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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 112446 matches for " CHEN Hui-Chang "
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An Integration of Social Information Processing Modal on Aggression and Moral Domain Theory
攻击行为社会信息加工模型与道德领域理论的整合

GAO Wen,CHEN Hui-Chang,
高雯
,陈会昌

心理科学进展 , 2008,
Abstract: 儿童攻击行为研究中Dodge等人提出的社会信息加工模型,强调社会交互作用情境下个体的信息加工过程与后来的社会行为之间的联系,对于信息加工所依据的数据库则缺乏系统的阐述.领域理论源于对道德认知的思考,将个体的社会知识分为道德、常规和个人三个领域,强调个体在领域认同标准和领域混合事件推理上的差异.Arsenio和Lemerise在情绪与社会信息加工模型整合的基础上,提出借鉴领域理论来说明数据库的内部结构以及其中的社会知识对于信息加工的影响.这些整合体现了认知和情绪在社会行为加工和决策过程中的交互作用,有利于说明存储在长时记忆中的社会知识之间的联系及作用,引发了对各种形式的内部心理成分的理论思考和多个实证研究方向,也为心理研究其他方面的整合工作提供了值得借鉴的研究思路.
The Development of Trait Inference at Behavioral and Psychological Levels
儿童行为与心理水平的特质推理的发展

WANG Mei-Fang,CHEN Hui-Chang,
王美芳
,陈会昌

心理学报 , 2009,
Abstract: Personality traits are stable, internal characteristics that enable people to summarize, explain, and predict behavior. People often make inference about behavior based on personality traits. It is suggested that trait inference may be made at two different levels: behavioral and psychological. During the past three decades, researchers have been interested in children's understanding of traits, and a large amount of research has been conducted to investigate the development of trait inference. Before the 1990s, the majority of studies focused on children's trait inference at the behavioral level by using behavior predictions. After the 1990s, researchers studied the psychological cause of behavioral regularity by examining children's theory of mind and internal state predictions. However, less attention has been paid to direct comparisons of the two levels of children's trait inference and the rules they use to make behavioral and psychological predictions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the development of trait inference at the two levels and the use of different rules that children used in trait inference.The participants in the study included 160 children at 4 to 12 years and 32 undergraduate students. Trait inference was measured through behavioral and emotional predictions, and the information was collected about the rules children used to make trait inference.The major results are as follows. First, children at least from age 4 were capable of making trait inference at the behavioral level, and from age 5 capable of making trait inference at the psychological level. Chidren's trait inferences at both levels matured at 10 years. Second, trait inference at the psychological level fell behind trait inference at the behavioral level at ages 4 and 5, and there were no significant differences between the two types of inferences at age 7. Third, children used a conceptual similarity rule rather than a simple situation-matching rule to predict behavior. Finally, children at 4 years did not employ a simple valence rule to make cross-trait category behavioral predictions, whereas children at 5, 7, 10 and 12-years and adults showed evidences of using this rule in a clearly discriminating way.These findings indicate the developmental trend of trait inference at the behavioral and psychological levels in Chinese children. The study also provides some new information about the strategies that children might use to make behavioral predictions.
The Development of Behavioral Inhibition in Chinese Children From 2 to 7 Years of Age
儿童2~7岁行为抑制性的发展

HOU Jing,CHEN Hui-Chang,CHEN Xin-yin,
侯静
,陈会昌,陈欣银

心理学报 , 2008,
Abstract: 采用实验室录像观察对中国儿童的行为抑制性的发展进行了追踪研究(2岁、4岁、7岁).儿童2岁时,有124名儿童参加了实验室观察.儿童4岁时,由于搬迁、退出或失约,有103名儿童参加.儿童7岁时由于以上原因有100名儿童参加实验室观察.在2岁、4岁、7岁至少参加一次观察的儿童有113名,而在三个时间点都参加观察的儿童有89名.我们对儿童2~7岁行为抑制性整体发展的稳定性以及行为抑制性和非抑制性的发展趋向进行了分析.结果表明,中国儿童从2岁到7岁的行为抑制性的整体发展稳定性较低.从2岁到7岁,行为抑制性-非抑制倾向比较稳定的儿童共28人,占总人数的31.5%.而行为抑制性-非抑制性不稳定的儿童为61人,占总人数的68.5%.随着年龄增长,本研究中的儿童的行为抑制性-非抑制性倾向有向中间型趋中的趋势.从2岁到7岁,行为抑制性的发展变化没有显著性别差异.
Childrens Relationships with Mothers and Teachers:Linkages to Problem Behavior in Their First Preschool Years
母子关系、师生关系与儿童入园第一年的问题行为

ZHANG Xiao,CHEN Hui-Chang,ZHANG Gui-Fang,
张晓
,陈会昌,张桂

心理学报 , 2008,
Abstract: 通过对102名托班幼儿的母亲和教师间隔9个月的两次测查,考察了母子关系、师生关系在儿童入园第一年的问题行为发展中的作用.结果表明:控制了儿童入园三个月时的问题行为后,(1)母子关系无法直接预测人园一年时的问题行为,师生关系冲突性可以负向预测人园一年时的退缩和违纪问题;(2)儿童性别调节了母子关系冲突性对入园一年时攻击问题的预测,即母子关系冲突性对入园一年时攻击问题的正向预测作用仅对女孩成立,对男孩则不成立;(3)师生关系亲密性调节了母子关系亲密性对人园一年时的退缩、焦虑、攻击和违纪问题的预测,即母子关系亲密性对人园一年时各种问题行为的负向预测作用仅对师生关系亲密程度高的儿童成立,对师生关系亲密程度低的儿童则不成立;对师生关系亲密程度低的儿童来说,母子关系亲密性对入园一年时的焦虑问题甚至具有正向预测作用.
The Method of Adaptive Time-varying Interference Cancellation based on FRFT for Pseudo-random Coded Fuze
基于FRFT的伪码引信自适应LFM干扰对消方法

