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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 222996 matches for " César; Romaní "
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Auto-reporte de victimización escolar y factores asociados en escolares peruanos de educación secundaria, a o 2007.
Franco Romaní,César Gutiérrez
Revista Peruana de Epidemiologia , 2010,
Abstract: Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de auto-reporte de ser víctima (victimización) de violencia escolar y determinar qué factores se encuentran asociados a dicho fenómeno. Métodos: Realizamos un análisis secundario de los datos del II Estudio Nacional de Prevención y Consumo de Drogas en Estudiantes de Secundaria de Perú en el a o 2007. Se midieron variables socio-demográficas: edad, sexo, región, nivel de pobreza, tipo de colegio, consumo de drogas legales, ilegales, médicas, estado de unión de los padres, a o de estudio y si trabaja además de estudiar. Además, determinamos la prevalencia de victimización, en base al auto-reporte de los escolares en 14 situaciones de violencia. Se hizo en análisis descriptivo, bivariado y multivariado para determinar los factores asociados. Resultados: La prevalencia de victimización fue de 56.4% y la frecuencia de victimización severa de 8.5%. Los escolares reportan en mayor frecuencia ser víctimas de alguna forma de violencia verbal en 66.2% de casos, de violencia física en 57.3%, de exclusión social en 47.1% y de formas mixtas de violencia en 17.6%. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de auto-reporte de victimización en escolares peruanos de educación secundaria es elevada, mayor a la reportada por otros países sudamericanos y en Europa. Existen muchas variables asociadas a cada uno de los tipos de victimización (edad, género, región de ubicación del colegio, tipo de colegio, a o de estudio, nivel de pobreza, estado civil de padres y consumo de drogas legales, ilegales y médicas). Este fenómeno, por su alta prevalencia, es un problema de salud pública que necesita un abordaje multidisciplinario para reducir su frecuencia e impacto.
Autorreporte de accidentes de tránsito en una encuesta nacional en la población urbana de Perú
Wong,Paolo; Gutiérrez,César; Romaní,franco;
Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1726-46342010000200003
Abstract: objectives. to estimate the frequency of self-reporting of road traffic accidents in the previous year in the general population and to determine the associated factors. materials and methods. we conducted a secondary analysis of the data of the iii national survey of drug use in the general population of peru, 2006. we measured socio-demographical variables: age, gender, place of origin, educational level and marital status. we also evaluated the use of legal, illegal and medical drugs. the independent variable was the self-reporting of a road traffic accident. we performed the descriptive, bivariate and multivariate analysis of the socio-demographical variables and the drug use (legal and illegal), together with the self-reporting of the traffic accident. results. the frequency of reporting of road traffic accidents in the last year according to the survey was 2.93% (95%ci: 2.92-2.94). the associated factors for self-reporting of a road traffic accident were: to live in the jungle areas (or: 2.03; 95%ci:1.55-2.65), male gender (or: 1.79; 95%ci: 1.46-2.22), legal drugs use in the last year (or: 1.98, 95%ci: 1.53-2.55), alcohol consumption in the last year (or: 1.82; 95%ci: 1.44-2.32) and medical drugs use in the last year (or: 2,45, 95%ci 1,63-3,68). conclusions. the prevalence of self-reporting of road traffic accidents in the last year was very high compared to similar studies and other reporting sources. the variables associated with having had a traffic accident were: living in the jungle area, being male, legal drug use in the last month, especially alcohol and medical drug use in the last month. it is necessary to think carefully about the information system of the road traffic accidents in order to achieve a better picture of the problem putting emphasis in the legal drugs use.
