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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 14800 matches for " Carmen Mariana Neagu "
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The Criminality and its Psychological Features
George Dorel Popa,Carmen Mariana Neagu
EIRP Proceedings , 2012,
Abstract: Preventing and fighting crime preoccupied and concerned humanity along its history. This concernis fully justified because the crime is serious harm of the human interests, endangering fundamental valuesand it is affecting the proper functioning of the social system. But what constitutes criminal behavior and howthe individual gets the specialized skills in the area of criminality? What is its specificity? Any societyappreciates the behavior of its members in terms of their compliance to the moral and legal rules. Failure tofollow these rules will lead to coercive or punitive measures. The collective programming of the mind givespattern for the individual behavior and about how the individual reacts. The reaction is observable in thediversity of cultural patterns of individuals forming a society. A study recently elaborated by the Journal ofthe Association for Psychological claims that people belonging to the different cultures perceive the aspectsof reality in a different way. The researchers found differences in how different cultures think about othercultures. The originality of this paper is consisting in understanding of criminality using the three factors thatdefine the formation and development of human personality. The added value of the paper come frominterdisciplinary presentation of the scourge of this age - criminality.
THE EUROPEAN DIMENSION OF ROMANIAN CULTURE IN CONSTANTIN NOICA’S PHILOSOPHICAL WORK
CARMEN D. CARAIMAN,CAMELIA NEAGU
Challenges of the Knowledge Society , 2011,
Abstract: After joining the EU, the concept of European cultural identity became a much debated issue in all the new member states of the Union, alongside with the “old” EU members. Our paper aims to present the contribution brought by Constantin Noica to preserving the spirit of Romanian culture alive during the totalitarian period that our country underwent from 1945 to 1989. We also intend to point out that Constantin Noica’s attempt to define the particular profile of our country remains a current topic nowadays. In fact, this topic should be tackled more frequently by students, professors, research workers in order to help us rediscover the European vocation of our culture.
The validation of the analytical method (HPLC), use for identification and assay of the pharmaceutical active ingredient, colistine sulphate and the finished product Colidem 50 – hydrosoluble powder, in SC DELOS impex ‘96 SRL
Maria Neagu,,Cristina Marinescu,,Carmen Popescu
Medicamentul Veterinar , 2011,
Abstract: In SC DELOS IMPEX ’96 SRL the quality of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) for the finished product Colidem 50 - hydrosoluble powder is make according to European Pharmacopoeia, curent edition. The method for analysis use in this purpose is the compendial method Colistine sulphate” in E.P. in current edition and represent a optimized variant, developed and validated in house”.The parameters which was included in the methodology validation for chromatographic method are the follow: Selectivity/Specificity, Linearity, Range of Linearity, Limit of Detection and Limit of Quantification, Precision (Repeatability - intra day, inter-Day Reproducibility), Accuracy, Robustness, Stability Solutions and System Suitability.
Antibacterial Activity of New Dibenzoxepinone Oximes with Fluorine and Trifluoromethyl Group Substituents
Carmen Limban,Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc
International Journal of Molecular Sciences , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/ijms12106432
Abstract: In this paper we present the antimicrobial activity of some newly synthesized dibenz[ b, e]oxepin derivatives bearing the oximino moiety, and fluorine (F) and trifluoromethyl (CF 3) group substituents. The chemical structure and purity of the new compounds were assessed by using elemental analysis, NMR and FTIR spectroscopy. The new compounds were screened for their antibacterial activity towards Gram-positive and Gram-negative strains, by qualitative and quantitative assays. Our results demonstrated that the CF 3 and F disubstituted compounds could be considered for the further development of novel antimicrobial drugs.
Membrane processes application on the Symphytum officinale and Geranium robertianum extracts concentration to obtain high antioxidative activity compounds
Paun Gabriela,Neagu Elena,Litescu Carmen Simona,Rotinberg Pincu
Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/jsc120106021p
Abstract: The paper reports the successful application of membranes processes to obtain the good quality extracts with compounds of high antioxidative activity and therapeutic value. This study provided investigations on the phenolic compounds from two plant species used in Romanian ethno-medicine and evaluated the antioxidant and cytotoxic activities. Three extracts prepared from Geranium robertianum and Symphytum officinale were concentrated by microfiltration and ultrafiltration. The levels of phenolic compounds and flavonoids were determined by UV-Vis spectroscopy and HPLC. The freeradical scavenging activity of concentrated extracts was determined by DPPH method. The preliminary tests of cytotoxic activity for the concentrated extracts have been carried out on human epidermoid laryngeal carcinoma cell line (Hep-2p) and normal monkey kidneys cells (RM). The results showed that all concentrated extracts had a very low cytotoxicity against healthy cells, but a significant cytotoxic effect on Hep-2p tumor cells. The concentrated extracts have a high antioxidant activity (% DPPH inhibition > 80%).
