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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 26 matches for " CAHYANTO MUKTI "
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A Study of the Epiphytic Orchids in Jobolarangan Forest
MARSUSI,CAHYANTO MUKTI,YUDI SETIAWAN,SITI KHOLIDAH
Biodiversitas , 2001,
Abstract: The objective of the research was to know the species of epiphytic orchids in Jobolarangan forest. The orchid samples were taken from all stand-plants. The plants were chosen randomly by considering the diversity and richness of orchids that attach on it. Each plant was sampled in three repetitions. Sampling of orchids existence in the plant’s stand were done using transect method through a zonation system. In this research 11 epiphytic-orchids such as Bulbophyllum bakhuizenii Stenn, Coelogyne miniata Lindl, Coelogyne rochussenii de Vr., Dendrobium bigibbum Lindl., Dendrobchilum longifolium, Eria bogoriensis, J.J.S. Liparis caespitosa (Thou.) Lindl., Liparis pallida (Bl.). Pholidota globosa (Bl.) Lindl., Polystachya flavescens (Bl.) J.J.S., and Trichoglottis sp. were found. The host plant stand that was attached with most orchids was Schefflera fastigiata and Saurauia bracteosa, generally in zone three.
Book Review: Dani Rodrik. One Economics, Many Recipes: Globalization, Institutions and Economic Growth. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007.
Mukti Upadhyay
Journal of International and Global Studies , 2010,
Abstract:
Non-Native English Speaker Readability Metric: Reading Speed and Comprehension  [PDF]
Aissa Boudjella, Mukti Sharma, Deepti Sharma
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2017.56107
Abstract: This paper presents an investigation to evaluate the reading speed and reading comprehension of non-native English speaking students by presenting a simple analytical model. For this purpose, various readability softwares were used to estimate the average grade level of the given texts. The relationship between the score obtained by the students and their reading speed under average grade level 9 and 14 using font size 12 and 14 is presented. The experimental results show that the reading speed and the score versus the students may be explained by a linear regression. Reading speed decreases as the score decreases. The students with a higher magnitude of reading speed scored better marks. More importantly, we find that the reading speed of our students is lower than the native English speakers. This approach of modeling the readability in linear form significantly simplifies the readability analysis.
MUDHARABAH PERSPEKTIF AVERROES (Studi Analisis Kitab Bidayat al-Mujtahid Wa Nihayat al-Muqtashid)
Abdul Mukti Thabrani
Iqtishadia: Jurnal Ekonomi & Perbankan Syariah , 2014, DOI: -
Abstract: Tulisan ini akan menganalisa pemikiran Ibn Rusyd (Averroes), seorang pemikir, filosof, dan ulama besar asal Spanyol yang hidup pada 1126 – 1198 M, tentang konsep mudharabah dalam bidang fikih muamalah yang tertuang dalam karya monumentalnya yang terkenal sampai sekarang, Bidayat al-Mujtahid wa Nihayat al-Muqtashid. Pemikiran beliau dalam bidang ini ternyata masih sangat relevan dengan konteks kekinian, utamanya dalam bidang keuangan dan perbankan Islam secara umum yang diadaptasi oleh negara-negara “Islam” seperti Malaysia, Pakistan, dan Indonesia.
