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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 51346 matches for " Carlos; Bancalari "
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Razón cintura estatura como predictor de riesgo cardiometabólico en ni os y adolescentes Waist-Height ratio as a predictor if cardio-metabolic risk in children
Pilar Arnaiz,Mónica Acevedo,Carlos Díaz,Rodrigo Bancalari
Revista Chilena de Cardiología , 2010,
Abstract: En ni os, la obesidad general y visceral se asocian con mayor riesgo cardiometabólico. El aumento en la prevalencia del síndrome metabólico (SM) en ni os y adolescentes empeora el riesgo cardiovascular. Necesitamos contar con nuevos marcadores que permitan predecir el SM en ni os. Objetivo: Comparar índice de masa corporal (zIMC) con razón cintura estatura (RCE) como pre-dictores de SM en ni os chilenos. Método: Estudio transversal en 618 escolares, edad 10.8± 1.9 a os, 51.6% mujeres, 190 eutróficos, 174 sobrepeso, 254 obesos, estrato socioeconómico medio y medio bajo, área urbana de Santiago. Determinamos peso, talla, circunferencia de cintura, presión arterial, perfil lipídico y glicemia. Diagnóstico de SM basado en la presencia de > 3 criterios de Cook. El SM se modeló en función de RCE y z score IMC , con modelos de regresión logística. Se usaron curvas ROC para comparar RCE y zIMC como predictores de SM. Punto de corte según índice de YOUDEN. Resultados: La prevalencia de SM fue 15.37 %. Promedio de z IMC + 1.22± 0.90 y de RCE 0.52±0.07. Punto de corte óptimo para SM: RCE 0.55 (sensibilidad 72%, especificidad 70%)yzIMC: 1.76 (sensibilidad 71%, especificidad 74%). Conclusión: RCE y zIMC predicen igualmente el riesgo cardiometabólico en ni os y adolescentes. Dada la mayor facilidad de calcular RCE, la transforma en mejor herramienta definiendo riesgo en este grupo. El punto de corte > 0.55 sería buen predictor de SM en ni os y adolescentes. Background: Among children both general and visceral obesity are associated with increased cardio-metabolic risk. The increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) in children and adolescents increases cardiovascular risk. Studies of new clinical markers which can easily and accurately predict MS in children and adolescents are needed. Aim: To compare zBMI and waist to height ratio (WHR) as predictors of MS in Chilean children. Method: We performed a crossectional study of 618 schoolchildren, age 11 ± 2 years, 52 % females, 190 eutrophic, 174 overweight, 254 obese, from middle and low social economic strata from the Santiago urban área. We determined weight, height, waist circumference, blood pressure and fasting lipids and glycemia. MS diagnosis was based on the presence of > 3 Cook criteria. MS was modeled in function of WHR and z score BMI, through logistic regression models. ROC curves were used to compare zBMI and WHR as predictors of MS. The cutoff point by YOUDEN índex was used. Results: The prevalence of MS was 15%. Mean zBMI was +1.22 ± 0.90 and WHR 0.52 ± 0.07. Cutoff point for MS were: WHR 0,55 (
Síndrome celíaco: Intolerancia al almidón
BERNARDO BANCALARI
Revista chilena de pediatría , 1949,
Abstract:
Glomerulonefritis en el lactante
BERNARDO BANCALARI
Revista chilena de pediatría , 1949,
Abstract:
Displasia broncopulmonar: um velho problema de cara nova
Bancalari Eduardo
Jornal de Pediatria , 2006,
Abstract:
Electroencephalography in congenital malformations of the central nervous system
Campos, Patrícia;Cruz, Guillermo;Lizarraga, Rodolfo;Bancalari, Ernesto;Guillen, Daniel;Casta?eda, Carlos;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 1994, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X1994000400010
Abstract: we studied clinical and eeg features of 36 cases with congenital malformations of the cns. patients were followed at the outpatient clinic of hospital cayetano heredia and of hogar clinica san juan de dios in lima-peru, from january 1984 to june 1992. eighty percent of the patients had convulsive syndromes and mental retardation. the most frequent malformation was agenesis of corpus callosum, and it was not possible to find a "typical" eeg pattern. the second were porencephalic cysts, with a good clinical-eeg correlation. there were two typical cases of schizencephaly, one of hemimegalencephaly with good prognosis, and one of holoprosencephaly. the results are compared to those obtained for a series we previously reported. data discussed take into account reports on the subject registered in the literature. it is concluded that eeg is an useful method to evaluate possible cns malformations in developing countries.
