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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1583 matches for " Casado Ramalho "
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MORFOLOGíA Y MORFOMETRíA DEL ANILLO FEMORAL EN EL HOMBRE MORPHOLOGY AND MORPHOMETRY OF THE FEMORAL RING IN THE MALE
Ant?nio José Casado Ramalho,Gaspar de Jesus Lopes Filho,Luis Carlos Buarque de Gusm?o,Rodrigo Fernando de Amorim
International Journal of Morphology , 2004,
Abstract: La hernia femoral se forma cuando un divertículo peritoneal pasa a través del anillo femoral. Es más frecuente en mujeres que en hombres y en el lado derecho. La literatura es controvertida sobre la forma del anillo femoral quirúrgico, y se omiten sus dimensiones. Por otro lado, no existen explicaciones de naturaleza fisiológica o anatómica que justifiquen la mayor incidencia de la hernia femoral en el lado derecho. Buscando determinar la forma más frecuente del anillo femoral quirúrgico y sus dimensiones, como también esclarecer por qué ocurren más hernias femorales en el lado derecho, realizamos disecciones en 25 cadáveres adultos del sexo masculino. Fueron encontrados anillos en forma de trapecio en el 48% de los casos, de forma triangular en el 44% y de forma semicircular en el 8% de los casos. En relación a la morfometría, la media de las áreas del lado derecho fue de 0,67 cm2 y del lado izquierdo de 0,60 cm2, factor que podría justificar la mayor incidencia de hernias a la derecha The femoral hernia is formed when a peritoneal diverticulum l passes through the femoral ring. It occurs more often in the women and on the right side. Literature is controverted on the form of the surgical ring femoral, and omissive on its dimensions. For another side, it does not supply explanations of physiological or anatomical nature that justify the greatest incidence of the femoral hernia to the right. Searching to determine the form most frequent of the surgical femoral ring and its dimensions, as well as clarifying why more femoral hernias occur in the right side, the authors carried out through dissections in twenty five adult male corpses. As far as the morphology in the concerned rings shaped like a trapeze were found in the 48%; with a triangular shape 44% and of semi circular 8%. Regarding the morfometry, the average size of the areas of the right side was 0,67 cm , and the left side 0,60 cm, fact that could justify the biggest incidence of hernias in the right side
Cerebellar Vermis: Topography and Variations Vermis Cerebelar: Topografía y Variaciones
Rodrigo Freitas Monte Bispo,Antonio José Casado Ramalho,Luiz Carlos Buarque de Gusm?o,Amundson Portela ?de Holanda Cavalcante
International Journal of Morphology , 2010,
Abstract: The vermis is described as the unpaired, median portion of the cerebellum to which the hemispheres are attached. Both the vermis and the hemispheres are formed by folia that, grouped together, are called lobules. The material analyzed consisted of a sample made up of 43 adult male cerebella fixed in 10% formaldehyde and sliced medially. The lingula was attached to the superior medullary velum in 100% (43) of the cerebella, varying only in size. In 80% (32) of the cerebella, the central lobe contained one folium; 7.5% (3) had two folia with the first larger than the second; 10% (4) had two folia with the second larger than the first; and 2.5% (1) had two folia of equal size. In 5% (2) of the cerebella, the folium of the vermis emerged from the declive; in 47.5% (19), the folium emerged from the central white matter; and in 42.5% (17), the folium emerged from the tuber. There was no variation in the lobules, culmen, pyramid, uvula or nodule in the sample studied. Contrary to what many believe, the folia of the cerebellum exhibit variations in form, number and arrangement. However, these variations are virtually unreported, which often hinders the determination of the limits of these structures by students of anatomy of the cerebellum. El vermis se describe como la parte impar, mediana del cerebelo por la que los hemisferios están conectados. Tanto el vermis como los hemisferios están formados por folium que, de forma conjunta, se llaman lóbulos. El material analizado consistió en una muestra compuesta por 43 cerebelos de hombres, adultos, fijados en formol al 10% y cortados en rodajas en sentido medial. La língula se adjuntó al velo medular superior en 100% (43) del cerebelo, y sólo varían en tama o. En el 80% (32) del cerebelo, el lóbulo central contenía un folium, 7,5% (3) había dos folium con el primero más grande que el segundo, 10% (4) tuvo dos folium con el segundo más grande que el primero, y 2,5% (1) tenía dos folium de igual tama o. En el 5% (2) de los cerebelos, el folium del vermis surgido del declive, en el 47,5% (19), el folium surgido de la sustancia blanca central, y en el 42,5% (17), el folium surgido del tubérculo. No hubo, en la muestra estudiada, variación en los lóbulos, culmen, pirámide, úvula o nódulo. Contrariamente a lo que muchos creen, el folium del cerebelo presentan variaciones en la forma, número y disposición. Sin embargo, estas variaciones son virtualmente inadvertidas, lo que a menudo dificulta la determinación de los límites de estas estructuras del cerebelo, por los estudiantes de la anatomía.
