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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 218920 matches for " Casado Górriz Ma Rosario "
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La alimentación de los escolares de trece a?os del municipio de Zaragoza
Casado Górriz,Ma Rosario; Casado Górriz,Inmaculada; Díaz Grávalos,Gabriel J;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57271999000400007
Abstract: background: the importance of diet as a cause of different diseases and the possibility of educational involvement during the school-age years leads to it being advisable to ascertain the attitudes of young people with regard to nutrition and their eating habits. methods: cross-section study. a self-test survey was conducted regarding the nutrition-related habits and knowledge on a sample randomly taken from among 543 students from the 1st level school-leaving certificate studies (age 13) in the city of saragossa, including an assessment of the foods eaten by means of 24-hour recall and a questionnaire regarding how often different foods are eaten weekly. a pilot study was conducted on 50 individuals, with validation by means of personal interviews in 15 cases. results: a total of 516 questionnaires were analyzed. the subjects were found to possess an average degree of knowledge regarding nutrition-related matters. a total 41.5% of the sample acknowledged advertising having an impact on their diet. a greater diet-related impact was found to exist among the females analyzed. the eating survey revealed a diet consisting of normal calorie intakes, but excessive protein and low carbohydrate intakes, excess fat intake being noted among males. an excessive amount of meat and meat products and sweets and candies was noted, contrasting with the low grain, fish and potato intake. conclusions: educational measures must be taken among school-age children with regard to informing them concerning the composition of foods and a correct diet, teaching them to take a critical stance with regard to food advertising. they must be counseled to lessen their intakes of meats and sweets and to increase the amount of complex carbohydrates and fish.
La alimentación de los escolares de trece a os del municipio de Zaragoza
Casado Górriz Ma Rosario,Casado Górriz Inmaculada,Díaz Grávalos Gabriel J
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 1999,
Abstract: FUNDAMENTO: La importancia de la dieta como causa de diversas enfermedades y la posibilidad de intervención educativa en el periodo escolar, hacen recomendable conocer las actitudes de los jóvenes respecto a la nutrición y sus hábitos alimentarios. MéTODOS: Estudio transversal. Se realizó una encuesta autoadministrada sobre hábitos y conocimientos respecto a la nutrición, en una muestra aleatoriamente extraída de 543 escolares de 1o de Ense anza Secundaria Obligatoria (ESO) (13 a os) de la ciudad de Zaragoza, incluyendo una valoración del consumo de alimentos mediante recuerdo de 24 horas y cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo semanal. Se realizó una prueba piloto en 50 individuos, con validación mediante entrevista personal en 15 casos. RESULTADOS: Se analizaron 516 cuestionarios. Un 41,5% de la muestra reconoció que la publicidad influía en su alimentación. Se encontró una mayor implicación femenina en los temas relacionados con la alimentación. La encuesta de consumo reflejaba una dieta normocalórica, muy hiperproteica y baja en carbohidratos, con exceso de lípidos en varones. Se consumía en exceso carne y derivados y dulces y golosinas, mientras se apreció un consumo bajo de cereales, pescado y patatas. CONCLUSIONES: Es necesario realizar actividades educativas en la edad escolar respecto a la composición de los alimentos y dieta adecuada, ense ando a mantener una actitud crítica frente a la publicidad de alimentos. Debe recomendarse una disminución de la ingesta de carnes y dulces, y un incremento del consumo de hidratos de carbono complejos y pescado.