Effect of Administration of Lignocellulose-Degrading Fungi Isolated from Herbivore’s Gastrointestinal Tract for Fiber Degradation
A Wahyudi,MN Cahyanto,M Soejono,Z Bachruddin
Journal of Animal Production , 2010,
Abstract: Isolation and selection of lignocellulose-degrading fungi from compartment of herbivore’s gastrointestinal tract were predicted found fungi that have superiority to degrade lignin, xylan, and cellulose. Lignocellulose-degrading fungi were isolated from compartment of buffalo’s and horse’s gastrointestinal tract and also elephant dung with malt extract agar, using cellulose, xylan, and tannic acid as selective substrate. Morphological and biochemical test had been done to get superior isolates. This study showed that lignocellulose-degrading fungi could be found in all sample of buffalo’s and horse’s gastrointestinal tract and also elephant dung. The highest number of lignin, xylan and cellulose-degrading isolates respectively were found from buffalo’s cecum (5 isolates), buffalo’s colon (19 isolates), and buffalo’s colon (326 isolates). The highest isolates activity of lignolytic, xylanolytic, and cellulolytic respectively were reached from horse’s cecum (2.38), horse's cecum (6.67), and buffalo’s colon (5.60). Meanwhile the highest enzymes activities were reached from horse’s cecum (0.166 Unit/g protein), horse’s cecum (5.037 Unit/g protein) and buffalo’s colon (2.488 Unit/g protein). From this study could be concluded that lignocellulose-degrading fungi could be found from all compartment of herbivore’s gastrointestinal tract. Based on quantitative and qualitative selection, lignolytic from horse’s cecum, xylanolytic from horse’s cecum and cellulolytic from buffalo’s colon were superior isolates and predicted as Aspergillus sp genus. Administratiton of Aspergilillus sp inoculum into rumen fluid medium elevated significantly dry matter, organic matter, crude fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and acid detergent fiber digestibility as 4.55%; 4.45%; 6.69%; 11.65% and 8.23% respectively. (Animal Production 12(1): 21-28 (2010)Key Words : lignocellulose-degrading fungi, herbivore’s gastrointestinal tract, fiber degradation.
Intelligent City and Information-based Society: Implementation Based on and the Social Impact Indicators
Norhayati Abd. Mukti,Jalaluddin Abd Malik
Asian Journal of Information Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Intelligent city and information society concepts represent two vital and related applications in succeeding the developing of the city of 21 century. Intelligent city is equipped with infrastructure and infostructure technology, and mechanical technology. However. Intelligent city is impossible to be established if its population does not possess any characteristics of information society`s utilization and manipulation of information and information technology benefits for the peace of life. For example, electronic government is one of the applications which manipulates information and information technology benefits. Generally, information society that applies the electronic government possesses higher potential and motivation in all aspects of development. The aspect of facilities (technoware), database creation and information utilization (infoware) for the peace of social and economic, individual organization and culture (orgaware), positive minded (mindware), and strong social relation locally and globally. All those aspects become free indicators that provide indication and value to the characteristics or information society, from homo sapiens to homo intelligent (information based society) which depend on main indicators such as data, information knowledge, vision and wisdom. Basically, information and communication technology (ICT) and aspect of cognition support this potential. Thus, the objective of this paper is to analyse and illustrate the social impact of information society indicators (as mentioned above) in Malaysia. The Petagon method (Nijkamp & Pepping 1998), the INEXSK method (Mansell & When 1988), the techno economic method (Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer Technology 1988) and the Johoko-Shakai index method (Ito 1980) are applied in order to the background of information society in Malaysia.
Planning the Multimedia City: Swot Analysis, for the Malaysia Case
Norhayati Abd. Mukti,Jalaluddin Abdul Malek
Asian Journal of Information Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Contemporarily Malaysia is seriously and practically committed to developing the new city based on a cite within cities development for the urban life of the 21st. To create a new modern urban life, planners have introduced the concept of a multimedia city where the aim is to develop new cities such as Intelligent City, Garden City Putrajaya and Cyberjaya in Malaysia`s Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC). This corridor, about 15 kilometres by 50 kilometres has the Kuala Lumpur City Centre (KLCC) in north, Putraya and Cyberjaya in the middle, and Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) in the south. The MSC will further generate the concept of a multimedia city, and subsequently another new city development will be implemented by private sectors, such as the Bukit Unggul Eco-media City, Airport City, and Tasik Permaisuri City, A few questions arise on why Malaysia is implementing the multimedia city concept: the strengths, weaknesses, opportunity and threats (SWOT) to Malaysia in wanting to implement it; and what is the Malaysian government`s plan to realise the multimedia city concept. This paper hopes to answer the questions raised and it discusses briefly the Malaysian experience in implementing the multimedia city concept based on advanced infrastructure, such as information technology (IT) and advanced telecommunication system in the development of new cities.
Another empirical look at the Kuznets curve
Rabindra Bhandari,Gyan Pradhan,Mukti Upadhyay
International Journal of Economic Sciences and Applied Research , 2010,
Abstract: This paper examines the functional relationships between income inequality, economicfactors, institutions, and Kuznets’ inverted-U hypothesis. A model that incorporatesinteractive as well as direct effects of several factors to capture their combined effect oninequality is developed. The model is estimated using two popular measures of inequality—the Gini coefficient, and the ratio of income shares in income distribution—using a panel data set for 57 countries from 1987 to 2006. The results provide support for Kuznets’ hypothesis; however, the relationship between growth and inequality is conditioned by a host of economic and institutional factors.
