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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 18074 matches for " Carol-Lynne Le Navenec "
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Clarification of the Blurred Boundaries between Grounded Theory and Ethnography: Differences and Similarities
Khaldoun Aldiabat,Carol-Lynne Le Navenec
Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry , 2011,
Abstract: There is confusion among graduate students about how to select the qualitative methodology that best fits their research question. Often this confusion arises in regard to making a choice between a grounded theory methodology and an ethnographic methodology. This difficulty may stem from the fact that these students do not have a clear understanding of the principles upon which to select a particular methodology and / or have limited experience in conducting qualitative research. Addressed in this paper are three questions that will help students make an informed decision about the choice of method. The answers to these questions constitute key elements in the decision-making process about whether to use a grounded theory or an ethnographic methodology.
Tmem26 Is Dynamically Expressed during Palate and Limb Development but Is Not Required for Embryonic Survival
Liam Town,Edwina McGlinn,Tara-Lynne Davidson,Catherine M. Browne,Kallayanee Chawengsaksophak,Peter Koopman,Joy M. Richman,Carol Wicking
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0025228
Abstract: The Tmem26 gene encodes a novel protein that we have previously shown to be regulated by hedgehog signalling in the mouse limb. We now report that Tmem26 expression is spatially and temporally restricted in other regions of the mouse embryo, most notably the facial primordia. In particular, Tmem26 expression in the mesenchyme of the maxillary and nasal prominences is coincident with fusion of the primary palate. In the secondary palate, Tmem26 is expressed in the palatal shelves during their growth and fusion but is downregulated once fusion is complete. Expression was also detected at the midline of the expanding mandible and at the tips of the eyelids as they migrate across the cornea. Given the spatio-temporally restricted expression of Tmem26, we sought to uncover a functional role in embryonic development through targeted gene inactivation in the mouse. However, ubiquitous inactivation of Tmem26 led to no overt phenotype in the resulting embryos or adult mice, suggesting that TMEM26 function is dispensable for embryonic survival.
Why Study Problematizations? Making Politics Visible  [PDF]
Carol Bacchi
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2012.21001
Abstract: This paper introduces the theoretical concept, problematization, as it is developed in Foucauldian-inspired poststructural analysis. The objective is two-fold: first, to show how a study of problematizations politicizes taken-for-granted “truths”; and second, to illustrate how this analytic approach opens up novel ways of approaching the study of public policy, politics and comparative politics. The study of problematizations, it suggests, directs attention to the heterogenous strategic relations – the politics – that shape lives. It simultaneously alerts researchers to their unavoidable participation in these relations, opening up a much-needed conversation about the role of theory in politics.
Sexually Risky Behavior in College-Aged Students  [PDF]
Carol Caico
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.45043
Abstract:

Objective: To examine college-aged students’ sexual risk taking behavior and their knowledge level. Design: descriptive design participants. Setting: A convenience sample of college-aged students between the ages of 17 - 25. Results: Seven hundred and seventy students responded to the survey. Findings revealed that 33% had sexual intercourse with two to five individuals, and 15.5% between eleven and twenty sexual partners. 50.9% had unprotected vaginal intercourse not using condoms and of those 45.8% either do not insist on condom use or only use them occasionally. 22.1% do not insist on using condoms for sexual intercourse and 24.7% responded that they sometimes insist on condom use. 47.2% are not worried about getting AIDS. 41.3% are not concerned with genital lesions. 42.4% would rate themselves as not being very knowledgeable about sexually transmitted infections. 12.4% of the females had unintended pregnancies and overall 74.9% would not feel comfortable discussing their sexual activity with their mothers. 58.1% use alcohol prior to or during sexual intercourse.