Opinión de los médicos de atención primaria de Ourense sobre algunos aspectos de su prescripción farmacéutica
Díaz Grávalos,Gabriel J; Palmeiro Fernández,Gerardo; Nú?ez Masid,Eloína; Casado Górriz,Inmaculada;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272001000400010
Abstract: background: to learn the opinion of the primary care physicians of ourense (spain) with respect to certain aspects of their prescription of medicines, such as their awareness of the price of drugs, the induced prescribing perceived, their relationship with the pharmaceutical industry and their opinions concerning possible measures for reducing the expenditure on medicines. methods: in this transversal descriptive study, all of the primary care physicians in the province of ourense (243) were surveyed by means of a previously-approved questionnaire sent to them by post. the questionnaire included demographic characteristics of the physicians, the influence of cost when prescribing medicines, their estimate of the price of 15 drugs routinely prescribed and their opinion on different aspects relating to induced prescription, the pharmaceutical industry and different strategies in order to curtail the expenditure on medicines. in order to analyze the results, the c2 and student?s t tests and an analysis of the variance were used, together with the spearman correlation coefficient with a = 0.05. results. the level of participation of the physicians surveyed was 42.8 % (104). the average daily duration of visits by pharmaceutical company representatives was 13.6 minutes, with new specialities being the topic of greatest interest. close to 27 % admitted to having participated in clinical testing sponsored by the industry. 23 % considered the price to be a priority when prescribing. induced prescription accounted for 39.7 % of the total. the majority of physicians chose co-payment as the means for reducing expenditure on medicines. in the estimate of prices, the overall percentage of error was 45.7 %, underestimating the more expensive medicines and overestimating the less expensive. conclusions. there is a significant lack of awareness of the price of drugs among the primary care physicians. most of the physicians do not feel that the price of a drug should be a priority w
Efecto de la forma de presentación de los resultados en los ensayos clínicos en la intención de prescripción en atención primaria: Un ensayo clínico cruzado en Ourense
Palmeiro Fernández,Gerardo; Casado Górriz,Inmaculada; Vázquez Fernández,Luis A; Díaz Grávalos,Gabriel J.;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272004000100004
Abstract: background: given that there are different ways of setting out clinical test results, this study is aimed at ascertaining whether the way in which these results are set out has any bearing on the intention to prescribed on the part of primary care physicians. methods: randomized, multi-center cross-study. following a random sampling of eight primary care teams in the province of ourense (spain), two groups of family physicians (na=45 and nb=51) were surveyed by means of a questionnaire on which the data from five published clinical tests (three on heart disease prevention, one on cognitive benefit in a dementia syndrome and another on preventing fractures among the elderly) was shown. one of the groups was shown the data as a relative lowering of the risk, and the other as the necessary number of individuals to be treated. age, gender and years of practice were also asked. following a three-week blanking period, the intervention was reversed. the intention of prescribing was gathered on a 0-10 likert scale. the c2, simple student t were used, or the pearson test for paired data and correlation, according to whether an error a de 0.05 were to be achieved. results: test a: ci95% (-1.55~0.17); b: ci95% (-2.75~-1.20); c: ci95% (-0.16~1.65); d: ci95% (-0.30~1.44); e: ci95% (-1.22~0.35). no difference with regard to gender, age or professional experience were found. regarding the overall effect, with the exception of one of the tests presented, no significant differences were found concerning the intention of prescribing the drugs involved in terms of the way in which the data was set out. conclusions: the way in which clinical test data is set out has no bearing in itself on the ntention to prescribe medications.
Opinión de los médicos de atención primaria de Ourense sobre algunos aspectos de su prescripción farmacéutica
Díaz Grávalos Gabriel J,Palmeiro Fernández Gerardo,Nú?ez Masid Eloína,Casado Górriz Inmaculada
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2001,
Abstract: Fundamento: Conocer la opinión de los médicos de atención primaria de Ourense (Espa a) con respecto a algunos aspectos de su prescripción como el conocimiento del precio de los fármacos, la prescripción inducida percibida, la relación con la industria farmacéutica y la opinión del médico sobre posibles medidas reductoras del gasto farmacéutico. Métodos: En este estudio transversal descriptivo, se entrevistó mediante un cuestionario postal, previamente probado, a todos los médicos de atención primaria (MAP) de la provincia de Ourense (243). En él se recogían características demográficas de los facultativos, influencia del coste en la prescripción, estimación del precio de 15 fármacos de uso habitual y la opinión sobre diversos aspectos relacionados con la prescripción inducida, la industria farmacéutica y diversas estrategias para contener el gasto en farmacia. Para el análisis de los resultados se utilizaron pruebas de ji2, t de Student y análisis de la varianza, así como el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman según cumpliera con un error alfa de 0,05. Resultados. El nivel de participación de los encuestados fue del 42,8 % (104). La duración media diaria de la visita de los delegados farmacéuticos fue de 13,6 minutos, siendo las novedades el punto de mayor interés. Casi un 27 % admitía participar en ensayos clínicos patrocinados por la industria. El 23 % consideraba el precio una prioridad al prescribir. La prescripción inducida suponía el 39,7 % del total. Los facultativos eligieron mayoritariamente el copago para reducir el gasto farmacéutico. En la estimación del precio el porcentaje de error global fue del 45,7 %, subestimando los más caros y sobrestimando los más baratos. Conclusiones. Existe un desconocimiento importante del precio de los fármacos entre los MAP. La mayor parte de los médicos no consideran que el precio del fármaco deba ser una prioridad al prescribir. Hay un porcentaje elevado de prescripción inducida percibida. Respecto al gasto farmacéutico, la mayor parte de los MAP considera las medidas económicas, en concreto el copago, como las más efectivas para su contención.
