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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 310430 matches for " C.O. Oguntoye "
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A Randomized Trial of Low-Dose Ketamine and Lignocaine Infiltration for Laparo-Caecectomy in Layer Chickens
O.D. Eyarefe,C.O. Oguntoye
International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: This study compared the anaesthetic effects of intramuscular injection of Ketamine (K) (15 mg/kg) with intramuscular injection of Ketamine (K) (15 mg/kg) and Lignocaine (L) (4 mg/kg) infiltration for laparocaecectomy in 12 layer chickens (1.1±0.06 Kg) randomized into two groups (K, 5 chickens and K- L, 7 chickens). The duration of recumbency of the K-L group (100.3±16.4 min) was significantly longer (p<0.05) than that of K group (33.8±6.0 min). Time to stand for the K-L group (20.8±4.0 min) was also significantly longer (p<0.05) than those of K group (10±1.4 min). The mean heart rates, respiratory rates and cloacal temperatures were lower in the K-L group than the K group. All the birds recovered smoothly and no mortality was recorded following the procedure. In the absence of inhalatory anaesthesia, low dose ketamine and lignocaine infiltration may be a preferred anaesthetic protocol for non-protracted abdominal procedures such as laparo-caecectomy in birds.
Sporangiospore-to-yeast conversion: Model for morphogenesis
C.O Omoifo
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2009,
Abstract: This report reviewed the specific characteristics of Mucor circinelloides in solid cultures and its capacity for multiple anamorphic expressions in synthetic broth, including holoblastic, holothallic, enterothallic conidia, and vesicular conidia head group as well as yeast cells. Attempt was made to show that the sequence of events in the conversion process, with inherent cytosolic nucleation and protoplast formation, to terminal budding yeast cell would serve as a model for studying morphogenetic transformation in the fungi.
Beliefs and attitude towards Spectacles
C.O Adeoti
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2009,
Abstract: The study was conducted in order to discover the beliefs and attitude of the people towardswearing glasses in order to improve acceptance of glasses when prescribed thus reducing blindness and visual impairment due to uncorrected refractive errors. Across sectional study of 198 participants using a pretested structured questionnaire was conducted during the parent-teacher association (PTA)meeting of three public secondary schools chosen at random from a list of schools in Osogbo. Information obtained included the age, sex, history of using glasses, experience if using glasses,whether or not theywill allowtheirwards to use glasses if prescribed and if no,why theywill not. The data obtained was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 11.0 version) Computer Software. Association between variables was examined using chi-square and T-test accordingly. Level of significancewas drawn at P<0.05. Themale to female ratio was 1: 1.5. Their ages ranged between 15 and 80 years with amean of 36.20 years (SD ± 13.44). Majority, 141(71.21%) were between 21 and 50 years.All but 4(3.70%) of those that use glasses had good experiences. A significant percentage (38.38%) of the participants will not use glasses if prescribed.One hundred and two (51.52%) participantswill not allowtheir children to use prescribed glasses. Acceptance of glasses for the correction of refractive errors is not encouraging. This is particularly serious when children are concerned. A health education to enlighten the populace about the benefits ofwearing prescribed glasses and the dangers of not using themwhen needed is necessary.
Malocculusion pattern among Handicapped children in Ibadan, Nigeria
C.O Onyeaso
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2002,
Abstract: Objective: There is paucity of information in Nigeria concerning the occlusal characteristics of handicapped children, yet they need functional and aesthetic consideration comparable to that of ‘normal' persons. The aim of this study was to investigate the pattern of malocclusion among the handicapped children in Ibadan, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: An epidemiological survey of 412 handicapped children aged 6 – 18 years, 210 males (51%) and 202 females (49%) was carried out. All the children were examined in their classrooms under natural illumination with the assistance of the class teachers and the information obtained such as Angle's classification 12,13,14, overjet based on jackson's method15, overbite and tooth – bone ratio were entered in a pre-structured data form. Result: From the results, normal occlusion was seen in 13.8% children, Angle's class 1 malocclusion in 55.3%, 21.4% had Angle's class II while Angle's class III was seen in 9.5%. One case of Angle's class II div. 2 was seen. Females had statistically significant higher number of class III malocclusion cases (P<0.05). Spacing of the upper labial segment was observed to occur in 51.2% of children examined while spacing of the lower labial segment was noted in 39.6%. Crowding of these segments occurred in 9.2% and 17.7% respectively of the sample population. Overbite I was observed in 54.6% of the children examined. Deep bite (overbite 3) occurred in 2.9% of those examined. Overjet values of less than 2 mm were the most prevalent occurring in 82.3% while 6.3% of the children examined had increased overjet. Conclusion: The pattern of malocclusion among those handicapped children did not vary widely from their ‘normal' counterparts. KEY WORDS: Malocclusion pattern; Handicapped children; Ibadan – Nigeria. [Nig J Clinical Practice Vol.5(1) 2002: 57-60]
Cassava household expenditure and anthropometric indices of preschool children in rural areas of Imo State
C.O. Asinobi
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR) , 2003,
Abstract: In an attempt to verify the myth associated with cassava, that high consumption causes malnutrition, anthropometric measurements of 445 preschool children aged 0 - 5 years in 90 randomly selected farm households of cassava growing areas of Imo State were undertaken. Growth deviations (Z – scores) were calculated and assessed from National Centre for Health Statistics (NCHS). Expenditure on cassava and other staple foods was determined for each household of the preschool children and classified into two groups and the average determined. Significance of difference between the mean Z – scores of the children for above and below average expenditure households was determined by Student t – test. The growth deviations were less among preschool children from high than among those from cassava, yam and millet food expenditure households in all the anthropometric indices except in maize expenditure households, but the deviations were significantly less for total food expenditure households. High cassava food expenditure households had higher cash incomes through processed cassava products and hence better nutritional status. In order to maintain good nutritional status total expenditure on all foods rather than expenditure on individual food items as well as more processed cassava products production should be encouraged. (Journal of Agriculture and Social Research: 2003 3(1): 55-69)
Effects of Fungal Solid State Fermentation Using Aspergillus niger on the Nutritional Quality and Phytic Acid Content of Millet
C.O. Olaniyi
Journal of Fisheries International , 2012,
Abstract: The effect of solid state fermentation of Aspergillus niger on millet’s nutritional quality and phytic acid content were investigated in this study. Ammonium sulphate and urea as Nitrogen sources were used in combination with millet at 10 gN kg 1 substrate. The mixture was fermented for 84 h at 35 C and 90-95% RH in the laboratory. The results indicated that the crude protein content of millet was raised from 10.96-17.33%, while the crude lipid was lowered fro 3.12-2.58%. The ash content value was greatly increased from 1.36-7.94%. Five percent changes in minerals (calcium, magnesium and phosphorus) content values were also observed. Phytic acid content value of 0.4 mg 100g 1 reduced significantly to minimal 0.015 mg 100g 1.
