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A semantica do lixo e o desenvolvimento socioecon?mico dos catadores de recicláveis: considera??es sobre um estudo de caso múltiplo em cooperativas na cidade do Rio de Janeiro
Carmo, Scarlet;
Cadernos EBAPE.BR , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1679-39512009000400005
Abstract: from 2002 to 2004, three case studies concerning garbage gatherer's organizations, legally called cooperatives, were carried out in the city of rio de janeiro, brazil. based on the collected data, this article suggests the semantic of garbage (negative and positive) as an important aspect to be considered by the authorities when implementing public policies in this area. the negative semantic seems to be associated with hygienic aspects, what is considered an obstacle to these professionals. at the same time, the positive semantic does not improve their working conditions. this article discusses the possibility of organizing the gatherers in cooperatives as a challenge to the government, which needs to find a better way to interaction with this specific segment in order to understand aspects such as the complexity of their organizations (informal institutions) and the relevance of the semantic of garbage in their economic and social lives.
Revolutionary landscapes: the PCTP/MRPP mural paintings in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area
Andre Carmo
Finisterra - Revista Portuguesa de Geografia , 2011,
Abstract: This article investigates the mural paintings made by the PCTP/MRPP in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, in the aftermath of the 1974 Portuguese revolution. Drawing on Erwin Panofsky’s iconographic method of interpretation, murals are explored from an integrated landscape approach that combines two perspectives: landscapes as representations and landscapes as material artifacts. Findings suggest that the PCTP/MRPP mural paintings translated the visual ideology of social transformation and revolution underlying its politics. Furthermore, they also crystallized performative revolutionary landscapes, in the sense that they materialized acts of collective artistic citizenship, in which the social space of mural production played a fundamental role.
Reclaim the Streets, the protestival and the creative transformation of the city
André Carmo
Finisterra - Revista Portuguesa de Geografia , 2012,
Abstract: The main goal of this article is to reflect upon the relationship between creativity and urban transformation. It stems from the assumption that creativity has a paradoxical nature as it is simultaneously used for the production of the neoliberal city and bythose seeking to challenge it and build alternative urban realities. First, we put forth a critical review of the creative city narrative, focused on Richard Florida’s work, as it progressively became fundamental for the neoliberal city. Afterwards, and contrasting with that dominant narrative, we describe a trajectory of Reclaim the Streets that provides the basis for our discussion of theprotestival (protest + carnival) as its main creative force of urbantransformation.
Iniciativas locais e luta contra a pobreza e a exclus o
André Carmo
Finisterra - Revista Portuguesa de Geografia , 2012,
Fertilisation with Compost: Effects on Soil Phosphorus Sorption and on Phosphorus Availability in Acid Soils  [PDF]
Carmo Horta
Open Journal of Soil Science (OJSS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2019.912016
Abstract: Phosphate mineral fertilisers are manufactured from non-renewable resources. Soil fertilisation with composts is considered a good source of reuse nutrients such as phosphorus (P). The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of compost fertilisation on soil P sorption and consequently on P availability. It was done an incubation experiment followed by a sorption experiment in a low-P acid soil fertilised with compost (CP) or single superphosphate (SSP). The P application rates were: 0, 6.5, 13, 26 and 52 (kgPha−1). In CP treatments, the rates 26 and 52 kgPha−1 were achieved by adding SSP to CP since it was not allowed to incorporate into soil more than 170 kgNha−1?from organic amendments. Although SSP has a higher proportion of easily available P than CP (86% vs 50%), the results showed that after 140 days of soil incubation, the available P was higher in CP treatments compared with SSP at the same rate of P application. The sorption experiment showed that after incubation of the fertilised soils, the P sorption maximum had lower values in treatments with CP in combination with SSP compared with only SSP fertilisation and the bonding energy had a deeper decrease in the same treatments. Also, the Standard Phosphate Requirement decreased in the CP in combination with SSP treatments. The reduction of soil P sorption capacity after compost addition to soil highlights the need of reducing P fertilisation rates to achieve similar levels of available P compared with only SSP fertilisation.