Cumplimiento de los objetivos de control metabólico en diabetes mellitus en el medio rural de Ourense
Díaz Grávalos,Gabriel J; Palmeiro Fernández,Gerardo; Casado Górriz,Inmaculada; Arandia García,Margarita; Portuburu Izaguirre,M Maite; Vázquez Fernández,Luis A;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272006000100007
Abstract: background: to evaluate the degree to which the metabolic check-up objectives among type ii diabetes patients were met in rural primary care by comparing them to the values recommended by the american diabetes association (ada) and the diabetes in primary care study group (gedaps). methods: descriptive cross-sectional study. a sample size was calculated based on the glycosolated hemoglobin (hba1c) test in 119 individuals. a total of 253 patients with type ii diabetes followed up for at least two years at their healthcare facility took part. the patients in question were selected at random from among 17 medical lists at 11 rural healthcare facilities in the province of ourense (spain). demographic variables, cardiovascular risk factors, pharmacological treatment, self-analyses, eye fundus, tactile sensitivity, hba1c, lipid profile, blood pressure and body mass index data were taken from the patients′ clinical records. results: a total of 44.3% of those in the sample had undergone an hba1c test within the immediately prior six-month period, showing a value of under seven percent (7%). a total of 21.2% had a blood pressure of under 130/80, and 19.8% a ldl cholesterol level of under 100 mg/dl. a total of 40.7% of those patients with a ldl cholesterol level over 100 were not undergoing any hypolipemiant treatment. a total of 20.4% of the patients showing high blood pressure readings were not undergoing any blood pressure lowering treatment. on the basis of these three factors, a total of 2.5% met the check-up objectives. thirty-six percent (36%) were antiaggregated with aas. conclusions: a major deficit is revealed both in the frequency of the check-ups conducted by the healthcare professionals as well as the number of interventions performed for achieving the proposed objectives, showing results far below what is recommended in the clinical practice guidelines.
Detection of IS6110 and HupB gene sequences of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and bovis in the aortic tissue of patients with Takayasu’s arteritis
Soto María,Del Carmen ávila-Casado Ma,Huesca-Gómez Claudia,Alarcon Gilberto
BMC Infectious Diseases , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2334-12-194
Abstract: Background Takayasu’s arteritis (TA) is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the large arteries and their branches; its etiology is still unknown. In individuals suffering from TA, arterial inflammation progresses to stenosis and/or occlusion, leading to organ damage and affecting survival. Relation of TA with Mycobacterium tuberculosis has been known, but there have been only a few systematic studies focusing on this association. The IS6110 sequence identifies the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and the HupB establishes the differences between M. tuberculosis and M. bovis. Our objective was to search the presence of IS6110 and HupB genes in aorta of patients with TA. Methods We analyzed aorta tissues embedded in paraffin from 5760 autopsies obtained from our institution, we divided the selected samples as cases and controls; Cases: aortic tissues of individuals with Takayasu’s arteritis. Control positive: aortic tissues (with tuberculosis disease confirmed) and control negative with other disease aortic (atherosclerosis). Results Of 181 selected aorta tissues, 119 fulfilled the corresponding criteria for TA, TB or atherosclerosis. Thus 33 corresponded to TA, 33 to tuberculosis (TB) and 53 to atherosclerosis. The mean age was 22 ± 13, 41 ± 19, and 57 ± 10, respectively. IS6110 and HupB sequences were detected in 70% of TA tissues, 82% in tuberculosis, and in 32% with atherosclerosis. Important statistical differences between groups with TA, tuberculosis versus atherosclerosis (p = 0.004 and 0.0001, respectively) were found. Conclusion We identified a higher frequency of IS6110 and HupB genes in aortic tissues of TA patients. This data suggests that arterial damage could occur due to previous infection with M. tuberculosis.
