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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2994 matches for " Camille Laurence Pauline Bigot "
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Guardians and Targets: A Routine Activity Approach to Terrorism in Southeast Asia  [PDF]
Camille Laurence Pauline Bigot
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.512011
Abstract:
Since 9/11, terrorism has been an important subject of study within the political and social fields, having often been examined critically. However, empirical frameworks have been lacking within the study of terrorism. This paper aims to counter reductionist views of terrorism and provide a holistic analysis under the arch of a criminological ontological framework. This study tests the relevance of routine activity theory to terrorism, taking the specific case study of terrorism within Southeast Asia. Working with Interpol, terror attacks, and counter-terrorism operations were quantified to mathematically model Routine Activity Theory where I aimed to find predictive terror patterns. Using a time-series analysis of terrorist attacks and counter-terrorism operations, Deterrence Theory, Randomness Theory in targeting and Contagion theory will be tested. A comparative framework will be established between religious attacks and politically related ones. My research aims to disprove any discursive assumptions of terrorism through a quantitative empirical focus. Furthermore, it aims to find patterns within terrorism to learn how to better combat it.
Human Visual Search Does Not Maximize the Post-Saccadic Probability of Identifying Targets
Camille Morvan ,Laurence T. Maloney
PLOS Computational Biology , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002342
Abstract: Researchers have conjectured that eye movements during visual search are selected to minimize the number of saccades. The optimal Bayesian eye movement strategy minimizing saccades does not simply direct the eye to whichever location is judged most likely to contain the target but makes use of the entire retina as an information gathering device during each fixation. Here we show that human observers do not minimize the expected number of saccades in planning saccades in a simple visual search task composed of three tokens. In this task, the optimal eye movement strategy varied, depending on the spacing between tokens (in the first experiment) or the size of tokens (in the second experiment), and changed abruptly once the separation or size surpassed a critical value. None of our observers changed strategy as a function of separation or size. Human performance fell far short of ideal, both qualitatively and quantitatively.
Gambling in the Visual Periphery: A Conjoint-Measurement Analysis of Human Ability to Judge Visual Uncertainty
Hang Zhang ,Camille Morvan,Laurence T. Maloney
PLOS Computational Biology , 2010, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1001023
Abstract: Recent work in motor control demonstrates that humans take their own motor uncertainty into account, adjusting the timing and goals of movement so as to maximize expected gain. Visual sensitivity varies dramatically with retinal location and target, and models of optimal visual search typically assume that the visual system takes retinal inhomogeneity into account in planning eye movements. Such models can then use the entire retina rather than just the fovea to speed search. Using a simple decision task, we evaluated human ability to compensate for retinal inhomogeneity. We first measured observers' sensitivity for targets, varying contrast and eccentricity. Observers then repeatedly chose between targets differing in eccentricity and contrast, selecting the one they would prefer to attempt: e.g., a low contrast target at 2° versus a high contrast target at 10°. Observers knew they would later attempt some of their chosen targets and receive rewards for correct classifications. We evaluated performance in three ways. Equivalence: Do observers' judgments agree with their actual performance? Do they correctly trade off eccentricity and contrast and select the more discriminable target in each pair? Transitivity: Are observers' choices self-consistent? Dominance: Do observers understand that increased contrast improves performance? Decreased eccentricity? All observers exhibited patterned failures of equivalence, and seven out of eight observers failed transitivity. There were significant but small failures of dominance. All these failures together reduced their winnings by 10%–18%.
Synthesis and biological activities of turkesterone 11?-acyl derivatives
Laurence Dinan,Pauline Bourne,Pensri Whiting,Ada Tsitsekli
Journal of Insect Science , 2003,
Abstract: Turkesterone is a phytoecdysteroid possessing an 11alpha-hydroxyl group. It is an analogue of the insect steroid hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone. Previous ecdysteroid QSAR and molecular modelling studies predicted that the cavity of the ligand-binding domain of the ecdysteroid receptor would possess space in the vicinity of C-11/C-12 of the ecdysteroid. We report the regioselective synthesis of a series of turkesterone 11alpha-acyl derivatives in order to explore this possibility. The structures of the analogues have been unambiguously determined by spectroscopic means (NMR and low-resolution mass spectrometry). Purity was verified by HPLC. Biological activities have been determined in Drosophila melanogaster BII cell-based bioassay for ecdysteroid agonists and in an in vitro radioligand-displacement assay using bacterially expressed D. melanogaster EcR/USP receptor proteins. The 11alpha-acyl derivatives do retain a significant amount of biological activity relative to the parent ecdysteroid. Further, although activity initially drops with the extension of the acyl chain length (C2 to C4), it then increases (C6 to C10), before decreasing again (C14 and C20). The implications of these findings for the interaction of ecdysteroids with the ecdysteroid receptor and potential applications in the generation of affinity-labelled and fluorescently-tagged ecdysteroids are discussed.