Autorreporte de accidentes de tránsito en una encuesta nacional en la población urbana de Perú Self-reporting of road traffic accidents in a national survey of urban population in Peru
Paolo Wong,César Gutiérrez,franco Romaní
Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública , 2010,
Abstract: Objetivos. Estimar la frecuencia del autorreporte de accidente de tránsito como antecedente en el último a o en la población general y determinar qué factores se encuentran asociados. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un análisis secundario de los datos de la III Encuesta Nacional de Consumo de Drogas en la Población General del Perú 2006 de DEVIDA. Se midieron las variables sociodemográficas: edad, sexo, región de procedencia, nivel educativo alcanzado y estado civil. Asimismo, se evaluó el consumo de drogas legales, ilegales y médicas. La variable de respuesta fue el autorreporte de accidente de tránsito. Se realizó análisis descriptivo y bivariado de las variables sociodemográficas y de consumo de drogas (legales e ilegales) con el autorreporte de accidente de tránsito. Resultados. La frecuencia de reporte de accidente de tránsito en el último a o según la encuesta fue de 2,93% (IC95%: 2,92-2,94). Los factores asociados a autorreportar un accidente de tránsito son: vivir en la selva (OR: 2,03; IC95%: 1,55-2,65), género masculino (OR: 1,79; IC95%: 1,46-2,22), consumo de drogas legales en el último a o (OR: 1,98; IC95%: 1,53-2,55),consumo de alcohol en el último a o (OR: 1,82; IC95%: 1,44-2,32) y consumo de drogas médicas en el último a o (OR: 2,45; IC95%: 1,63-3,68). Conclusiones. La prevalencia de autorreporte de accidente de tránsito en el último a o fue muy elevada comparada con estudios similares y otras fuentes reportantes. Las variables asociadas con el antecedente de accidente de tránsito son: el vivir en la selva, ser varón, el consumo de drogas legales en el último a o, especialmente alcohol y consumo de drogas médicas en el último a o. Es necesario reflexionar acerca del sistema de información sobre accidentes de tránsito a fin de una mayor caracterización del problema haciendo énfasis en el consumo de drogas legales. Objectives. To estimate the frequency of self-reporting of road traffic accidents in the previous year in the general population and to determine the associated factors. Materials and methods. We conducted a secondary analysis of the data of the III National Survey of Drug Use in the General Population of Peru, 2006. We measured socio-demographical variables: age, gender, place of origin, educational level and marital status. We also evaluated the use of legal, illegal and medical drugs. The independent variable was the self-reporting of a road traffic accident. We performed the descriptive, bivariate and multivariate analysis of the socio-demographical variables and the drug use (legal and illegal), together with the self-report
Auto-reporte de agresividad escolar y factores asociados en escolares peruanos de educación secundaria.
Franco Romaní,César Gutiérrez,Manuel Lama
Revista Peruana de Epidemiologia , 2011,
Abstract: El bullying es un problema de salud pública que no está siendo identificado y afrontado con estrategias claras para reducir la ocurrencia del fenómeno. Objetivo: Estimar la prevalencia de auto-reporte de perpetración de agresividad escolar y determinar que factores se encuentran asociados a dicho fenómeno. Métodos: Realizamos un análisis secundario de los datos del II Estudio Nacional de Prevención y Consumo de Drogas en Estudiantes de Secundaria de Perú en el a o 2007. Se midieron variables sociodemográficas y consumo de sustancias: edad, sexo, región, nivel de pobreza, tipo de colegio, estado de unión de los padres, a o de estudio, si trabaja además de estudiar y consumo de drogas legales, ilegales y médicas. Además, determinamos la prevalencia de agresividad, en base al auto-reporte de los escolares en 14 situaciones de violencia. Se hizo en análisis descriptivo, bivariado y multivariado para determinar los factores asociados. Resultados: La prevalencia de auto-reporte de agresividad fue de 37.5% y la frecuencia de agresividad severa fue de 10.3%. Los escolares reportan en mayor frecuencia ser perpetradores de agresión verbal (54.4% de casos), siguen en frecuencia la perpetración de agresión física (35.9%), exclusión social (26.7%) y formas mixtas de violencia (12.8%). El consumo de drogas legales e ilegales fueron los factores más fuertemente asociados con la perpetración de las diferentes formas de violencia analizadas, desde un OR ajustado de 1.56 para la violencia verbal con el consumo de drogas ilegales hasta un OR ajustado de 2.59 para las formas mixtas de violencia con el consumo de drogas ilegales también. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de auto-reporte de agresividad escolar en adolescentes peruanos es elevada, similar a la reportada en otros países sudamericanos y mucho mayor a la reportada en Europa y Estados Unidos. Existen diversas variables asociadas a cada uno de los tipos de agresividad. El perfil del escolar agresor es el ser varón de 14 a 16 a os y consumir drogas legales e ilegales en el último a o. Este fenómeno por su alta prevalencia, es un problema creciente de salud pública, que necesita un abordaje integral y multidisciplinario para reducir la frecuencia, impacto y gravedad de las perpetraciones de agresión escolar.
