oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2015 ( 4 )

2014 ( 6 )

2013 ( 8 )

2012 ( 30 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 228 matches for " Carreras "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /228
Display every page Item
Evaluación de la calidad docente y promoción del profesorado (V).: Legislación universitaria espa?ola (c): desarrollo de la Ley Orgánica de Universidades (2002-2005)
Carreras,Josep;
Educación Médica , 2007, DOI: 10.4321/S1575-18132007000300003
Abstract: the organic law of universities (lou) established a system with two steps to appoint the members of the bodies of functionary professors: a first step of national "habilitation", and a second step of concourse to the specific positions convoked by the universities. the "habilitation" procedure was censured very much by the governments of the autonomous spanish communities, the conference of university rectors, the academic authorities , the professors, the political parties and the labour organizations. it was stated that the procedure did not respect the autonomy of the universities, did not ensure the selection of the best candidates, did not abolish the "endogamy", and that it was very expensive and inefficient. therefore, when in the year 2004 the socialist party formed a new government, it initiated the substitution of the system of "habilitation" by a system of "accreditation". regarding to the direct selection of contracted professors by the universities, the lou established a previous step of evaluation of the academic activity of the candidates by an official agency. as the procedures developed by the national agency for evaluation of quality were censured very much, the socialist government changed the system, to improve its efficiency and transparency. the rules of the specific concourses developed by the universities were established by their statute, causing significant differences among them.
Dise?o de nuevos planes de estudios en el contexto del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior (II): Perfil profesional del graduado en Medicina
Carreras,J.;
Educación Médica , 2008, DOI: 10.4321/S1575-18132008000300003
Abstract: in spain, to practice as a physician in any medical speciality, it is necessary to possess the corresponding specific academic title. and since 1995, following the european union directives, to exert as medical generalist in the public social security system it is required a specific academic formation that is provided by the speciality of familiar and community medicine. accordingly, the aim of the spanish m.d. title (?licenciado en medicina') is to provide the denominated ?basic medical formation': the formation needed by any physician with independence of his future specialization. however, the law of ordination of the spanish university of 1943 established that the university m.d. title qualifies for the practice in any area of medicine, if the qualification of medical specialist is not used. such a contradiction makes very difficult the design of a medical curriculum based on the competences needed by the graduated in medicine, as it is recommended by principles of the european higher education area.
Evaluación de la calidad docente y promoción del profesorado (III). Legislación Universitaria Espa?ola (a): de la Ley de Ordenación de la Universidad Espa?ola (1943) a la Ley de Reforma Universitaria (1983)
Carreras,Josep;
Educación Médica , 2003, DOI: 10.4321/S1575-18132003000100002
Abstract: during the period of franco?s dictatorship the spanish university was governed successively by three laws: the law of ordination of the spanish university of 1943, the law on the structure of the university faculties and their professors of 1965, and the general law of education of 1970. the procedures for the selection of the professors determined by these laws possessed elements that allowed to evaluate certain aspects of the educational quality of the candidates. but during the whole period of validity of the same ones there were no habitual and widespread practices of evaluation of university teaching, due so much to the little propensity from the university professors to be evaluated as to the persistence of the system of opposition or of competition-opposition to accede with permanent character to the educational position. during the first years of the democratic transition they were carried out diverse attempts to promulgate a law that adapted the university structures and functions to the new socio-political reality of the country. but all they failed for lack of enough parliamentary support, until in 1983 the socialist government promulgated the law of university reformation. this law, that governed the life of the spanish university during almost twenty years, opened new perspectives of teaching evaluation for the selection and promotion of the professors.
