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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3427 matches for " Calvo Rico "
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MNA Mini Nutritional Assessment as a nutritional screening tool for hospitalized older adults; rationales and feasibility Uso del mini nutritional assessment como herramienta de cribaje nutricional en la población mayor de 65 a os en el ámbito hospitalario; conveniencia y factibilidad
I. Calvo,J. Olivar,E. Martínez,A. Rico
Nutrición Hospitalaria , 2012,
Abstract: The high prevalence of malnutrition in the growing population of older adults makes malnutrition screening critical, especially in hospitalized elderly patients. The aim of our study was to evaluate the use of the MNA Mini Nutritional Assessment in hospitalized older adults for rapid evaluation of nutritional risk. A prospective cohort study was made of 106 patients 65 years old or older admitted to an internal medicine ward of a tertiary-care teaching hospital to evaluate the use of the short form, or screening phase, of the MNA-SF. In the first 48 hours of admission, the full MNA questionnaire was administered and laboratory tests and a dermatologic evaluation were made. The MNA score showed that 77% of the patients were at risk of malnutrition or were frankly malnourished. Low blood levels of albumin, cholesterol and vitamins A and D showed a statistically significant association with malnutrition or risk of malnutrition. Separate evaluation of the MNA-SF showed that it was accurate, sensitive and had predictive value for the screening process. Routine use of the MNA-SF questionnaire by admission nurses to screen patients is recommended. Patients with MNA-SF scores of 11 or lower should be specifically assessed by the nutritional intervention team. El envejecimiento de la población y la elevada prevalencia de desnutrición en este colectivo hacen que el cribaje de desnutrición sea fundamental, especialmente en ancianos ingresados. Realizamos un estudio prospectivo sobre una población de 106 pacientes mayores de 65 a os, ingresados en plantas de Medicina Interna de un hospital terciario, en el que se ha seguido la aplicación sistemática de Minimal Nutritional Assessment (MNA) en las primeras 48 horas de ingreso, así como una evaluación hematológica y dermatológica. Hemos detectado situación nutricional de riesgo (RM) o malnutrición (MN) en el 77% de los casos. Los marcadores biológicos que resultaron asociados estadísticamente a la MN o RM fueron la hipoalbuminemia, hipocolesterolemia, así como la hipovitaminosis A y D. Proponemos el empleo rutinario de la fase de cribaje del MNA por la enfermera de hospitalización, y la valoración específica por equipo especializado (Unidad de Nutrición) en caso de puntuación igual o inferior a 11.
Paradigma experto-novato: Análisis diferencial de la pérdida de consistencia del Tokui Waza en Judo bajo situación específica de fatiga. Expert-Novice paradigm: Differential analysis of the loss of consistency in the Tokui-Waza of Judo under a specif situation of fatigue.
García García, José Manuel,Navarro Valdivielso, Fernando,González Ravé, José María,Calvo Rico, Bibiana
RICYDE : Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte , 2007,
Abstract: Resumen Este estudio pretende analizar si existe pérdida en la consistencia de la técnica especial en Judo cuando se ven comprometidas las reservas energéticas del judoka, y si existen, conocer cuáles son los elementos más significativos que pudieran condicionar la óptima ejecución del mismo. Los combates de Judo suelen terminar con una tasa de acumulación lactácida de entre 14 a 20 mmol/l en sangre. El test utilizado (COPTEST ) reproduce un combate de Judo con altos niveles de solicitación anaeróbica que asemejan los requerimientos energéticos de un combate en el contexto de la alta competición. En los últimos a os, varios estudios científicos (Sterkowicz,1999,2002), (García 1996,1999,2004), (Monteiro, 2003), (Francini, 2003) han intentado enumerar los posibles aspectos tanto condicionales como técnicos y cognitivos que diferencian a un judoka campeón de otro que no lo es. Método: Utilizando el modelo de investigación del paradigma Experto-Novato de Shulman (1986) se evaluaron 110 judokas de alto rendimiento. Todos realizaron el Coptest (García, 1995). Se consideraron “expertos” a los judokas que habían obtenido medalla en unos JJOO, cto mundial o cto continental. Eran “novatos” los judokas de alto rendimiento que no habían conseguido tal resultado. Se evaluaron las siguientes variables: a) Desequilibrio b) adecuación secuencial c) ángulo requerido para la correcta construcción de la técnica y d) elementos determinantes para que exista proyección Se tomaron datos de todas la ejecuciones del Tokui waza durante la ejecución del Coptest (total 4950 proyecciones). El análisis de los datos reveló que existen diferencias significativas en la ejecución del tokui waza realizado por un judoka “experto” al realizado por uno “novato.Abstract The aim of this study tries to analyze if loss in the consistency of the special technique in Judo exists when are seen it jeopardize the power reserves of judoka and know which are the most significant elements that they could condition the optimal execution of he himself. In recent years, various scientific studies (Sterkowicz,1999, 2002), (García 1996,1999,2004), (Monteiro, 2003), (Francini,2003) have tried to establish the possible different conditional, technical and cognitive aspects that differentiate one judo champion from another, although possessing in principle the necessary technical condition to be a champion but not being capable of climbing to the top of the podium. Method: Using the investigation model of the paradigm Expert-Novice of Shulman (1986) 110 high performance judokas were evaluated. All carried out
