oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2020 ( 1 )

2019 ( 13 )

2018 ( 10 )

2017 ( 26 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6963 matches for " Caldas Eloísa Dutra "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /6963
Display every page Item
Intoxica??es provocadas por agrotóxicos de uso agrícola na microrregi?o de Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, no período de 1992 a 2002
Pires, Dario Xavier;Caldas, Eloísa Dutra;Recena, Maria Celina Piazza;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000300014
Abstract: reports of poisoning and suicide attempts involving pesticides in the micro region of dourados, mato grosso do sul state, brazil, from 1992 to 2002, were evaluated, using data from the integrated center for toxicological surveillance under the state health department. a total of 475 reports were made during the period, of which 261 were accidental or occupational poisonings, 203 suicide attempts, and 11 undetermined. dourados county had the highest prevalence of pesticide poisoning and suicide attempts per 100,000 inhabitants, considering the rural population, and fátima do sul the second highest prevalence of suicides within the micro region. significant correlations were found between poisoning and suicide (r = 0.60; p < 0.05) and between poisoning and temporary crop area as a percentage of the county's total area (r = 0.68; p < 0.05). poisoning occurred predominantly in men (87.0%), but the percentage of suicide attempts by men and women were similar (53 and 47.0%, respectively). poisonings occurred mostly from october to march and the organophosphate insecticides monocrotophos and methamidophos were the main pesticides involved.
Uso de agrotóxicos e suicídios no Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil
Pires, Dario Xavier;Caldas, Eloísa Dutra;Recena, Maria Celina Piazza;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000200027
Abstract: prevalence of suicide with pesticides in the state of mato grosso do sul, brazil, was evaluated based on data from the integrated state center for toxicological surveillance under the state health department and reported from january 1992 to december 2002. population and crop production data were collected from the brazilian institute of geography and statistics, and suicide data were obtained from the state health department. during the period studied, 1,355 cases of pesticide poisoning were reported, including 506 suicide attempts, resulting in 139 deaths. the regions of campo grande and dourados had the highest prevalence of suicide attempts, with dourados having the most deaths. dourados also had a high prevalence of suicide attempts overall, with an increasing trend in the previous 10 years. the results indicated that dourados is a critical region in the state in terms of intentional ingestion of pesticides, showing the need for an epidemiological investigation to better evaluate and quantify these events among the rural population.
Intoxica??o por agrotóxicos no Distrito Federal, Brasil, de 2004 a 2007 - análise da notifica??o ao Centro de Informa??o e Assistência Toxicológica
Rebelo,Fernanda Maciel; Caldas,Eloísa Dutra; Heliodoro,Viviane de Oliveira; Rebelo,Rafaela Maciel;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011000900017
Abstract: exposure to toxic substances, including pesticides, can cause irreversible damage to humans, including death, and is therefore considered a serious public health problem worldwide. this is a retrospective study using data gathered by the toxicological information and assistance center of brazil's federal district (ciat-df) between 2004 and 2007. during this period, 709 intoxications with pesticide occurred in the df and were analyzed in this study. fifty-one percent of the intoxicated individuals were men; the events occurred mostly in the home (91%), in the urban area (86.3%) and by ingestion (84%). children from 1 to 4 years of age and adults from 20 to 39 years were involved in 30% and 36% of the cases, respectively. accidental intoxication corresponded to 47.1% of the cases, followed by attempted suicide (44.2%). the illegal rodenticide known as "chumbinho", the main ingredient of which is carbamate insecticide aldicarb, was involved in 35.1% of the cases, mostly in suicide attempts. in eighteen cases, the intoxicated individuals died after exposure to the pesticides, namely 15 suicides and 3 accidental poisonings. when compared with other data sources, this study identified a high level of underreporting to the ciat-df of intoxication by pesticide during the period under study.
Uso de agrotóxicos e suicídios no Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil
Pires Dario Xavier,Caldas Eloísa Dutra,Recena Maria Celina Piazza
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005,
Abstract: As prevalências das tentativas de suicídio provocadas pela exposi o a agrotóxicos de uso agrícola no Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, ocorridas entre janeiro 1992 a dezembro 2002, foram avaliadas baseadas nos registros das notifica es de intoxica o do Centro Integrado de Vigilancia Toxicológica da Secretaria de Saúde do Estado. Dados populacionais e de produ o agrícola foram obtidos do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, e dados de suicídio por causas diversas da Secretaria de Estado de Saúde. Foram registradas 1.355 notifica es de intoxica o, sendo 506 tentativas de suicídio que levaram a 139 óbitos. As microrregi es de Campo Grande e Dourados apresentam as maiores prevalências de tentativas de suicídio. Alta prevalência de suicídios por causas diversas também foi observada em Dourados, com uma tendência de crescimento nos últimos dez anos. Os resultados deste estudo indicaram a microrregi o de Dourados como uma das mais críticas do Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul com rela o à ingest o voluntária de agrotóxicos, demonstrando a necessidade de um programa de vigilancia epidemiológica para melhor investigar estes eventos na popula o rural da regi o.