Association of Perception of Front-of-Pack Labels with Dietary, Lifestyle and Health Characteristics
Caroline Méjean, Pauline Macouillard, Sandrine Péneau, Camille Lassale, Serge Hercberg, Katia Castetbon
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090971
Abstract: Objective To identify patterns of perception of front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labels and determine dietary, lifestyle and health profiles related to such patterns. Design Cross-sectional. Participants/Setting 28,952 French adults participating in the web-based Nutrinet-Santé cohort. Outcome measures Perception was measured using indicators of understanding and acceptability for three simple FOP labels (“green tick”, the logo of the French Nutrition and Health Program and “simple traffic lights” (STL)), and two detailed FOP formats (“multiple traffic lights” (MTL) and “color range” logo (CR)), placed on ready-to-eat soup packages. Dietary intake data were collected using three web-based 24 h records. Statistical analyses Associations of perception patterns with individual characteristics, including diet, lifestyle and health status, were examined using analysis of covariance and logistic regression, adjusted for socio-demographic and economic factors. Results No clear trend emerged concerning differences in dietary intake between perception groups. Low physical activity and obesity were more frequent in the ‘favorable to STL’ group (respectively, 20.7% and 10.7%). The ‘favorable to MTL’ group included the highest percentage of individuals who declared type 2 diabetes (2.2%). Persons with hypertension were proportionally more numerous in the ‘favorable to MTL’ and the ‘favorable to CR logo’ groups (respectively, 9.5% and 9.3%). Conclusions After adjustment for socio-demographic and economic factors, no FOP label stood out as being more suitable than another for reaching populations with poor diet. However, both STL and MTL may be most appropriate for increasing awareness of healthy eating among groups at higher risk of nutrition-related chronic diseases.
Iris Repair after Long-Term Complications of Angle-Supported Phakic Intraocular Lenses  [PDF]
Camille Budo
Open Journal of Ophthalmology (OJOph) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojoph.2012.22010
Abstract: We report the case of a high myopic patient who had been implanted with angle-supported phakic intraocular lenses (pIOL) in 1990 and who subsequently and gradually developed complications in both eyes including endothelial cell loss, chronic glaucoma, cataract, pupil ovalization and severe iris atrophy. The patient was impaired by photophobia, glare, halo, loss in visual acuity and concerned about the cosmetically deforming aspect of her eyes. Cataract surgery was performed after explantation of the pIOL followed by combined implantation of a standard IOL in the capsular bag and a Dr Schmidt artificial iris in the sulcus. There were no intraoperative and postoperative complications except slight bilateral corneal oedema which resolved completely within 1 month after surgery. Uncorrected and corrected visual acuity improved progressively to reach 0.3 and 0.6 at the last follow-up visit (±1 year), respectively. The patient was very satisfied with the functional and aesthetical outcomes.
Very Slow Search and Reach: Failure to Maximize Expected Gain in an Eye-Hand Coordination Task
Hang Zhang ,Camille Morvan,Louis-Alexandre Etezad-Heydari,Laurence T. Maloney
PLOS Computational Biology , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002718
Abstract: We examined an eye-hand coordination task where optimal visual search and hand movement strategies were inter-related. Observers were asked to find and touch a target among five distractors on a touch screen. Their reward for touching the target was reduced by an amount proportional to how long they took to locate and reach to it. Coordinating the eye and the hand appropriately would markedly reduce the search-reach time. Using statistical decision theory we derived the sequence of interrelated eye and hand movements that would maximize expected gain and we predicted how hand movements should change as the eye gathered further information about target location. We recorded human observers' eye movements and hand movements and compared them with the optimal strategy that would have maximized expected gain. We found that most observers failed to adopt the optimal search-reach strategy. We analyze and describe the strategies they did adopt.
Dendritic Cells Crosspresent Antigens from Live B16 Cells More Efficiently than from Apoptotic Cells and Protect from Melanoma in a Therapeutic Model
Diana Matheoud,Camille Baey,Lene Vimeux,Andy Tempez,Michael Valente,Pauline Louche,Agnès Le Bon,Anne Hosmalin,Vincent Feuillet
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0019104
Abstract: Dendritic cells (DC) are able to elicit anti-tumoral CD8+ T cell responses by cross-presenting exogenous antigens in association with major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules. Therefore they are crucial actors in cell-based cancer immunotherapy. Although apoptotic cells are usually considered to be the best source of antigens, live cells are also able to provide antigens for cross-presentation by DC. We have recently shown that prophylactic immunotherapy by DC after capture of antigens from live B16 melanoma cells induced strong CD8+ T-cell responses and protection against a lethal tumor challenge in vivo in C57Bl/6 mice. Here, we showed that DC cross-presenting antigens from live B16 cells can also inhibit melanoma lung dissemination in a therapeutic protocol in mice. DC were first incubated with live tumor cells for antigen uptake and processing, then purified and irradiated for safety prior to injection. This treatment induced stronger tumor-specific CD8+ T-cell responses than treatment by DC cross-presenting antigens from apoptotic cells. Apoptotic B16 cells induced more IL-10 secretion by DC than live B16 cells. They underwent strong native antigen degradation and led to the expression of fewer MHC class I/epitope complexes on the surface of DC than live cells. Therefore, the possibility to use live cells as sources of tumor antigens must be taken into account to improve the efficiency of cancer immunotherapy.
Discriminación indígena: Los indígenas qom de los Pumitas
Bigot,Margot;
Papeles de trabajo - Centro de Estudios Interdisciplinarios en Etnoling???-stica y Antropolog?-a Socio-Cultural , 2010,
Abstract: this paper focus on contrasts between up to date legal instruments, aimed on elimination of racism and discrimination, and the different ways as indigenous discrimination are actually shown, how discriminatory ideas are produced and transmitted inside society, and finally, effects among the qom (tobas) established in los pumitas (rosario).
Cuestionarios para el análisis de vitalidad etnolingüística y discriminación indígenas en contextos de contacto lingüístico-sociocultural
Bigot,Margot;
Papeles de trabajo - Centro de Estudios Interdisciplinarios en Etnoling???-stica y Antropolog?-a Socio-Cultural , 2007,
Abstract: the set of questionnaires exposed was developped as a useful guide for obtaining information concerning etnolinguistic vitality and indigenous discrimination researchs.
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