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Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of lymph nodes
CA Wright
Continuing Medical Education , 2012,
Abstract: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB), when performed by trained operators, and for the correct indications, is a safe and minimally invasive procedure, with an excellent diagnostic yield.
Efecto antihelmíntico in vitro de extractos de plantas sobre larvas infectantes de nematodos gastrointestinales de rumiantes
Moreno,FC; Gordon,IJ; Wright,AD; Benvenutti,MA; Saumell,CA;
Archivos de medicina veterinaria , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0301-732X2010000300006
Abstract: with the purpose of studying the anthelmintic efficacy of some plant species presents in queensland state, australia, we tested in vitro the effect of plant extracts on infective larvae (l3) migration of haemonchus placei, cooperia sp., haemonchus contortus and trichostrongylus colubriformis. in general, plant extracts reduced the larval migration of haemonchus placei and cooperia sp. the most effective plants against haemonchus placei and cooperia sp. (p < 0.0001) were allocasuarina torulosa, neolitsea dealbata, acacia holosericea, acacia salicina, callitris endlicheri and casuarina cunninghamiana. plants extracts were less effective on l3 migration of haemonchus contortus and trichostrongylus colubriformis. callitris endlicheri, casuarina cunninghamiana, acacia farnesiana, acacia holosericea and acacia nilotica were the plant extracts that shown an important larval migration inhibition against h. contortus and trichostrongylus colubriformis (p < 0.0001). callitris endlicheri was the plant that consistently inhibited the larval migration of every nematode species under study. these in vitro results suggest anthelmintic properties associate with some of the plant species we studied.
Inguinal Neuritis in Open Recurrent Hernia Repair  [PDF]
Robert Charles Wright, Robert James Wright
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.513106

PURPOSE: To investigate the pattern of occurrence of inguinal neuritis in recurrent inguinal hernia. We hypothesize that neuritis will occur in more nerves with a wider distribution than in primary repair. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of thirty consecutive recurrent inguinal hernia repairs concentrating on the occurrence of inguinal neuritis. These are not chronic pain patients. Nerves suspected of containing inguinal neuritis were sent for histologic examination. Ilioinguinal nerves were routinely resected. Operative parameters and nerve pathology reports were reviewed. These data were compared with a recent series of one hundred consecutive primary inguinal hernia repairs with a 34% incidence of inguinal neuritis. An independent statistician from Whitman University reviewed the data. RESULTS: Twenty patients were found to have inguinal neuritis among thirty recurrent open inguinal hernia repairs (66%). This compares to 34% among primary repairs, but it is a similar rate (P > 0.42) assuming that the damaged nerve was left intact in 34% of these recurrences during the primary repair. In recurrent inguinal hernia 69% of neuritis occurred in the ilioinguinal nerve compared to 88% of damaged ilioinguinal nerves in the primary hernia. A test for the difference in proportions gives P > 0.10. The most common site of neuritis occurrence in recurrent hernias with nerve damage to the ilioinguinal nerve was at the external oblique neuroperforatum among 70% of patients compared to 83% in primary cases. A test for difference in proportions gives P > 0.36. Two separate nerves were found to exhibit neuritis in six patients (20%) significantly higher than 1% among primary hernias (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The overall incidence of inguinal neuritis was 66% in recurrent inguinal hernia repairs. The ilioinguinal nerve was most commonly affected in these recurrent hernias. Inguinal neuritis occurs more commonly in recurrent hernia compared with primary inguinal hernia; however, it has a similar distribution. Neuritis occurs in two nerves with 20% frequency (P < 0.01), so all nerves should be assessed during recurrent herniorrhaphy. The data support the hypothesis.

Socio-Cultural Identities, Perceptions of Sexuality/Sexual Behavior and Cultural Contexts as Determinants of HIV and AIDS Prevalence in Southern Africa  [PDF]
Chijioke Uwah, Susan Wright
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2012.21003
Abstract: This paper attempts to examine the connection between one’s socio cultural setting and the prevalence of HIV/AIDS. Often, local communities form the contexts within which people negotiate their social and sexual lives and identities. These communities also play a key role in enabling or restraining people from taking control over their health. The paper will try to demonstrate through specific examples that in African societies, sexual behavior is a product of one’s socio-cultural environment and structural contexts and not the cognitive properties of the individual. The article draws from the qualitative study (Focus group sessions, individual interviews) conducted in three high schools in the Boland area of the Western Cape with about 18 learners, 3 Life skills teachers, 3 Performer-Educators on the efficacy of the HIV/AIDS intervention by The Centre for HIV/AIDS Management theatre group based at the University of Stellenbosch. The aim of the study was to ascertain the cultural content of their campaign model as well as their knowledge of the determinants of sex and sexuality of their target areas. Based on the findings of this study, I argue that theatre will achieve greater success in its campaign against HIV/AIDS in South Africa if the designers of the campaign models adopt a more participatory approach, make indigenous culture central to the design of their intervention model and pay closer attention to what Campbell refers to as “community level of analysis” which simply put implies a greater understanding of the target audiences local communities and its determinants of sex and sexuality.
What Is Narcissistic Personality Disorder? Lay Theories of Narcissism  [PDF]
Kirstie Wright, Adrian Furnham
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.59124

