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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 276 matches for " Catriona Furlong "
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Use of prohibition order after a large outbreak of gastroenteritis caused by a norovirus among function attendees
Praveena Gunaratnam,Catriona Furlong,Kirsty Hope,Leena Jupta
Western Pacific Surveillance and Response , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: In May 2011, an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis occurred among guests attending two functions (Function A and B) at a local function centre in Sydney, Australia. The Sydney South West Public Health Unit and the New South Wales (NSW) Food Authority sought to determine the cause of the outbreak and implement control measures.Methods: A retrospective cohort study was planned. A complete guest list was unavailable, so guests who could be contacted were asked to provide details of other guests. Attendee demographics, symptom profile and food histories were obtained using a standard response questionnaire. Stool samples were requested from symptomatic guests. The NSW Food Authority conducted a site inspection.Results: Of those interviewed, 73% of Function A guests and 62% of Function B guests were ill, with mean incubation times of 27 and 23 hours respectively. Diarrhoea was the most common symptom. Three stool samples and four environmental swabs were positive for norovirus. One food handler reported feeling ill before and during the functions. A prohibition order was used to stop food handlers implicated in the outbreak from preparing food.Discussion: This outbreak strongly suggests transmission of norovirus, possibly caused by an infected food handler. Regulatory measures such as prohibition orders can be effective in enforcing infection control standards and minimising ongoing public health risk.
Poder infestante de larvas de Boophilus microplus(acari:ixodidae) em pastagem de Melinis minutiflora, Brachiaria decumbens e Brachiaria mutica
Furlong, John;
Ciência Rural , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84781998000400016
Abstract: the trial was conduced in the zona da mata region of minas gerais state, brazil, to estimate the infesting power of the boophilus microplus larvae in the three main ecological systems to the development and surviving of the cattie tick in the region: a) composed by melinis minutiflora grass in the slope; b) composed by brachiaria decumbens grass in the slope, replacing m. minutiflora and c) composed by brachiaria mutica grass in the valley. parcels of each grass (18m2 ) was monthly infested which approximately 200 larvae/m2, day zero, and pastured by two calvos (16 hs.) at 7 th, 15 th, 30 th, 45 th, 60 th, 75 th, and 90 th day. the infesting power of the larvae was estimated by the number of the engorged females recovered multiplica by two. it was necessary a minimum period of pasture spelling of 60 day s in average to significantly reduce the larval population, in order to use this practice as an advice in the integrated control of the cattle tick in the region, only considering the larvae infesting power.
Does earmarked donor funding make it more or less likely that developing countries will allocate their resources towards programmes that yield the greatest health benefits?
Waddington,Catriona;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862004000900013
Abstract: it should not be assumed that earmarked donor funding automatically increases the allocation of developing-country resources towards programmes that yield the greatest health benefits. sometimes it does, sometimes it does not - how the funding is designed can influence this. this is true particularly in the longer term, once the earmarked funding has ended. even in the short term, total funding does not necessarily increase because of fungibility (i.e. recipient governments adjust their spending to offset donor funding preferences). the author explores six problems with earmarked funding: the multiplicity of earmarked funds confuses the situation for decision-makers; earmarking works against the spirit of the sectorwide approach; from the national perspective, it makes sense not to double-fund activities; local ownership of an activity is often compromised; earmarking can lead governments to accept interventions which they cannot afford in the longer term; and earmarking can distort local resource allocation.
Hopes, challenges, barriers and enabling factors: the complexities of being an impoverished young father
Catriona Macleod
Psychology in Society , 2011,
Abstract:
The Radical Thread - Liberalism and the rise of Labour in Scotland 1886 - 1924
Catriona MacDonald
Mémoire(s), Identité(s), Marginalité(s) dans le Monde Occidental Contemporain , 2011,
Abstract: PreambleThis paper is a revised version of a lecture delivered to the Liberal Democrat History Meeting at the Scottish Liberal Democrat Conference in 2009. It was the subject of a report in the Journal of Liberal History (Winter 2009-2010), pp. 32-38. See also Catriona M.M. Macdonald, The Radical Thread: Political Change in Scotland, Paisley 1885-1924 (John Donald, 2000).Contemporary resonances are seductive when reflecting on the historic and recent past of the Liberal Party in Britain and i...
