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E itim retim lkeleri
Burham SüMERTA
Journal of the Human and Social Science Researches (itobiad) , 2012,
Abstract: Bu yaz Abdülfeyyaz Tevf k’in “Terbiye ve Talim Umdeleri” adl kitab n n Osmanl ca’dan günümüz Türk e’sine aktar lm halidir. Eser retmenlerin bilmeleri ve uygulamalar gereken e itim- retim ilkelerini i ermektedir. Kitab günümüz diline kazand r rken zellikle retmen adaylar ya da mesle e yeni ba lam retmenlerin dikkatlerini ekmeyi ama lad k. al ma giri ve iki b lümden olu maktad r. Giri okundu unda kitab n yaz l amac anla l rken, birinci b lümde e itim üzerinde durulmakta ve ikinci b lümde retim ve ders anlat m bi imleri i lenmektedir.This paper is passed form of Abdulfeyyaz Tevfik’s work tittled “The Principles Of Education And Teaching” from Ottoman Turkish to contemporary Turkish. That work includes that the teachers should know and practice the principles of education and teaching. Especially, we aimed with this essay to draw attention of prospective teachers and recruits. The essay consists of introduction, and two parts. The aim of work occurs when the introduction is read. The first chapter focuses on education and the second chapter examinates the teaching and courses processing methods.
PENERAPAN TEKNIK PARTISIPATORY RAPID APPRAISSAL (PRA) DALAM PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN DI DATARAN TINGGI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR
Made Merta
Bumi Lestari , 2012,
Abstract: Research on slash and burning practices was conducted in Kecamatan Insana,TimorTengah Utara Regency on August , 2004. The research aim is for better understanding ,why the community practicing this method and tray to stop it. This research usedPRA technique ,because PRA is a participatory approach , new innovation method forimproving efficacy and rapidity in data collection. Research concluded that thecommunity become conscious there was serious declines in ecosystem due to slash andburning practice. The farmers need counseling, extension and demonstration on usinghoe, sickles etc. Participatory method was interested the community in prepare theaction program and developing the learning process for solving the environmentproblems.
The population size, demography and the harvest strategy for the red deer (Cervus elaphus L.) in the Polish eastern Carpathians
Merta, D.,Bobeck, B.,Frcokowiak, W.,Sukowski, P.
Pirineos : Revista de Ecología de Monta?a , 2002,
Abstract: Using a line intercept snow track index, the population density and numbers of red deer (Cervus elaphusL.) in 8 Forest Districts (Baligród, Cisna, Dukla, Lutowiska, Komacza, Stuposiany, Rymanów and Wetlina) were estimated during February 2000. The total number of red deer inhabiting the study area (134.0 thousand hectares of forest) was 4,081 individuals. The average population density was 30.4 red deer/1000 ha and it ranged from 10.1 animals/1000 ha in Wetlina Forest District to 39.3 individuals/1000 ha in Dukla Forest District. In September 2000, observation records of 952 red deer indicated that male/female ratio was 1:1.6, and the calf/female index was 31 calves per 100 females. Using a population dynamics model, an annual population recruitment rate was calculated. It ranged from 10.5% to 18.1% of the population size in March and it was negatively correlated with the population density of wolves. A computer simulation of various harvest strategies showed that the low percentage of old stags in the present red deer population was caused by over-harvest of 2-5-year-old stags. Therefore, it is suggested that the percentage of young males in the hunting bag should not be higher than 30% of the total harvested males. [fr] En février 2000 nous avons estimé la densité de population et le nombre de cerfs (Cervus elaphusL.) dans 8 Districts Forestiers (Baligrod, Cisn, Dukla, Lutowiska, Komancza, Stuposiany, Rymanow et Wetlina). Pour cela un index des empreintes sur la neige interceptant une ligne a été utilisé. Le nombre total de cerfs habitant dans la zone d'étude -134.000 ha de forêt- s'élevait à 4 081 animais. La densité moyenne de la population était de 30,4 cerfs par 1000 ha, chiffre oscillant entre 10,1 animais par 1000 ha dans le District Forestier de Wetlina et 39,3 individus par 1000 ha dans le District Forestier de Dukla. En Septembre 2000, les observations enregistrées pour 952 cerfs ont montré que le sex-ratio était de 1:1,6, et la relation faon/femelle était de 31 faons pour 100 femelles. En appliquant un modèle de dynamique de population, nous avons calculé le taux de recrutement, lequel peut aller de 10,5% à 18,1 % du total de la population au mois de mars; il était négativement corrélé avec la densité de population de loups. La simulation sur ordinateur des différentes stratégies d'extraction a montré que le has pourcentage de vieux males observé dans la population actuelle était d à la surchasse des males agés de 2-5 ans. Nous pouvons recommander que la pression de chasse sur les jeunes males ne dépasse pas 30% du nombre total de males chas
Efficient Solution of Time-Domain Boundary Integral Equations Arising in Sound-Hard Scattering
A. Veit,M. Merta,J. Zapletal,D. Luká?
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We consider the efficient numerical solution of the three-dimensional wave equation with Neumann boundary conditions via time-domain boundary integral equations. A space-time Galerkin method with $C^\infty$-smooth, compactly supported basis functions in time and piecewise polynomial basis functions in space is employed. We discuss the structure of the system matrix and its efficient parallel assembly. Different preconditioning strategies for the solution of the arising systems with block Hessenberg matrices are proposed and investigated numerically. Furthermore, a C++ implementation parallelized by OpenMP and MPI in shared and distributed memory, respectively, is presented. The code is part of the boundary element library BEM4I. Results of numerical experiments including convergence and scalability tests up to a thousand cores on a cluster are provided. The presented implementation shows good parallel scalability of the system matrix assembly. Moreover, the proposed algebraic preconditioner in combination with the FGMRES solver leads to a significant reduction of the computational time.