MORFOLOGíA Y MORFOMETRíA DEL ANILLO FEMORAL EN EL HOMBRE
Casado Ramalho,Ant?nio José; Lopes Filho,Gaspar de Jesus; Buarque de Gusm?o,Luis Carlos; Amorim,Rodrigo Fernando de; Santos Da Silva,Marconi;
International Journal of Morphology , 2004, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022004000100004
Abstract: the femoral hernia is formed when a peritoneal diverticulum l passes through the femoral ring. it occurs more often in the women and on the right side. literature is controverted on the form of the surgical ring femoral, and omissive on its dimensions. for another side, it does not supply explanations of physiological or anatomical nature that justify the greatest incidence of the femoral hernia to the right. searching to determine the form most frequent of the surgical femoral ring and its dimensions, as well as clarifying why more femoral hernias occur in the right side, the authors carried out through dissections in twenty five adult male corpses. as far as the morphology in the concerned rings shaped like a trapeze were found in the 48%; with a triangular shape 44% and of semi circular 8%. regarding the morfometry, the average size of the areas of the right side was 0,67 cm? , and the left side 0,60 cm, fact that could justify the biggest incidence of hernias in the right side
"Coroa mortal": anatomia e importancia nas herniorrafias inguinais
Gusm?o, Luiz Carlos Buarque de;Cavalcanti, Thiago Fortes Pinto;Damasceno, Renato Wendell Ferreira;Ramalho, Ant?nio José Casado;Lima, Jacqueline Silva Brito;
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgi?es , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-69912004000100009
Abstract: background:the present study shows the anatomical aspects, the incidence, the origin and the location of the artery that transits through the posterior wall of inguinal canal, allowing the avoidance of accidents during the surgeon interventions in this region. methods: the authors performed dissection of 40 inguinal regions in cadavers. results: in 33 cases (95%) there was an artery, occasionaly, of insignificant caliber, that was present in the posterior inguinal canal. in 27/38 cases (67.5%), this artery represented the "mortal crown", as constituted by an anomalous origin of the obturatory artery emerging from the inferior epigstric artery or because of its anastomosis between the inferior epigastric artery and the obturatory artery. in the remaining 11/38 cases (27.5%), there was an artery of a reduced caliber, which emerged from the inferior epigastric artery, with a short tract on the posterior wall of the inguinal canal. conclusion: the existence of the "mortal crown", on the posterior wall of the inguinal canal, always implicates risks at the inguinal herniorrhaphy.
