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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 219552 matches for " C. Stanghellini "
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Search for new pulsating O VI central stars of planetary nebulae
R. Silvotti,C. Bartolini,L. Stanghellini
Physics , 1995,
Abstract: A photoelectric monitoring program has been applied, during the last four years, to five central stars of planetary nebulae (PNNs) with strong O\,VI $\lambda$ 3811--34 \AA \hspace{0.1mm} emission. NGC\,6905 and, marginally, NGC\,2452, show intrinsic luminosity variations, while NGC\,7026, IC\,2003 and NGC\,1501 have constant luminosity within a few mmag. Photometric data have been analyzed with the best available packages for power--spectra reductions. Both pulsators have periods and physical characteristics well encompassed by the theoretical pulsational models relative to these stars.
The Compton-thick AGN in the GPS radio source OQ+208
M. Guainazzi,C. Stanghellini,P. Grandi
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: We report in this paper the ASCA discovery of the first radio-loud Active Galactic Nucleus (AGN) covered by a Compton-thick X-ray absorber, in the GigaHertz Peaked Spectrum (GPS) radio source OQ+208. It represents one of the few available direct measurements of dense matter in the nuclear environment of this class of sources, which may provide the confining medium to the radio-emitting region if GPS sources are indeed "frustrated" classical radio doubles. The perspective of future studies with XEUS are discussed.
Spectral variability in faint high frequency peakers
M. Orienti,D. Dallacasa,C. Stanghellini
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17179.x
Abstract: We present the analysis of simultaneous multi-frequency Very Large Array (VLA) observations of 57 out of 61 sources from the ``faint'' high frequency peaker (HFP) sample carried out in various epochs. Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) data have been used to identify the optical counterpart of each radio source. From the analysis of the multi-epoch spectra we find that 24 sources do not show evidence of spectral variability, while 12 objects do not possess a peaked spectrum anymore at least in one of the observing epochs. Among the remaining 21 sources showing some degree of variability, we find that in 8 objects the spectral properties change consistently with the expectation for a radio source undergoing adiabatic expansion. The comparison between the variability and the optical identification suggests that the majority of radio sources hosted in galaxies likely represent the young radio source population, whereas the majority of those associated with quasars are part of a different population similar to flat-spectrum objects, which possess peaked spectra during short intervals of their life, as found in other samples of high-frequency peaking objects. The analysis of the optical images from the SDSS points out the presence of companions around 6 HFP hosted in galaxies, suggesting that young radio sources resides in groups.
Optical identifications of High Frequency Peakers
D. Dallacasa,R. Falomo,C. Stanghellini
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011618
Abstract: We present CCD observations of 13 objects from a complete sample of 55 bright High Frequency Peaker (HFP) radio sources, and provide optical identification for 12 of them. Images in R and V filters have been used to derive some additional information concerning the host of the radio source. Three hosts are likely to be galaxies, one resulted slightly extended, while the remaining 8 are likely distant quasars. Based on these identifications and those available in the literature, we find that the fraction of quasars in our HFP sample is significantly higher than in samples of Compact Steep-Spectrum and GHz-Peaked Spectrum radio sources.
The B3-VLA CSS sample. VIII: New optical identifications from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The ultraviolet-optical spectral energy distribution of the young radio sources
C. Fanti,R. Fanti,A. Zanichelli,D. Dallacasa,C. Stanghellini
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201015379
Abstract: Compact steep-spectrum radio sources and giga-hertz peaked spectrum radio sources (CSS/GPS) are generally considered to be mostly young radio sources. In recent years we studied at many wavelengths a sample of these objects selected from the B3-VLA catalog: the B3-VLA CSS sample. Only ~ 60 % of the sources were optically identified. We aim to increase the number of optical identifications and study the properties of the host galaxies of young radio sources. We cross-correlated the CSS B3-VLA sample with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), DR7, and complemented the SDSS photometry with available GALEX (DR 4/5 and 6) and near-IR data from UKIRT and 2MASS. We obtained new identifications and photometric redshifts for eight faint galaxies and for one quasar and two quasar candidates. Overall we have 27 galaxies with SDSS photometry in five bands, for which we derived the ultraviolet-optical spectral energy distribution (UV-O-SED). We extended our investigation to additional CSS/GPS selected from the literature. Most of the galaxies show an excess of ultra-violet (UV) radiation compared with the UV-O-SED of local radio-quiet ellipticals. We found a strong dependence of the UV excess on redshift and analyzed it assuming that it is generated either from the nucleus (hidden quasar) or from a young stellar population (YSP). We also compare the UV-O-SEDs of our CSS/GPS sources with those of a selection of large size (LSO) powerful radio sources from the literature. If the major process of the UV excess is caused by a YSP, our conclusion is that it is the result of the merger process that also triggered the onset of the radio source with some time delay. We do not see evidence for a major contribution from a YSP triggered by the radio sources itself.
