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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 219537 matches for " C. C. Homes "
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Scaling of the superfluid density in severely underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+y
C. C. Homes
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.80.180509
Abstract: Recent measurements on extremely-underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+y [Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 237003 (2007)] have allowed the critical temperature (T_c), superfluid density [rho_0 (T << T_c)] and dc conductivity [sigma_dc (T ~ T_c)] to be determined for a series of electronic dopings for T_c ~ 3 - 17 K. The general scaling relation rho_0/8 ~ 4.4 sigma_dc T_c is observed, extending the validity of both the ab-plane and c-axis scaling an order of magnitude and creating a region of overlap. This suggests that severely underdoped materials may constitute a Josephson phase; as the electronic doping is increased a more uniform superconducting state emerges.
The role of magnetism in forming the c-axis spectral peak at 400 cm-1 in high-temperature superconductors
T. Timusk,C. C. Homes
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1016/S0038-1098(02)00666-X
Abstract: We discuss the peak at 400 cm-1, which is seen in c-axis conductivity spectra of underdoped high temperature superconductors. The model of van der Marel and Munzar, where the peak is the result of a transverse plasmon arising from a low frequency conductivity mode between the closely spaced planes, fits our data well. Within the model we find that the temperature dependence of the peak amplitude is controlled by in-plane scattering processes. The temperature range where the mode can be seen coincides with Ts, the spin gap temperature, which is lower than T*, the pseudogap temperature. As a function of temperature, the amplitude of the mode tracks the amplitude of the 41 meV neutron resonance and the spin lattice relaxation time, suggesting to us that the mode is controlled by magnetic processes and not by superconducting fluctuations which have temperature scale much closer to Tc, the superconducting transition temperature.
The n_s - T_c correlations in granular superconductors
Y. Imry,M. Strongin,C. C. Homes
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.067003
Abstract: Following a short discussion of the granular model for an inhomogeneous superconductor, we review the Uemura and Homes correlations and show how both follow in two limits of a simple granular superconductor model. Definite expressions are given for the almost universal coefficients appearing in these relationships in terms of known constants.
An inhomogeneous Josephson phase in thin-film and High-Tc superconductors
Y. Imry,M. Strongin,C. C. Homes
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1016/j.physc.2007.08.021
Abstract: In many cases inhomogeneities are known to exist near the metal (or superconductor)-insulator transition, as follows from well-known domain-wall arguments. If the conducting regions are large enough (i.e. when the T=0 superconducting gap is much larger than the single-electron level spacing), and if they have superconducting correlations, it becomes energetically favorable for the system to go into a Josephson-coupled zero-resistance state before (i.e. at higher resistance than) becoming a "real" metal. We show that this is plausible by a simple comparison of the relevant coupling constants. For small grains in the above sense, the electronic grain structure is washed out by delocalization and thus becomes irrelevant. When the proposed "Josephson state" is quenched by a magnetic field, an insulating, rather then a metallic, state should appear. This has been shown to be consistent with the existing data on oxide materials as well as ultra-thin films. We discuss the Uemura correlations versus the Homes law, and derive the former for the large-grain Josephson array (inhomogenous superconductor) model. The small-grain case behaves like a dirty homogenous metal. It should obey the Homes law provided that the system is in the dirty supeconductivity limit. A speculation why that is typically the case for d-wave superconductors is presented.
Scaling of the superfluid density in high-temperature superconductors
C. C. Homes,S. V. Dordevic,T. Valla,M. Strongin
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.72.134517
Abstract: A scaling relation \rho_s \simeq 35\sigma_{dc}T_c has been observed in the copper-oxide superconductors, where \rho_s is the strength of the superconducting condensate, T_c is the critical temperature, and \sigma_{dc} is the normal-state dc conductivity close to T_c. This scaling relation is examined within the context of a clean and dirty-limit BCS superconductor. These limits are well established for an isotropic BCS gap 2\Delta and a normal-state scattering rate 1/\tau; in the clean limit 1/\tau \ll 2\Delta, and in the dirty limit 1/\tau > 2\Delta. The dirty limit may also be defined operationally as the regime where \rho_s varies with 1/\tau. It is shown that the scaling relation \rho_s \propto \sigma_{dc}T_c is the hallmark of a BCS system in the dirty-limit. While the gap in the copper-oxide superconductors is considered to be d-wave with nodes and a gap maximum \Delta_0, if 1/\tau > 2\Delta_0 then the dirty-limit case is preserved. The scaling relation implies that the copper-oxide superconductors are likely to be in the dirty limit, and that as a result the energy scale associated with the formation of the condensate is scaling linearly with T_c. The a-b planes and the c axis also follow the same scaling relation. It is observed that the scaling behavior for the dirty limit and the Josephson effect (assuming a BCS formalism) are essentially identical, suggesting that in some regime these two effects may be viewed as equivalent. This raises the possibility that electronic inhomogeneities in the copper-oxygen planes may play an important role in the nature of the superconductivity in the copper-oxide materials.