Evaluación de la calidad docente y promoción del profesorado (IV). Legislación universitaria espa?ola (b): de la Ley de reforma universitaria (1983) a la Ley Orgánica de universidades (2002). (1a parte)
Carreras,Josep;
Educación Médica , 2004, DOI: 10.4321/S1575-18132004000100003
Abstract: following the promulgation of the law of university reformation (lru) in 1983, were published the complementary dispositions that allowed the provision of numerous positions of the different university educational bodies according to the new criteria contained in the law. on the other hand, retributive complements as incentive for educational and research quality were established, and the universities began to apply procedures to evaluate teaching. but seven years after the approval of the lru, a generalized consensus existed on the need to modify the system of selection of the professors; mainly as a result of the high degree of "endogamy" that had developed, in the sense that generally the local candidates obtained the teaching positions with independence of their merits. the own socialist government carried out several attempts to reform the lru, but they did not arrive at term due to the lack of the necessary parliamentary consensus. finally, it was a government of the popular party the one that, in 2002, with enough parliamentary majority and in spite of the strong refusal of the other political parties and of the universities, approved a new organic law of universities (lou), that greatly modified the mechanisms of selection of the faculty diminishing the autonomy of the universities.
Evaluación de la calidad docente y promoción del profesorado (VI). Legislación universitaria espa?ola (d): modificación de la Ley Orgánica de Universidades. Profesorado funcionario: de la habilitación a la acreditación (2004-2008): 2.a parte
Carreras,J.;
Educación Médica , 2009, DOI: 10.4321/S1575-18132009000400003
Abstract: the new spanish government formed by the socialist party in the year 2004, in order to increase the autonomy of the universities, initiated the process of modification of the organic law of universities (lou) established in 1983 by the previous government constituted by the popular party. in this article we describe the process developed by the spanish parliament until the promulgation of a new law (organic law of modification of the lou) in april of 2007. we comment the modifications introduced in the lou that effected the categories of functionary professors, and we analyze the norms subsequently established. the categories of university functionary professors were reduced to two ('catedráticos' and 'profesores titulares'), and for both categories was established a procedure of appointment with two steps: a first step of national 'accreditation' and a second step of concourse to the specific positions convoked by the universities. the objective of the process of national 'accreditation' would be to evaluate the merits and competencies of the candidates in order to guarantee the quality of the professoriate. it would be carried out by specific commissions nominated by the university council. the rules of the specific concourses developed by the universities would be established by their statutes.
Dise?o de nuevos planes de estudios de medicina en el contexto del espacio europeo de educación superior: I.- Punto de partida y decisiones previas
Carreras,Josep;
Educación Médica , 2005, DOI: 10.4321/S1575-18132005000500003
Abstract: until very recently the process of construction of the european higher education area, as concern to the medical studies, has been developed at a low speed in comparison to other educational areas; fact that can be partially explained by the difficulties that the existing eec directives on undergraduate medical education may represent for the implementation of the two-cycle structure (bachelor/master) established by the bologna process. this paper analyzes the eec directives and the legal norms established in spain to develop the principles of the european higher education area, and comments the possibilities that they present in order to structure the future medical curricula in the context of a new educational paradigm: the syllabus based on learning outcomes and competencies.
Evaluación de la calidad docente y promoción del profesorado (VII). Legislación universitaria espa?ola (e): modificación de la Ley Orgánica de Universidades. Profesorado contratado permanente (2004-2008)
Carreras,J.;
Educación Médica , 2010, DOI: 10.4321/S1575-18132010000400003
Abstract: the organic law of modification of the organic law of universities (lomlou), promulgated the year 2007, included referring dispositions to the recruited professors with doctorate qualification (pcds) that supposed the consolidation of the direct contracting way as alternative to the way functionarial in the academic career. the law established that the contract of the pcds would be indefinite and with full-time dedication. determined that these professors had full autonomy in teaching and research, recognized their condition of eligible for the individual organs of government (save for the charge of rector) and attributed them balanced vote in the university cloister and in the election of rector. furthermore, by means of modification of the general law of health, the lomlou determined that could be established linking of welfare positions with positions of pcd. for which it concerns to the requirements to achieve to a position of pcd, the law suppressed the need to accredit three years of teaching and researcher, established by the previous law of universities; but maintained as requirement a positive evaluation of teaching and research by an external assessment body (accreditation). this article analyzes comparatively the processes of accreditation developed by the national agency of evaluation of the quality and acreditation (aneca) and by the assessment bodies specified by the regional autonomous community laws, as well as the recruitment processes developed by the universities. besides, the characteristics of the diverse figures of pcd established by the autonomous communities are described.
