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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 220004 matches for " Cáceres Bermejo "
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Un momento de reflexión acerca de las vacunas
Cáceres Bermejo,G.G.;
Sanidad Militar , 2012, DOI: 10.4321/S1887-85712012000200009
Abstract: throughout the last centuries, the first signs of vaccination were linked to variolation procedures. in 1796, edward jenner developed the first vaccine for smallpox: the world eradication of this mortal disease was achieved due to the vaccination. in other diseases, such as neonatal tetanus, poliomyelitis or measles, immunization programmes have drastically decreased morbidity and mortality. nowadays, these achievements of vaccination have caused a false perception of lack of risk, causing a decrease in immunization coverage in some cases. there has been a considerable increase on reported cases and outbreaks of some diseases such as measles. the messages of anti-vaccination movements have contributed to generate this situation by associating some adverse effects with vaccines, but there is no scientific evidence to support it.
Un momento de reflexión acerca de las vacunas Just a moment for thinking about vaccines
G.G. Cáceres Bermejo
Sanidad Militar , 2012,
Abstract: Durante muchos siglos, los primeros atisbos de vacunación estuvieron ligados a la práctica de la variolización. En 1796 Edward Jenner desarrolló la primera vacuna contra la viruela: gracias a la vacunación se ha conseguido la erradicación de esta mortal enfermedad sobre el planeta. En otras enfermedades como el tétanos neonatal, la poliomielitis o el sarampión las campa as de vacunación han conseguido una drástica disminución de la morbi-mortalidad. Actualmente, estos logros conseguidos por las vacunas han producido una falsa percepción de ausencia de riesgo, en algunos casos han descendido las coberturas de vacunación, y se ha producido un aumento del número de casos y brotes de algunas enfermedades como el sarampión. A esta situación han contribuido los mensajes de algunos grupos contrarios a la vacunación que han atribuido a las vacunas una serie de efectos adversos que en ningún caso han sido probados por la comunidad científica. Throughout the last centuries, the first signs of vaccination were linked to variolation procedures. In 1796, Edward Jenner developed the first vaccine for smallpox: the world eradication of this mortal disease was achieved due to the vaccination. In other diseases, such as neonatal tetanus, poliomyelitis or measles, immunization programmes have drastically decreased morbidity and mortality. Nowadays, these achievements of vaccination have caused a false perception of lack of risk, causing a decrease in immunization coverage in some cases. There has been a considerable increase on reported cases and outbreaks of some diseases such as measles. The messages of anti-vaccination movements have contributed to generate this situation by associating some adverse effects with vaccines, but there is no scientific evidence to support it.
Pandemia de gripe A (H1N1): estrategia de vigilancia y vacunación en las Fuerzas Armadas
Cáceres Bermejo,G.G.; Ballester Orcal,L.E.;
Sanidad Militar , 2011, DOI: 10.4321/S1887-85712011000500008
Abstract: the armed forces constitute a group of special interest for the surveillance and the prevention of influenza. the aim of this paper is to describe the public health measures taken in response to pandemic of influenza a (h1n1). specific protocols of action were designed for the epidemiological surveillance and the vaccination, for national territory and operation areas. the reported cases of influenza a were 1223 (57,5% in the army), 10 have required hospitalization, and no death has taken place. 67800 pandemic vaccines have been distributed and the coverage reached 9,7 %, the highest coverage of vaccination (45,9%) was obtained in the ume (emergencies military unit). 613 adverse effects to the vaccination were reported, but all of them were slight.
