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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 940 matches for " Caldas "
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The First Competitive Examinations for Teacher Selection: The Construction of Order without Didactics  [PDF]
Eurize Caldas Pessanh
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.511104
Abstract: The main purpose of this article is to analyze the competitive examinations (concursos) developed for the hiring of public school teachers in Brazil in the XIX century. An analysis of these competitive examinations explaining the characteristics that the government required of people whom it wished to hire as teachers represents an important approach to recovering the history of teachers, which the history of teacher training programs and Didactics itself seems to hide. The research on which this article is based has the goal of discussing the history of the subject from the standpoint of analyzing the exams for teacher selection, namely the content, skills, and characteristics required of an individual to be hired as a teacher in a public school. Considering that Didactics is the subject from which future professionals acquire everything that they must know and the skills necessary to be a professional, we dig into the history of this school subject related to the history of Normal Schools (teacher training schools) in Brazil. We also present the analysis of the competitive examinations for teacher selection, considering the content, skills, and characteristics required for an individual to be hired as a teacher in a public school. In our attempt to analyze this process, we highlight legislative acts from 1809 to 1880 related to the hiring of teachers in the Primitivo Moacyr collection. These sources contain the respective exams and procedural documents for the following years: 1876, 1878, 1881, 1883, 1884, 1885, and 1886. All evidence appears to indicate that although the competitive examinations, including all official apparatus, were conducted as a matter of appearances only, their legitimacy was still provisional, as suggested by both the procedural documents and some legal documents. We conclude that the knowledge required to hire teachers was not Didactics but behavior because, in countries such as Brazil where the “welfare state” was never completely constructed, the school served as the first “reception room” of the state, and the elementary school teacher, always a woman, was the “receptionist”.
A note on some applications of -open sets
Miguel Caldas
International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences , 2003, DOI: 10.1155/s0161171203203161
Abstract: The object of this note is to introduce and study topological properties of α-derived, α-border, α-frontier, and α-exterior of a set using the concept of α-open sets. Moreover, we study some further properties of the well-known notions of α-closure and α-interior. We also obtain a new decomposition of α-continuous functions.
Um livro chamado Angústia: sobre o romance de Graciliano Ramos
Caldas, Heloisa;
Psicologia Clínica , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-56652006000100011
Abstract: this paper addresses the relationship between anguish and creativity based on the novel anguish by graciliano ramos. the author shows some aspects of this narrative that can be used to investigate act and creation through the experience of anguish. the use of the psychoanalytical reference is unfolded in two plans: psychoanalysis applied to literature and literature applied to psychoanalysis. in the former, the focus is on the plot, in which the protagonist lives anguish and because of it he is impelled to perform an act; in the latter, the plan of creation of the novel is analyzed and anguish can be inferred as the cause of the creation act.
Intraseasonal variation in a population of Fountainea ryphea (Cramer) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae)
Caldas, Astrid;
Revista Brasileira de Zoologia , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81751996000200009
Abstract: a different approach was used for the key-factor method in a population study of the tropical butterfly fountainea ryphea (cramer, [1776]) (lepidoptera, nymphalidae), marking 20 artificial cohorts to identify the mortality levels and associated instars responsible for the variation in numbers within the season of occurrence, when generations overlap broadly. highest mortality was detected during first instar in 13 cohorts; during second instar in three cohorts; third and fourth instars suffered highest mortality twice. results showed that first instar mortality due to rainfall and predation, and parasitism on fourth instar could be the main factors promoting differences in number between cohorts throughout the season, although no density-dependent processes could be identified.
Primeiro Encontro Nacional da ANPTECRE
Carlos Caldas
REVER : Revista de Estudos da Religi?o , 2008,
Da MPB como Fonte para Estudo da Religi o: Análise do Elemento Religioso Presente em “Anuncia o” de Alceu Valen a e “Um índio” de Caetano Veloso
Carlos Caldas
REVER : Revista de Estudos da Religi?o , 2006,
Abstract: The Brazilian tradition of religious studies is characterized by an intensive use of auxiliary tools in the field of the Social Sciences, especially Sociology. Nevertheless, it is possible to use other auxiliary tools in order to study the religious phenomenon or the religious experience. This element has been, by and large, ignored by Brazilian academy. This essay intends to work with Brazilian Popular Music – MPB – as a source to the study of religion. In order to reach this goal, the essay work with Jacques Derrida’s idea of track (trace) of the sacred, as well as Calvin Seerveld’s concept of allusiveness it will do an analysis of the religious element found in Anuncia o, by Alceu Valen a, and Um índio, by Caetano Veloso. This essay starts from the basic presupposition that the religious element found in the cited poems is messianism. Messianism will be analyzed from the Henri Desroche’s theoretical framework perspective.