Infrared optical properties of Pr2CuO4
C. C. Homes,Q. Li,P. Fournier,R. L. Greene
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.66.144511
Abstract: The ab-plane reflectance of a Pr2CuO4 single crystal has been measured over a wide frequency range at a variety of temperatures, and the optical properties determined from a Kramers-Kronig analysis. Above ~ 250 K, the low frequency conductivity increases quickly with temperature; the resistivity follows the form e^(E_a/k_BT), where E_a ~ 0.17 eV is much less than the inferred optical gap of ~ 1.2 eV. Transport measurements show that at low temperature the resistivity deviates from activated behavior and follows the form e^[(T_0/T)^1/4], indicating that the dc transport in this material is due to variable-range hopping between localized states in the gap. The four infrared-active Eu modes dominate the infrared optical properties. Below ~ 200 K, a striking new feature appears near the low-frequency Eu mode, and there is additional new fine structure at high frequency. A normal coordinate analysis has been performed and the detailed nature of the zone-center vibrations determined. Only the low-frequency Eu mode has a significant Pr-Cu interaction. Several possible mechanisms related to the antiferromagnetism in this material are proposed to explain the sudden appearance of this and other new spectral features at low temperature.
Optical properties of the perfectly compensated semimetal WTe$_2$
C. C. Homes,M. N. Ali,R. J. Cava
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.161109
Abstract: The optical properties of layered tungsten ditelluride have been measured over a wide temperature and frequency range for light polarized in the $a$-$b$ planes. A striking low-frequency plasma edge develops in the reflectance at low temperature where this material is a perfectly compensated semimetal. The optical conductivity is described using a two-Drude model which treats the electron and hole pockets as separate electronic subsystems. At low temperature, one scattering rate collapses by over two orders of magnitude, while the other also undergoes a significant, but less dramatic, decrease; both scattering rates appear to display the quadratic temperature dependence expected for a Fermi liquid. First principles electronic structure calculations reveal that the low-lying optical excitations are due to direct transitions between the bands associated with the electron and hole pockets.
The fate of quasiparticles in the superconducting state
S. V. Dordevic,D. van der Marel,C. C. Homes
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.174508
Abstract: Quasiparticle properties in the superconducting state are masked by the superfluid and are not directly accessible to infrared spectroscopy. We show how one can use a Kramers--Kronig transformation to separate the quasiparticle from superfluid response and extract intrinsic quasiparticle properties in the superconducting state. We also address the issue of a narrow quasiparticle peak observed in microwave measurements, and demonstrate how it can be combined with infrared measurements to obtain unified picture of electrodynamic properties of cuprate superconductors.
Do organic and other exotic superconductors fail universal scaling relations?
S. V. Dordevic,D. N. Basov,C. C. Homes
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: Universal scaling relations are of tremendous importance in science, as they reveal fundamental laws of nature. Several such scaling relations have recently been proposed for superconductors; however, they are not really universal in the sense that some important families of superconductors appear to fail the scaling relations, or obey the scaling with different scaling pre-factors. In particular, a large group of materials called organic (or molecular) superconductors are a notable example. Here, we show that such apparent violations are largely due to the fact that the required experimental parameters were collected on different samples, with different experimental techniques. When experimental data is taken on the same sample, using a single experimental technique, organic superconductors, as well as all other studied superconductors, do in fact follow universal scaling relations.
Optical phonons along the c axis of YBa_2Cu_3O_{6+x}, for x=0.5 -> 0.95
C. C. Homes,T. Timusk,D. A. Bonn,R. Liang,W. N. Hardy
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1139/p95-099
Abstract: The c-axis polarized phonon spectra of single crystals of YBCO_{6+x} have been measured for the doping range x=0.5 -> 0.95, between 10 K and 300 K. The low background electronic conductivity, determined by Kramers-Kronig analysis of the reflectance, leads to a rich phonon structure. With decreased doping the five normally-active B_{1u} modes broaden and the high-frequency apical oxygen mode splits into two components. We associate the higher of these with the two-fold coordinated copper-oxygen sticks. The 155 cm^{-1} low-frequency mode, which involves the apical and chain-oxygens, splits into at least three components with decreasing doping. Some phonon anomalies which occur near T_c in the highly-doped material occur well above T_c in the oxygen-reduced systems. An unusual broad phonon band develops in the normal state at approx 400 cm^{-1}, which becomes more intense at low doping and low temperatures, borrowing oscillator strength from apical and plane oxygen modes resulting in a major transformation of the phonon spectrum below approx 150 K.
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