Pandemia de gripe A (H1N1): estrategia de vigilancia y vacunación en las Fuerzas Armadas Pandemic of swine flu (H1N1): strategies for surveillance and immunization in the Armed Forces
G.G. Cáceres Bermejo,L.E. Ballester Orcal
Sanidad Militar , 2011,
Abstract: Las Fuerzas Armadas constituyen un colectivo de interés especial en cuanto a la vigilancia y prevención de la gripe. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir las medidas de Salud Pública adoptadas frente a la pandemia de gripe A (H1N1). Se elaboraron protocolos de actuación específicos, tanto en vigilancia epidemiológica como en vacunación, en territorio nacional y en zona de operaciones. El número de casos notificados de gripe A fue de 1223 (el 57,5% en el Ejército de Tierra), 10 necesitaron hospitalización, y no se produjo ninguna defunción. Se distribuyeron 67.800 vacunas pandémicas y la cobertura fue del 9,7%, la Unidad Militar de Emergencias fue donde se conseguieron coberturas más altas (45,9%). Se notificaron 613 efectos adversos a la vacunación, todos ellos fueron leves. The Armed Forces constitute a group of special interest for the surveillance and the prevention of influenza. The aim of this paper is to describe the public health measures taken in response to pandemic of Influenza A (H1N1). Specific protocols of action were designed for the epidemiological surveillance and the vaccination, for national territory and operation areas. The reported cases of Influenza A were 1223 (57,5% in the Army), 10 have required hospitalization, and no death has taken place. 67800 pandemic vaccines have been distributed and the coverage reached 9,7 %, the highest coverage of vaccination (45,9%) was obtained in the UME (Emergencies Military Unit). 613 adverse effects to the vaccination were reported, but all of them were slight.
Occurrence of Conepatus chinga (Molina) (Mammalia, Carnivora, Mustelidae) and other terrestrial mammals in the Serra do Mar, Paraná, Brazil
Cáceres, Nilton C.;
Revista Brasileira de Zoologia , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81752004000300020
Abstract: in this paper 19 additional mammalian species are reported in the atlantic forest of the paranean serra do mar, southern brazil, including threatened and rare species. these findings resulted from a one-year field research in the western slope of the serra do mar, piraquara municipality, with additional review of reports about mammal distribution in the region. preliminarily mammal richness in the region is round 54 species, but this number could be higher with more systematic surveys, particularly with regards to bats. the occurrence of the hog-nosed skunk, conepatus chinga (molina, 1782), is reported for the first time in the eastern portion of paraná, a state vastly deforested during the last century in brazil.
Comparative lengths of digestive tracts of seven didelphid marsupials (Mammalia) in relation to diet
Cáceres, Nilton C.;
Revista Brasileira de Zoologia , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81752005000100021
Abstract: the relative proportions of the digestive tract were rarely explored to understand the behaviour and the ecology of neotropical marsupials. in this study, proportions of the digestive tract and diet were compared in seven opossum species. the animals studied were didelphis albiventris lund, 1840, d. aurita wied-neuwied, 1826, metachirus nudicaudatus (desmarest, 1817), philander frenatus (olfers, 1818), lutreolina crassicaudata desmarest, 1804, monodelphis sorex (hensel, 1872) and caluromys lanatus (olfers, 1818). segments of digestive tracts of marsupials were measured and differences were statistically tested by analysis of variance and covariance. caecum and hard guts were responsible for the main differences among opossums, although all segments differed significantly. caluromys lanatus was the most specialised species, with a large hard gut and caecum, small stomach and shorter small gut. the large caecum of m. nudicaudatus and the shortest hard gut of m. sorex were also noticed. the arboreal c. lanatus has a well different feeding habit and life style regarding other marsupials studied, such as m. sorex and m. nudicaudatus which are terrestrial, corroborating the results reached.
Juego de intereses en la demolición del Convento y de la Iglesia de Santo Domingo. Bogotá, 1939-1947
Rueda Cáceres Liliana Rueda Cáceres
Anuario Colombiano de Historia Social y de la Cultura , 2012,
Abstract: La demolición del antiguo convento Santo Domingo, en abril de 1939, generó la fragmentación de la manzana urbana que había ocupado por más de trescientos a os. Qué consecuencias adicionales conllevó este fraccionamiento? El artículo se centra en el análisis de los movimientos de finca raíz que se dieron en la “nueva” manzana que apareció con la demolición de la Iglesia de Santo Domingo, siete a os después de haber sido derribado el convento; este hecho urbano evidenció la existencia de unos juegos de intereses. El marco teórico y metodológico para analizar este caso se basa en la historia urbana, la que observa a la ciudad como un producto social y en la que el plano se constituye en una herramienta de reflexión. Se concluye que el antiguo convento, más que un inconveniente para la “modernización” de la ciudad, era realmente un obstáculo para la densificación y rentabilidad de ese sector, que se había desarrollado anárquicamente y sin el debido control y regulación de las entidades a cargo.