1968 A referência da revolu o 1968: The revolution reference
Waldenyr Caldas
Estudos de Sociologia , 2009,
Abstract: O ano de 1968 tornou-se, no decorrer do tempo, uma espécie de referência para as grandes transforma es ocorridas nas décadas de 1960 e 1970. Um pouco antes, porém, surgiu nos Estados Unidos, nos anos de 1950, um movimento de jovens que ficou conhecido como beat generation, cujos principais representantes foram Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, entre outros. Foi um grupo de mo os intelectualizados que prop s, por meio da literatura e da arte, um estilo de vida e de comportamento diferente do universo pragmático e mercantilizado da sociedade americana. Ao lado do rock’n’roll também surgido nesse momento, a juventude teve as condi es para engendrar uma grande revolu o comportamental, que mais tarde ficou conhecida como o movimento da contracultura, dos hippies e da cultura psicodélica. A partir desse momento estavam lan adas as bases para tudo o que viria ocorrer nos anos de 1960 e 1970, décadas realmente revolucionárias, em que a juventude n o tergiversou quanto ao direito de tra ar seu próprio destino. Seu maior objetivo era assegurar o que o homem tem de mais precioso: a liberdade e a luta contra a asfixia comportamental imposta pelo establishment. Palavras-chave: Contracultura. Política. Liberdade. Sociedade. Estado. Revolu o. Psicodélico. The year of 1968 has become, throughout time, a kind of reference to the great transformations that occurred in the decades of 1960 and 1970. Some time before, however, in the 1950’s, in the US, a young movement appeared. They were known as the beat generation, which main representatives were Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, and others. It was a group of intellectual young men that brought, through the literature and art, a life style and different behavior from the pragmatic and commercialized universe of the American society. Together with the rock’n’roll, also from that moment, the youth had conditions to engender a big behavior revolution, that later was known as the movement of counterculture, of the hippies and of the psychedelic culture. From that moment on, the bases for all that would yet come in the 1960’s and 1970’s was launched. Those decades were revolutionary; a time when the youth did not prevaricated about the right of tracing its own destiny. The greatest goal was to insure what the man has as a precious gift: the freedom and the fight against the behavior asphyxia imposed by the establishment. Keywords:Counterculture. Politics. Freedom. Society. State. Revolution. Psychedelic.
Bonhoeffer no Brasil – Uma análise do neopentecostalismo brasileiro a partir de uma perspectiva bonhoefferiana
Carlos Caldas
Caminhando , 2008,
Abstract: Este artigo pretende apresentar: 1) a recep o da teologia de Dietrich Bonhoeffer no Brasil; 2) o conceito de gra a conforme entendido por Bonhoeffer como ferramenta crítica para analisar o neopentecostalismo brasileiro. “Discipulado” (Nachfolge), de Bonhoeffer é fonte primária deste artigo.
Asymmetrically Doped Polyacetylene
Heron Caldas
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2008.09.002
Abstract: Doped one-dimensional (1D) conjugated polymers, such as polyacetylene, have a conductivity of some metals, like copper. We show that when this polymer is asymmetrically doped, unexpected properties are revealed, when compared to the behavior of the symmetrically standard doped systems (SDS). Depending on the level of imbalance between the chemical potentials of the two involved fermionic species, the polymer can be converted into a 1D partially or fully spin polarized organic conductor.
Cold asymmetrical fermion superfluids
Heron Caldas
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.69.063602
Abstract: In this work we investigate the general properties and the ground state of an asymmetrical dilute gas of cold fermionic atoms, formed by two particle species having different densities. We have show in a recent paper, that a mixed phase composed of normal and superfluid components is the energetically favored ground state of such a cold fermionic system. Here we extend the analysis and verify that in fact, the mixed phase is the preferred ground state of an asymmetrical superfluid in various situatiations. We predict that the mixed phase can serve as a way of detecting superfluidity and estimating the magnitude of the gap parameter in asymmetrical fermionic systems.
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