Estrategia para fortalecer las capacidades de investigación en salud en universidades públicas regionales: rol del canon y del Instituto Nacional de Salud Strategy to strengthen health research capabilities in regional public universities: the role of the mining canon and the Instituto Nacional de Salud
Franco Romaní,César Cabezas,Manuel Espinoza,Gabriela Minaya
Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública , 2012,
Abstract: El desarrollo de investigación científica en salud requiere de un sistema de investigación sostenido, articulado y coherente con las prioridades de investigación; este sistema de investigación implica la existencia de financiamiento tanto interno como externo, y de disponer recursos humanos competentes. El canon minero es un derecho constitucional, parte de él ha sido destinado para el desarrollo de investigación científica y aplicada por las universidades públicas (UP). El Instituto Nacional de Salud (INS) tiene entre sus funciones promover, gestionar y difundir el desarrollo de investigación en salud a nivel nacional. Como parte de estas funciones se conformó un equipo técnico para brindar asesoría técnica a las UP para el desarrollo de investigación con fondos del canon minero, mediante la adecuación local de protocolos de investigación promovidos por el INS y asumidos por los docentes-investigadores de la universidad. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo describir la realidad de investigación de las UP peruanas que cuentan con fondos del canon minero, y presentar la intervención que el INS viene realizando para fortalecer las capacidades de investigación, iniciando con desarrollar propuestas de investigación que potencialmente puedan obtener financiamiento de parte del canon. The development of scientific health research requires a sustained and articulated research system that is consistent with the research priorities, as well as both internal and external funding, and availability of competent human resources. The Mining Canon, a constitutional right, has been partly used to foster applied scientific research in public universities (PU). In addition, the National Health Institute (INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE SALUD - INS) is devoted, among others, to promoting, managing and disseminating health research development at a national level. As part of these activities, a technical team was created to provide technical assistance to PU for research development using Mining Canon funds by making local adjustments to research protocols promoted by the INS and assumed by the professors-researchers at the Universities. This article aims at describing the reality of research at Peruvian public universities that have access to Mining Canon funds, as well as to elaborate on the work the INS is carrying out in order to strengthen research capabilities, starting with the development of research proposals that could potentially be funded by the Mining Canon.
Simpactectomia lombar retroperitoneoscópica para tratamento da hiper-hidrose plantar
Loureiro, Marcelo de Paula;Roman, Neomar;Weigmann, Sheila Cristina;Fontana, Aline;Boscardim, Paulo César Bufara;
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgi?es , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-69912007000400005
Abstract: background: describe a 4-years follow-up of females submitted to lumbar sympathectomy for hiperhidrosis. methods: from june 2002 to july 2006, we have operated 44 patients with plantar hyperidrosis. only one of them had primary plantar hyperidrosis. the others had persistent plantar hyperidrosis after thoracic sympathectomy. results: we show our results with a median follow up of 22.3 months. most patients were very satisfied and only 37% had worsened their compensatory sweat. conclusion: laparoscopic lumbar sympathectomy is a safe and effective technique which is associated with few and acceptable collateral effects, when it is indicated in the treatment of plantar hyperhidrosis in young women.
Factors associated with knowledge and screening of cervical cancer (PAP test) in Peruvian women of childbearing age. Analysis of period 1996-2008
César Gutiérrez,Franco Romaní,José Ramos,Edith Alarcón
Revista Peruana de Epidemiologia , 2010,
Abstract: Objectives: To determinate the frecuency, sociodemographics characteristics and interpersonal factors associated with cervical cancer screening in Peruvian women of childbearing age. Methods: We used the database of the national Demographic and Family Health (DHS) survey conducted in 1996, 2000, 2004 and 2008. We considered as dependent variable teh questions: Have you heard of the PAP smear? and Have you had a PAP smear in the last 5 years?. Sociodemographics characteristics and interpersonal factors were considered as independent variables. Dependent and independent variables were used in the bivariate and multivariate analysis in order to determinate which factors were associated. Results: The percentage of women in childbearing age with any PAP smear was 42.8%, 45.7%, 47.3% and 45.6% for 1996, 2000, 2004 and 2008 respectively. While the percentage of women in childbearing age who had heard about PAP smear was 78.3%, 85.1%, 89.8% and 91.4% for the same years. During the 4 years analyzed, living in the coast and in urban areas were associated with having heard of PAP test. While only having had a previously PAP smear was associated with living in the coast in a consistetd manner during the four years analyzed. Conclusions: The frequency of cervical cancer screening obtained in this study are representative of the national reality. The coverage in Peru is low compared with other South American countries. There are some factors associated with PAP smear that can be modified to improve its coverage, knowing that it is the screening method of choice for cervical cancer.