Intoxica es provocadas por agrotóxicos de uso agrícola na microrregi o de Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, no período de 1992 a 2002
Pires Dario Xavier,Caldas Eloísa Dutra,Recena Maria Celina Piazza
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005,
Abstract: As notifica es de intoxica es e tentativas de suicídio provocadas por agrotóxicos na microrregi o de Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, entre 1992 e 2002, foram avaliadas baseando-se nos registros do Centro Integrado de Vigilancia Toxicológica da Secretaria de Saúde do estado. Foram notificadas 475 ocorrências no período, sendo 261 intoxica es (acidental ou ocupacional), 203 tentativas de suicídio e 11 eventos de causa indeterminada. O Município de Dourados apresentou a maior prevalência de intoxica es, por 100 mil habitantes, considerando a popula o rural, e Fátima do Sul a segunda maior prevalência de suicídios na microrregi o. Correla es significativas foram encontradas entre intoxica o e tentativa de suicídio (r = 0,60; p < 0,05), e entre intoxica o e raz o entre a área ocupada por culturas temporárias e área total do município (r = 0,68; p < 0,05). As intoxica es ocorreram predominantemente com homens (87,0%), mas a diferen a entre tentativas de suicídio em homens e mulheres n o foi acentuada (53,0 e 47,0%, respectivamente). Os eventos ocorreram principalmente entre outubro e mar o, e os inseticidas organofosforados monocrotofós e metamidofós foram os principais agrotóxicos envolvidos.
Suscetibilidade de larvas de Aedes aegypti ao inseticida temefós no Distrito Federal
Carvalho Maria do Socorro Laurentino de,Caldas Eloísa Dutra,Degallier Nicolas,Vilarinhos Paulo de Tarso Ribeiro
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2004,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Estudar o padr o de suscetibilidade do Aedes aegypti ao inseticida organofosforado temefós. MéTODOS: Amostras de larvas de Ae. aegypti foram obtidas com armadilhas para oviposi o, em oito cidades do Distrito Federal, nos anos 2000 e 2001. As larvas foram submetidas à dose diagnóstica de 0,012 mg/l de temefós, segundo metodologia padronizada pela Organiza o Mundial da Saúde. As popula es de campo foram testadas em paralelo com a cepa de referência Rockefeller e a cepa DIVAL, do insetário da Diretoria de Vigilancia Ambiental. A concentra o e a pureza das solu es de temefós foram analisadas por cromatografia gasosa. Os cálculos de correla o foram determinados pelo programa StatView - SAS Institute Inc., vers o 5. Utilizou-se o teste t de Student para verificar diferen as de suscetibilidade, com níveis de significancia, alfa=0,05. RESULTADOS: Em 2000, as popula es de larvas de Ae. aegypti nas cidades de Taguatinga, Guará e Núcleo Bandeirante apresentaram-se resistentes ao temefós, com mortalidade de larvas entre 54,1 e 63,4%. As popula es do Gama, Planaltina e Sobradinho apresentaram altera es nos níveis de suscetibilidade (mortalidade de 83,6 a 92,8%). A popula o de Ceilandia foi a única suscetível, com 98% de mortalidade. Em 2001, todas as popula es testadas mostraram-se resistentes (44,4 a 66,4% de mortalidade). Nenhuma correla o significativa foi encontrada entre a suscetibilidade das popula es e a distancia entre essas cidades ou a quantidade de inseticida aplicado nos anos anteriores ao estudo. CONCLUS ES: Os níveis de suscetibilidade do Ae. aegypti ao temefós vêm se alterando no Distrito Federal. é essencial a continuidade de programas de monitoramento da resistência desse vetor aos inseticidas para se garantir a eficiência dos programas de controle e a prote o da saúde humana.
