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Efficient uses of some types of surfactant products
Ligia Florica BOTEZ,Camelia Georgeta CALIN,Georgiana Raluca GANCIU
Economia : Seria Management , 2010,
Abstract: The present work is part of a more complex study referring to chemical substances known under the name of surfactants” or tensioactive agents” which can alter the conductivity of fibers, textile materials, etc. in order to diminish some negative physiological effects on the human body. The use of raw materials, indigenous or imported, refers to the strategy adopted by each firm, concerning their own technology, which should include both organization and management of production processes, and ways of introducing the technical progress with economic efficiency.
The Reflection of the Current Crisis on the Economic Growth in the European Union New Member States
Adina Criste,Iulia Lupu,Camelia Milea,Alina Georgeta Ailinc?
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Oeconomica , 2011,
Abstract: The paper presents an analysis of the economic growth evolution in the European Unionnew member states, being part of a more comprehensive research regarding the euro adoptionchallenges, taking as benchmark Slovakia and Slovenia, countries that already entered the euro zone.The research underlines the fact that, starting with the mid-September 2008, the macroeconomiclandscape of the analyzed countries changed radically, registering a decrease of the economicactivities determined both by a diminished export activity and by a reduced internal demand, witheffects on the firms’ profitability and on the deterioration of the labour market situation. The resultsshow that the severity of the financial global crisis effects was different in the analyzed countries, as aresponse to various “paths” of economic development, with less or more important vulnerabilities,with differences in the extent to which the economies are based on external demand and on creditactivity induced from abroad. The countries that are suffering the deepest recessions are those thatregistered not only a decline of exports, but also a collapse of the internal demand, as a result ofstopping the credit activities that were a support for the internal demand.
Development of Nominal Convergence Indicators in New Member States of European Union under the Challenges of Economic and Financial Crisis
Iulia Lupu,Camelia Milea,Alina Georgeta Glod,Adina Criste
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Oeconomica , 2009,
Abstract: The importance of compliance with nominal convergence criteria is crucial for adopting the euro in New Member States (NMS).Although some of these countries have made remarkable efforts for complying with nominal criteria, structural and conjunctional macroeconomicimbalances have created big problems in this respect. Also, the global financial crisis revealed new challenges for the NSM which are not yetmembers of the euro area. Having imbalances widened further much more than the countries in the euro area, many of them have come to appreciatethe protection of the euro area membership, especially at times of financial and economic crises. Though, some NMS would like to speed up euroadoption, they now face conditions that may make it more difficult for them to satisfy the requirements of the nominal convergence criteria. Thus, inthis article we try to capture the effects of economic and financial crises on the nominal convergence indicators in NMS.
Aspects of the Current Fiscal - Budgetary Situation in Some Euro Area Countries. Implications for Romania
Camelia Milea,Floarea Iordache,Alina Georgeta Glod,Adina Criste
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Oeconomica , 2010,
Abstract: The financial and economic global crisis has exacerbated some of the imbalances existent in all EU Member States, in particular the fiscal-budgetary imbalances. For some countries whose currency is euro, the fiscal and budgetary challenges seem to threaten even the stability of the euro area. Thus, in the context of financial and economic global crisis, this article aims at identifying a number of negative aspects of the fiscal-budgetary situation of some euro area countries, more seriously affected (Greece, Italy, Portugal, Ireland, Spain) and at revealing a series of possible implications of this phenomenon for Romania, thus giving originality of the conducted analysis. A fulcrum in this approach is the economic literature and the authors’ research work in the field of European integration. Through a comparative approach, the authors have identified some weaknesses of the Romanian economy generated by the current situation of some euro area countries. Given the place of the theme within the frame of present interest researches, the article’s results will be of interest for both academics and practitioners.
S.E.M. STUDY OF SOME SUBSTITUTED BARIUM COBALTATE DENSE CERAMIC MEMBRANES
H. Storch,Georgeta Velciu,Camelia Grigore,Maria Diaconescu
Analele Universitatii Bucuresti : Chimie , 2006,
Abstract: Ba(Bi0,1 Co0,2Fe0,7) O3-d and Ba0,5 Sr0,5 (Co0,8 Fe0,2) O3-d mixed conduction ceramic membranes for oxygen separation were investigated by optical and scanning electron microscopy (SEM Quanta 400) in order to investigate the influence of temperature on the sintering quality and to study pore appearance and texture of the obtained sample pellets. Optical microscopy was done on the as sintered pellet surface and S.E.M. determinations on both prepared pellet surface and rupture zone.