Synthesis, Spectroscopic Properties and Antipathogenic Activity of New Thiourea Derivatives
Carmen Limban,Luminita Marutescu,Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc
Molecules , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/molecules16097593
Abstract: A number of acylthioureas, 2-((4-methylphenoxy)methyl)-N-(aryl-carbamothioyl)benzamides (aryl = 3,5-dichlorophenyl, 2,3-dichlorophenyl, 3,4-dichloro-phenyl, 2,4,5-trichlorophenyl, 3,4,5-trichlorophenyl, 2-bromophenyl, 2,4-dibromophenyl, 2,5-dibromophenyl, 2-iodophenyl, 3-fluorophenyl, 2,3,4-trifluorophenyl, 2,4,5-trifluoro-phenyl, 2,4,6-trifluorophenyl) have been synthesized, characterized by elemental analysis, IR and NMR spectroscopy and tested for their interaction with bacterial cells in free and adherent state. The anti-pathogenic activity was correlated with the presence of one iodine, bromide or fluorine, and two or three chloride atoms on the N-phenyl substituent of the thiourea moiety, being significant especially on Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus strains, known for their ability to grow in biofilms. Our results demonstrate the potential of these derivatives for further development of novel anti-microbial agents with antibiofilm properties.
INTERACTION OF ULTRASOUND WITH BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS
LUMINITA MORARU,MARIANA CARMEN NICOLAE
Journal of Science and Arts , 2010,
Abstract: This paper deals with medical applications of focused ultrasound in minimally invasive treatment of a variety of disorders. The pressure distributions generated by plane as well as focused ultrasound beams are presented. Ultrasound imaging uses the transmission and reflection of high-frequency longitudinal, mechanical waves in tissues. Image forming information is provided by the differing degree to which the energy of such waves is reflected from the surfaces between different tissues; the reflection is due to differences in the mechanical properties of the tissues. Using the wave propagation speed in tissues, time of reflection information can be converted into distance of reflection information. Two interesting features of the interaction including the shape and size of the focal region as well as the spatial distribution of the pressure field in the material have been presented.
Analysis and forecast of employees’ mobility on the labor market in Romania using Markov chains
Mariana Balan,Carmen Uzlau,Corina Maria Ene
Hyperion Economic Journal , 2013,
Abstract: The mobility of labor, defined as responsiveness and adaptation of persons or groups of persons on the challenges of the social and economic environment is therefore a social phenomenon depending on time and space. A high mobility increases opportunities for workers to find a job and employers to find persons with an adequate level of skills, thus boosting employment and economic growth. In recent years, in Romania there has been an accentuation of existing gaps, compared with the European Union countries, as regards the occupational structure of employment. In this context, the paper proposes an analysis of the evolution of labor mobility in the main sectors of the Romanian economy. Also, it was pursued the Markovian modeling of employees’ mobility on the labor market and its forecast in Romania, under the impact of rapid and profound social and economic changes, and the correlation between them as well, with a view to make forecasts of the Romanian economy evolution in the short term.
Early rehabilitation in a case of plurimalformative syndrome with deletions of chromosomes 13 and 18
Mariana CEVEI,Dorina STOICANESCU,Carmen AVRAM
Analele Universitatii din Oradea, Fascicula Biologie , 2009,
Abstract: Deletion of long arm of chromosome 13 is characterized by malformations of the craniofacial region, skeletal abnormalities, other physical abnormalities and intellectual disability. Deletion of the long arm of chromosome 18 is a rare chromosomal disorder with a phenotype that may vary considerably in range and severity, depending on the type of deletion and location of the breakpoint. Subjects have characteristic features including short stature, mental retardation, hypotonia, malformations of the hands and feet, craniofacial abnormalities and numerous neurologic deficiencies with a high incidence of dysmyelination. In this paper we report the case of a female infant with multiple congenital abnormalities, craniofacial dysmorphism, severe mental retardation and severe hypotonia, who was found to have deletions of the long arm of chromosomes 13 and 18. We included her in a rehabilitation program from the age of eleven months. Rehabilitation programs aimed improving hypotonia as well as stimulating the development of motor skills. We observed the case for a period of one year, periodic monitoring of muscle tone and performance, along with the neurological status, showing significant motor and mental improvement. In conclusions: rehabilitation treatment is effective and must be an early intervention.
Retos locales de la política social en México: el funcionamiento del Programa de Desarrollo Humano “Oportunidades” en una comunidad indígena bajo el sistema de gobierno de usos y costumbres
Carmen ávila Jaquez,Mariana Gabarrot Arenas
CONfines de relaciones internacionales y ciencia política , 2009,
Abstract: Este artículo presenta un análisis del funcionamiento del programa federal de combate a la pobreza Desarrollo Humano “Oportunidades”, en una comunidad indígena. Con base en resultados de trabajo de campo cualitativo, se muestra cómo este programa federal, dise ado para operar de la misma forma en todo el país, presenta retos y complejidades muy específicas a nivel local. Primero, se ofrece una breve descripción de la operación del programa. Segundo, se explica el contexto de usos y costumbres en una comunidad indígena oaxaque a y se examina el rol de los actores in volucrados en Oportunidades. Posteriormente, se analiza el impacto del programa en términos de la relación existente entre los actores implicados en el mismo y los miembros del gobierno local en el sistema de usos y costumbres. Finalmente, se ofrecen algunos lineamientos generales para mejorar el funcionamiento de Oportunidades en el contexto de estas comunidades indígenas.This paper analyzes the operation of a governmental policy of poverty alleviation, Desarrollo Humano Oportunidades, in an indigenous community. Based on qualitative research results, it demonstrates how this program —which was designed as a standardized measure for the whole country— presents challenges and complexities at the local level. First, it offers a brief description of Oportunidades’ operation. Secondly, it explains the corporate government system (uses and customs) of an Oaxacan indigenous community and the local actors involved in Oportunidades. Then, it considers the impact of this policy in terms of the relationship between Oportunidades’ actors and the uses and customs government officials. Finally, it offers some general guidelines to improve the operation of the program in indigenous communities.
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