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OALib Journal期刊

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Wind Turbine Incident/Complaint Reports in Ontario, Canada: A Review—Why Are They Important?  [PDF]
Carmen M. Krogh, E. Jane Wilson, Mary E. Harrington
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105200
Abstract:
Background: The introduction of industrial wind turbines into quiet rural en-vironments in Ontario, Canada has resulted in complaints about environmental noise and adverse health effects. Ontario has a process whereby residents can report noise to government. Official government records of Incident Reports/Complaints submitted by residents living near operating wind turbine installations were obtained through a Freedom of Information request. This article presents an evaluation of this process while commenting on the significance of Incident Reports/Complaints. Methods: Government records of Incident Reports/Complaints were analysed. Peer reviewed publications, conference presentations, judicial proceedings, government resources, and other sources were evaluated and considered in context with the topic under discussion. Objectives: The purpose of this article is to present the role and significance of Incident Reports/Complaints and discuss the value of these when assessing outcomes related to the introduction of wind turbines into a quiet rural environment. Results: Government records document 4574 Incident Reports/Complaints received by Ontario’s hotline (2006- 2016). There was no ministry response to over 50% of more than 3000 submitted formal complaints (2006-2014). Another 30% were noted as “deferred” response. Only 1% of the reports received a priority response. Provincial Officers noted in summary reports that people were reporting health effects such as: headache, sleep deprivation, annoyance, and ringing or pressure sensation in the head and ears. Health effects were reported many times including those occurring among children. Discussion: In the case of wind power installations, Incident Reports/Complaints are an important source of information for evaluating outcomes of introducing a new noise source into a quiet rural environment and are a form of public health surveillance. These reports can highlight risks to a healthy community living environment, act as an early warning system, and aid in evaluation of government policy initiatives. They may also be used before legal tribunals in public or private actions.
Human Health, Rights and Wind Turbine Deployment in Canada  [PDF]
Carmen Krogh, Brett Horner
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.55012
Abstract: Canada has ratified international conventions which recognize the individual’s right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health. Despite the adoption of these covenants governments sometimes support policies and practises which trade off individual human health with other conflicting interests. This review evaluates the individual’s right to health against government policies and practices which support wind energy deployment in Canada. Our analysis presents government documents, peer reviewed literature, and other references which support the conclusion that wind energy deployment in Canada can be expected to result in avoidable harm to human health. This harm conflicts with contemporary health and social justice principles. Governments have a responsibility to help Canadians maintain and improve their health by generating effective responses for the prevention of avoidable harm. Individuals have a right to make informed decisions about their health. Knowledge gaps and potential risks to health should be fully disclosed. Individuals should not be exposed to industrial wind turbines without their informed consent.
Health Canada’s Wind Turbine Noise and Health Study—A Review Exploring Research Challenges, Methods, Limitations and Uncertainties of Some of the Findings  [PDF]
Carmen M. Krogh, Anne Dumbrille, Robert Y. McMurtry, Richard James, Robert W. Rand, Michael A. Nissenbaum, Jeffery J. Aramini, Stephen E. Ambrose
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105046
Abstract: Background: Risk of harm associated with wind turbines is debated globally. Some people living or working in proximity to wind turbines report adverse health effects such as sleep disturbance, noise annoyance, and diminished quality of life. Due to public concern, Health Canada announced its wind turbine noise and health study which included subjective and objective measurements. Findings were published between 2014 and 2016. In 2018, Health Canada published clarifications regarding the design and interpretation of study conclusions. Methods: Methods and subjective/objective findings were reviewed. Peer reviewed publications, conference presentations, judicial proceedings, government documents, and other sources were evaluated and considered in context with advanced methods for investigating reports of adverse health effects. Objectives: To review and explore some of the research challenges, methods, strengths and limitations of findings and conclusions. To participate in scientific dialogue and contribute towards an understanding of reported health risks associated with wind turbine noise. Results: Wind turbine human health research is challenged by numerous variables. Knowledge gaps and individual human and wind turbine variables are identified. Strengths and advisories of limitations are considered and acknowledged. Health Canada’s advisories that its study design does not permit any conclusions about causality and results may not be generalized beyond the sample taken in Canada are supported. Enhanced methods for investigating health outcomes are proposed including establishing referral resources within medical facilities for physicians. It is proposed staffing of the resource center include multidisciplinary teams of physicians, epidemiologists, acousticians and other specialists to investigate suspected wind turbine adverse health effects. Discussion: A review and appraisal of some of the research challenges associated with wind turbine human health research are presented. Given the identified methods, research/knowledge gaps, and limitations and cautionary advisories, Health Canada’s results should be carefully considered when predicting or protecting from health risks of wind turbine noise.
