Abstract:
The affine group of a tree is the group of the isometries of a homogeneous tree that fix an end of its boundary. Consider a probability measure on this group and the associated random walk. The main goal of this paper is to determine the accumulation points of the potential kernel at the infinity. In particular we show that under suitable regularity hypotheses this kernel can be continuously extended to the tree boundary and we determine the limit measures.

Abstract:
Let $\Gamma$ be a dense countable subgroup of a locally compact continuous group $G$. Take a probability measure $\mu$ on $\Gamma$. There are two natural spaces of harmonic functions: the space of $\mu$-harmonic functions on the countable group $\Gamma$ and the space of $\mu$-harmonic functions seen as functions on $G$ defined a.s. with respect to its Haar measure $\lambda$. This leads to two natural Poisson boundaries: the $\Gamma$-Poisson boundary and the $G$-Poisson boundary. Since boundaries on the countable group are quite well understood, a natural question is to ask how $G$-boundary is related to the $\Gamma$-boundary. In this paper we present a theoretical setting to build the $G$-Poisson boundary from the $\Gamma$-boundary. We apply this technics to build the Poisson boundary of the closure of the Baumslag-Solitar group in the group of real matrices. In particular we show that, under moment condition and in the case that the action on $\mathbf{R}$ is not contracting, this boundary is the $p$-solenoid.

Abstract:
The group of affine transformations with rational coefficients, $aff(Q)$, acts naturally on the real line, but also on the $p$-adic fields. The aim of this note is to show that all these actions are necessary and sufficient to represent bounded $\mu$-harmonic functions for a probability measure $\mu$ on $aff(Q)$ that is supported by a finitely generated sub-group, that is to describe the Poisson boundary.

Abstract:
The group of affine transformations with rational coefficients acts naturally on the real line, but also on the $p$-adic fields. The aim of this note is to show that, for random walks whose laws have a finite first moment, all these actions are necessary and sufficient to describe the Poisson boundary, which is in fact the product of all the fields that contract in mean.

Abstract:
We report in this paper the proofs that the pulse shape analysis can be used in some bolometers to identify the nature of the interacting particle. Indeed, while detailed analyses of the signal time development in purely thermal detectors have not produced so far interesting results, similar analyses on bolometers built with scintillating crystals seem to show that it is possible to distinguish between an electron or gamma-ray and an alpha particle interaction. This information can be used to eliminate background events from the recorded data in many rare process studies, especially Neutrinoless Double Beta decay search. Results of pulse shape analysis of signals from a number of bolometers with absorbers of different composition (CaMoO4, ZnMoO4, MgMoO4 and ZnSe) are presented and the pulse shape discrimination capability of such detectors is discussed.

Abstract:
We determine all positive harmonic functions for a large class of "semi-isotropic" random walks on the lamplighter group, i.e., the wreath product of the cyclic group of order q with the infinite cyclic group. This is possible via the geometric realization of a Cayley graph of that group as the Diestel-Leader graph DL(q,q). More generally, DL(q,r) is the horocyclic product of two homogeneous trees with respective degrees $q+1$ and $r+1$, and our result applies to all DL-graphs. This is based on a careful study of the minimal harmonic functions for semi-isotropic walks on trees.

Abstract:
We construct the Poisson boundary for a random walk supported by the general linear group on the rational numbers as the product of flag manifolds over the $p$-adic fields. To this purpose, we prove a law of large numbers using the Oseledets' multiplicative ergodic theorem.

Abstract:
We consider stochastic dynamical systems on ${\mathbb{R}}$, that is, random processes defined by $X_n^x=\Psi_n(X_{n-1}^x)$, $X_0^x=x$, where $\Psi _n$ are i.i.d. random continuous transformations of some unbounded closed subset of ${\mathbb{R}}$. We assume here that $\Psi_n$ behaves asymptotically like $A_nx$, for some random positive number $A_n$ [the main example is the affine stochastic recursion $\Psi_n(x)=A_nx+B_n$]. Our aim is to describe invariant Radon measures of the process $X_n^x$ in the critical case, when ${\mathbb{E}}\log A_1=0$. We prove that those measures behave at infinity like $\frac{dx}{x}$. We study also the problem of uniqueness of the invariant measure. We improve previous results known for the affine recursions and generalize them to a larger class of stochastic dynamical systems which include, for instance, reflected random walks, stochastic dynamical systems on the unit interval $[0,1]$, additive Markov processes and a variant of the Galton--Watson process.

Abstract:
The Internal Diffusion Limited Aggregation has been introduced by Diaconis and Fulton in 1991. It is a growth model defined on an infinite set and associated to a Markov chain on this set. We focus here on sets which are finitely generated groups with exponential growth. We prove a shape theorem for the Internal DLA on such groups associated to symmetric random walks. For that purpose, we introduce a new distance associated to the Green function, which happens to have some interesting properties. In the case of homogeneous trees, we also get the right order for the fluctuations of that model around its limiting shape.

Abstract:
We determine the precise asymptotic behaviour (in space) of the Green kernel of simple random walk with drift on the Diestel-Leader graph $DL(q,r)$, where $q,r \ge 2$. The latter is the horocyclic product of two homogeneous trees with respective degrees $q+1$ and $r+1$. When $q=r$, it is the Cayley graph of the wreath product (lamplighter group) ${\mathbb Z}_q \wr {\mathbb Z}$ with respect to a natural set of generators. We describe the full Martin compactification of these random walks on $DL$-graphs and, in particular, lamplighter groups. This completes and provides a better approach to previous results of Woess, who has determined all minimal positive harmonic functions.