Prevalencia de los trastornos alimentarios en una muestra universitaria: Ansiedad como factor de modulación Prevalence of eating disorders in a simple of university students
Rosario Gómez Sánchez,Remedios Gómez Sánchez,Antonia Ma Díaz Cuenca,Ma Isabel Fortea Gorbe
Index de Enfermería , 2010,
Abstract: Hoy día la disconformidad con la imagen del cuerpo se torna obsesiva, siendo la comida el tema más preocupante. La justificación de nuestro estudio es asegurarnos de si este hecho es también una realidad en una población de estudiantes de enfermería, que debería de poseer una información más correcta. El objetivo general es detectar la existencia de posibles trastornos de alimentación, determinando el índice de masa corporal y la posible modulación del rasgo de personalidad ansioso. Estudio descriptivo donde se ha entrevistado a 128 estudiantes de 1o de Enfermería aplicándoles el STAI y el EAT-26. Los resultados muestran que un porcentaje preocupante padece trastornos de alimentación, siendo pocos los que reciben tratamiento para dicho trastorno. También presentan desviaciones en los parámetros aconsejados de índice de Masa Corporal, el rasgo de personalidad ansioso presenta cierta correlación con dichos trastornos. Today the dissatisfaction with body image becomes obsessive, the most worrisome being swallowed what or what not. There are ways to inform young people about these health behaviors. Therefore, the rationale of our study is to make sure whether this is also a reality in a population of nursing students. The overall objective is to detect the existence of possible eating disorders by determining the body mass index and the possible modulation of anxious personality trait. Descriptive study where they interviewed 128 students in 1 nursing applying the STAI and the EAT-26. The results show that an alarming percentage suffering from eating disorders, with few receiving treatment for this disorder. Deviations are also advised on the parameters of body mass index, and the personality trait anxious shows some correlation with these disorders.
Revista de Estudios Cooperativos , 2010,
Abstract: El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar cómo es efectuada por parte de los socios la coordinación de la empresa cooperativa agraria. Dicha coordinación ha sido analizada a través del análisis de las funciones que deben desarrollar los socios como empresarios. Estas funciones son enumeradas, descritas teóricamente y analizadas a partir de una muestra de cooperativas agrarias pertenecientes a la Denominación de Origen Calificada Rioja. Entre los principales resultados obtenidos cabe destacar que, en la mayoría de los casos analizados, la función de inversor es realizada sin que exista separación con la desempe ada como proveedor; el control formal es ejercido bajo el principio democrático de un hombre un voto; existe poca delegación de las actividades de gestión en una gerencia profesionalizada y cuando esta delegación se produce, no se obtiene niveles de eficiencia significativamente superiores; la organización de actividades muestra una clara especialización en las primeras fases del ciclo productivo y una alta concentración de ventas; por último, la selección de personal es realizada exigiendo unos niveles de cualificación adecuados en cada departamento. / The aim of this work is to analyse how the coordination of the agrarian cooperative firm is brought about by the members. Said coordination has been analysed by means of a study of the functions which members have to develop in their role as managers. These functions have been numbered; theoretically described, and analysed by using a sample of agrarian cooperatives belonging to the Domination of Origin Qualified Rioja. From the principal results obtained, we can highlight the fact that, in most cases analysed, formal control is exercised under the democratic principle, “one-man-one-vote”; where little delegation of management activities exists in professional management and when this delegation occurs, the cooperative does not obtain higher efficiency levels. The organisation of activities shows evident specialization in the first stages of the production cycle and a high sales concentration. Finally, the selection of personnel is made by the appropriate qualification levels required in each department.
Prototipos de la interacción pedagógica
Casado G,Elisa;
Revista de Pedagogía , 2002,
Abstract: abstract this article presents research results on student-teacher interaction prototypes in which socio-affective, socially-structuring and relating aspects of such prototypes have been found. our interest has focused on the importance that social representation constructions have with regard to pedagogical interaction. grounded on social cognition theory, in this study we contend that some of the concepts in this area can not be defined in terms of the necessary and sufficient attributes (classical view), considering that commonsense concepts are both fuzzy and imprecise (prototypical view). in this latter view a prototype would be an instance with the highest number of attributes associated with a given social category and belonging to a specific category as defined by a continuum of prototypicality. a great many common attributes (the central elements of a prototype) can be elicited from a population when required to characterize or define different types of social relationships. this can be explained by the fact that prototypical concepts are based not only on group experiences but also on shared knowledge (implicit theories) about a social object
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