A sample of small size compact steep-spectrum radio sources. VLBI images and VLA polarization at 5 GHz
D. Dallacasa,M. Orienti,C. Fanti,R. Fanti,C. Stanghellini
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt710
Abstract: Global VLBI observations at 5 GHz have been performed to study the source morphology in 10 compact steep-spectrum (CSS) sources selected from the Peacock & Wall catalogue with the aim of finding asymmetric structures produced by the interaction with the ambient medium. The combination of these data and earlier 1.7-GHz observations allows the study of the spectral index distribution across the source structure and the unambiguous determination of the nature of each component. In seven sources we detected the core component with a flat or inverted spectrum. In six sources the radio emission has a two-sided morphology and comes mainly from steep-spectrum extended structures, like lobes, jets, and hotspots. Only one source, 0319+121, has a one-sided core-jet structure. In three out of the six sources with a two-sided structure the flux density arising from the lobes is asymmetric, and the brightest lobe is the one closest to the core, suggesting that the jets are expanding in an inhomogeneous ambient medium which may influence the source growth. The interaction between the jet and the environment may slow down the source expansion and enhance the luminosity due to severe radiative losses, likely producing an excess of CSS radio sources in flux density limited samples. The lobes of the other three asymmetric sources have a brighter-when-farther behaviour, in agreement with what is expected by projection and relativistic effects. Simultaneous VLA observations carried out to investigate the polarization properties of the targets detected significant polarized emission (~5.5%) only from the quasar 0319+121.
The Intergalactic Stellar Population from Mergers of Elliptical Galaxies with Dark Matter halos
A. C. Gonzalez-Garcia,L. Stanghellini,A. Manchado
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/710/2/1589
Abstract: We present simulations of dry-merger encounters between pairs of elliptical galaxies with dark matter halos. The aim of these simulations is to study the intergalactic stellar populations produced in both parabolic and hyperbolic encounters. We model progenitor galaxies with total-to-luminous mass ratios M_T/M_L 3 and 11. The initial mass of the colliding galaxies are chosen so that M_1/M_2 and 10. The model galaxies are populated by particles representing stars, as in Stanghellini et al. (2006), and dark matter. Merger remnants resulting from these encounters display a population of unbounded particles, both dark and luminous. The number of particles becoming unbounded depends on orbital configuration, with hyperbolic encounters producing a larger luminous intracluster population than parabolic encounters. Furthermore, in simulations with identical orbital parameters, a lower M_T/M_L of the colliding galaxies produces a larger fraction of unbounded luminous particles. For each modeled collision, the fraction of unbounded to initial stellar mass is the same in all mass-bins considered, similarly to what we found previously by modeling encounters of galaxies without dark halos. The fraction of intergalactic to total luminosity resulting from our simulations is ~ 4% and ~ 6% for dark-to-bright mass rations of 10 and 2 respectively. These unbounded-to-total luminous fractions are down from 17 % that we had previously found in the case of no dark halos. Our results are in broad agreement with intergalactic light observed in groups of galaxies, while the results of our previous models without dark halos better encompass observed intracluster populations. We suggest a possible formation scenario of intergalactic stars.
Magellanic Cloud Planetary Nebulae: A Fresh Look at the Relations between Nebular and Stellar Evolution
L. Stanghellini,R. A. Shaw,J. C. Blades,B. Balick
Physics , 1999,
Abstract: Studies of the relationship between planetary nebula morphology and the evolution of the central stars has long suffered from uncertainties in distance determinations, and from the bias of interstellar absorption, that are typical for Galactic PNe. We will be able to eliminate the distance errors and be assured of the sample homogeneity by studying Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) PNe with images from the Hubble Space Telescope. In this talk we present the first observations in our new sample. The data consist of broad-band images and medium dispersion, slit-less spectra obtained with STIS, and are of excellent quality. Indeed, these data show great promise for subsequent analysis, which will centered on the relationship between nebular morphology and stellar and nebular evolution. While the most intensive analysis of the sample must await the completion of the survey, the data obtained so far show that we will learn a lot along the way.
Valore dei beni e beni di valore: un contributo sulla valutazione dei beni immobiliari militari
Stefano Stanghellini
Aestimum , 2003,
Nuovi soggetti e nuovi strumenti per la gestione delle trasformazioni territoriali
S. Stanghellini
Aestimum , 1999,
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