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TEORíA TRANSTEORéTICA DE CAMBIO DE CONDUCTA: HERRAMIENTA IMPORTANTE EN LA ADOPCIóN DE ESTILOS DE VIDA ACTIVOS
Carlos álvarez
Revista en Ciencias del Movimiento Humano y Salud , 2008,
Abstract: A pesar del culto a la belleza que ha regido en esta sociedad globalizada, y a la importancia de la actividad física en relación con la prevención de las enfermedades cardiodegenerativas (US.DHHS, 1996), el sedentarismo sigue creciendo en la población. Qué estrategias puede usar un profesional en movimiento humano para lograr activar a la población? Es aquí donde surge el modelo transteorético como una opción innovadora que supera con creces las intervenciones biologistas clásicas y cortoplacistas, donde ha prevalecido el centrarse en los cambios momentáneos dados por valores fisiológicos. Esta teoría muestra gran potencial, ya que ofrece los fundamentos teóricos que posibilitan la adquisición de una conducta activa. Este artículo explica los fundamentos teóricos del modelo transteorético, incluyendo la forma de valorar los estadios de cambio y de desarrollar diferentes estrategias para movilizar a la persona, usando los procesos de cambio y los conductuales.
La Asociación Alonso Quijano de Madrid: participación social en la salud mental
álvarez, Juan Carlos Casal;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2011000300021
Abstract: this article, brings together, the individual and collective experiences that i had the opportunity to experience with the alonso quijano of madrid association since 2002. the alonso quijano association is registered in the official association register of the madrid local government,and was established in 1999. alonso quijano association is an association to monitor, support and reflect on the experience of madness. since its origins, the members asume the rol of citizens with the same rights and obligations without labelling anybody. it is an association where the involvement of people with mental health problems is very important.
Infecciones de vías urinarias en el Hospital Universidad del Norte
álvarez Barranco,Luis Carlos;
Revista Salud Uninorte , 2007,
Abstract: objective: determine the epidemiological behavior of the urinary tract infections and the changes in sensibility and antibiotic resistance of escherichia coli in the hospital universidad del norte, soledad, atlántico. january 2005 to december 2006. materials and methods: there was realized a descriptive study of retrospective type, with a sample of 537 cultures of the patients who consult at hospital universidad del norte. the cultures were evaluated across the colonies forming units (cfu) and then the antibiograms’ reports were analyzed, annotating the information for resistance, antibiotic sensibility and evaluating the epidemiological behavior of the principal antibiotics used in the clinical practice at this institution. results: the percentage distribution of urinary tract infection f (uti) found in 2005 in women: 72.9 %, men: 27.1 %, and in 2006, women: 73.8 %, men: 26.2 %. the most frecuent microorganisms in 2005 were escherichia coli (66.24 %), klebsiella (10.63 %) and for 2006: escherichia coli (85 %), proteus (5.29 %). the major rates of antibiotic resistance of the escherichia coli in 2005 was: ampicilina, trimetoprim sulfa and ciprofloxacina. in 2006 the behavior was similar, but decrease is observed in the resistance to fluoroquinolonas; the major rates of sensibility in 2005 include nitrofurantoína, ampicilina/sulbactam and aminoglucosidos in relation to 2006, in which decrease is observed in the sensibility to the first and the second one. conclusion: the percentage distribution shows that uti is more frequent in women. the causal microorganism of most of uti’s cases is escherichia coli. decrease was demonstrated in the rates of resistance to ampicilina, trimetoprim sulfametaxol, first generation cefalosporines and ciprofloxacina in 2006 with relation to 2005.
A call to the use of the clinical method in the practice of perinatal medicine Un llamado a la aplicación del método clínico en la práctica de la medicina perinatal
Carlos Esteban Zerquera álvarez
MediSur , 2010,
Abstract: A reflection on the appropriateness and current application of the clinical method, defined as the diagnostic process inherent to the practice of human medicine is presented. Considerations about the scientific nature of the clinical method and its application in perinatal medicine along with its specific characteristics in this field are stated. Several considerations about the impact of high technology and the risk of its use when the appropriate balance is not achieved, which could lead to dehumanization and medical malpractice are proposed. Se presenta una reflexión acerca de la pertinencia y actualidad del método clínico, entendido como el proceso de diagnóstico inherente a la práctica de la medicina humana. Se enuncian consideraciones acerca de la naturaleza científica del método clínico y su aplicación a la medicina perinatal, así como sus características particulares en esta rama. Se hacen consideraciones respecto al impacto de la alta tecnología y el riesgo de su utilización cuando no se encuentra el equilibrio correcto, lo cual puede llegar a la deshumanización y mala práctica médica.
Resistencia bacteriana, transmisión cruzada y control de la infección asociada a la atención en salud Bacterial Resistance, Cross-Transmission, and Infection Control Associated to Health Care
Carlos Arturo álvarez
Infectio , 2010,
Abstract:
Nuevas guías de práctica clínica de VIH/sida New Clinical Practice guidelines of HIV/AIDS
Carlos Arturo álvarez
Infectio , 2006,
Abstract:
La prevención de las infecciones asociadas a la atención en salud: un reto en el mejoramiento de la seguridad del paciente Clinical Practice Guide for the Prevention of Nosocomial Infections Related to the Use of Medical Devices
Carlos Arturo álvarez
Infectio , 2010,
Abstract:
Uso prudente de antimicrobianos basado en el Plan Obligatorio de Salud Prudent use of antimicrobials based on the Obligatory Health Plan
Carlos Arturo álvarez
Infectio , 2012,
Abstract:
Otro premio nobel de Medicina al trabajo en enfermedades infecciosas Another Nobel Prize in Medicine for work on infectious diseases
Carlos Arturo álvarez
Infectio , 2008,
Abstract:
RECOMENDACIONES PARA LA EVALUACIóN DE LA ACTIVIDAD FíSICA EN POBLACIóN INFANTIL
Carlos álvarez Bogantes
Revista en Ciencias del Movimiento Humano y Salud , 2004,
Abstract: The purpose of this article was to review movement patterns of children and how they may impact the assessment of physical activity. To accurately assess these patterns, sensitive instruments are required to detect, code, or record children’s sporadic and intermittent physical activity, also taking into consideration scientific regulations. Some of the most widely used instruments are: self-reports, direct observation, and heart monitoring. Self-reports require abstract thinking and good memory, abilities that have not yet been developed in the early years. On the other hand, direct observation and heart monitoring are more time consuming and require advanced technology, respectively. The most accepted recommendation is combining instruments to ensure greater quantity of information and more validity in the research.
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