There are various studies on mental health literacy which examine lay people’s knowledge and understanding of various mental disorders. Many are interested in beliefs about cause, manifestation and cure as well as the relationship between those beliefs. This study examines lay beliefs regarding the manifestations, aetiology and treatment of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD), and their determinants using a questionnaire divided into three parts. Participants (N = 201) answered 45 attitudinal statements designed for this study regarding NPD. They consisted of 18 manifestation items, 15 aetiology items and 12 treatment items referring to NPD. They also completed the Narcissistic Personality Inventory. Each section of the questionnaire was factor analysed to determine the structure of those beliefs. Factors derived from a principle component analysis of lay beliefs demonstrate poor knowledge of NPD. Factors derived from the manifestations, aetiology and treatment section were modestly and coherently correlated. No demographic factors correlated with all aspects of mental health literacy and lay theories. People are surprisingly misinformed about NPD. They believed that narcissists manifested superficiality and social problems, business abilities and fragility. No distinction was made between biological and psychological causes or genetics and early negative events. Inability to identify NPD may account for many reports of sub-clinical narcissism being associated with leadership derailment.

Assessing the Influence of Global Climate and Anthropogenic Activities on the Water Balance of an Andean Lake  [PDF]
Julio Ca?ón, Juan Valdes
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2011.312098
Abstract: Tropical regions along the Andean Cordillera face an uncertain future as mountain lakes and snow peaks exhibit receding trends associated with factors such as climatic precursors and local anthropogenic activities. Tota, the largest mountain lake in the Colombian Andes, exemplifies the role played by these factors on the lake's hydrologic evolution. A monthly water balance in Tota Lake was performed using available hydrological information from 1958 to 2007 to address interannual and multiannual level fluctuations associated with human activities and climatic precursors. The balance shows that net water uses fluctuated around 2 m3/s during this period with a pattern that, although constrained during years of severe decline in lake levels, is able to explain most of the multiannual decaying trend of 1.5 cm/year in the last 50 years. The lake’s naturalized levels were used to determine the influence of climate precursors on the lake evolution. Using Multichannel Singular Spectrum Analysis (M-SSA), significant five-year ENSO and 20-year PDO related quasi-oscillations were detected, explaining 54% of the variance associated with mean annual naturalized level fluctuations. ENSO is markedly in-phase with lake levels, with critical declines associated with low precipitation and high evaporation rates during El Niño years, whereas the PDO signal exhibits a phase opposition with lake levels, with low naturalized levels during a positive PDO phase and high levels during a negative PDO phase (an important result to consider given the current cooling trend of the PDO signal).
Fronteras del corazón shamánico: Azares y dilemas Qom
Av?? , 2010,
Abstract: in this paper i analyze certain dilemmas and paradoxes of modernity in the case of the takshek qom or eastern toba (formosa province, argentina). to do so i focus on the experience of the heart or lkillakte, defined as the person's key vital and existential center. within it thoughts and emotions occur, and it also houses different kinds of shamanic power. from a symbolic approach, i explore what happens with the shamanic heart under the influence of catholicism and evangelism, stressing their definitions of the sacred and numinous power, illness and therapy. in this sense, i suggest to regard the heart as a place-process that has widened its boundaries, redefining its anatomy and ontological physiology. thus, as a sensible, metonymic operator, i argue that the contingencias of shamanic hearts condense events, symbols and meaningful metaphors of qom history.
Interrogating The Spread Of Shakespeare
Laurence Wright
Multicultural Shakespeare: Translation, Appropriation and Performance , 2011, DOI: 10.2478/v10224-011-0002-9
Laurence Wright
Multicultural Shakespeare: Translation, Appropriation and Performance , 2011, DOI: 10.2478/v10224-011-0001-x
Tasting Misery Among Snakes: The Situation of Smiths in Anglo-Saxon Settlements
Duncan Wright
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology , 2010, DOI: 10.5334/pia.346
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