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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 326678 matches for " Carles Serra Pagès "
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Introduction
Carles Serra Pagès
Coolabah , 2010,
Abstract:
Why should Aboriginal peoples learn to write?
Carles Serra Pagès
Coolabah , 2010,
Abstract: Cultures and worldviews are inscribed by means of ‘writing’, or whatDerrida calls ‘the perdurable inscription of a sign’ (Of Grammatology). A sign is theunion between signifier and signified. The signifier may be natural (clouds indicate thatit is going to rain) or artificial. All cultures are made up of relations that stay at the levelof signs, that is, everything that belongs to culture is empirical and conventional. In thisregard, both Aboriginal and Western culture remain at the same level. Moreover, bothcultures produce objectivity by means of contrast and experimentation, in the design ofa sharp object, for example an arrow or a knife. In Ancient Greece, Havelock contendsthat the invention of writing dramatically increased the possibilities of objective thought(The Muse Learns To Write), but it also created a logic of binaries that transcended theobjectivity of science and transpired into the ideology behind colonialism. In thiscontext, the role of writing is analyzed in David Malouf’s Remembering Babylon. Howdoes writing affect Gemmy all throughout the book? Already in the first Chapter, theteacher and the minister of the colony analyze Gemmy ‘in writing’. Gemmy knowswhat writing is but hasn’t learnt its ‘trick’: he does not know how to read or write. Allhe can see is that what he tells about his life, all his pain and suffering, is translated intomarks and magic squiggles on the paper: only the spirit of the story he tells is captured.But little by little, the cognitive effects of writing get hold of Gemmy, until he starts tounderstand his life within the framework of the logic of binaries and identity uponwhich all reflective thought and science rest. All in all, this deconstructive reading canbe seen as a critique of Europe’s modern idea of the autonomy of reason, in the name ofa heteronymous rationality in the form of writing.
Cannibalism in Montaigne, de Certeau and Derrida
Carles Serra Pagès
Coolabah , 2011,
Abstract: In this text we introduce the discursive strategies of Montaigne, de Certeau and Derrida inanalysing the figure of the cannibal. Both de Certeau and Derrida use textual strategies for theiranalysis, but whereas de Certeau remains at the level of discourse and words and therefore at thelevel of phonocentric language, Derrida’s analysis moves beyond Western ethnocentrism. Thesedifferent approaches lead de Certeau and Derrida to different conclusions. During the Renaissance,the figure of the cannibal was the source of horror because it ate its own kind and married severalwomen. De Certeau inverts this ethnocentric ethics and shows that cannibalism was a form of payingtribute to the valor and honor of the victim, and polygamy showed the devotion and fidelity ofwomen towards their husbands, not as a sign of male domination. Contrary to de Certeau, butbuilding upon his critique of ethnocentrism, Derrida does not bring about any reversal of valueswhen analysing a particular cosmovision in the figure of the cannibal, for example. Taking themeaning of the word “eating” in both a literal and a figurative sense, Derrida shows that all culturesare organized around a notion of sacrifice that consists in clearing up an area that allows for anoncriminal putting to death. It is in this context that Derrida denounces the ‘mass exterminations’ ofanimals and the ‘crimes’ against the environment that sustain carnivorous and industrialisedcountries. The figure of the cannibal also provides a good example of how Western societyconstructs the height of its morality and good consciousness symbolically sacrificing and demonizingthe other (the savage, the cannibal) just because it sacrifices another ‘other’: as all cultures areorganized around sacrificial structures that are ethnocentric.
A reading of Husserl’s “life-world” against the loss of history in the context of postcolonial Aboriginal Australia.
