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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 219616 matches for " C. LaMont "
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Anaerobically Digested Dairy Fiber in Soilless Potting Media for Herbaceous Perennials  [PDF]
John R. Lamont, George C. Elliott
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2016.72028
Abstract: Sphagnum peat moss has been a primary component of soilless potting media for decades; however, concerns over the sustainability of harvesting peat have fostered a search for renewable media components. Anaerobically digested dairy fiber (ADDF), a by-product of methane production, shows promise as an alternative to peat. Herbaceous nursery crops including “Jack Frost” brunnera (Brunnera macrophylla I.M. Johnst), “Moonbeam” coreopsis (Coreopsis verticillata L.), “Whoops-a-Daisy” Shasta daisy (Leucanthemum × superbum Bergmans ex J.W. Ingram), “Kobold Original” liatris (Liatris spicata (L.) Willd.) and “David” phlox (Phlox paniculata L.) were grown in media containing bark-peat-perlite or bark-ADDF-perlite in a 4:2:1 proportion. All leachate was collected from pots to evaluate cumulative nitrogen and phosphate leaching. Brunnera grew to a similar size and quality in both mixes, although brunnera in the bark-ADDF-perlite mix had slightly chlorotic leaf margins. Coreopsis grew to a similar size and quality in both mixes but was slightly etiolated and chlorotic in bark-ADDF-perlite. Shasta daisy grown in bark-ADDF-perlite were larger than those grown in bark-peat-perlite. Both mixes produced similar growth and quality liatris and phlox. More ammonium, nitrate and phosphate were recovered from leachate from bark-ADDF-perlite than from bark-ADDF-perlite.
e+A physics at a future Electron-Ion Collider
M. A. C. Lamont
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: A future Electron-Ion Colllider (EIC) is the ideal laboratory for studying the gluon distributions in both nucleons and nuclei for $\sqrt{s}$ = 63 - 158 (40 - 110) GeV/A for e+p (e+A) collisions. Whilst gluon distributions have been studied extensively in nucleons at HERA, there is very little information on them for $x <$ 0.1 in nuclei. The rapid increase in the gluon momentum distribution at low-$x$ in nucleons found at HERA, if not tamed, leads to the violation of the Froissart Unitarity Bound at small-$x$. This can be achieved in non-linear QCD by allowing for the recombination of low-$x$ gluons until saturation of gluon densities occurs. Understanding saturation is an important goal not just for QCD in general, but also in understanding the initial conditions of heavy-ion collisions in particular. In this paper, I describe the physics that will be explored by e+A collisions, where saturation is more easily explored in this mode at an EIC than in e+p collisions due to the large nuclear densities achieved.
Identified particles at large transverse momenta in STAR in Au+Au collisions @ sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV
M. A. C. Lamont
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1088/0954-3899/30/8/039
Abstract: We report measurements of the ratios of identified hadrons (pi,K,p,Lambda) in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV as a function of both collision centrality and transverse momentum (p_T). Ratios of anti-baryon to baryon yields are independent of p_T within 2
The Motion of a Pair of Charged Particles
J. Franklin,C. LaMont
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/s13538-013-0164-8
Abstract: We re-visit the problem of two (oppositely) charged particles interacting electromagnetically in one dimension with retarded potentials and no radiation reaction. The specific quantitative result of interest is the time it takes for the particles to fall in towards one another. Starting with the non-relativistic form, we answer this question while adding layers of complexity until we arrive at the full relativistic delay differential equation that governs this problem. That case can be solved using the Synge method, which we describe and discuss.
Recent Results on Strangeness Production at RHIC
Matthew A. C. Lamont
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/50/1/022
Abstract: Due to its large acceptance, the STAR experiment has acquired a wealth of data on strangeness production for a variety of collisions systems and energies, from p+p to Au+Au. By using the yields and spectra, we address the evolution of the bulk system, including strangeness enhancement and the flavour dependence of radial and elliptic flow. Utilising the fact that we can identify strange baryons and mesons, we investigate different hadronization mechanisms in the intermediate and high p$_{T}$ regions. The ratios of the particle yields, measured to high p$_{T}$, are used to further investigate the range and applicability of the previously reported anomalous baryon production. We also study two-particle azimuthal correlations of identified particles in order to investigate any flavour dependence of jet fragmentation in the available p$_{T}$ range. Data was presented for a number of different collision systems and energies.