Comparación a 5 a?os de dos técnicas de cirugía bariátrica en pacientes con obesidad mórbida seguidos en consulta enfermera
Rico Hernández,M.a A.; Martínez Sancho,E.; Armero Fuster,M.; Díaz Gómez,J.; Calvo Vi?uela,I.;
Nutrición Hospitalaria , 2009,
Abstract: aims: to compare the evolution of weight loss and complications in the patients subjected to two techniques of bariatric surgery (rvg: ring vertical gastroplasty and bp: gastric by pass type capella) carried out in hospitalla paz during the years 2000 and 2001. material and methods: 51 patients (27 rvg and 24 bp) were operated, and 44 (22 rvg and 22 bp) completed the follow-up at 1 year, 43 (22 rvg and 21 bp) at 2 years, and 28 (10 rvg and 18 bp) at 5 years. the parameters analyzed at 6, 12, 18, 24 months and 5 years were bmi (body mass index), ei (effectiveness index), % lw (percentage of lost weight), % lew (percentage of lost excess of weight), alimentary intolerances, digestive complications, surgical complications, physical activity and modification of alimentary habits. results: an important reduction of weight was observed at 6 months with both techniques (% lew: 45.8% with rvg and 53.4% with bp). after 12 months the loss of weight was significantly higher with bp (% lew at 2 years: 59.5% with rvg and 83% with bp). however, at 5 years a weight recovery was detected in both groups of patients. at 12 months the patients subjected to rvg tolerated worse the meat and at 18 months the group of bp tolerated worse the rice. there were not significant differences in other parameters. conclusion: the long term results are better with bp than with rvg. there is a reduction of effectiveness at 5 years that could be related with the modification of alimentary habits and with giving up attendance to the nurse consultation.
Hipotiroidismo Subclínico en Pacientes con Obesidad y Sobrepeso
Calvo Rico,Raúl; Gallego Fernández,Estrella; Lozano Placer,Ma Luisa; Navarro Agudo,Olimpio; Páramo Rosel,Josefa; López de Castro,Francisco;
Revista Clínica de Medicina de Familia , 2010, DOI: 10.4321/S1699-695X2010000300003
Abstract: objective. the possible influence of obesity on thyroid function and its relationship with subclinical hypothyroidism (sh) is uncertain. the objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of sh in people with a bmi ≥25 kg/m2. materials and methods. descriptive, observational study, conducted in individuals over 18 years, in the toledo health area. the sample was obtained through consecutive sampling in the doctor′s consultancy. thyroid tests were conducted on each person (tsh, free t4) and their bmi was calculated. their age, sex, smoking habit, history of thyroid disease, environment, and nationality were recorded. diagnosis of sh was considered as a tsh level of >4μu/ml and a free t4 level of >0.8ng/dl, according to the laboratory reference range. results. the sample comprised 332 persons; 53.9% female; mean age, 59.5 years. twelve point nine percent were smokers and 7.3% had a history of thyroid disease; 52.4% were obese and 47.6% overweight. the prevalence of sh was 9.3% (95% ci 6.5-13.1). we found no significant relationship between sh and age, smoking, or environment. we found no correlation between bmi and tsh (rho =-0.033; p=0.546). the frequency of sh in women (13.4%) was higher than in men (4.6%) [p =0.006]. conclusions. sh prevalence in an overweight population does not differ from those found in other studies in the general population. we did not find a correlation between bmi and serum tsh levels. sh is more common in women, but we did not find any relationship with age or smoking habit.
Imagen social de las enfermeras y estrategias de comunicación pública para conseguir una imagen positiva
Calvo Calvo,Manuel ángel;
Index de Enfermería , 2011, DOI: 10.4321/S1132-12962011000200010
Abstract: the identity or essence of nursing does not match their social image as this profession continues to be full of stereotypes and the general public still retains the idea of dependence and lack of professionalism of nurses. this lack of concordance between image and identity is partly due to the fact that nurses themselves have not cared enough, both individually and as a group, to communicate effectively their true identity to society. in order to transmit the identity of nursing, these professionals must explain their tasks and functions to society. in this sense, nursing institutions should have at their disposal efficient and well organized communication departments. also, nurses should include in their daily practice the use of public communication resources such as the application of itcs to their tasks, the mass divulgation of their intellectual production in scientific publications, the broadcasting of nursing activities which could become informative products.