Violencia en relaciones íntimas en dos etapas evolutivas
Adriana Cáceres,José Cáceres
International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology , 2006,
Abstract: En este estudio descriptivo mediante encuestas se analiza la frecuencia y la intensidad de violencia física, psicológica y sexual de la que manifiestan haber sido objeto hombres y mujeres (n = 60) en el contexto de una relación íntima. Se estudiaron las respuestas de dos tipos de parejas, los que inician su relación ( novios , n = 30) y aquellos que llevan varios a os en el contexto de una relación conflictiva ( matrimonios , n = 30) a la Escala de Ajuste Diádico de Spanier y al índice de Violencia en Pareja de Hudson y McIntosh. Un 3,3% de los novios supera el punto cutt-off del cuestionario en violencia física y psicológica, mientras que el 43% de los matrimonios lo hace en el caso de la violencia física y un 50% en violencia psicológica. Ningún sujeto denunció haber sido forzado/a a realizar actos sexuales no deseados, mientras que un 6,7% de los hombres y un 3,3% de las mujeres denuncian ser requeridos/as sexualmente, aún estando cansados. No existen diferencias entre ambos géneros en ninguna de las puntuaciones. La correlación entre el índice de violencia y la Escala de Ajuste Diádico es de -0,72 (p <0,01). Se concluye que, además de otras medidas, se han de potenciar habilidades de relación democráticas para erradicar este problema.
La sustentabilidad de los sistemas campesinos analizada desde dos enfoques: Estados vs. Procesos
Cáceres,Daniel M;
Interciencia , 2008,
Abstract: currently, the debate on sustainability issues permeates almost every corner of the social field. however, researches aiming at making the concept more operational are not widespread, and most of the times their contributions stay within theoretical grounds. from a conceptual point of view, this paper discusses the convenience of approaching the concept of sustainability from two perspectives: "states" versus "processes". drawing upon an ad-hoc framework, three environmental and three socioeconomic indicators were created which were integrated in a farm sustainability index (fsi). the indicators were evaluated systematically during five consecutive years, aiming at assessing the sustainability of 14 peasant farms, located in central argentina. results show that in 57% of the farms there is a reduction on the fsi. these findings are analyzed in the light of the two perspectives mentioned above. it is argued that the "processes" approach may be more appropriate than the "states" approach to measure the sustainability of farming systems.
Agrobiodiversity and technology in resource-poor farms
Cáceres,Daniel M;
Interciencia , 2006,
Abstract: farms managed by peasants are traditionally considered as containing a high level of agrobiodiversity. however, the internal heterogeneity of their farming systems and the links between agrobiodiversity, technology and peasant livelihood strategies have been much less explored. in order to explore these relationships, a comparison was carried out between two groups of resource-poor farmers in northeastern argentina: agroecological farmers and tobacco growers. the results suggest that the high agrobiodiversity observed in these farms rests on four main diversification strategies: genetic, spatial, temporal, and management diversification. agrobiodiversity is also the result of the type of technologies used within these farms and the conditions in which the productive processes take place. despite the fact that both groups of farmers have a very similar farm structure, a shared technological matrix and the same fine-grain logic underlying their approach to farming, their farms showed markedly different levels of agrobiodiversity. agroecological farmers managed more than three times as many species as did tobacco growers. they also devoted significantly more species to self-consumption and self-input. the findings described here have implications for rural development and policymaking, since the embracement of different approaches to farming can produce largely different impacts on both peasant livelihoods and the environment.
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