The Uses of Refinement, Etiquette and Uncertainty in the Autobiographical Writings of Anna Tyutcheva
Catriona Kelly
Nordlit : Tidsskrift i litteratur og kultur , 1998,
Abstract:
The Uses of Refinement, Etiquette and Uncertainty in the Autobiographical Writings of Anna Tyutcheva
Catriona Kelly
Nordlit : Tidsskrift i litteratur og kultur , 1998,
Abstract:
Post‐Operative Nausea & Vomiting - Use of Anti‐Emetic Agents in Anaesthesia
Catriona Rother
Scottish Universities Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Post‐operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a recurrent problem in the field of anaesthetics. It is usually defined as nausea, retching or vomiting within 24 hours of surgery, and affects 20‐30% of patients. Although often considered merely an unpleasant side effect of general anaesthesia or surgery, PONV can result in many unwanted and potentially serious outcomes and increases healthcare expenditure considerably.
Insights into vertebrate evolution from the chicken genome sequence
Rebecca F Furlong
Genome Biology , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/gb-2005-6-2-207
Abstract: The earliest bird fossils, from the genus Archaeopteryx, date back to the upper Jurassic period [1], around 150 million years ago. They show a mixture of dinosaur-like and bird-like features and lend support to the now widely accepted theory that birds evolved from dinosaurs. Birds are thus, along with most extant reptiles, members of the diapsid lineage, which split from the mammalian (synapsid) lineage around 310 million years ago. Chickens were domesticated over 7,000 years ago (reviewed in [2]) and are still of tremendous agricultural importance, and they have long been a model for biological research in fields ranging from embryology and development to virology and cancer. In addition, the phylogenetic position of the chicken, between fish and mammals, makes it ideal for comparative genomic analyses. It therefore came as no surprise when, in March 2003, the first complete avian genome sequence was initiated using the model for the undomesticated chicken, the red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus). Remarkably, barely one year later an initial draft assembly based on a 6.6X coverage of the genome was released into the public databases. The International Chicken Genome Sequencing Consortium [3] now reports an analysis of these data; here, I discuss some of the preliminary results from the chicken protein-coding gene dataset and the implications for our understanding of vertebrate evolution.Gene data from each new fully sequenced genome contribute several different levels of information. Comparative analysis of complete genomes can be used to find conserved sequence elements, which may include previously unknown genes. The divergence of the compared genomes will determine the type of conservation found. Comparison of two closely related species, like human and mouse, will find many conserved regions within coding and non-coding DNA, but it may be impossible to determine which of these are functionally important. In contrast, a comparison between distantly related groups,
Ethical, legal and social issues: out in the open
Rebecca F Furlong
Genome Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/gm317
Abstract: Considerations of the ethical implications of genomic technologies and data are crucial to the implementation of genomic advances for improving human health. Work in the ethical, legal and social issues (ELSI) field does not always fit the standard Research article format, but broad, transparent access to these analyses and discussions is essential if they are to be integrated into the field of genomic medicine. In this issue of the journal, we introduce a peer-reviewed open-access article type, Open Debate, to accommodate novel and scholarly arguments that are informed by analysis and discussion, not just practical research. In the first article of this new type, Timothy Caulfield, Shawn Harmon and Yann Joly investigate the conflicts between open science and commercialization in genomics research [4].Genomics has a culture of open data dating to before the time of the Human Genome Project, with the principles of accessibility formalized in the Bermuda agreement leading to an ongoing general principle that sequencing data should be released into the public domain as soon as possible after they are generated, and at least prior to publication. In the burgeoning field of medical sequencing, this principle has been tempered somewhat by considerations of patient privacy (a topic for another day), but as a rule, openness in genomics research continues to be both integral and essential. For example, it is hard to imagine how the recent explosion of genome-wide association studies, with their huge sample sizes, could have taken place without collaboration and data sharing. However, researchers are also increasingly encouraged to commercialize their research to speed product development and for monetary gain, which implies secrecy and competition. In their article, Caulfield and colleagues carry out an exploratory analysis of these two aspects of the policy guidelines from major funding bodies in the UK, US and Canada, concluding that these two opposing forces in genomics r
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