The candelabra tree (Euphorbia ingens): a source of water for black rhinoceros in Liwonde National Park, Malawi
C.O. Dudley
Koedoe : African Protected Area Conservation and Science , 1997, DOI: 10.4102/koedoe.v40i1.263
Abstract: The introduction of two rhinoceros into a 15 km2 fenced sanctuary within Liwonde National Park provided an opportunity for close observation of the animals feeding on the toxic succulent Euphorbia ingens. Feeding invariably caused the death of the plant and for plants with basal diameters between 5-17 cm, mortality ranged from 40-90 . During the severe drought of 1994 rhinoceros did not drink from the artificial waterhole from approximately 15 July to at least 23 September. As this waterhole was the only source of free water it is believed that the rhinoceros obtained their water from browsing on E. ingens.
C.O. Б?ла
Strategy of Ukraine : Economics, Sociology, Law , 2010,
Abstract: The main cause of the financial crisis (late 2008 - 2010 p.), Which is devastating the world is watching now, consider the rapid spread of financial globalization, moving the bulk of the world's financial (and investment) resources from the real (production) sector to the financial sector services and real estate markets. Основной причиной финансово-экономического кризиса (конец 2008 г. - 2010 p.), Разрушительные последствия которой мир наблюдает и сейчас, считают быстрое распространение финансовой глобализации, перемещение основной массы мировых финансовых (и инвестиционных) ресурсов из реального (производственного) сектора к сектору финансовых услуг на рынки недвижимости. Основною причиною ф нансово-економ чно кризи (к нець 2008 р. - 2010 p.), руйн вн насл дки яко св т спостер га зараз, вважають швидке розповсюдження ф нансово глобал зац , перем щення основно маси св тових ф нансових (та нвестиц йних) ресурс в з реального (виробничого) сектору до сектору ф нансових послуг та на ринки нерухомост .
Growth Performance of Finisher Broilers on Livingstone-Potato (Plectranthus esculentus) Tubers Meal
C.O. Okereke
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2012,
Abstract: A feeding trial lasting 42 days was conducted using seventy two (72) 4-weeks old Anak broiler chicks with an average initial live weight of 4.40 kg to determine the growth performance of finisher broilers fed diet containing Livingstone-potato tubers meal. The animals were assigned to four treatment based on their initial live weight. The diets were formulated to be isonitrogenous (20% CP). The control diet was based on maize and soybean meal without Livingstone-potato tubers meal. Feed and water were offered ad libitum. The growth performance of broilers fed on various levels of meals in which Livingstone-potato (Rizga) meal substituted maize at 10%, 20% and 30% showed that there were no significant differences (p<0.05) in final body weight, average daily weight gain, average daily feed intake and feed conversion ratio among the treatments. The implication of these result is that those parameters measured were not significantly (p>0.05) influenced by the dietary levels of Livingstone-potato (Plectranthus esculentus) meal. The results suggest that 30% replacement of maize with Livingstone-potato (Plectranthus esculentus) meal produced no negative effect on the production performance of finisher broilers.
Economic analysis of locust beans processing and marketing in ilorin, kwara state, Nigeria
C.O. Farayola
International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology : IJARIT , 2012,
Abstract: This study was designed to estimate the economic analysis of locust bean processing and marketing in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. Primary data was used and purposive sampling technique was adopted to select the respondents used for the study. A total number of 60 respondents were interviewed. The data collected were analyzed using inferential statistical tool such as regression analysis. Budgetary analysis technique was also used to analyze the profitability of locust bean processing and marketing in the study area. Majority of the processors and marketers are making profits; 68.3% operate above breakeven point while 26.7% operate at breakeven point and the rest 5% was below the breakeven point, this indicates that they neither profit nor lost. The regression analysis result shows that quantity processed, family size and years of experience in processing are significant at 1%, 5% and 10% respectively while education level and stall rent is negative and significant at 1% and 5% respectively. F- Test also explained that independent variables are jointly significant at 1% probability level with an adjusted R2 of 78.9%. The overall rate of return on investment indicates that average rate of return is 0.5 (50%), which is positive. It is therefore concluded that profit made by the processors and marketers can be improved on by increasing the quantity of locust bean being processed through adoption of newly discovered method of processing and improved method of preservation, packaging and marketing of the product to international standard by reducing the odour of the product without the loss of essential nutrients and palability in order to generate foreign exchange. Also, rules and regulations against cutting of economic trees for alternative uses should be enforced to maximize their values.
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