An Appraisal on the Earlier Euro Adoption by the New Member States in the Frame of the Current Global Economic and Financial Crisis
Iulia Lupu,Camelia Milea,Adina Criste,Alina Georgeta Glod
EIRP Proceedings , 2010,
Abstract: The pathway of the new member states towards the euro area was stopped, but not modified by the current world economic crisis. Their inflation declined but the fiscal status suffered. On the verge of thefinancial crisis, the European Central Bank overruled the Central and Eastern European member states’ intentions for an earlier adoption of the euro, requiring compliance with the Maastricht criteria. The objective of this paper is to analyze the main proposed solutions and to draw attention on the most suitable ones in keeping with the particular features of these countries. Our conclusion is that fast results on the euro adoption will definitely depend on the fiscal consolidation, the soundness of global economic rehabilitation, the capital availability, and the domestic policies. The nature of the approached problems and the authors’ experience recommend this study, both for researchers and practitioners.
Effects of Economic and Financial Crisis on Nominal Convergence Indicators in New Member States
Iulia Lupu,Camelia Milea,Alina Georgeta Glod,Adina Criste
EIRP Proceedings , 2009,
Abstract: The importance of compliance with nominal convergence criteria is crucial for adopting the euroin New Member States (NMS). Although some of these countries have made remarkable efforts forcomplying with nominal criteria, structural and conjunctional macroeconomic imbalances have created bigproblems in this respect. Also, the global financial crisis revealed new challenges for the NSM which are notyet members of the euro area. Having imbalances widened further much more than the countries in the euroarea, many of them have come to appreciate the protection of the euro area membership, especially at times offinancial and economic crises. Though, some NMS would like to speed up euro adoption, they now faceconditions that may make it more difficult for them to satisfy the requirements of the nominal convergencecriteria. Thus, in this article we try to capture the effects of economic and financial crises on the nominalconvergence indicators in NMS.
Exchange rate targeting in New Member States of the European Union: New Times, New Challenges
Alina Georgeta Glod,Adina Criste,Iulia Lupu,Camelia Milea
EIRP Proceedings , 2009,
Abstract: This article points out some of the challenges of the monetary authorities in countries which have fixedexchange rate arrangement. In the current crisis environment, the Baltic States and Bulgaria seem to have moreproblems than solutions. Though, the situation is not very appealing now and in the future, they could exploit thestatus of being pegged to euro, by adhering sooner to the euro zone than the Visegrad Group if they urgentlycorrect the financial-budgetary and external imbalances.
Disequilibria Management at the Euro Area Level
Camelia Milea,Floarea Iordache,Alina Georgeta Glod,Adina Criste
EIRP Proceedings , 2010,
Abstract: The current crisis has shown that an economic integration through a political and monetary approach is wrong. It seems to be more appropriate a social and economic approach, meaning both a betterpreparedness of the new countries joining the euro area and more flexibility of the economic structures of the old members of the euro zone, in order to make the more "harmonious" the way of the monetary area operation. For that purpose, this article has made an analysis of the imbalances management issue in the euro area in order to provide a few theoretical solutions for a better functioning of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), based on the observation of developments in the euro area countries. This paper enriches theeconomic literature, but also it is relying on the research workings made by the authors in the field of European integration. The originality of this article arises from the extremely topical issue examined and its way of approach, but also from the conclusions outlined.
Monetary Policy Challenges - Inflation Targeting Strategy and the Process of Euro Adoption
Adina Criste,Alina Georgeta Glod,Camelia Milea,Iulia Lupu
EIRP Proceedings , 2009,
Abstract: This paper is a review of some of the challenges for the monetary authorities in countries whichadopted an inflation targeting strategy, and which are also intending to adopt Euro. Both the increasingmobility of capital flows and the preparations for entering ERM II are constraints for such a monetarystrategy. Since September 2008, the financial crisis, having burst into the developed countries, has alsoaffected the Central and Eastern Europe countries, and this phenomenon represents another challenge for themonetary authorities.
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