Carles Serra Pagès
Coolabah , 2009,
Abstract: Recently, Husserl’s phenomenology of the “life-world” has been givenspecial emphasis in those areas of the social sciences that are concerned with the crisisof values and meaning in our contemporary world. Husserl conceived the concept of“life-world” as a final introduction to his system of transcendental phenomenology, theproject of a lifetime. As Husserl puts it in The Crisis of the European Sciences andTranscendental Phenomenology (7), phenomenology is not only the act of “senseinvestigation”(Besinnung), but also the universal “coming to self-awareness”(Selbstbesinnung) of humanity in a reflective manner, and herein precisely lieshumanity’s responsibility towards itself. Husserl expected phenomenology to be theultimate universal science, destined to ground all human achievements in the soil of the“life-world” (33-34). But can Husserl’s phenomenology accomplish this task effectivelyoutside the horizon of Europe, and outside the context of a critique of modern scienceand technology? So as to try to answer this question, our aim will be to introduce somekey concepts and notions that characterize Husserl’s phenomenology of the “life-world”or philosophy of genesis in the context of Aboriginal identity in Australia. For thispurpose, we will offer a reading of Sally Morgan’s My Place, an autobiographical novelwhich narrates the personal quest of a woman of Aboriginal descend to find her rootsand identity in a Westernized world. In the course of our analysis, we will describe inwhat ways some of Husserl’s notions related to the life-world are hindered inpostcolonial contexts, and whether a phenomenological analysis can provide a means ofreconcilement. Finally, we will also ask ourselves about the possibility of aphenomenological idea of history that respects the idiosyncracies of historicity.
Reflections on Phenomenology and the Poetry of Kevin Hart. Foreignness and Strangeness at the Heart of Australian Identity. Carles Serra
Carles Serra Pagès
Coolabah , 2007,
Abstract: In a deconstructive fashion, this paper analyses the Heideggerian conceptof Bodenst ndigkeit (“rootedness”) from the point of view of the Boden(“earth”, “ground”) in general, that is, before its diffraction asBodenst ndigkeit and Bodenl sigkeit (“uprootedness”). Whereas Heideggermakes of the concepts of “description” and “expression” two species of thegenre Bodenst ndigkeit, we will proceed otherwise, and derive them fromthe general concept of Bodenl sigkeit (“uprootedness”). In this way,following the threads of the poetry of Kevin Hart, we will suggest that it ispossible to affirm that all poetry is about finitude, contingency and destiny,both from the point of view of its form and of its content. In the course ofour analysis, we will wonder about the role of identity and alterity in theconstruction of Australian identity.
La Torre de Collserola, una metamorfosterización
Serra, Carles
DC PAPERS : Revista de Crítica y Teoría de la Arquitectura , 2010,
Abstract:
Parlament en La Menor, op. 56: Parlament d’Edimburg, 1998-2004.
Serra Hartmann, Carles
DC PAPERS : Revista de Crítica y Teoría de la Arquitectura , 2009,
Abstract:
Two Variants in the Fibulin2 Gene Are Associated with Lower Systolic Blood Pressure and Decreased Risk of Hypertension
Joan-Carles Vallvé, Noemí Serra, Guillermo Zalba, Ana Fortu?o, óscar Beloqui, Raimon Ferre, Josep Ribalta, Lluís Masana
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0043051
Abstract: Arterial stiffness is an important factor in hypertension. Fibulin 2 is an extracellular matrix scaffold protein involved in arterial stiffness and, hence, the fibulin 2 (FBLN2) gene may be a candidate for hypertension susceptibility. 4 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of FBLN2 were evaluated in an association case-control study containing 447 hypertensive patients and 344 normotensive control subjects. The minor allele frequencies of rs3732666 and rs1061376 were significantly lower in hypertensives. The odds ratios (OR) for having the protective G (rs3732666) and T (rs1061376) alleles were 0.75 (95%CI: 0.58 to 0.96) and 0.83 (95%CI: 0.66 to 1.02), respectively. For rs3732666, the OR for hypertension in AG+GG subjects, compared with AA, was 0.71 (95%CI: 0.52 to 0.95). The protective genotype AG+GG was associated with significantly lower systolic blood pressure (SBP) [?3.6 mmHg (P = 0.048)]. There was a significant age interaction with rs3732666; the effect decreasing with increasing age. For rs1061376, TT subjects had an OR for hypertension of 0.53 (95%CI: 0.32 to 0.87) compared with CC subjects, with reduced SBP (?7.91 mmHg; P = 0.008) and diastolic BP (DBP) (?3.69 mmHg; P = 0.015). The presence of a G allele was an independent predictor of intima-media thickness (IMT); G carrier’s having lower mean IMT (?0.037 mm, P = 0.027) compared with AA. Our results provide the first evidence for FBLN2 as a new gene associated with hypertension.
