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TRYPANOCIDAL ACTIVE COMPOUNDS FROM SCOTTISH ABIES NOBILIS AND PINUS SYLVESTRIS
Jamal Elmezogi,Carol Clements,Veronique Seidel,Alexander Gray
International Research Journal of Pharmacy , 2013,
Abstract: Three active compounds obtained from the aerial parts of Abies nobilis and Pinus sylvestris isolated by different chromatographic techniques. Their structures were identified by NMR (1H, 13C, COSY, HMBC) spectroscopic and mass spectrometric data and established as catechin, dehydroabietic acid and Dihydroconiferyl alcohol. The isolated compounds were exhibited activity against blood stream form of parasite Trypanosoma brucei brucei (S 427).
Why Study Problematizations? Making Politics Visible  [PDF]
Carol Bacchi
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2012.21001
Abstract: This paper introduces the theoretical concept, problematization, as it is developed in Foucauldian-inspired poststructural analysis. The objective is two-fold: first, to show how a study of problematizations politicizes taken-for-granted “truths”; and second, to illustrate how this analytic approach opens up novel ways of approaching the study of public policy, politics and comparative politics. The study of problematizations, it suggests, directs attention to the heterogenous strategic relations – the politics – that shape lives. It simultaneously alerts researchers to their unavoidable participation in these relations, opening up a much-needed conversation about the role of theory in politics.
Sexually Risky Behavior in College-Aged Students  [PDF]
Carol Caico
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.45043
Abstract:

Objective: To examine college-aged students’ sexual risk taking behavior and their knowledge level. Design: descriptive design participants. Setting: A convenience sample of college-aged students between the ages of 17 - 25. Results: Seven hundred and seventy students responded to the survey. Findings revealed that 33% had sexual intercourse with two to five individuals, and 15.5% between eleven and twenty sexual partners. 50.9% had unprotected vaginal intercourse not using condoms and of those 45.8% either do not insist on condom use or only use them occasionally. 22.1% do not insist on using condoms for sexual intercourse and 24.7% responded that they sometimes insist on condom use. 47.2% are not worried about getting AIDS. 41.3% are not concerned with genital lesions. 42.4% would rate themselves as not being very knowledgeable about sexually transmitted infections. 12.4% of the females had unintended pregnancies and overall 74.9% would not feel comfortable discussing their sexual activity with their mothers. 58.1% use alcohol prior to or during sexual intercourse.

The Turn to Problematization: Political Implications of Contrasting Interpretive and Poststructural Adaptations  [PDF]
Carol Bacchi
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2015.51001
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to introduce and elaborate the varied meanings of problematization in contemporary policy theory. The primary focus is on the different meanings and uses of the term in interpretivism and in Foucault-influenced poststructuralism. The paper argues that interpretive/argumentative adaptations direct attention primarily to how policy makers/workers develop problematizations (ways of understanding a problem) while Foucault-influenced poststructuralists critically scrutinize problematizations (the ways in which “problems” are produced and represented) in governmental policies and practices. It concludes that Foucault-influenced adaptations provide a more substantive critique of extant social arrangements than interpretive approaches, which tend to be reformist in design and inclination.
Characterization and Comparison of Cancer Stem Cells in Human and Canine Glioma Cell Lines
Thomas Clements
JPUR : Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research , 2012,
Abstract: Gliomas are among the most common and malignantforms of primary brain tumors that occur naturally inhumans. They represent about 33% of brain tumorsand 80% of malignant brain tumors. Gliomas alsospontaneously arise in specific breeds in the canine family.Canine gliomas are histologically similar to human gliomaand have similar presentation and response to treatmentin the clinic. A comparison of canine and human gliomascould prove to be invaluable, because the acceptedrodent model has limitations when testing therapies andidentifying targets. Our goal is to obtain global proteinexpression and metabolic profiles of different classificationand grades of human and canine glioma, in order toidentify and compare the tumor survival strategies in bothsystems. Toward this end, we harvested and cultured cellsfrom a naturally occurring grade-3 oligodendrogliomatumor that was isolated from a canine patient at the PurdueUniversity Veterinary Teaching Hospital. Similar to cellsfrom human glioma, these cells formed neurosphereswhen cultured in serum free media in the presence of FGFand EGF. The cells were also sensitive to plating densityand oxygen concentrations.This work was supported by the National Institutes ofHealth, National Cancer Institute R25CA128770 CancerPrevention Internship Program administered by theOncological Sciences Center and the Discovery LearningResearch Center at Purdue University. This work wasalso supported by Showalter Research Foundation and aCollege of Technology Seed Grant.
The Holiday Detector
Peter Clements
Humanising Language Teaching , 2009,
Abstract:
Activities for April Fool’s Day
Peter Clements
Humanising Language Teaching , 2010,
Abstract:
Social Turn, Identity and ‘New’ Literacy Practices
Peter Clements
Humanising Language Teaching , 2012, DOI: 17559715
Abstract:
‘[...] in all respects as if she were a feme sole’: married women’s long road to a legal existence
Harriet Clements
Skepsi , 2011,
Abstract: Looking back from our vantage point in the second decade of the twenty-first century, we may all too easily be distracted by the high-profile campaign for women’s suffrage that occupied the years before the Great War and forget that the feminist movement began at least half a century earlier. In the mid-1850s a campaign began which would improve the lot of all women in years to come, although it addressed an issue which at the time only affected a proportion, albeit a sizeable one, of adult women. The hardship that it addressed was one that married women suffered through the operation of the common law maxim enunciated by Bracton in the thirteenth century but already long established, that ‘vir et uxor sunt quasi unica persona’, and reiterated by Blackstone five centuries later in the words ‘[b]y marriage, husband and wife are one person in law’.The article briefly explains the effect at law of this maxim and the steps taken by equity to mitigate it, before charting the progress of the campaign to redress the position. This campaign began not long after Barbara Leigh Smith published her booklet A Brief Summary in Plain Language of the Most Important Laws concerning Women together with a Few Observations thereon in 1854 and culminated in the Married Women’s Property Act 1882. However, as the article will demonstrate, there still remained some unfinished business so far as the legal status of the married woman was concerned which would not be resolved until well into the next century.
A Very Neutral Voice: Teaching about the Holocaust
Jane Clements
Educate~ , 2006,
Abstract: Contextualisation The Holocaust is a significant event in the history of twentieth century Europe and, as such, is an important topic for pupils to encounter in classroom lessons. Aside from the acquisition of skills helpful for historical enquiry and evaluation, some teachers and educationalists, as well as those outside the educational world, make claims for the topic in terms of its promoting anti-racism or Citizenship. However, this paper suggests that a particular learning experience is to be found in the dynamics of the relationship between teacher and pupil. Abstract: This paper is concerned to address the question of ‘What are The Lessons To Be Learnt in the study of the Holocaust?’ Very little research has been done in this field, although both the literature and classroom teachers tend to cite rationales from countering racism to promoting engagement with Citizenship issues. Research in related areas, together with the experience of the teachers themselves, indicates that such grand outcomes are unlikely. This paper suggests that the main outcome of Holocaust Education is the enabling of a re-examination of pupil discourses about humanity and society. The relationship between teacher and pupil in the course of these lessons, issues of shared language and a lowering of the barrier of emotional restraint all contribute to produce this outcome. This paper further suggests that, while the facts of the events themselves are important in terms of historical understanding, the main value of the lessons comes not from these but from an experience of empowerment as both teachers and pupils engage with the concept of ‘difficult knowledge’.
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