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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 219885 matches for " C. Aparna "
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Sinonasal Undifferentiated Carcinoma—A Case Report  [PDF]
C. Aparna, I. V. Renuka
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2014.36068
Abstract: Sinonasal tumors with neuroendocrine differentiation are uncommon. They arise from schneiderian epithelium. The authors reported a case in a fifty-six years old female patient who came with complaints of headache and epistaxis. Differential diagnosis and review of literature are presented in detail. This case is presented in view of its rarity.
Functionalization of Cobalt Ferrite Nanoparticles with Alginate Coating for Biocompatible Applications  [PDF]
Prasad M. Tamhankar, Aparna M. Kulkarni, Shrikant C. Watawe
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2011.29179
Abstract: The soft magnetic materials have potential applications in the field of bioengineering as carriers for targeted drug delivery. The magnetic properties, particle size after coating, Curie temperature and its biocompatibility are important parameters for the synthesis of materials. In the present communication cobalt ferrite nanoparticles have been synthesized using co-precipitation method and coated with sodium alginate. The X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopic measurements have been used to confirm the ferrite structure formation and coating of the samples with alginate. The SEM micrographs have been used to confirm the particle size which is found to be 45 nm before coating and 78 nm after coating. The saturation magnetization obtained using the hysteresis data for the uncoated cobalt ferrite sample is 19.8 emu/gm while for the coated sample it reduces to 10.2 emu/gm. The AC susceptibility measurements indicate SP structure for the uncoated samples with Curie temperature less than 100℃. The thermo gravimetric measurements have been used to estimate the amount of alginate coating on the sample and it has been correlated with retention of magnetic properties after coating. The value of saturation magnetization reduces after coating due to mass reduction of magnetic material in the sample in accordance with the TGA measurements.
Primary Amyloid Goitre  [PDF]
C. Aparna, I. V. Renuka, G. Saila Bala, M. Vijayasri
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2014.31007

Goitre is defined as the presence of amyloid within the thyroid gland in such quantities as to produce a clinically apparent enlargement. We report a case on a fifty-two-year-old female patient who presented with a rapidly growing thyroid swelling. Thyroid function tests were normal. This case was diagnosed as amyloid goitre and was discussed in detail along with review of literature.

Photometric studies of some starburst galaxies
Aparna Chitre,U. C. Joshi
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1051/aas:1999384
Abstract: We present the results of a detailed morphological analysis of ten starburst galaxies selected from the Markarian catalogue of uv-excess objects. CCD surface photometry of these galaxies was carried out based on observations made in B, V (Johnson) and R, I (Kron-Cousins) band passes. We present the radial variations of surface brightness, ellipticity, position angle and the colour indices for each galaxy obtained using ellipse fitting isophotal analysis. The residual images constructed for extracting the fine structure are also presented. A variety of morphological types are found to host the starburst phenomenon. The star formation activity is not confined to the nuclear region alone, but it also occurs at various locations in the galaxy and is seen as clumpy regions. The colour index and the residual images are used for deriving information about the sites of enhanced star formation activity and the triggers of the starburst. The luminosity profiles show an exponential behaviour in the outer region. The disk scale lengths and the half-light radii are derived. The contribution of the burst component has been estimated and the colours of the burst component are presented. Strong isophotal twisting is detected in all the S0 and E galaxies: Mrk 1002, Mrk 1308 and Mrk 14, in the sample. This is accompanied by boxiness in some cases, suggesting that a merger is responsible for the starburst activity in these galaxies. In case of isolated spirals, a bar or a central oval distortion appear to be the likely trigger for the starburst.
Health expenditures and personal bankruptcies  [PDF]
Aparna Mathur
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.412192
Abstract: Using household-level data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we estimate the extent to which medical expenses are responsible for driving households to bankruptcy. Our results suggest that an increase of 10 percent in medical debts would cause a 27 percent increase in the filing propensity of households with primarily medical debt, and an approximately 36 percent increase in filing propensity of households where medical debts co-exist with primarily credit card debts. Studying the post-bankruptcy scenario, we find that filers are 19 percent less likely to own a home even several years after the filing, compared to non-filers. However, the consequences are less adverse for medical filers i.e. those who filed due to high medical bills compared to other filers.