Hot Quarks and Gluons at an Electron-Ion Collider
M. A. C. Lamont,for the EIC Collaboration
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-009-0898-1
Abstract: The nuclear wave-function is dominated at low- and medium-x by gluons. As the rapid growth of the gluon distribution towards low x, as derived from current theoretical estimates, would violate unitarity, there must be a mechanism that tames this explosive growth. This is most efficiently studied in colliders running in e+A mode, as the nucleus is an efficient amplifier of saturation effects occurring with high gluon densities. In fact, large A can lead to these effects manifesting themselves at energies a few orders of magnitude lower than in e+p collisions. In order to study these effects, there are proposals to build an e+A machine in the USA, operating over a large range of masses and energies. These studies will allow for an in-depth comparison to A+A collisions where results have given tantalising hints of a new state of matter with partonic degrees of freedom. In order to explain these results quantitively, the gluons and their interactions must be understood fully as they are the dominant source of hard probes at both RHIC and LHC energies.
Why There are No Dilemmas in Widerquist’s ‘A Dilemma for Libertarians’
Lamont Rodgers
Libertarian Papers , 2009,
Abstract: Karl Widerquist has recently argued that libertarians face two dilemmas. The first dilemma arises because, contrary to what Widerquist takes libertarians to suggest, there is no conceptual link between robust property rights and the libertarian state. Private property rights can legitimately yield non-libertarian states. Libertarians must thus remain committed either to robust property rights or the libertarian state. I call this the “Conceptual Dilemma.”The second dilemma is empirical in nature. Libertarians can try to undermine state property rights by showing that the means by which all present states came to have their property was unjust. However, doing so would presumably undermine almost all the property claims of private individuals. So the dilemma is that libertarians can undermine state property rights only by undermining individual property rights, on the one hand. On the other, libertarians can vindicate private property rights of individuals only by vindicating state property rights. I call this the “Empirical Dilemma.”I attempt to diffuse both of these dilemmas here. I argue that the Conceptual Dilemma relies on a misunderstanding of the libertarian’s commitments. In particular, I show that libertarians need not think robust property rights can yield states more extensive than Nozick’s minimal state. I then argue that Widerquist ignores libertarian scholarship aimed at meeting the Empirical Dilemma. Many libertarians have attempted to demonstrate that there are legitimate private property rights which are illegitimately disregarded by current states. The upshot of this discussion is that there are no genuine dilemmas posed by Widerquist’s “A Dilemma for Libertarians.”
LHC: status and commissioning plans
M. Lamont
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: In 2008 the LHC saw a series of injection tests with beam and the start of full beam commissioning. Initial beam commissioning went well and circulating beam was quickly established. Progress was unfortunately curtailed by the sector 34 incident which caused extensive damage. The causes of the incident are recalled and the status of repairs and consolidation measures are presented. The schedule and luminosity targets for the 2009 - 2010 run are discussed.
The e+A programme at a future Electron-Ion Collider facility
Matthew Lamont
Physics , 2008,
Abstract: At small x, the gluon distribution dominates the nuclear wave function. The increase needs to be tamed in avoid violating unitarity constraints. The most efficient way to study this in colliders is through e+A collisions as the nucleus is an efficient amplifier of the physics of high gluon densities. To this end, there are proposals to build an e+A machine in the USA which would operate over a large range of energies and masses. These studies would also allow an in-depth comparison to A+A collisions where recent results have given tantalising hints of a new state of matter produced with partonic degrees of freedom. As gluon interactions are the dominant source of hard probes, they themselves must be understood before the results are explained quantitatively.
Investigating the differences between electron and muon neutrino interactions using the T2K near detector
Iain Lamont
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: The T2K neutrino beam consists mostly of muon neutrinos with a 1$\%$ component of electron neutrinos. In order to maximise the physics potential of T2K and other future neutrino experiments, it is important to understand how these electron and muon neutrinos interact. To this end, the ratio of the Charged-Current Quasi-Elastic (CCQE) cross section to the total Charged Current (CC) cross section is taken for both $\nu_{e}$ and $\nu_\mu$ using data from the T2K near detector, ND280, and simulated data from NEUT and GENIE Monte Carlo generators. This has the advantage that many of the systematic uncertainties will cancel in the analysis, including the flux of $\nu_{e}$ and $\nu_\mu$ in the beam. The double ratio of these two ratios is then taken as a means of directly comparing the interactions of the two neutrino flavours.
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