Evaluación de la calidad docente y promoción del profesorado (VI). Legislación universitaria espa?ola (d): modificación de la Ley Orgánica de Universidades. Profesorado funcionario: de la habilitación a la acreditación (2004-2008) (1.a parte)
Carreras,J.;
Educación Médica , 2009, DOI: 10.4321/S1575-18132009000300002
Abstract: the new spanish government formed by the socialist party in the year 2004, in order to increase the autonomy of the universities, initiated the process of modification of the organic law of universities (lou) established in 1983 by the previous government constituted by the popular party. in this article we describe the process developed by the spanish parliament until the promulgation of a new law (organic law of modification of the lou) in april of 2007. we comment the modifications introduced in the lou that effected the categories of functionary professors, and we analyze the norms subsequently established. the categories of university functionary professors were reduced to two (‘catedráticos' and ‘profesores titulares'), and for both categories was established a procedure of appointment with two steps: a first step of national ‘accreditation' and a second step of concourse to the specific positions convoked by the universities. the objective of the process of national ‘accreditation' would be to evaluate the merits and competencies of the candidates in order to guarantee the quality of the professoriate. it would be carried out by specific commissions nominated by the university council. the rules of the specific concourses developed by the universities would be established by their statutes.
Evaluación de la calidad docente y promoción del profesorado (VIII): Legislación universitaria espa?ola (f): calidad docente y complementos retributivos (1.a parte)
Carreras,Josep;
Educación Médica , 2011, DOI: 10.4321/S1575-18132011000400002
Abstract: this article analyses how the university spanish legislation has tried to increase the quality of teaching establishing diverse types of additional fees for the professorship. six years after the promulgation of the law of university reformation in 1983, it was modified the remunerative regime of the professorship and an educational component of individual character was incorporated to the fee's specific complement in order to improve the teaching. however, this aim was not achieved because most of the universities, responsible for evaluating the educational merits of the professor-ship, applied very flexible and generous criteria; granting the educational complement in a widespread and practically automatic form. the organic law of universities (lou), enacted in 2001, determined that the government and the autonomous spanish communities might establish for the academic staff additional retributions linked to teaching, research and management individual merits. and the law also prescribed that the social councils of the universities, at the proposal of their governing councils, might agree the assignment of the above mentioned remunerative complements, previous evaluation of the merits by the national agency for quality evaluation and accreditation or by the external evaluation body that the autonomous communities shall determine. in developing this disposition, the autonomous communities set different parameters and criteria, which has led to the coexistence of highly variable remunerative situations. recently, the organic law of modification of the lou has added the technology development and the transfer of knowledge to the merits linked to additional fee, but has barely affected the situation for what it does to the encouragement of the teaching function.
Análisis bacteriológicos en el tratamiento de las conjuntivitis: Comparación de la resistencia a antibióticos entre 1982 y 2008
Carreras,B.;
Archivos de la Sociedad Espa?ola de Oftalmología , 2012,
Abstract: objective: to demonstrate the need for bacteriological analysis for the rational treatment of infections of the corneal surface, including conjunctivitis. methods: the results of 1,970 consecutive bacteriological analysis obtained from 2001 to 2008 in patients with ocular hyperemia and discharge were analysed and compared with a similar study done in 1982 in the same geographical area. results: bacterial growth was obtained in 1,044 cases (53%). the most frequent bacteria were staphylococci spp. (56.6%), followed by streptococci spp. (21.4%), haemophili spp. (12.1%), and other gram-negative bacteria (9.9%). no antibiotic was effective against all the bacteria isolated. the frequency of resistant bacteria against neomycin, tobramycin, erythromycin and gentamicin was significantly increased with respect to the study of 1982. conclusions: bacteriological analysis of conjunctival specimens are necessary to ensure the choice of an effective antibiotic against bacteria of the ocular surface when the initial treatment fails.
Page 1 /228
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.