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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 85373 matches for " Cacciamali Maria Cristina "
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As políticas ativas de mercado de trabalho no Mercosul
Cacciamali, Maria Cristina;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142005000300007
Abstract: active labour market programs aim to correct market imperfections and to improve its allocative efficiency. all the types of active labour market policies are implemented by the governments of the mercosur, allowing the change of experiences, the operational improvement of the programmes and the definition of a common agenda.
Princípios e direitos fundamentais no trabalho na América Latina
CACCIAMALI, MARIA CRISTINA;
S?o Paulo em Perspectiva , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-88392002000200008
Abstract: this article has dual objectives: presenting the main characteristics of latin american labor reform, and describing the current state of the labor market and the challenges of promoting and institutionalizing basic rights, in order to safeguard a large segment of the labor force from a deterioration in conditions and sliding wages.
As políticas ativas de mercado de trabalho no Mercosul
Cacciamali Maria Cristina
Estudos Avan?ados , 2005,
Abstract: AS POLíTICAS ativas de mercado de trabalho constituem instrumentos da política pública que têm como objetivo diminuir os mecanismos concentradores do mercado de trabalho e/ou a sua eficiência alocativa. Todas as modalidades de políticas ativas de mercado de trabalho s o realizadas pelos governos da regi o do Mercosul, permitindo a troca de experiência, o aprimoramento operacional dos programas e o estabelecimento de uma agenda comum.
Redu??o da desigualdade da distribui??o de renda entre 2001 e 2006 nas macrorregi?es brasileiras: tendência ou fen?meno transitório?
Cacciamali, Maria Cristina;Camillo, Vladimir Sipriano;
Economia e Sociedade , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-06182009000200003
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to contribute to the debate on the decrease of the concentration degree of the family's income distribution in brazil in the first five years of the xxi century. on this purpose, we approach the phenomenon analyzing the importance of five types of income ( labor, property rents, donation, retirement and public cash transference) in the five macro regions in brazil - north, northeast, middle-west, southeast, south, during the period 2001-2006.to reach the purposes, the text was structured in three parts. the first one highlights stylized facts on this decreasing from the brazilian specialized literature. the second section presents the mathematical technique used to build the decomposition. finally, in the third section we analyze the results obtained for the five macro regions. we detached, specially, the magnitude of the employment's creation and, secondarily, the public cash transference to poor families as the main causes to explain the decline on the concentration degree of the income distribution.
A influência da ra?a e do gênero nas oportunidades de obten??o de renda - uma análise da discrimina??o em mercados de trabalho distintos: Bahia e S?o Paulo
Cacciamali, Maria Cristina;Hirata, Guilherme Issamu;
Estudos Econ?micos (S?o Paulo) , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-41612005000400007
Abstract: this paper attempts to verify the hypothesis of discrimination in the brazilian labor market for men and women, according to their racial auto-identification - white or black - in the states of bahia and s?o paulo. a probit model has been applied for the accomplishment of the tests. the results show that the discrimination is alive in the brazilian labor market against black people and women, especially black women. it was not found any evidence of racial discrimination among the poorest population, but among this group the discrimination against women persists.
Diferencial de salários entre homens e mulheres segundo a condi??o de migra??o
Batista, Natalia Nunes Ferreira;Cacciamali, Maria Cristina;
Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Popula??o , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-30982009000100008
Abstract: this article analyzes wage differences by gender, as per condition of migration of the population. by calculating duncan's dissimilarity index and the oaxaca decomposition for wages of male and female migrants and non-migrants, great differences were noted between the southeastern region of brazil and the rest of the country. the findings show that the great wage differences between genders detected in the migrant population living outside the southeastern region is due to the different valuation on the labor market of male attributes vis-a-vis female. but in the southeast the narrower wage difference between men and women migrants was seen as being due more to the specific characteristics of the workers than to different valuation on the labor market.
Trabalho infantil e o status ocupacional dos pais
Cacciamali, Maria Cristina;Tatei, Fábio;
Revista de Economia Política , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31572008000200006
Abstract: child labor and the parents' status of employment. the objective of this paper is to verify the hypothesis of the effect of the status of employment of the head of the family on the occurrence of child labor, as well as to analyze other characteristics which can influence such behavior. a probit model was used to realize the statistical tests. the results ratify the hypothesis proposed that the families whose head works as an independent worker show higher probability for the occurrence of child labor than those whose head works as a formal salaried worker. among other results, it must be highlighted, making simulations, that increasing parents' schooling is more efficient than augmenting income to reduce the use of child labor. these results endorse the proposition that the status of employment should be used, complementing the criteria of income per capita, to select families in the cash transfers programmes or others to eradicate child labor.
Em busca de uma nova inser??o da América Latina na economia global
Cacciamali, Maria Cristina;Bobik, Márcio;Celli Jr, Umberto;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142012000200007
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to discuss, in an interdisciplinary way, the necessary conditions and steps to achieve a more autonomous political and economic model on the world stage for south america countries. it departs from the political and social conditions of the region by the end of the first decade of this century. emphasis is placed on the role of brazil across the region in the light of the economic and political relations in the international arena, political stability and the growing influence of china. it also examines issues concerning the importance of maintaining an inclusive social policy and a common defense policy under the southern america nations union (unasur).
Impactos do Programa Bolsa Família federal sobre o trabalho infantil e a frequência escolar
Cacciamali, Maria Cristina;Tatei, Fábio;Batista, Natália Ferreira;
Revista de Economia Contemporanea , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-98482010000200003
Abstract: this paper analyses the impacts of the bolsa família program on the occurrence of child labor and school attendance of children from poor families in brazil in 2004, according to census and regional areas. a bivariate probit model was used to estimate the statistical tests. the results corroborate the efficiency of the bolsa família to increase the school attendance of children, however, the program increases the likelihood of occurrence of child labor. moreover, children of poor households in rural areas have worse conditions than those of urban areas, demanding specific actions to them.
BRASIL UN CASO RECIENTE DE CRECIMIENTO ECONóMICO CON DISTRIBUCIóN DE RENTA
María Cristina Cacciamali
Revista de Estudios Empresariales. Segunda época , 2011,
Abstract: The purpose of this essay is to systematize the economic policy implemented by the Brazilian Government since the 2000’s in order to promote economic growth, formal employment increases, wages rise and a less concentrated distribution of labor income. The period of prosperity in the world economy up to 2008 created the conditions for the growth of the South American economies. In Brazil this period of economic growth came along with the expansion of the formal labour market, wages increase and redistributive public policies such as passive and active labour market policies, and massive cash transfers programs focusing poor families. This strategy diminished the poverty indexes and widened the consumption of wage goods. Yet there are evidences that the concentration of the functional distribution increased due the persistence of high interest rates. The trend toward less inequality in labour income distribution can continue if Asia support Brazilian exports, if the domestic demand expands and if more investments are made in education and infrastructure.
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