Abstract:
We consider the recent experiments on He3 bi-layers, showing evidence for a quantum critical point (QCP) at which the first layer localizes. Using the Anderson lattice in two dimensions with the addition of a small dispersion of the f-fermion, we modelize the system of adsorbed He3 layers. The first layer represents the f-fermions at the brink of localization while the second layer behaves as a free Fermi sea. We study the quantum critical regime of this system, evaluate the effective mass in the Fermi liquid phase and the coherence temperature and give a fit of the experiments and interpret its main features. Our model can serve as well as a predictive tool used for better determination of the experimental parameters.

Abstract:
We discuss an integrable model describing one-dimensional electrons interacting with two-dimensional anharmonic phonons. In the low temperature limit it is possible to decouple phonons and consider one-dimensional excitations separately. They have a trivial two-body scattering matrix and obey fractional statistics. As far as we know the original model presents the first example of a model with local bare interactions generating purely statistical interactions between renormalized particles. As a by-product we obtain non-trivial thermodynamic equations for the interacting system of two-dimensional phonons.

Abstract:
We solve the problem of $N$ non magnetic impurities in the staggered flux phase of the Heisenberg model which we assume to be a good mean-field approximation for the spin-gap phase of the cuprates. The density of states is evaluated exactly in the unitary limit and is porportional to $1/\left (\omega \ln^2(|\omega|/D))$, in analogy with the 1D case of doped spin-Peierls and two-leg ladders compounds. We argue that the system exhibits a quasi long-range order at T=0 with instantaneous spin-spin correlations decreasing as $n_i/ \ln^2\left (n_i R_{ij})$ for large distances $R_{ij}$ and we predict enhanced low energy fluctuations in Neutron Scattering.

Abstract:
Recently, attention has been given to a system of He$^3$ bi-layers where a quantum criticality similar to the one in heavy fermion compounds has been observed [Science 317, 1356 92007)] In our previous analysis [Phys. Rev. B 79, 045112 (2007)], based on the Kondo breakdown scenario, we addressed successfully most of the features observed in that experiment. Here, we consider the activation energy $\Delta$ observed experimentally in the specific heat measurements at low temperatures in the heavy Fermi liquid phase. Within our previous study of this system, this is identified with the gap opening when the upper hybridized band is emptied due to a strong hybridization between the nearly localized first layer and the fluid second one. We discuss the successes and limitations of our approach. An additional prediction is proposed.

Abstract:
We study the stability of the Quantum Critical Point (QCP) for itinerant ferromagnets commonly described by the Hertz-Millis-Moriya (HMM) theory. We argue that in $D \leq 3$, long-range spatial correlations associated with the Landau damping of the order parameter field generate a universal {\it negative}, non-analytic $|q|^{(D+1)/2}$ contribution to the static magnetic susceptibility $\chi_s (q, 0)$, which makes HMM theory unstable. We argue that the actual transition is either towards incommensurate ordering, or first order. We also show that singular corrections are specific to the spin problem, while charge susceptibility remains analytic at criticality.

Abstract:
In light of the new experimental and theoretical important developments in high-$T_c$ superconductivity, we revisit the fermionic hot-spot model relevant to the phenomenology of the cuprates. We extend previous results by means of a complete two-loop order renormalization group (RG) framework. Here, we explicitly study the effect of the charge-density-wave (CDW) order parameter with a $d$-wave form factor with the experimentally observed modulation $(\pm Q_0,0)$ and $(0,\pm Q_0)$ at the infrared-stable nontrivial fixed point obtained previously for this model. Additionally, we proceed to investigate also the so-called pair-density-wave (PDW) order that was recently proposed in the literature as a possible candidate for the "hidden" order to describe the pseudogap phase observed in underdoped cuprates. We confirm that although the above two ordering tendencies are also found to be nearly degenerate both at one-loop and two-loop RG orders and linked by an emergent $SU(2)$ pseudospin symmetry, they turn out to be subleading for weaker couplings in the present model to antiferromagnetism, $d$-wave bond-density wave (BDW) order with modulation along Brillouin zone diagonals $(\pm Q_0,\pm Q_0)$, and $d$-wave singlet superconductivity (SSC). However, as we increase the strength of the initial coupling towards moderate values, we do capture a tendency for the entangled PDW/CDW order to become leading compared to BDW/SSC in the model, which suggests that the former composite order might be indeed a viable concept to describe some cuprate superconductors at high temperatures in the underdoped regime, as has been recently alluded to by many authors in the literature.

Abstract:
We have developed a 3D version for the Modulated Spin Liquid in a body-centered tetragonal lattice structure to describe the hidden order observed in URu$_2$Si$_2$ at $T_0\approx17.5$ K. This second order transition is well described by our model confirming our earlier hypothesis. The symmetry of the modulation is minimized for ${\bf Q}\equiv(1,1,1)$. We assume a linear variation of the interaction parameters with the lattice spacing and our results show good agreement with uniaxial and pressure experiments.

Abstract:
We address the quantum-critical behavior of a two-dimensional itinerant ferromagnetic systems described by a spin-fermion model in which fermions interact with close to critical bosonic modes. We consider Heisenberg ferromagnets, Ising ferromagnets, and the Ising nematic transition. Mean-field theory close to the quantum critical point predicts a superconducting gap with spin-triplet symmetry for the ferromagnetic systems and a singlet gap for the nematic scenario. Studying fluctuations in this ordered phase using a nonlinear sigma model, we find that these fluctuations are not suppressed by any small parameter. As a result, we find that a superconducting quasi-long-range order is still possible in the Ising-like models but long-range order is destroyed in Heisenberg ferromagnets.

Abstract:
We investigate the dramatic influence of the $\Theta_{II}$-loop-current order on unidirectional and bidirectional $d$-wave CDW/PDW composite orders along axial momenta $(\pm Q_0,0)$ and $(0,\pm Q_0)$ that emerge in an effective hot spot model departing from the three-band Emery model relevant to the phenomenology of the cuprate superconductors. This study is motivated by the compelling evidence that the $\Theta_{II}$-loop-current order described by this model may explain groundbreaking experiments such as Kerr-rotation data and spin-polarized neutron scattering. Here, we demonstrate, within a saddle-point approximation, that the $\Theta_{II}$-loop-current order clearly coexists with bidirectional (i.e. checkerboard) CDW and PDW orders along axial momenta, but is visibly detrimental to the unidirectional (i.e. stripe) case. This result has potentially far-reaching implications for the physics of the cuprates and agrees well with very recent x-ray experiments on YBCO that indicate that at higher dopings the CDW order has indeed a tendency to be bidirectional.

Abstract:
Mucormycosis is an uncommon opportunistic infection and the gastrointestinal form is the rarest. Rhizopus sp. is the most frequent pathogen and infection occurs almost exclusively in immunocompromised patients. We describe the first case of intestinal mucormycosis occurring after a Streptococcus pyogenes toxic shock syndrome in a previously healthy patient caused by Rhizopus microsporus var. azygosporus.