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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 976 matches for " Celia; "
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The Role of the Pharmacist in Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis  [PDF]
Celia Moffat Joel Matyanga
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2014.53029

Pre-exposure prophylaxis is a new HIV prevention method that has shown to be effective in HIV uninfected persons at very high risk of HIV infection. It involves daily use of truvada in combination with other proven methods of HIV prevention. The aim of this paper is to discuss the various roles that pharmacists play in pre-exposure prophylaxis to maximize therapy.

Validity Evidence for Assessments on a UK Graduate Entry Medical Course  [PDF]
Celia A. Taylor, Remi Zvauya
Creative Education (CE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.46A003

Graduate entry medical courses (GEC) have been introduced into the UK to increase the supply of doctors and to widen participation. In addition to evaluation against these outcomes, the educational process should also be evaluated. One aspect of process is assessment and different types of validity evidence for the assessments used should be provided. This paper provides validity evidence for the assessments on a UK GEC, focusing on the 2010/11 assessment diet. The types of validity evidence provided are content, internal structure, relationship with other variables and consequences. Students’ GEC assessment results are used to determine whether or not students should progress to Year 3 on the traditional course. 66% of the learning outcome/body system combinations in the assessment specification for Years 1 & 2 of the traditional course were assessed in one assessment diet. Short answer questions performed best in terms of difficulty and discrimination. The reliability of three modules was just outside the recommended range of 0.7 to 0.9. GEC performance is at least as good a predictor of final year performance as Year 1/2 performance on the traditional course. Across the six written modules for 2010/11, 12 scores (5%) were in the borderline range. Judgement regarding the validity of interpretations made from GEC assessment results is left to the reader since such judgements should not be made by those providing the validity evidence. Similar studies should aim to use benchmarks to enable results to be more objectively evaluated.