Industrial Unsustainability  [PDF]
Aparna Nayak
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.34003
Abstract: The development of unconventional gas exploration in the USA, in particular shale gas, caused a revolution in the American and the global gas markets. The regional-wide use of unconventional gas resources could stabilize the natural gas demand and the energy supply security of European and Asian countries. But traditionally, almost all gas contracts in Europe and Asia are linked to oil because of the demand for stable, long-term contracts. Furthermore, in many Asian countries, large state-owned enterprises dominate their national gas markets, leading to little competition and incentives to reduce gas prices. In Europe, the expansion of unconventional gas is facing grassroots opposition from environmental groups who are concerned about ground water safety, adequate waste water management, seismic events and greenhouse gas emissions. In this article, I will discuss the rapidly changing natural gas markets and the role and prospects of unconventional gas as well as its environmental impacts and unsustainability in industry level.
Clean India  [PDF]
Aparna Nayak
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.35015
Abstract: Mahatma Gandhi was mindful of the poor position of Indian rural people at that time and he dreamt of a cleaner India, where he emphasized on cleanliness and sanitation as an intact function of surviving. President Pranab Mukherjee in his address to Parliament in June 2014, said, “For ensuring hygiene, waste management and sanitation across the nation a “Swachh Bharat Mission” will be established. This will be our tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary to be celebrated in the year 2019”. The Narendra Modi Government will shortly establish the “Swachh Bharat” movement to solve the sanitation problem in India, to solve the problem of waste management and make India a clean state, ensuring hygiene all across the nation. Emphasizing “Clean India” on August 15, 2014 in his Independence Day speech, the Prime Minister said that this trend is linked with the economic activity of the state. This missionary work for creating a clean India will be launched on October 2, 2014, the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi with the objective of completing the mission in 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of the father of the country.
DNA polymerase III a subunit from Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv: Homology modeling and molecular docking of its inhibitor
Gagan Chhabra,Aparna Dixit,Lalit C. Garg
Bioinformation , 2011,
Abstract: The alpha subunit of Mycobacterial DNA polymerase III holo enzyme catalyzes the polymerization of both DNA strands. The present investigation reports three dimensional (3-D) structure model of DNA polymerase III a subunit of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv (MtbDnaE1) generated using homology modeling with the backbone structure of DNA polymerase III a of Thermus aquaticus as a template. The model was evaluated at various structure verification servers, which assess the stereo chemical parameters of the residues in the model, as well as structural and functional domains. Comparative analysis of MtbDnaE1 structure reveals the structure of its catalytic domain to be unrelated to that of the human. Successful docking of known inhibitor of bacterial DNA polymerases, 251D onto the modeled MtbDnaE1 was also performed. Therefore, the structure model of MtbDnaE1, a potential anti-mycobacterial target, opens a new avenue for structure-based drug designing against the pathogen.
Star formation along a misaligned bar in the peculiar starburst galaxy Mkn 439
Aparna Chitre,U. C. Joshi,S. Ganesh
Physics , 1999,
Abstract: We report the detection of massive star formation along a bar in the peculiar starburst galaxy Mkn 439. We present optical B, R and H_alpha + [NII] emission line images as well as H band images to show that the signature of the bar becomes progressively weak at longer wavelengths. Moreover, this bar is misaligned with the main body of the galaxy. The peak H_alpha emission does not coincide with the bluest regions seen in the colour maps. We infer that the starburst is young since the stars in the burst have not started influencing the light in the near infrared. There are indications of dust in the inner regions of this galaxy.
Aluminene as Highly Hole Doped Graphene
C. Kamal,Aparna Chakrabarti,Motohiko Ezawa
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/17/8/083014
Abstract: Monolayer structures made up of purely one kind of atoms are fascinating. Many kinds of honeycomb systems including carbon, silicon, germanium, tin, phosphorus and arsenic have been shown to be stable. However, so far the structures are restricted to group IV and V elements. In this letter, we systematically investigate the stability of monolayer structures made up of aluminium, in four different geometric configurations (planar, buckled, puckered and triangular), by employing density functional theory based electronic structure calculation. Our results on cohesive energy and phonon dispersion predict that only planar honeycomb structure made up of aluminium is stable. We call it "aluminene" according to the standard naming convention. It is a metal. Results of electronic band structure suggest that it may be regarded as a highly hole doped graphene. We also present the tight-binding model and the Dirac theory to discuss the electronic properties of aluminene.
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