Abstract:
O artigo analisa o movimento do crédito no termo de Vila do Carmo, parte integrante da comarca de Vila Rica entre o período de 1711 e 1756. Após o estabelecimento da composi o da riqueza no termo, a correla o entre as dívidas ativas e passivas acabou por revelar que as primeiras n o eram suficientes para saldar as segundas. Igualmente, os bens de raiz revelaram-se incapaz de liquidar as dívidas passivas. Dentre a composi o da riqueza dos inventariados, o único bem capaz de promover a quita o de tais débitos foram os escravos, demonstrando que os cativos estiveram na base das rela es creditícias.

Abstract:
For manifolds with geodesic flow that is ergodic on the unit tangent bundle, the quantum ergodicity theorem implies that almost all Laplacian eigenfunctions become equidistributed as the eigenvalue goes to infinity. For a locally symmetric space with a universal cover that is a product of several upper half planes, the geodesic flow has constants of motion so it can not be ergodic. It is, however, ergodic when restricted to the submanifolds defined by these constants. In accordance, we show that almost all eigenfunctions become equidistributed on these submanifolds.

Abstract:
For many classically chaotic systems, it is believed that in the semiclassical limit, the matrix elements of smooth observables approach the phase space average of the observable. In the approach to the limit the matrix elements can fluctuate around this average. Here we study the variance of these fluctuations, for the quantum cat map on $\mathbb{T}^4$. We show that for certain maps and observables, the variance has a different rate of decay, than is expected for generic chaotic systems.

Abstract:
We look at the expectation values for quantized linear symplectic maps on the multidimensional torus and their distribution in the semiclassical limit. We construct super-scars that are stable under the arithmetic symmetries of the system and localize around invariant manifolds. We show that these super-scars exist only when there are isotropic rational subspaces, invariant under the linear map. In the case where there are no such scars, we compute the variance of the fluctuations of the matrix elements for the desymmetrized system, and present a conjecture for their limiting distributions.

Abstract:
In this note we study Kloosterman sums twisted by a multiplicative characters modulo a prime power. We show, by an elementary calculation, that these sums become equidistributed on the real line with respect to a suitable measure.

Abstract:
We previously introduced a family of symplectic maps of the torus whose quantization exhibits scarring on invariant co-isotropic submanifolds. The purpose of this note is to show that in contrast to other examples, where failure of Quantum Unique Ergodicity is attributed to high multiplicities in the spectrum, for these examples the spectrum is (generically) simple.

Abstract:
Let $\calM_1$ and $\calM_2$ denote two compact hyperbolic manifolds. Assume that the multiplicities of eigenvalues of the Laplacian acting on $L^2(\calM_1)$ and $L^2(\calM_2)$ (respectively, multiplicities of lengths of closed geodesics in $\calM_1$ and $\calM_2$) are the same, except for a possibly infinite exceptional set of eigenvalues (respectively lengths). We define a notion of density for the exceptional set and show that if it is below a certain threshold, the two manifolds must be iso-spectral.

Abstract:
In a series of lectures Selberg introduced a trace formula on the space of hybrid Maass-modular forms of an irreducible uniform lattice in $\PSL_2(\bbR)^n$. In this paper we derive the analogous formula for a non-uniform lattice and use it to study the distribution of elliptic-hyperbolic conjugacy classes. In particular, for Hilbert modular groups there is a nice interpretation of these results in terms of class numbers and fundamental units of quadratic forms over totally real number fields.

Abstract:
The quantum cat map is a model for a quantum system with underlying chaotic dynamics. In this paper we study the matrix elements of smooth observables in this model, when taking arithmetic symmetries into account. We give explicit formulas for the matrix elements as certain exponential sums. With these formulas we can show that there are sequences of eigenfunctions for which the matrix elements decay significantly slower then was previously conjectured. We also prove a limiting distribution for the fluctuation of the normalized matrix elements around their average.

Abstract:
A closed geodesic on the modular surface gives rise to a knot on the 3-sphere with a trefoil knot removed, and one can compute the linking number of such a knot with the trefoil knot. We show that, when ordered by their length, the set of closed geodesics having a prescribed linking number become equidistributed on average with respect to the Liouville measure. We show this by using the thermodynamic formalism to prove an equidistribution result for a corresponding set of quadratic irrationals on the unit interval.