Análisis bibliométrico de la producción científica sobre VIH/SIDA en el Perú 1985 - 2010
Caballero,Patricia; Gutiérrez,César; Rosell,Gustavo; Yagui,Martín; Alarcón,Jorge; Espinoza,Manuel; Magan,Cristina; Sebastián,José Luis; Cabezas,César; Romaní,Franco;
Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1726-46342011000300010
Abstract: objective. to analyze the evolution of published scientific articles on hiv/aids in peru. methods. a bibliometric analysis of papers on hiv/aids published in journals indexed in medline, scielo and lilacs until october 2010. we selected research papers fully developed in peru, and multicenter studies with participating peruvian sites. results. we identified 257 publications on hiv/aids, showing an increase since 2003. the average publication delay was 2.8±1.8 years. only 94 (36.6 %) articles were published in spanish. the most studied areas were epidemiology (36.6 %) and clinical topics (35.8 %). the cross-sectional design was the most frequent (56.8 %) followed by case series. according to the who classification, studies to learn more about the disease and risk factors predominated (85.6 %) and according to the intervention areas, 46.7 % focused on diagnosis and treatment. most studies were conducted in lima (65.9 %). 48.2 % of studies focused on people living with hiv/aids. finally, revista peruana de medicina experimental y salud pública was the journal that published most articles on hiv/aids (9.7 %). conclusions. we found a growth in scientific production on hiv / aids in peru; however, we believe that the research undertaken was not based on an agreed national agenda or national research priorities, which might have limitted its dissemination and application.
Relationships between Earth’s Rotation or Revolution and Geographical Extent of the Global Surface Monsoons  [PDF]
Mbane Biouele César
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences (ACS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/acs.2014.41006
Abstract:

Monsoon seasons, occasionally also known as wet seasons or trade-wind littoral seasons, are found in the regions where there is a complete seasonal reversal of the prevailing surface winds. Accompanying these shifts in the prevailing surface winds are modulations in rainfall activity. Given the fact that our knowledge of the monsoons is mainly based on the interpretation of the mean values of precipitation, cloudiness and winds; relationships between earth’s rotation or revolution and geographical extent of the global surface monsoons deserve to be highlighted. In the abundant literary and audiovisual production devoted to monsoons worldwide and despite the fact that everyone agrees with physical law which shows that Coriolis force acts to the right in the northern hemisphere (to the left in the southern hemisphere), there is no reference to the relationship between Coriolis force (due to earth’s rotation) effects on troposphere general circulation and geographical extent of the global surface monsoons. Furthermore knowing that the ITCZ oscillations on either side of the equators (due to earth’s revolution) determine the seasons (mainly winter and summer), it is clear that earth’s revolution also plays a crucial role in the seasonal reversal of the prevailing surface winds observed in the regions where monsoons are found. Our main objective is to provide a rational answer to the question: what is a monsoon?

Physics as Final Opportunity to Prevent Harms Related to Theatricalization of Meteorology  [PDF]
Mbane Biouele César
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences (ACS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/acs.2014.41015
Abstract:

Using Mbane Biouele formula derived in 2009 on the troposphere thermoelastic properties leads to thermal and kinematic profiles of major atmospheric disturbances which clearly indicate that these terrible events for men should not be viewed with fatalism. This unexpected truth is unfortunately always obscured by media outlets of brilliant TV presenters or famous workshops panelists that focus attention on the excessively sensational meteorology (unfortunately folk and pernicious) instead of worrying about the seriousness that should characterize all interventions on the climate study or prediction. Good weather conditions, it is undeniable, facilitate an excellent running of almost all human activities like sports, transport, agricultural activities, celebrations of events, etc.... Far more serious, the advent of supercomputers and satellites could, if their valuable information is used solely for the theatricalization of weather events, trigger the decline of the scientific discipline of great public utility that is meteorology. Indeed, many meteorologists acquire very big head when they succeed in acquiring advanced equipment. Without prejudging what meteorology will become in the future, we hope that the work done in this article will remind each researchers that much remains to be done to promote climate studies. We remind quite emphatically that both hurricanes and cyclones have their weak-points (or talon dAchilles in French) and thus, researchers should begin to think about how to neutralize atmospheric disturbances that have both a large and a strong destructive power”.

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