An Exploratory Study of Batch Splitting through Combined Control of Release and Dispatching  [PDF]
Nuno O. Fernandes, S. Carmo -Silva
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.37B006

Workload Control (WLC) has been developed as a production planning and control approach for make-to-order manufacturing. Previous studies on WLC often assume a simplified shop where released batches are treated as independent jobs, which proceed through the different stages of processing without being split. Batch splitting allows released batches to be split into a number of smaller sub-batches so that its operations at work centres can be overlapped and its progress accelerated. This paper investigates how WLC performs under batch splitting. Evaluating the performance of WLC in this context is an important step towards the alignment between WLC theory and practice. Thus, assuming a production situation with unbalanced utilizations of manufacturing resources, the effectiveness of different dispatching rules and job release strategies are examined using simulation. Results highlight the importance of controlled release of jobs to the shop floor and the importance of differentiating between bottleneck and non-bottleneck work centres for purpose of dispatching.

A Design Model for Educational Multimedia Software  [PDF]
André Koscianski, Denise do Carmo Farago Zanotto
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.523224
Abstract: The design and implementation of educational software call into play two well established domains: software engineering and education. Both fields attain concrete results and are capable of making predictions in the respective spheres of action. However, at the intersection, the reports about the development of computer games and other educational software reiterate similar difficulties and an embarrassing degree of empiricism. This study aims to bring a contribution, presenting a model for the conception of educational multimedia software by multidisciplinary teams. It joins three elements: Ausubel’s theory of meaningful learning; the theory of multimedia from Mayer; and the study of software ergonomics. The structure proposed here emerged from a theoretical study with the concurrent development of software. Observations gathered in a small scale test confirmed the expected design issues and the support provided by the model. Limitations and possible directions of study are discussed.
Relationship between Overweight and Dietary Patterns in Brazilian Preschoolers  [PDF]
Luciana Neri Nobre, Angelina do Carmo Lessa, Joel Alves Lamounier, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2017.86042
Abstract: Background/Objectives: The prevalence of overweight in children is a growing health problem. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between overweight and dietary patterns in preschoolers. Methods: In total, 232 preschoolers (age 5) residing in the city of Diamantina, Brazil, were evaluated. Dietary intake from a food frequency questionnaire, anthropometric parameters and socioeconomic/behavioral information from a questionnaire were evaluated using a cross-sectional design. Dietary patterns were identified using principal component analysis, and the relationship between overweight and dietary patterns was examined by logistic regression analysis. Results: “Mixed diet”, “snack” and “unhealthy” dietary patterns were identified. Children daughters of obese mothers, and those who had higher average weight gain in the first four months of life had a significantly higher chance of being overweight (respective values: OR = 3.81; p = 0.002; and OR = 2.97; p = 0.009). Higher levels of maternal education were associated with higher “mixed diet” scores (p < 0.001), whereas lower levels of maternal education (p < 0.001), higher per capita income (p < 0.001) and higher average weight gain from 0 to 4 months (p = 0.002) were associated with higher “snack” scores. Higher per capita income was also associated with lower “unhealthy” scores (
Terra Indígena Nioaque: processo de forma??o sociopolítica, divis?o da aldeia água Branca e os momentos históricos vividos por este povo ao longo dos anos
Miranda, Claudionor do Carmo;
Intera??es (Campo Grande) , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1518-70122007000200011
Abstract: mato grosso do sul state covers the second greatest indian population in brazil. the terena people, privately treated in this article, live in eight cities of mato grosso do sul and his population is approximately 18.000 (eighteen thousand) indians, disposed in small areas hedged in farms, called "indian reserves". this article intends to report the social organization of terena indians in nioaque indian reserve and some considerations of the actual reality of the point of view of terena people. nioaque indian reserve was formed by two small places: the indian settlement brej?o founded on 1.904 by the "capit?o vitorino" family and the indian settlement água branca, that was divided on three settlements, due to three aspects indicated by the author: domination of the territory by agnatic familiar groups, searching of power and organization/ administration facility of the indian settlement. the author reports three important historical moments of the terena people in mato grosso do sul state, but advertises to the fourth moment they live nowadays: the searching by external knowledge through the education, as survival form and cultural encouragement of this people.
Poesia concreta em prosa no asfalto: limites da deficiência no espa?o urbano
Castiglioni, Maria do Carmo;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832012005000053
Abstract: this article deals with the urban population segment identified as homeless and disabled that is also. this contingent can be considered to be doubly excluded: through poverty and through disability. the social consequences of these factors deeply scar and compromise these people's lives. this adverse context gives rise to issues that deserve to be explored and gain visibility. the relevance of this subject inspired an investigative arrangement that sought to get to know, understand and reflect upon demands through individual stories that are intertwined with social history.
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