The Turn to Problematization: Political Implications of Contrasting Interpretive and Poststructural Adaptations  [PDF]
Carol Bacchi
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2015.51001
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to introduce and elaborate the varied meanings of problematization in contemporary policy theory. The primary focus is on the different meanings and uses of the term in interpretivism and in Foucault-influenced poststructuralism. The paper argues that interpretive/argumentative adaptations direct attention primarily to how policy makers/workers develop problematizations (ways of understanding a problem) while Foucault-influenced poststructuralists critically scrutinize problematizations (the ways in which “problems” are produced and represented) in governmental policies and practices. It concludes that Foucault-influenced adaptations provide a more substantive critique of extant social arrangements than interpretive approaches, which tend to be reformist in design and inclination.
Outlooks toward Democracy in Quebec  [PDF]
Mebs Kanji, Kerry Lynne Tannahill
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2014.44031
Abstract: Support for democratic regime principles is generally strong and stable across advanced industrial democracies. However, as groups of society are becoming increasingly informed and critical and certain segments remain widely and consistently left out or disillusioned, opinions of democracy may suffer. Using a unique dataset (the Comparative Provincial Election Study) with a representative sample of Quebec voters, this analysis provides for the first time a more detailed and focused examination of orientations toward the democratic political regime across three different levels of government (national, provincial, and municipal). Our study reveals that, while most Quebecers feel that a democratic political regime is a good way of governing at all levels of government, only slightly more than a majority commit solely to a democratic alternative and sizeable segments are open to other regime types as well. Also, few Quebecers feel that their democracies are working well in practice at all levels. Our analysis also reveals significant variation in terms of specific support for authorities, institutions of government, and the workings of democracy. More specifically, Quebecers have less confidence in their political leaders than in their elected representatives, more confidence in their legislatures and civil service than in governments and political parties, and they have the lowest confidence in most of these objects at the federal level. Finally, our findings show that these negative orientations toward specific political objects have robust and significant negative effects on the way Quebecers feel about how well their democratic communities are working in practice, even while controlling for other theoretically relevant cultural, structural, and contextual factors.
Uso de contracep??o por adolescentes de escolas públicas na Bahia
Almeida,Maria da Concei??o Chagas de; Aquino,Estela Maria Le?o de; Gaffikin,Lynne; Magnani,Robert J;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102003000500004
Abstract: objective: there has been a growing interest in patterns of contraceptive use among adolescents, due, in particular, to the social relevance attached to pregnancy in this age group. therefore, the objective of the study was to investigate factors associated with the use of contraceptive methods among female and male adolescent students. method: a cross-sectional study was conducted, by means of self-applied questionnaires, among 4,774 students ranging from 11 to 19 years of age. prevalence with respect to the use of contraceptive methods during the first experience of sexual intercourse as well as the most recent one was calculated both separately, that is, for each of these events, and in conjunction as a measure of consistent use. logistic regression was carried out for simultaneous analysis of factors associated with the use of contraceptive methods and in order to calculate adjusted measures. results: among the 1,664 students who reported being sexually active, the factors positively associated with the consistent use of contraceptive methods among male students included a) postponing their first experience of sexual intercourse and interaction with a stable partner, b) the family as a potential supplier of contraceptive methods, and c) access to health services. on the other hand, among female students factors positively associated with the consistent use of contraceptive methods included a) recent sexual initiation, and b) having a father as their source of information regarding sexuality, contraception and std/aids prevention. pregnancy was reported by 6.4% of the boys and 18.1% of the girls, its absence was associated with the consistent use of contraceptives by them (the girls) (odds ratio=3.83; 2.06-7.15). conclusions: the results confirm the complexity of determining contraceptive behavior among adolescents and therefore reinforce the need to include multi-dimensional aspects of this theme in order to ensure the efficacy of sex education programs.
