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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 95404 matches for " Cao W. "
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Wave interference effect on polymer microstadium laser
W. Fang,H. Cao
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1063/1.2762285
Abstract: We investigate the lasing modes in fully chaotic polymer microstadiums under optical pumping. The lasing modes are regularly spaced in frequency, and their amplitudes oscillate with frequency. Our numerical simulations reveal that the lasing modes are multi-orbit scar modes. The interference of partial waves propagating along the constituent orbits results in local maxima of quality factor at certain frequencies. The observed modulation of lasing mode amplitude with frequency results from the variation of quality factor, which provides the direct evidence of wave interference effect in open chaotic microcavities.
Dynamic Monitoring of Plant Cover and Soil Erosion Using Remote Sensing, Mathematical Modeling, Computer Simulation and GIS Techniques  [PDF]
Z. Y. Zeng, J. Z. Cao, Z. J. Gu, Z. L. Zhang, W. Zheng, Y. Q. Cao, H. Y. Peng
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.47180

Dynamic monitoring of plant cover and soil erosion often uses remote sensing data, especially for estimating the plant cover rate (vegetation coverage) by vegetation index. However, the latter is influenced by atmospheric effects and methods for correcting them are still imperfect and disputed. This research supposed and practiced an indirect, fast, and operational method to conduct atmospheric correction of images for getting comparable vegetation index values in different times. It tries to find a variable free from atmospheric effects, e.g., the mean vegetation coverage value of the whole study area, as a basis to reduce atmospheric correction parameters by establishing mathematical models and conducting simulation calculations. Using these parameters, the images can be atmospherically corrected. And then, the vegetation index and corresponding vegetation coverage values for all pixels, the vegetation coverage maps and coverage grade maps for different years were calculated, i.e., the plant cover monitoring was realized. Using the vegetation coverage grade maps and the ground slope grade map from a DEM to generate soil erosion grade maps for different years, the soil erosion monitoring was also realized. The results show that in the study area the vegetation coverage was the lowest in 1976, much better in 1989, but a bit worse again in 2001. Towards the soil erosion, it had been mitigated continuously from 1976 to 1989 and then to 2001. It is interesting that a little decrease of vegetation coverage from 1989 to 2001 did not lead to increase of soil erosion. The reason is that the decrease of vegetation coverage was chiefly caused by urbanization and thus mainly occurred in very gentle terrains, where soil erosion was naturally slight. The results clearly indicate the details of plant cover and soil erosion change in 25 years and also offer a scientific foundation for plant and soil conservation.

Transformation Behavior of Ti50-x/2Ni50-x/2Cux alloys

J Wang,W Jin,MZ Cao,

金属学报(英文版) , 2006,
Abstract: Phase transformation behavior of Ti50-x/2Ni50-x/2Cux (x=2, 5, 15) alloys was investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The results show that Ti50-x/2Ni50-x/2Cux alloys undergo a two-stage martensitic transformation on cooling and transform reversely in one stage on heating when treated at 823K for 5 hours. Heat treatment has no effect on the transformation behavior of Ti49Ni49Cu2 alloy but does influence that of Ti47.5Ni47.5Cu5 alloy and Ti42.5Ni42.5Cu15 alloy. Effect of heat treatment is related with precipitation of CuNiTi phase. The maximum recoverable elongation of Ti49Ni49Cu2 wire is about 6%.
Long-term changes in fish assemblage following the impoundments of the Three Gorges Reservoir in Hejiang, a protected reach of the upper Yangtze River Changements à long terme dans les assemblages de poissons en Hejiang, un bief protégé de la haute rivière Yangtsé, après mise en service du Barrage des Trois Gorges
Liu F.,Wang J.,Cao W.
Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems , 2013, DOI: 10.1051/kmae/2013032
Abstract: The construction of the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) has seriously affected the fish assemblage in the impounded reaches. However, fish assemblage changes in the riverine zone remain poorly documented. In order to explore how upstream fish assemblage has responded to the successive impoundments of the TGR, fish investigations were conducted biannually in Hejiang, a protected reach of the upper Yangtze River, during the period from 1997 to 2011. Multivariate analysis revealed significant temporal differences in fish assemblage following the impoundments of the TGR. Prior to the impoundments, the fish assemblage appeared to be very diversified and very even. Immediately after the first and the second impoundment, the lotic species, such as Coreius guichenoti, Rhinogobio ventralis, Rhinogobio cylindricus and Coreius heterodon, became evidently dominant, due to their upstream migrations from the reservoir. However, two years after the third impoundment, the lotic species decreased dramatically, while lentic Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Pelteobagrus vachelli became the new dominant species. Based on this and other studies, we can see the habitats of the riverine fish in the upper Yangtze River have been shrunk seriously because of the impoundments of the TGR. The cascade hydropower development in the lower Jinsha River will pose an accumulative effect on the aquatic environment in the mainstream of the upper Yangtze River. Free-flowing tributaries, such as the Chishui River, will play more important roles in fish conservation. La construction du réservoir des Trois Gorges (TGR) a sérieusement affecté l’assemblage de poissons dans les biefs aménagés. Cependant, les changements d’assemblage de poissons dans la zone lentique amont restent mal documentés. Afin d’explorer la fa on dont les assemblages de poissons en amont ont répondu aux remplissages successifs du TGR, des investigations piscicoles ont été menées deux fois par an dans Hejiang, un secteur protégé de la rivière Yangtsé amont, au cours de la période allant de 1997 à 2011. L’analyse multivariée a révélé d’importantes différences temporelles dans les peuplements de poissons après les remplissages successifs du TGR. Avant les retenues d’eau, l’assemblage de poissons semble être très diversifié et très équitable. Immédiatement après les mises en eau, les espèces lotiques, comme Coreius guichenoti, Rhinogobio ventralis, Rhinogobio cylindricus et Coreius heterodon sont devenues nettement dominantes, en raison de leur déplacement vers l’amont du réservoir. Cependant, deux ans après la troisième mise en
Tuning the shape of semiconductor microstadium laser
W. Fang,G. S. Solomon,H. Cao
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: We presented a detailed experimental study on lasing in GaAs microstadium with various shapes. Unlike most deformed microcavities, the lasing threshold varies non-monotonically with the major-to-minor-axis ratio of the stadium. Under spatially uniform optical pumping, the first lasing mode corresponds to a high-quality scar mode consisting of several unstable periodic orbits. By tuning the shape of GaAs stadium, we are able to minimize the lasing threshold. This work demonstrates the possibility of controlling chaotic microcavity laser.
Control of lasing in fully chaotic open microcavities by tailoring the shape factor
W. Fang,G. S. Solomon,H. Cao
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1063/1.2535692
Abstract: We demonstrate experimentally that lasing in a semiconductor microstadium can be optimized by controlling its shape. Under spatially uniform optical pumping, the first lasing mode in a GaAs microstadium with large major-to-minor-axis ratio usually corresponds to a high-quality scar mode consisting of several unstable periodic orbits. Interference of waves propagating along the constituent orbits may minimize light leakage at particular major-to-minor-axis ratio. By making stadium of the optimum shape, we are able to maximize the mode quality factor and align the mode frequency to the peak of the gain spectrum, thus minimizing the lasing threshold. This work opens the door to control chaotic microcavity lasers by tailoring the shape factor.
Umbral Dynamics in the Near Infrared Continuum
A. Andic,W. Cao,P. R. Goode
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/736/2/79
Abstract: We detected peaks of oscillatory power at 3 and ~6.5 minutes in the umbra of the central sunspot of the active region NOAA AR 10707 in data obtained in the near infrared (NIR) continuum at 1565.7 nm. The NIR dataset captured umbral dynamics around 50 km below the photospheric level. The umbra does not oscillate as a whole, but rather in distinct parts that are distributed over the umbral surface. The most powerful oscillations, close to a period of ~ 6.5, do not propagate upward. We noted a plethora of large umbral dots that persisted for more than 30 minutes and stayed in the same locations. The peaks of oscillatory power above the detected umbral dots are located at 3 and 5 minutes oscillations, but are very weak in comparison with the oscillations of ~ 6.5 minutes.