Paulo Leminski: sinais de vida e sobrevida
Pedrosa, Celia;
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-106X2006000100005
Abstract: this study proposes a comprehensive reading of some aspects of paulo leminski's letters, essays and biographical writings. a number of points will be raised that will allow, in function of the links between experiences in living and in language, an understanding of leminski's choice of a hybrid sort of intellectual activity, questioning the boundary lines assumed by the culture of his time, as well as _ given the limits of his time _ his very concept of contemporariness, haunted by the aterlifeacters from other times and relativized by his own early death.
Adília e Baudelaire: leituras do fim
Pedrosa, Celia;
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-106X2007000100009
Abstract: this essay evaluates the desecrating use of the baudelairean heritage by the portuguese poet adília lopes. it focuses on the procedures of irony, figuration, fragmentation, and transitivity with which lyrical subjectivity is represented by both poets, and associates them with an improper way of relating to modernity and the contemporary, which are viewed as paradoxical experiences of the end and a new beginning.
Médicos e assistência médica: Estado, mercado ou regula??o? Uma falsa quest?o
Almeida, Celia;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1997000400009
Abstract: a cost crisis in the health care sector has focused discussion on health care services and an assessment of the results of investments in the health sector, underlining the importance of medical doctors as key actors in this area. this article reviews the main analytical approaches to professionalism in the last decade and discusses the most recent paradigmatic shifts. new approaches have emerged for correlating the medical division of labor (contained in specialized fields which are becoming more and more fragmented) with structural and historical changes in the professional market, as well as the collective action developed by these interest groups in their relationship to the state. these approaches, more closely linked to political economy, have made important contributions to this debate, because they allow for a questioning of the kind of ideological polarization contained in health care reform proposals aimed at a withdrawal of the state and the rule of the market (with no analytical justification), in addition to shifting regulation to a position outside the historically mutable dynamics between the state, health care providers, and clients of the health care sector and the public policy arena.
Reforma de sistemas de servicios de salud y equidad en América Latina y el Caribe: algunas lecciones de los a?os 80 y 90
Almeida, Celia;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2002000400002
Abstract: this essay proposes a review of the issues of equity and reform in latin america and the caribbean in the context of changes in recent decades, emphasizing the discussion of health systems reform. the economic, political, and social context prevailing in the critical 1970s extensively favored budget cuts for public expenditures, cost containment, changes in the health sector power structure, and health services reorganization from an 'economicist', pragmatic, and restrictive perspective. an inventory of the latin american economic and social situation is markedly negative, and efforts to recover from the damage done in the 1980s were largely unsuccessful in the 1990s. the reforms implemented in some paradigmatic countries (chile, colombia, costa rica, argentina, and brazil), in light of their specific characteristics, demonstrate the dissemination of a common agenda, adapted to the various national conditions. some positive results of these processes were diluted in new problems caused by the reforms themselves, especially in countries with more radical adherence to the new reformist model; meanwhile, in the country where the public, universal system based on solidarity was most consolidated, the management changes have obtained the best results. however, overcoming inequalities is still a distant goal.
Eqüidade e reforma setorial na América Latina: um debate necessário
Almeida, Celia;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2002000700004
Abstract: reform and equity are terms that have frequented political discourse, technical documents, and conceptual discussions in recent decades in different proposals with different ideological references. to understand the importance and centrality of these themes in the contemporary debate in latin america implies a more in-depth reflection on health policy in the sphere of social policies and to define which reforms were are discussing and the place equity occupies in this discussion. the first part of this essay discusses the concepts of reform and equity, followed by a review of health policy as a social policy. the article ends by discussing the central elements on the health systems reform agenda in latin america. the conclusion is that the situation is dramatic and that recent reforms have exacerbated inequalities and created new problems by replacing the values of solidarity and equal opportunity with those of "radical utilitarian individualism"; meanwhile, the principle of "health needs" has been replaced by that of "risk", "monetarized" and defined according to the individual's social and economic position. it becomes necessary to resume the discussion of social and health policies as the matrix of principles justifying the order ascribed to any other policies.
Capital financiero versus complejo médico-industrial: los desafíos de las agencias regulatorias
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232008000500025
Abstract: this article presents the structural processes that consolidated under the hegemony of the financial capital in the 90s; the dispute between the financial capital operating in the health sector and the medical-industrial complex; the strategies used by the medical-industrial complex for regaining positions; and the challenges all these processes pose for the regulatory agencies. the problems the regulatory agencies are facing lie in two central processes: 1) the hegemony the financial capital reached in the 90s in the health sector through reforms aimed at deregulating the sector in order to facilitate its entrance; and 2) the repositioning of the medical-industrial complex since the mid 90s by radicalizing medicalization. this article is based on several studies conducted by the author using qualitative methods and quantitative secondary data for understanding the historical-situational context. the theoretical approach was based on marx, gramsci, benasayag, badiou, testa and merhy. the analyses of the most recent reforms induced by the medical-industrial complex were the result of a bibliographic and document review.
O "Centro Del bambini e delle famiglie": uma nova possibilidade para o atendimento de crian?as
Vectore, Celia;
Psicologia Escolar e Educacional , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-85571998000100004
Abstract: this job presents and analyses, in terms ofthe possibilities of implantation and evaluations, the italianexperience related to children care, represented by the existing "centri del bambini e delle famiglie". 1t is aquestion of a new service with a social-educative nature that has the objetive of providing support instrumentsto developing opportunities, both for children and to their families. the article points out some light to the useof the referred service in a brazilian context.
O Brincar e a Interven??o Mediacional na Forma??o Continuada de Professores de Educa??o Infantil
Vectore, Celia;
Psicologia USP , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65642003000300010
Abstract: this explorative work aims at studying the international standards proposed by the misc program in a sample of caregivers from public institutions that attend small children. a video camera was used to observe interactions between caregivers and children during playtime. analysis of data indicated mediational standards of each caregiver as suggested by the program above. it also allowed us to recognize the good and bad mediations conducted by the caregivers in their daily practice with the children. from the analysis of the research results, a program for professional development was proposed for the caregivers. grounded on mediational intervention, the program aimed at training children caregivers with an emphasis on the role of good mediations for child development and playful contributions as mediational resources in child-caregiver interactions.
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