Condensation energy of the homogeneous electron gas from the density functional theory for superconductors
M. Wierzbowska,J. W. Krogh
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.71.014509
Abstract: The condensation energy of the homogeneous electron gas is calculated within the density functional theory for superconductors. Purely electronic considerations include the exchange energy exactly and the correlation energy on a level of the random phase approximation. The singlet superconductivity is assumed, and the Coulomb interaction is studied with a model pairing potential at the angular momentum up to $l$=9 and at densities 1$\leq$$r_s$$\leq$10. The homogeneous gas remains nonsuperconducting up to $r_s$$\simeq$9. Very weak negative value of the condensation energy has been found for f-waves and higher-$l$ pairing at $r_s$=10.
Iorio's "high-precision measurement" of frame-dragging with the Mars Global Surveyor
Krogh, Kris
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007, DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/24/22/N01
Abstract: In two analyses of orbital data from the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft, Iorio [1,2] has claimed confirmation of the frame-dragging effect predicted by general relativity. Initially to an accuracy of 6%, and now 0.5%, exceeding the expected accuracy of NASA's Gravity Probe B. It is shown his results come from misinterpreting the MGS data and then altering a key time period.
WRITING IN THE LITERACY ERA. SCANDINAVIAN TEACHERS’ NOTIONS OF WRITING IN MOTHER TONGUE EDUCATION
ELLEN KROGH
L1 Educational Studies in Language and Literature , 2012,
Abstract: This study is part of a Scandinavian research project, Nordfag.net, that investigates Scandinavian mother tongue teachers’ didactic profiles and conceptions of the mother tongue education (MTE) subject through an ethnographic approach. The purpose of the present study is to discuss the aims of the teach-ing of writing in MTE in the light of contending MTE paradigms and discourses of education tied to the concepts of Bildung and literacy. 26 teachers’ diaries and interviews are examined through two analyti-cal approaches. The first approach is a phenomenological investigation of the teachers’ descriptions of their practice and their pedagogical goals, locating different teacher profiles in the material. The second approach is a discourse analysis of the teacher profiles, aiming at connecting these with larger discoursal and paradigmatic notions of the teaching of writing in MTE.Three fairly distinct teacher profiles are found, viewing writing in MTE as respectively a strategic, a ritual and a communicative endeavour. Through the discourse analysis the notions of writing as well as the positioning of teachers and students in the profiles are foregrounded, and the different discourses are discussed as possible answers to the contemporary educational challenges of MTE.
A Swedish perspective on Pedagogical Competence
Lone Krogh
Dansk Universitetspaedagogisk Tidsskrift , 2011,
Abstract:
Det er sv rt at tro p , at man ikke kan forbedre sig . Potentialer og dilemmaer i udvikling af professionel underviserkompetence
Lone Krogh
Dansk Universitetspaedagogisk Tidsskrift , 2006,
Abstract: Artiklen har afs t i betingelser og vilk r for udvikling og organisering af universitetsp dagogisk efteruddannelse. Aktuelle samfundsm ssige og uddannelsespolitiske udviklingstendenser diskuteres som centrale vilk r for universiteterne og underviserne. Der er tale om betingelser og vilk r, som ogs har betydning for mange underviseres m de at forholde sig til p dagogisk efteruddannelse p . Adjunktp dagogikum ved Aalborg Universitet beskrives som eksempel p , hvorledes udviklingen og undervisernes vilk r kan indt nkes i organiseringen og struktureringen af adjunktp dagogikum sammen med nyere viden om undervisnings- og l ringsteori.
Iorio's "high-precision measurement" of frame-dragging with the Mars Global Surveyor
Kris Krogh
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/24/22/N01
Abstract: In two analyses of orbital data from the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft, Iorio [1,2] has claimed confirmation of the frame-dragging effect predicted by general relativity. Initially to an accuracy of 6%, and now 0.5%, exceeding the expected accuracy of NASA's Gravity Probe B. It is shown his results come from misinterpreting the MGS data and then altering a key time period.
Galactic Nuclei and Jets in Wave Gravity
Kris Krogh
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: "Wave gravity" refers to a quantum-mechanical gravity theory introduced in two previous papers [1,2]. Although based on the optics of de Broglie waves instead of curved space-time, it agrees with the standard tests of general relativity. As in that theory, galactic nuclei are dark objects where gravity prevents the escape of most radiation. In this case, collapse is counteracted by rising internal pressure and black hole singularities don't occur. Unlike black holes, these nuclei can have internal magnetic fields, and high-energy plasma can escape along magnetic field lines closely aligned with the gravitational field direction. This allows a different model of jets from active galactic nuclei, where jets can arise without direct fueling by accretion disks. It also offers a new basis for the tight correlation observed [13] between the masses of galactic nuclei and their hosts.
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