Da o miocárdico secundario a asfixia neonatal grave Myocardial damage following neonatal asphyxia
Aldo Bancalari M,Carlos Otero V,Paulina Bello R,Gonzalo Soto G
Revista chilena de pediatría , 1991,
Abstract:
La autoevaluación es un método poco confiable para establecer el desarrollo puberal en escolares Self evaluation is not reliable for assessing puberal development in school-aged children
Cristian Marchant F,Rodrigo Bancalari D,Carlos Díaz S,Juanita Zamorano R
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2012,
Abstract: Introducción: La determinación del desarrollo puberal (DDP) se evalúa según el método de Tanner (MT). Objetivo: Determinar la concordancia de la DDP entre médicos con la autoevaluación en escolares. Pacientes y Métodos: Se examinaron 2 980 escolares de Santiago de Chile. Se evalúo desarrollo mamario (DM), genitales masculinos (GM) y vello púbico (VP) mediante el MT. La DDP fue evaluada simultáneamente por un médico y por los escolares. Resultados: La concordancia entre médicos y la autoevaluación mostró un coeficiente kappa (CK) de 0,55, 0,45, 0,51 en VP, DM y GM respectivamente, (CK aceptable > 0,61). La autoevaluación del DDP disminuyo a medida que aumentaba la edad, con OR respectivos de 0,76 (95% IC 0,74-0,79); 0,87 (95% IC 0,83-0,91) y 0,92 (95% IC 0,88 -0,96) para VP, DM y GM. Se observo una relación inversa entre estado nutricional (EN) y DDP sólo en VP, escolares obesos subestimaban su VP (OR 0,6; 95% IC 0,5-0,7). El análisis multivariado de género y EN mostró que sólo las mujeres sobreestimaban su VP, OR de 1,15 (95% IC 1-1,32). Conclusiones: La DDP mediante autoevaluación obtiene coeficientes de correlación sólo moderados que no permiten confiar en este para establecer decisiones clínicas relevantes. Introduction: Puberal development assessment (PDA) is performed according Tanner's method (TM). Objective: In order establish the coincidence between PDA determined by physicians and the self-evaluation by school-aged children. Material and Methods: 2 980 school children from Santiago, Chile, were assessed by means of TM, the development of the mammary gland (MD), male genitalia (MG) and pubic hair (PH) were assessed. PDA was simultaneously performed by physicians and by the school children. Results: Concordance between physicians and self assessment showed a kappa coefficient (KC) of 0.55, 0.45, and 0.51 in PH, MD and MG respectively, (acceptable KC > 0.61). Self-evaluation of PDA decreased as the age of children increased, with OR of 0.76 (95% IC 0.74 -0.79); 0.87 (95% IC 0.83 - 0.91) and 0.92 (95% IC 0.88 - 0.96) for PH, MD and MG respectively. An inverse relationship between nutritional status (NS) and PDA was observed only in PH, obese school children underscored their PH (OR 0.6; 95% IC 0.5 - 0.7). Multivariate analysis for gender and NS showed that only females overestimate their PH, OR of 1.15 (95% IC 1-1.32). Conclusions: PDA through self-assessment yields only moderate correlation coefficients, thus it is not reliable for making relevant clinical decisions.
Prevalencia de hipertensión arterial y su asociación con la obesidad en edad pediátrica Prevalence of hypertension in school age children and its association with obesity
Rodrigo Bancalari,Carlos Díaz,Alejandro Martínez-Aguayo,Marlene Aglony
Revista médica de Chile , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Hypertension in children is a frequently overlooked problem that is an important cardiovascular risk factor. Aim: To determine the prevalence of hypertension among school age children. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study of 2980 children aged 10 ± 2years (48% females) from 10 schools of middle and lower class in Metropolitan Santiago. Blood pressure (BP) was measured in the sitting position on three occasions after a rest period, using a mercury sphygmomanometer with appropriate cuff arm diameter, averaging the results of the measurements. Systolic and diastolic hypertension were defined as blood pressure values over 95percentilefor age, sex and height. Results: The overall prevalence of hypertension was 12.2% in women and 15% in men (p < 0.05). According to nutritional status, the prevalence was 6.7, 8.9,13.6 and 26% in underweight, eutrophic, overweight and obese children, respectively (p < 0.01). Compared with normal weight children, the risk of being hypertensive for overweight children was 1.6 (95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.2-2.3) and for obese children was 3.6 (95% CI 2.8-4.7). Conclusions: The studied children had a high prevalence of hypertension, that was directly related to a higher body mass index.
Razón cintura estatura como predictor de riesgo cardiometabólico en ni?os y adolescentes
Arnaiz,Pilar; Acevedo,Mónica; Díaz,Carlos; Bancalari,Rodrigo; Barja,Salesa; Aglony,Marlene; Cavada,Gabriel; García,Hernán;
Revista chilena de cardiología , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-85602010000300001
Abstract: background: among children both general and visceral obesity are associated with increased cardio-metabolic risk. the increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (ms) in children and adolescents increases cardiovascular risk. studies of new clinical markers which can easily and accurately predict ms in children and adolescents are needed. aim: to compare zbmi and waist to height ratio (whr) as predictors of ms in chilean children. method: we performed a crossectional study of 618 schoolchildren, age 11 ± 2 years, 52 % females, 190 eutrophic, 174 overweight, 254 obese, from middle and low social economic strata from the santiago urban área. we determined weight, height, waist circumference, blood pressure and fasting lipids and glycemia. ms diagnosis was based on the presence of > 3 cook criteria. ms was modeled in function of whr and z score bmi, through logistic regression models. roc curves were used to compare zbmi and whr as predictors of ms. the cutoff point by youden índex was used. results: the prevalence of ms was 15%. mean zbmi was +1.22 ± 0.90 and whr 0.52 ± 0.07. cutoff point for ms were: whr 0,55 (sensitivity 72%, specificity 70%)andzbmi: 1.76 (sensitivity 71%, specificity 74%). conclusions: both whr and zbmi similarly predicted cardio metabolic risk in children and adolescents. the greater feasibility of calculating whr makes it a good tool for defining risk in this group. a cutoff point >0.55 might be a good predictor of ms in children and adolescents .
El mito de Europa en los textos literarios clásicos
Bancalari Molina,Alejandro;
Acta literaria , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-68482011000200007
Abstract: the aim of this article is to study the story of the myth of europe in various texts of ancient rome and greece, its most widespread and common conception, and the meanings which can be deduced from this term. this article also examines how the idea of europe shifts from being a legend to being a concrete geographical reality in the roman world.
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