Access to environmental information in Spain: lights and shadows El acceso a la información ambiental en Espa a: luces y sombras
Lucía Casado Casado
Derecho PUCP , 2013,
Abstract: This paper analyses the body of law governing the right to access environmental information in Spain, paying particular attention to law 27/2006, of July 18th, which regulates the right of access to information, public participation and access to justice on environmental issues. The analysis focuses on both the active aspects of access to environmental information (the obligation that the public authorities have to collect and communicate environmental information) and the passive aspects (the right to request access to environmental information). Particular attention is paid to the advances made by this legislation and its possible implications, but no attempt is made to conceal the problems of application that it still has to face and the pending challenges. Este trabajo analiza el régimen jurídico del derecho de acceso ala información ambiental en Espa a, realizando un análisis minucioso de su regulación, actualmente contenida en la ley 27/2006, de 18 de julio, por la que se regulan los derechos de acceso a la información, de participaciónpública y de acceso a la justicia en materia de medio ambiente. Se analiza tanto la vertiente activa del acceso a la información ambiental (la obligación de recogida y difusión de información ambiental por parte de las autoridades públicas) como su vertiente pasiva (el derecho de acceso a la información ambiental previa solicitud), destacándose los avances que ha supuesto esta legislación y sus virtualidades, pero sin ocultar los problemas de aplicación a que todavía se enfrenta y los retos pendientes. Este trabajo se ha realizado en el marco del proyecto de investigación Derecho ambiental y libertadde servicios en el mercado interior: nuevos retos, transformaciones y oportunidades (DER2010-19343), financiado por el Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad de Espa a.
Cuerpo y poder en dos obras de la literatura carcelaria cubana: "Antes que anochezca" y "Perromundo"
Ana Casado
Impossibilia : Revista Internacional de Estudios Literarios , 2012,
Abstract: This paper analyses the relationship between literature and power in two works of Cubanprison literature (the Reinaldo Arenas autobiography Antes que anochezca and the Carlos AlbertoMontaner novel Perromundo) taking into account the research of Michel Foucault (Surveiller et punir)and his concept of “political body”, “docile body” and “panopticon”. The prisoner is subjected to apower structure while he himself establishes power relationships with other prisoners. Therefore theprison space turns into a power space with numerous signifiers and significances.
Manuel Martínez de la Escalera, ciencia y aventura en Oriente
Casado, Santos
Arbor : Ciencia, Pensamiento y Cultura , 2005, DOI: 10.3989/arbor.2005.i711/712.475
Abstract: Manuel Martínez de la Escalera fue el expedicionario más destacado entre los naturalistas espa oles de las décadas en torno al cambio de siglo. Su dedicación a la entomología, especialmente a los coleópteros, le llevó a organizar sendas expediciones, financiadas por un coleccionista francés, a Asia Menor y Siria en 1898 y a Persia en 1899. Lo aventurero de sus viajes a Oriente, subrayado por la penuria material con que se realizaron, marcó la incorporación de Escalera al imaginario colectivo de la reducida comunidad naturalista espa ola, con una intensidad que contrasta con el olvido de los medios académicos oficiales y de la posterior historiografía de la ciencia.…
Cerebellar Vermis: Topography and Variations
Bispo,Rodrigo Freitas Monte; Ramalho,Antonio José Casado; Gusm?o,Luiz Carlos Buarque de; Cavalcante,Amundson Portela ?de Holanda; Rocha,Amauri Clemente da; Sousa-Rodrigues,Célio Fernando de;
International Journal of Morphology , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022010000200018
Abstract: the vermis is described as the unpaired, median portion of the cerebellum to which the hemispheres are attached. both the vermis and the hemispheres are formed by folia that, grouped together, are called lobules. the material analyzed consisted of a sample made up of 43 adult male cerebella fixed in 10% formaldehyde and sliced medially. the lingula was attached to the superior medullary velum in 100% (43) of the cerebella, varying only in size. in 80% (32) of the cerebella, the central lobe contained one folium; 7.5% (3) had two folia with the first larger than the second; 10% (4) had two folia with the second larger than the first; and 2.5% (1) had two folia of equal size. in 5% (2) of the cerebella, the folium of the vermis emerged from the declive; in 47.5% (19), the folium emerged from the central white matter; and in 42.5% (17), the folium emerged from the tuber. there was no variation in the lobules, culmen, pyramid, uvula or nodule in the sample studied. contrary to what many believe, the folia of the cerebellum exhibit variations in form, number and arrangement. however, these variations are virtually unreported, which often hinders the determination of the limits of these structures by students of anatomy of the cerebellum.