Essential Oil Composition of the Flowering Aerial Parts of Sudanese Morettia phillaeana (Del.) DC
A.A. El-Egami,B.O. Burham and H.H. El-Kamali
Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The aim of this study is to present qualitative and quantitative analysis of the essential oil obtained from the flowering aerial parts of Morettia phillaeana growing in the Central Sudan. The essential oil of flowering aerial parts of M. phillaeana, which belongs to Brassicaceae family, was obtained by hydrodistillation method in 0.5% yield and analyzed by GC/MS. Seven compounds representing 93.67% of the oil were identified. Among them 4-isothiocyanato1-Butene (69.35%), isothiocyanatomethyl Benzene (18.88%), cymene (2.65%), C9H14O3 (2.3%) and 2-phenyl acetonitrile (2.18%) were the major constituents of the oil. The oil showed a pale yellow colour and a strong characteristic sulfury odour. Compounds like isothiocyanates, glucosinolates and nitriles found in Brassicaceous plants and their breakdown products are beneficial in the past and hold great prospects for the future with respect to an integrated pest management.
New mutations in the PKD1 gene in Czech population with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease
Jitka Stekrova, Jana Reiterova, Stanislava Svobodova, Vera Kebrdlova, Petr Lnenicka, Miroslav Merta, Ondrej Viklicky, Milada Kohoutova
BMC Medical Genetics , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2350-10-78
Abstract: The direct detection of mutations in the non-duplicated region of the PKD1 gene was performed in 90 unrelated individuals, consisting of 58 patients with end-stage renal failure (manifesting before their 50th year of life) and 32 individuals from families where the disease was clearly linked to the PKD1 gene. Mutation screening was performed using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). DNA fragments showing an aberrant electrophoretic banding pattern were sequenced.In the non-duplicated region of the PKD1 gene, 19 different likely pathogenic germline sequence changes were identified in 19 unrelated families/individuals. Fifteen likely pathogenic sequence changes are unique for the Czech population. The following probable mutations were identified: 9 nonsense mutations, 6 likely pathogenic missense mutations, 2 frameshifting mutations, one in-frame deletion and probable splice site mutation. In the non-duplicated region of the PKD1 gene, 16 different polymorphisms or unclassified variants were detected.Twenty probable mutations of the PKD1 gene in 90 Czech individuals (fifteen new probable mutations) were detected. The establishment of localization and the type of causal mutations and their genotype - phenotype correlation in ADPKD families will improve DNA diagnosis and could help in the assessment of the clinical prognosis of ADPKD patients.ADPKD is the most frequently inherited renal cystic disorder with an incidence between 1 in 400 to 1 in 1000 [1]. ADPKD is a systemic disorder with cysts and connective tissue abnormalities involving many organs [2]. The progressive formation and enlargement of renal cysts causes the decline in renal function.The disease is genetically heterogeneous. At least three different genes are involved. The PKD1 locus (MIM 601313) is linked to the short arm of chromosome 16, at 16p13.3 [3,4]; and so far, 818 different sequence variants have been reported in Polycystic Kidney Disease Mutation Database (PKDB) [5]. Later, a second
Degree Splitting of Root Square Mean Graphs  [PDF]
S. S. Sandhya, S. Somasundaram, S. Anusa
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/am.2015.66086
Abstract: Let \"\" be an injective function. For a vertex labeling f, the induced edge labeling \"\" is defined by, \"\" or \"\"; then, the edge labels are distinct and are from \"\". Then f is called a root square mean labeling of G. In this paper, we prove root square mean labeling of some degree splitting graphs.
A Parameter Estimation Model of G-CSF: Mathematical Model of Cyclical Neutropenia  [PDF]
S. Balamuralitharan, S. Rajasekaran
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2012.21002
Abstract: We investigate the FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) model and G-CSF (granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) treatment of CN (Cyclical Neutropenia). We collect grey collies and normal dog’s data from CN and analyze the G-CSF treatment. The model develops the dynamics of circulating blood cells before and after the G-CSF treatment. This is quite natural and useful for the collection of laboratory data for investigation. The proposed interventions are practical. This reduces the quantity of G-CSF required for potential maintenance. This model gives us good result in treatment. The changes would be practical and reduce the risk side as well as the cost of treatment in G-CSF.
Synthesis, Thermal Behaviour, XRD, and Luminescent Properties of Lighter Lanthanidethiodipropionate Hydrates Containing Aminogunidine as Neutral Ligand  [PDF]
S. Packiaraj, S. Govindarajan
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry (OJIC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojic.2014.43006
Abstract:
Aminoguanidine lanthanide thiodipropionate hydrates of composition [Ln(Agun)2(tdp)3·nH2O], Agun = Aminoguanidine, tdp = thiodipropionic acid, where Ln = La, Pr, Nd and Sm if n = 2, have been prepared and characterized by physic-chemical techniques.
Bir Bibliyografik Kontrol Merkezi Yay nlar : al ma ekli ve Sat Metodu
?. S.
Türk Kütüphanecili?i , 1967,
Abstract:
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