Suscetibilidade de larvas de Aedes aegypti ao inseticida temefós no Distrito Federal
Carvalho,Maria do Socorro Laurentino de; Caldas,Eloísa Dutra; Degallier,Nicolas; Vilarinhos,Paulo de Tarso Ribeiro; Souza,Luís César Kenupp Rodrigues de; Yoshizawa,Maria Amélia Cavalcanti; Knox,Monique Britto; Oliveira,Cristiane de;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102004000500002
Abstract: objective: to study the susceptibility status of aedes aegypti to the organophosphate insecticide temephos. methods: samples of ae. aegypti larvae were obtained, using ovitraps, from eight cities of the federal district, central brazil, in 2000 and 2001. larvae were submitted to the diagnostic dose of 0.012 mg/l temephos, as recommended by standard world health organization methodology. field populations were tested in parallel with reference strains rockefeller and dival, from the environmental surveillance directory (dival) insectary. the concentration and purity of temephos solutions were verified by gas chromatography. correlation calculations were performed using statview - sas institute inc., version 5. student's t test was used for detecting differences in susceptibility, with significance levels of a=0.05. results: in 2000, ae. aegypti larvae populations from taguatinga, guará, and núcleo bandeirante showed resistance to temephos, with mortality ranging from 54.1 to 63.4%. the populations from gama, planaltina, and sobradinho showed altered levels of susceptibility (mortality ranging from 83.6 to 92.8%). the population from ceilandia was the only susceptible one, with 98% mortality. in 2001, all populations tested were resistant (44.4 to 66.4% mortality). no significant correlation was found between the susceptibility of populations and the distance between the cities of origin, or the amount of insecticide applied in the years preceding the study. conclusions: ae. aegypti susceptibility to temephos is changing in the federal district. it is essential to continue monitoring the resistance of this vector to insecticides in order to ensure the efficiency of programs aimed at vector control and at the protection of human health.
Métodos diagnósticos para retinopatia induzida pelo difosfato de cloroquina nos portadores de lúpus eritematoso sistêmico
Rodrigues, Luciana Duarte;Shinjo, Samuel Katsuyuki;Oyamada, Maria Kiyoko;Serracarbassa, Pedro Dur?es;Takahashi, Walter Yukihiko;Borba, Eduardo Ferreira;Bonfá, Eloísa Silva Dutra de Oliveira;Nakashima, Yoshitaka;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492009000300007
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate different diagnostic methods for high risk chloroquine retinopathy due to prolonged use of chloroquine (more than 5 years) by systemic lupus erythematosus patients. methods: seventy-two eyes of 36 consecutive patients, followed in the division of rheumatology, school of medicine, university of s?o paulo, were analyzed from july 2007 to april 2008. demographic and clinical data were evaluated in order to study risk factors and to compare the following different ophthalmological methods: visual acuity, biomicroscopy, fundus examination, retinography, fluorescein angiogram, visual field test and, color vision tests. results: from 36 patients, 34 (94.4%) were female. the mean age was 39.9 ± 9.8 years and the disease duration was 13.9 ± 6.6 years. besides chronic use of chloroquine, patients also showed high daily and cumulative doses. these high risk factors were not related to a higher retinopathy prevalence. visual field showed 38.9% of retinopathy prevalence. other ophthalmological methods failed in detecting most cases. conclusion: high prevalence of retinopathy in high risk patients was observed by visual field test, but other ophthalmological methods failed in detecting alterations. ophthalmological assessment of these patients should include visual field, even in the absence of clinical alterations.
A espetacularidade da performance ritual no Reisado do Mulungu (Chapada Diamantina - Bahia)
Brantes, Eloísa;
Religi?o & Sociedade , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-85872007000100003
Abstract: the visita do reisado ritual, religious practice of the popular rural catholicism, is based on material/spiritual exchange relations between the group of worshippers and the visited people. the saints of devotion bless the houses through the annual visita do reisado ritual. this article on the spectacular body's dimension in this ritual focuses on the performance's construction processes by analyzing the interactions among worshippers/saints/owners of the visited houses. the starting point is the study of the reisado in the black rural community called mulungu (city of boninal - chapada diamantina/bahia) developed through ethnographic research and connections between ritual/theater, traced by jerzy grotowski in the theatre anthropology field.
Gilda, el ángel de la cumbia: prácticas de sacralización de una cantante argentina
Martín, Eloísa;
Religi?o & Sociedade , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-85872007000200003
Abstract: this article aims to show how people, who identify themselves as gilda fans, through different practices, cooperate in the deceased singer consecration process. taking into account the emic differentiation between fan and devotee, we shall see how gilda is inscribed into a differential texture within the dwelling-world, that we can call sacred, from performances that are not easily identify as belonging to the religious sphere. instead to considering fans' practices as religious metaphors, we consider them as different ways of gilda consecration.
Page 1 /6963
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.