Uso de contracep o por adolescentes de escolas públicas na Bahia
Almeida Maria da Concei??o Chagas de,Aquino Estela Maria Le?o de,Gaffikin Lynne,Magnani Robert J
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2003,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: O interesse sobre o comportamento contraceptivo de adolescentes vem crescendo, especialmente pela relevancia social conferida à gravidez nessa faixa etária. Assim, realizou-se estudo para investigar fatores associados ao uso de métodos anticoncepcionais entre adolescentes escolares. MéTODOS: Estudo transversal que utilizou um questionário auto-aplicado em 4.774 alunos de ambos os sexos, entre 11 e 19 anos. Calcularam-se as prevalências de uso de contraceptivos na primeira e na última rela o sexual e em ambas as situa es (uso consistente). A regress o logística foi utilizada para a análise simultanea dos fatores e cálculo de medidas ajustadas. RESULTADOS: Entre 1.664 estudantes com inicia o sexual, os fatores associados positivamente ao uso consistente de contraceptivos pelos rapazes incluíram a inicia o sexual mais tardia, com parceria estável, contar com a família como fonte potencial de contraceptivos e acesso a servi os de saúde; entre as mo as, ter iniciado a vida sexual há pouco tempo e ter o pai como fonte de informa o sobre sexualidade, contracep o e preven o DST/Aids. A gravidez foi relatada por 6,4% dos rapazes e 18,1% das mo as, sendo sua ausência associada ao uso consistente de contraceptivos por elas (OR=3,83; 2,06-7,15). CONCLUS ES: Os resultados confirmam a complexidade da determina o do comportamento contraceptivo entre adolescentes e a necessidade de que os programas educativos incorporem as múltiplas dimens es da quest o para que tenham efetividade.
Harvard plans new 'science hub'
Lynne Lederman
Genome Biology , 2003, DOI: 10.1186/gb-spotlight-20031201-02
Abstract: Life science laboratories would more than likely be part of the 'science hub' that Harvard President Lawrence Summers said in October that he plans for the new campus, and the university also hopes to relocate its School of Public Health from its current location in Boston, adjoining Harvard Medical School. The site would also include a relocated School of Education and housing for undergraduates and graduates.Faculty members who are in favor of the project say it will foster interdisciplinary work. "I feel that this is the most exciting and forward development at Harvard to occur in many decades," said Stuart L. Schreiber, chair of the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology. "Science is undergoing a dramatic change towards cross-disciplinary activities."Venkatesh Narayanamurti, dean of Engineering and Applied Sciences and of Physical Sciences and a member of Summers' task force on science and technology, told us that there will be new linkages between engineering and biology, engineering and the medical school. "We are just beginning to think things through," he said. "There's only one thing certain about science: It's going to be different, and the facilities we are going to need are going to be different. I have very much of an open mind."But what Mary Power, senior director of community relations at Harvard, characterized as "a lively discussion about the academic impact of a campus that is located on either side of the Charles River," has at times become acrimonious. At a recent meeting of the faculty, Summers refused to allow a vote on the Allston project, the Harvard Crimson, the student newspaper, reported. Some faculty members are reserving comment at this early stage, while others are less than pleased.In a November 10 letter, Stuart M. Shieber, a professor of computer science, criticized the plans for splitting science between the Allston and Cambridge campuses, according to the Crimson, although he acknowledged that life scientists feeling a space
Responding to the risk of terrorism: the contribution of metaphor
Cameron, Lynne;
DELTA: Documenta??o de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-44502010000300010
Abstract: this discourse-based study investigated semantic and affective aspects of metaphors used by people talking about background risk of terrorism. 96 members of the uk public participated in 12 focus group discussions, organized by gender, religion (muslim / non-muslim), and socio-economic status. 12,362 metaphors were identified in transcribed talk, coded for vehicle domain and discourse topic, and subjected to qualitative and some quantitative analyses. in contrast to negative, dominant metaphors found in studies of media and political discourse, 'ordinary' people use an intersecting range of systematic metaphors, including "games of chance", "natural world" and "theater". affect works across linguistic metaphors with various source domains, and in connection with non-metaphorical language such as reflection on action and explicit expression of empathy. gender, religion and social class intersect in metaphor preferences.
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