Here we constructed a charged gravastar model formed by an interior de Sitter spacetime, a charged dynamical infinitely thin shell with an equation of state and an exterior de Sitter-Reissner-Nordstrom spacetime. We find that the presence of the charge is crucial to the stability of these structures. It can as much favor the stability of a bounded excursion gravastar, and still converting it in a stable gravastar, as make disappear a stable gravastar, depending on the range of the charge considered. There is also formation of black holes and, above certain values, the presence of the charge allows the formation of naked singularity. This is an important example in which a naked singularity emerges as a consequence of unstabilities of a gravastar model, which reinforces that gravastar is not an alternative model to black hole.

Abstract:
It has been shown how on-shell forward scattering amplitudes (the ``Barton expansion'') and quantum mechanical path integral (QMPI) can both be used to compute temperature dependent effects in thermal field theory. We demonstrate the equivalence of these two approaches and then apply the QMPI to compute the high temperature expansion for the four-point function in QED, obtaining results consistent with those previously obtained from the Barton expansion.

Abstract:
It has been shown that the high-temperature limit of perturbative thermal QCD is easily obtained from the Boltzmann transport equation for `classical' coloured particles. We generalize this treatment to curved space-time. We are thus able to construct the effective stress-energy tensor. We give a construction for an effective action. As an example of the convenience of the Boltzmann method, we derive the high-temperature 3-graviton function. We discuss the static case.

Abstract:
For the quark-gluon plasma, an energy-momentum tensor is found corresponding to the high-temperature Braaten-Pisarski effective action. The tensor is found by considering the interaction of the plasma with a weak gravitational field and the positivity of the energy is studied. In addition, the complete effective action in curved spacetime is written down.

Abstract:
We study systematically the higher order corrections to the parity violating part of the effective action for the Abelian Chern-Simons theory in 2+1 dimensions, using the method of derivative expansion. We explicitly calculate the parity violating parts of the quadratic, cubic and the quartic terms (in fields) of the effective action. We show that each of these actions can be summed, in principle, to all orders in the derivatives. However, such a structure is complicated and not very useful. On the other hand, at every order in the powers of the derivatives, we show that the effective action can also be summed to all orders in the fields. The resulting actions can be expressed in terms of the leading order effective action in the static limit. We prove gauge invariance, both large and small of the resulting effective actions. Various other features of the theory are also brought out.

Abstract:
We discuss, using the imaginary time method, some aspects of the connection between the Ward identity, the non-analyticity of amplitudes and the causality relation in QED at finite temperature.

Abstract:
We compute higher order contributions to the free energy of noncommutative quantum electrodynamics at a nonzero temperature $T$. Our calculation includes up to three-loop contributions (fourth order in the coupling constant $e$). In the high temperature limit we sum all the {\it ring diagrams} and obtain a result which has a peculiar dependence on the coupling constant. For large values of $e\theta T^2$ ($\theta$ is the magnitude of the noncommutative parameters) this non-perturbative contribution exhibits a non-analytic behavior proportional to $e^3$. We show that above a certain critical temperature, there occurs a thermodynamic instability which may indicate a phase transition.

Abstract:
We demonstrate that the bandwidth of pulsed electrically detected magnetic resonance can be increased to at least 80 MHz using a radio frequency-reflectometry detection scheme. Using this technique, we measure coherent spin oscillations in real time during a resonant microwave pulse. We find that the observed signal is in quantitative agreement with simulations based on rate equations modeling the recombination dynamics of the spin system under study. The increased bandwidth opens the way to electrically study faster spin-dependent recombination processes, e.g., in direct semiconductors which so far have almost exclusively been studied by optically detected magnetic resonance.

Abstract:
We study the behaviour of the two- and three-point thermal Green functions, to one loop order in noncommutative U(N) Yang-Mills theory, at temperatures $T$ much higher than the external momenta $p$. We evaluate the amplitudes for small and large values of the variable $\theta p T$ ($\theta$ is the noncommutative parameter) and exactly compute the static gluon self-energy for all values of $\theta p T$. We show that these gluon functions, which have a leading $T^2$ behaviour, are gauge independent and obey simple Ward identities. We argue that these properties, together with the results for the lowest order amplitudes, may be sufficient to fix uniquely the hard thermal loop effective action of the noncommutative theory.

Abstract:
Considering the evolution of a perfect fluid with self-similarity of the second kind, we have found that an initial naked singularity can be trapped by an event horizon due to collapsing matter. The fluid moves along time-like geodesics with a self-similar parameter $\alpha = -3$. Since the metric obtained is not asymptotically flat, we match the spacetime of the fluid with a Schwarzschild spacetime. All the energy conditions are fulfilled until the naked singularity.