Occurrence of Metopism in Dry Crania of Adult Brazilians
Ivan do Nascimento da Silva,Katharina Jucá de Moraes Fernandes,Ant?nio José Casado Ramalho,Rodrigo Freitas Monte Bispo,Célio Fernando de Sousa Rodrigues,José Aderval Arag?o
ISRN Anatomy , 2013, DOI: 10.5402/2013/158341
Abstract: The metopic suture is located between the tubercles of the frontal bone. There are divergences regarding the exact time at which it closes, which ranges from the first to the tenth year of life, although it may persist into adulthood. This study was conducted on 134 dry crania from adult Brazilians, of which 95 were male and 39 were female. These were available in the anatomy laboratories of higher education institutions in Maceió, AL, Brazil. All the crania were examined macroscopically with regard to the presence (metopism: M) on absence of the metopic suture. M was considered to be complete (Mc) when it continued uninterruptedly from the nasium to the bregma and incomplete (Mi) when it was not present over its entire length. It was observed that Mc was present in 4.48% (6/134) of the skull examined, of which 50% (3/134) were male and 50% (3/134) were female. An incomplete metopic suture was found in 5.22% (7/144) of the crania and more frequently among males (3.73%; 5/134). Among the crania with a metopic suture, the dolichocephalic type predominated (7.46%) in relation to brachycephalic crania (1.49%) and mesocephalic crania (0.74%). There was no predominance of metopism between the sexes, while an incomplete metopic suture was slightly more common among males. 1. Introduction The frontal bone is a singular, median, and symmetrical bone that occupies the most anterior part of the cranium. It has joints with the parietal, ethmoid, sphenoid, nasal, zygomatic, lacrimal, and maxillary bones, thereby contributing towards uniting the neurocranium and the viscerocranium [1]. During the development stage, the frontal bone is a double bone, with right and left halves that grow together [2] and unite along the median line at the metopic suture [3]. This usually starts to undergo the fusion process at the age of two years [4] and may have completely fused by the age of six years [2, 5], eight years [4, 6], or ten years [1]. However, in approximately 8% of adults, the two halves of the frontal bone do not fuse [4], and the metopic suture persists. The suture may be incomplete or complete (when it extends from the nasium to the bregma), and this condition is known as metopism [7–9]. This name originates from the Greek word metopion, which means a space between the eyebrows [10]. Metopism has various degrees of incidence [11]: from 7%-8% among Europeans to 1% in Africans and 4-5% in Mongolians. Overall, the range of incidence can go from 1% to 12%, and it is slightly more prevalent among males [12]. The incidence of metopism and the difference in forms also vary
Stingless bees and mass flowering trees in the canopy of Atlantic Forest: a tight relationship
Ramalho, Mauro;
Acta Botanica Brasilica , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-33062004000100005
Abstract: this study demonstrates that stingless bees (apidae, hymenoptera) amount to approximately 70% of all bees foraging on flowers in the brazilian tropical atlantic rainforest. they also are the unique bee group concentrated in the upper stratum. it is hypothesized that this vertical distribution is a result of an uneven distribution of preferred floral resources within the forest strata. in the upper stratum, most of the trees that are highly visited by stingless bees produce small, inconspicuous, generalized flowers, clustered in dense inflorescences (mass flowering). these trees represent only 15% of the total melittophilous flora in the study area (96 plant species). in contrast, they attracted all 17 stingless bee species and more than 70% of all stingless bee individuals. almost all these mass-flowering trees are hermaphroditic or monoecious, therefore the hypothesis that the stingless bees would be related to the abundance of dioecious trees in tropical rainforests was reexamined. it is proposed that small generalist stingless bees facilitate self-pollination and occasionally cross-pollinate these mass flowering trees. the tight relationship between stingless bees and mass-flowering trees is more properly in the center of a diffuse coevolutionary process, with the gradual replacement of other unpredictable, generalist and poor pollinators (e.g. small beetles) at the forest canopy.
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