several scholars, who for the most part have doubted if he actually believed in the existence of gods or if their presence in his works was rather cursory and conventional. my own analysis of the hipparchus, a treatise on equestrian-military matters written towards the end of xenophon's life, reveals that his attitude towards the gods betrays a genuine belief.
Condiciones de trabajo y bienestar/malestar docente en profesores de ense?anza media de Santiago de Chile
Cornejo Chávez, Rodrigo;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302009000200006
Abstract: this research analyzes teachers' material and psychosocial working conditions and well-being/discomfort in chilean secondary school. it has a multivariate, descriptive/cross-sectional, correlational and explanatory design-wellness/discomfort being the dependent variable in the construction of this multiple regression model. information was collected along 2008 from a representative sample of educational establishments funded by the state of santiago. it concludes that teachers perceive the precariousness of their working conditions and the high levels of labor demand (work intensification). an explanatory model of teachers' well-being/discomfort is constructed, which consists of seven variables, two of which are outlined for their high explanatory power: "meaningfulness in work" and "labor demands".
El síntoma neurótico: un retorno del olvido
Chávez Montalvo, Francisco;
En-claves del pensamiento , 2008,
Abstract: when we live a traumatic experience, we try to "forget it" through the mechanism of repression in order to protect ourselves from having an unacceptable representation for the ego which makes us feel bad. but the memory is not completely eliminated; it returns in symptomatic form and maintains a deep unconscious symbolic relation with that memory. using two analyses found in the works of sigmund freud -a bout the novel gradiva written by w. jensen and about the forgetting of the names- i will explain how this characteristic process of neurosis takes place.
Ideas lingüísticas en prólogos de diccionarios diferenciales del espa?ol de Chile: Etapa 1875-1928
Chávez Fajardo,Soledad;
Boletín de filología , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-93032010000200003
Abstract: this study analyzes a paratextual lexicographic component: the prologue. this analysis is carried out in five differential monolingual dictionaries published in chile between 1875 and 1928. the purpose of this study is to show how this type of dictionary is articulated as a linguistic tool. a linguistic tool is a key element of the standard process, especially in the encoded dynamics. similarly, the analysis shows how these dictionaries are articulated as glotopolitic acts, to take account of linguistic ideas such as the treatment of a national language, prestigious or exemplary language, variant language and differentiability, among others.
Literatura medieval Francesa: La controversia en torno al término Roman y la influencia de la obra de Chrétien de Troyes en su evolución
Chávez,Joan Robert;
Núcleo , 2010,
Abstract: in this article, we present jacques le goff?s (1972) and pierre gallais? (1974) different points of view on the origins and the scope of the term roman; we confront their opinions with those of some other specialists on the topic in order to understand their positions and find a balance in the controversy. for a deeper understanding, we follow the evolution of the term since the middle ages until its present meaning and then we reflect on the so-called romans antiques, analyzing the crucial aspects that le goff focuses on to consider them as romans, in contrast to gallais. in addition, we briefly focus on the first episodes of chrétien de troyes? le chevalier de la charrette, considered by critics as one of the most representative texts of the so-called medieval roman; we review de troyes? historical context to establish correlations and finally we offer our own view on the subject.
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