Habitat differentiation and population traits variation between the rare Meconopsis napaulensis and the common congener M. paniculata: Implications for rare plant management
Mukti Ram Poudeyal,Suresh Kumar Ghimire
Botanica Orientalis: Journal of Plant Science , 2011, DOI: 10.3126/botor.v8i0.5959
Abstract: Understanding the causes of rarity has become increasingly important for the conservation and management of plant species. In this study, we compared spatial distribution, habitat characteristics, and population size and structure of two closely related species of poppy occurring in the Himalaya, the rare and endemic Meconopsis napaulensis and the widespread common congener M. paniculata in order to explain the causes of rarity of the former species. This study was carried out in Langtang National Park, north-central Nepal covering six populations of M. napaulensis and four populations of M. paniculata . Analysis of the habitat features revealed greater tendency of M. napaulensis to exhibit high habitat specificity. It was restricted to nutrient-poor, open and rocky habitats at >3700 m asl. Sites where M. paniculata were sampled showed high variability in terms of edaphic and topographic features. Mean ‘area of occupancy’ tended to be high for M. paniculata compared to M. napaulensis. M. paniculata showed larger population size and greater abundance as compared to M. napaulensis . The poor representation of younger life stages in M. napaulensis despite high proportion of reproductive adults indicated lower recruitment potential. The present study has illustrated that the rarity of M. napaulensis is strongly related to a combination of ecological and geographical constraints, which prevent reproduction, dispersal and colonization. It further demonstrates that the maintenance of population size of rare species largely depends on the survival and abundance of plants of younger stages. Thus, management directed towards reducing the impact on plants of young stages and protecting reproductive individuals from flower and fruit harvesting would help to maintain population size. Finally, development of action plans and guidelines incorporating scientific findings and accommodating local peoples’ socio-economic and cultural factors associated with the extinction risks is imperative for the conservation of rare and endemic species. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/botor.v8i0.5959 Botanica Orientalis – Journal of Plant Science (2011) 8: 57-69
Characterizing Potential Fishing Zone of Skipjack Tuna during the Southeast Monsoon in the Bone Bay-Flores Sea Using Remotely Sensed Oceanographic Data  [PDF]
Mukti Zainuddin, Alfa Nelwan, Siti Aisjah Farhum, Muhammad A. Ibnu Hajar, Muhammad Kurnia, Najamuddin  , Sudirman  
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2013.41A023
Abstract:

Potential fishing zones for skipjack tuna in the Bone Bay-Flores Sea were investigated from satellite-based oceanography and catch data, using a linear model (generalized linear model) constructed from generalized additive models and geographic information systems. Monthly mean remotely sensed sea surface temperature and surface chlorophyll-a concentration during the southeast monsoon (April-August) were used for the year 2012. The best generalized additive model was selected to assess the effect of marine environment variables (sea surface temperature and chlorophyll-a concentration) on skipjack tuna abundance (catch per unit effort). Then, the appropriate linear model was constructed from the functional relationship of the generalized additive model for generating a robust predictive model. Model selection process for the generalized additive model was based on significance of model terms, decrease in residual deviance, and increase in cumulative variance explained, whereas the model selection for the linear model was based on decrease in residual deviance, reduction in Akaike’s Information Criterion, increasing cumulative variance explained and significance of model terms. The best model was selected to predict skipjack tuna abundance and their spatial distribution patterns over entire study area. A simple linear model was used to verify the predicted values. Results indicated that the distribution pattern of potential fishing zones for skipjack during the southeast monsoon were well characterized by sea surface temperatures ranging from 28.5to 30.5 and chlorophyll-a ranging from 0.10 to 0.20 mg·m-3. Predicted highest catch per unit efforts were significantly consistent with the fishing data (P < 0.01, R2 = 0.8), suggesting that the oceanographic indicators may correspond well with the potential feeding ground for skipjack tuna. This good feeding opportunity for skipjack was driven the dynamics of upwelling operating within study area which are capable of creating a highly potential fishing zone during the southeast monsoon.

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