éthnica. Revista de Antropología y su significación histórica para la Antropología en Espa a
Calvo Calvo, Luis
Revista de Dialectología y Tradiciones Populares , 2002,
Abstract: The author discusses the scholarly accomplishment that Ethnica represented in Spanish anthropology. Founded in the early 1970s by Claudio Esteva Fabregat in the Centro de Etnología Peninsular of the CSIC in Barcelona, the journal soon became the most respected publication of social and cultural anthropology in Spain. Though ended in 1985, Ethnica left a valuable heritage of twenty volumes in which wide-ranging research interests appear combined with analytical rigor. El artículo presenta lo que supuso la revista éthnica, fundada por Claudio Esteva Fabregat en el Centro de Etnología Peninsular del CSIC de Barcelona a principios de la década de 1970. éthnica, que finalizó su andadura en 1985, se convirtió, como tal, en la primera revista de antropología cultural y social espa ola, dejando un legado que llega hasta nuestros días por la amplitud y el rigor de los temas tratados a lo largo de los veinte volúmenes que se publicaron.
La Revista de Dialectología y Tradiciones Populares y sus aportaciones a la antropología espa ola (1944-1996)
Calvo Calvo, Luis
Revista de Dialectología y Tradiciones Populares , 2002,
Abstract: Revista de Dialectología y Tradiciones Populares is Spain's oldest journal of cultural anthropology and folklore studies. Published by Spain's High Council for Scientific Research, the journal appeared in 1944 and has had an uninterrupted history ever since. In a first period, 1944 through 1978, contributions were based on a socially conservative concept of tradition and culture. In 1978, Julio Caro Baroja became director of the journal and opened it to new disciplinary and methodological perspectives in cultural anthropology, thereby inaugurating the journal's current era. La Revista de Dialectología y Tradiciones Populares es la decana de las publicaciones periódicas espa olas dedicadas a la antropología cultural y el folklore. Comenzó a publicarse en el Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas en 1944 y se ha mantenido hasta hoy de forma ininterrumpida. Una primera época se caracteriza por representar una investigación basada en un concepto socialmente conservador de la tradición y la cultura popular. En 1978 se inaugura una segunda etapa con la dirección de Julio Caro Baroja y la apertura metodológica y disciplinar a las nuevas tendencias de la antropología cultural.
Imagen social de las enfermeras y estrategias de comunicación pública para conseguir una imagen positiva Social image of nursing and public communication satrategies to obtain a positive image
Manuel ángel Calvo Calvo
Index de Enfermería , 2011,
Abstract: La identidad o esencia de las enfermeras no coincide con su imagen social pues continua plagada de estereotipos, y el público sigue percibiendo una imagen dependiente y poco profesional de las enfermeras. Esa discordancia entre identidad e imagen, en parte se debe a que las propias enfermeras no se han preocupado suficientemente, de modo individual y colectivo, por comunicar eficazmente su verdadera identidad a la sociedad. Y para transmitir la identidad de las enfermeras estas deben comunicar a la sociedad su función y quehacer, para lo cual conviene que las instituciones enfermeras cuenten con gabinetes de comunicación eficientes y bien estructurados, y que las enfermeras integren en su práctica profesional el uso de recursos de la comunicación pública, tales como aplicar las nuevas tecnologías en su práctica diaria, difundir científica y masivamente su producción intelectual, divulgarla e informar a los medios de actividades enfermeras susceptibles de convertirse en producto informativo. The identity or essence of nursing does not match their social image as this profession continues to be full of stereotypes and the general public still retains the idea of dependence and lack of professionalism of nurses. This lack of concordance between image and identity is partly due to the fact that nurses themselves have not cared enough, both individually and as a group, to communicate effectively their true identity to society. In order to transmit the identity of nursing, these professionals must explain their tasks and functions to society. In this sense, nursing institutions should have at their disposal efficient and well organized communication departments. Also, nurses should include in their daily practice the use of public communication resources such as the application of ITCs to their tasks, the mass divulgation of their intellectual production in scientific publications, the broadcasting of nursing activities which could become informative products.
Presentación
Calvo Calvo, Luis
Revista de Dialectología y Tradiciones Populares , 2002,
Abstract:
Psicología étnica y etnografía en Catalu a, un desarrollo cosmopolita
Calvo Calvo, Luis
Revista de Dialectología y Tradiciones Populares , 2002,
Abstract: In an overview of Catalan anthropology in the early 20th century, the author emphasizes the theoretical and conceptual landmarks offered by Psicología étnica and the work of Tomás Carreras Artau. This scholarly contribution, which achieved International recognition, matched contemporary developments of European science, especially in Germany and Britain. Se ofrece una visión panorámica de la antropología catalana de comienzos del s. XX, destacando sus hitos teóricos y conceptuales alrededor de la psicología étnica y la obra de Tomás Carreras Artau. Se resaltan los méritos internacionales de este desarrollo profesional, en coincidencia con la ciencia europea, y particularmente alemana e inglesa.
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