Zhang Shu-ning Zhao Hui-chang Zhang Ai-chen,
张淑宁
,赵惠昌,涂友超

电子与信息学报 , 2008,
Abstract: The effect of LFM interference on pseudo-random coded fuze system is analyzed. It is found that the correlation output is deteriorated when the interference power is larger than the anti-interference limit of the fuze system. It is very necessary to excise the above interference. Because there is strong time and frequency coupling between the interference and useful signal, so the method of adaptive time-varying interference cancellation based on FRFT is proposed. The characteristic parameters of interferences are obtained by FRFT. Then the adaptive interference canceler is designed according to the estimated interference parameters. Simulation results show that the above method can effectively excise LFM interference and the correlation output is improved obviously. This method is appropriate for both single component interference and multi-component interferences and it can not be affected by across items.
A Longitudinal Study of Parent-Child Relationships and Problem Behaviors in Early Childhood: Transactional Models
亲子关系与问题行为的动态相互作用模型:对儿童早期的追踪研究

ZHANG Xiao,CHEN Hui-Chang,ZHANG Gui-Fang,ZHOU Bo-Fang,WU Wei,
张晓
,陈会昌,张桂芳,周博芳,吴巍

心理学报 , 2008,
Abstract: 通过对81名幼儿的父母历时两年的三次追踪测查,考察了父子、母子关系与儿童问题行为的动态相互作用模型.结构方程模型的分析结果表明:一方面,相邻两次测查的母子、父子关系、各种问题行为之间的路径系数都非常显著;另一方面,母子关系与退缩、攻击问题的双向作用,父子关系与攻击、违纪问题的双向作用都得到了支持,焦虑问题对父子、母子关系的作用,违纪问题对父子关系的作用也都得到了支持.
Noncompliant Behavior in Toddlerhood Predicted Social Adaptation at 4 to 11 Years of Age
儿童2岁时的不顺从对4~11岁间社会适应的预测

CAO Rui-Xin,XIA Mei-Ping,CHEN Hui-Chang,CHEN Xin-Yin,ZHANG Lin-Lin,CAI Xiao-Lu,GAO Yan-Ping,YANG Liu,
曹睿昕
,夏美萍,陈会昌,陈欣银,张琳琳,蔡晓露,高艳苹,杨柳

心理学报 , 2010,
Abstract: Compliance is a major goal of early socialization in childhood,and represents the ability to exert self-control and internalization.In toddlerhood when children demonstrate an awareness of social demands and abilities to direct their own behaviour,children often display noncompliant behaviors such as resistance and defiance to adults' requests.Individual differences in noncompliant behaviors are believed to predictive of later adjustment and problems in various areas.Unfortunately,there is little research o...
Bis{μ-2-[(pyridin-2-yl)iminomethyl]phenolato}bis[(2-formylphenolato)copper(II)]
Hui-Chang Chang,Jacqueline M. Cole,Tze-Chia Lin,Sven O. Sylvester
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2011, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536811015674
Abstract: The asymmetric unit of the title compound, [Cu2(C12H9N2O)2(C7H5O2)2], contains two independent (2-formylphenolato){2-[(pyridin-2-yl)iminomethyl]phenolato}copper(II) molecules that form pseudocentrosymmetric dimers via interactions between the Cu and pyridyl N atoms of independent monomers. The square-planar geometry of the Cu atoms in the monomer thus becomes square-based pyramidal in the dimer. The crystal studied was an inversion twin, with unequal populations of 0.353 (17) and 0.647 (17).
Tetra-μ-acetato-κ8O:O′-bis[(2-amino-3,5-dichloropyridine-κN1)copper(II)](Cu—Cu)
Hui-Chang Chang,Jacqueline M. Cole,Tze-Chia Lin,Paul G. Waddell
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2011, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536811015662
Abstract: The title binuclear Cu(II) complex, [Cu2(CH3CO2)4(C5H4Cl2N2)2], is disposed about a crystallographic inversion center, located at the mid-point of the Cu—Cu connecting line. The Cu...Cu distance is 2.6600 (6) and each metal atom exhibits a Jahn–Teller-distorted octahedral geometry.
The Study on Parameters Extraction of Pseudo Code Phase Modulation-Carry Frequency Modulation Combined Fuse Signal Based on the Adaptive Window Length WD Analysis
基于自适应窗长WD分析的伪码调相-载波调频复合引信信号的参数提取研究

Li Ming-zi,Zhao Hui-chang,
李明孜
,赵惠昌

电子与信息学报 , 2007,
Abstract: The theory and its implementation on the adaptive window length in the analysis of time frequency are presented in this paper.This method is used to analysis the in-pulse characteristics of pseudo-code fuse signals such as Pseudo-Code Phase Modulation(PCPM),pseudo-code phase modulation combined by Sinusoid Frequency Modulation(SFM)and pseudo-code phase modulation combined by Linear Frequency Modulation(LFM).The simulation result shows that both the characteristic of carry frequency modulation and phase changed position caused by the pseudo-code can be extracted effectively in SNR=10dB.
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