An intranasal selective antisense oligonucleotide impairs lung cyclooxygenase-2 production and improves inflammation, but worsens airway function, in house dust mite sensitive mice
Rosa Torres, Aida Herrerias, Mariona Serra-Pagès, Jordi Roca-Ferrer, Laura Pujols, Alberto Marco, César Picado, Fernando de Mora
Respiratory Research , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1465-9921-9-72
Abstract: Allergic inflammation was induced in BALBc mice by intranasal exposure to HDM for 10 consecutive days. This model reproduces spontaneous exposure to aeroallergens by asthmatic patients. In order to impair, but not fully block, COX-2 production in the airways, some of the animals received an intranasal antisense oligonucleotide. Lung COX-2 expression and activity were measured along with bronchovascular inflammation, airway reactivity, and prostaglandin production.We observed impaired COX-2 mRNA and protein expression in the lung tissue of selective oligonucleotide-treated sensitized mice. This was accompanied by diminished production of mPGE synthase and PGE2 in the airways. In sensitized mice, the oligonucleotide induced increased airway hyperreactivity (AHR) to methacholine, but a substantially reduced bronchovascular inflammation. Finally, mRNA levels of hPGD synthase remained unchanged.Intranasal antisense therapy against COX-2 in vivo mimicked the reported impairment of COX-2 regulation in the airway cells of asthmatic patients. This strategy revealed an unexpected novel dual effect: inflammation was improved but AHR worsened. This approach will provide insights into the differential regulation of inflammation and lung function in asthma, and will help identify pharmacological targets within the COX-2/PG system.The synthesis of prostaglandins (PG) is catalyzed by either cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 or COX-2, and COX-2 is known to be up-regulated in inflammatory diseases [1]. Although COX-2 and PGs would therefore be expected to be overexpressed in asthma, many observations suggest that this is not always the case. For instance, reports have shown unchanged levels of PGE2 in the exhaled breath of asthmatic patients [2], and reduced PGE2 and COX-2 levels in smooth muscle cells [3]. Low PGE2 production [4] and COX-2 down-regulation [4-7] have been reported in the nasal polyps of asthmatics, in whom the COX-2 up-regulation rate has decreased [6], an observation also infe
Teaching of the Seismic Method of Prospecting: New Pedagogic Conceptions Ense anza del método sísmico de prospección: Nuevas concepciones pedagógicas
Guillermo Miró Pagés
Revista Cubana de Ingeniería , 2011, DOI: 10.1234/rci.v2i2.44
Abstract: Presently article the main results of the work of bring up to date of the subject "Seismic prospecting" are exposed, that integrates the program of the Master of Applied Geophysics of the Department of Geosciences of the High Polytechnic Institute José Antonio Echeverría, Cujae, carried out as part of the systematic activity dedicated to guarantee the modernity of the program of studies that carries out the Academic Committee. In relation to that exposed, the main objective of the work that sustains this publication, was to revise the current didactic of the teaching of this geophysical method. In the mark of this activity, numerous consultations were carried out on the topic some of which are referred in the article. The result of the made work, helps to modernize the theoretical contents and the bibliographical support for the teaching of this subject that is imparted so much in Cuba as abroad. The conclusion more important that arrives in the work, consists in that the process educational should be directed to try to center more the learning in the students demanding of them a bigger protagonism in the same one. En el presente artículo se exponen los principales resultados del trabajo de actualización de la asignatura Prospección sísmica que integra el programa de la Maestría de Geofísica Aplicada del Departamento de Geociencias de la Facultad de Ingeniería Civil del Instituto Superior Politécnico José Antonio Echeverría, Cujae, realizado como parte de la actividad sistemática dedicada a garantizar la modernidad del programa de estudios, que lleva a cabo el Comité Académico. En relación con lo expuesto, el objetivo principal del trabajo que sustenta esta publicación, fue revisar la didáctica actual de la ense anza de este método geofísico. En el marco de esta actividad, se realizaron numerosas consultas bibliográficas, algunas de las cuales son referidas en el artículo. El resultado del análisis, permitió actualizar los contenidos teóricos y modernizar el soporte bibliográfico de esta asignatura, que es impartida tanto en Cuba como en el extranjero. La conclusión más importante a que se arriba en el trabajo, consiste en que el proceso docente, debe estar dirigido a tratar de centrar más el aprendizaje en los alumnos demandando de ellos un mayor protagonismo en el mismo.
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