Migration of helium-pair in metals
J. L. Cao,W. T. Geng
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Understanding helium accumulation in plasma-facing or structural materials in a fusion reactor starts from uncovering the details of the migration of single and paired He interstitials. We have carried out a first-principles density functional theory investigation into the migration of both a single interstitial He atom and an interstitial He-pair in bcc (Fe, Mo and W) and fcc (Cu, Pd and Pt) metals. By identifying the most stable configurations of an interstitial He-pair in each metal and decomposing its motion into rotational, translational, and rotational-translational routines, we are able to determine its migration barrier and trajectory. Our first-principles calculations reveal that the migration trajectories and barriers are determined predominantly by the relatively stable He-pair configurations which depend mainly on the stability of a single He in different interstices. Contrary to atomistic studies reported in literature, the migration barrier in bcc Fe, Mo, and W is 0.07, 0.07, and 0.08 eV respectively, always slightly higher than for a single interstitial He (0.06 eV for all three). Configurations of a He-pair in fcc metals are much more complicated, due to the stability closeness of different interstitial sites for a single He atom. In both Cu and Pd, the migration of a He-pair proceeds by moving one He at a time from one tetrahedral site to neighboring octahedral site; whereas in Pt the two He move simultaneously because the bridge interstitial site presents an extremely low barrier. The migration barrier for a He-pair is 0.05, 0.15, and 0.04 eV for Cu, Pd, and Pt, slightly lower than (in Cu), or similar to (in Pd and Pt) a single He, which is 0.08, 0.15, and 0.03 eV, respectively. The associative motions of a He-pair are ensured by the strong He-He interactions in metals which are chemical bonding-like and can be described very well with Morse potentials.
Decentralized Event-Triggered Consensus over Unreliable Communication Networks
Eloy Garcia,Yongcan Cao,David W. Casbeer
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: This article studies distributed event-triggered consensus over unreliable communication channels. Communication is unreliable in the sense that the broadcast channel from one agent to its neighbors can drop the event-triggered packets of information, where the transmitting agent is unaware that the packet was not received and the receiving agents have no knowledge of the transmitted packet. Additionally, packets that successfully arrive at their destination may suffer from time-varying communication delays. In this paper, we consider directed graphs, and we also relax the consistency on the packet dropouts and the delays. Relaxing consistency means that the delays and dropouts for a packet broadcast by one agent can be different for each receiving node. We show that even under this challenging scenario, agents can reach consensus asymptotically while reducing transmissions of measurements based on the proposed event-triggered consensus protocol. In addition, positive inter-event times are obtained which guarantee that Zeno behavior does not occur.
Periodic Event-Triggered Synchronization of Linear Multi-agent Systems with Communication Delays
Eloy Garcia,Yongcan Cao,David W. Casbeer
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: Multi-agent systems cooperation to achieve global goals is usually limited by sensing, actuation, and communication issues. At the local level, continuous measurement and actuation is only approximated by the use of digital mechanisms that measure and process information in order to compute and update new control input values at discrete time instants. Interaction with other agents or subsystems takes place, in general, through a digital communication channel with limited bandwidth where transmission of continuous-time signals is not possible. Additionally, communication channels may be subject to other imperfections such as time-varying delays. This paper considers the problem of consensus (or synchronization of state trajectories) of multi-agent systems that are described by general linear dynamics and are connected using undirected graphs. An event-triggered consensus protocol is proposed, where each agent implements discretized and decoupled models of the states of its neighbors. This approach not only avoids the need for continuous communication between agents but also provides a decentralized method for transmission of information in the presence of time-varying communication delays where each agent decides its own broadcasting time instants based only on local information. This method gives more flexibility for scheduling information broadcasting compared to periodic and sampled-data implementations. The use of discretized models by each agent allows for a periodic event-triggered strategy where continuous actuation and continuous measurement of the states are not necessary.
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