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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1535 matches for " Buljugi? Svetlana "
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Antibiotic resistance of uropathogens in newborns and young children with acute pyelonephritis
Peco-Anti? Amira,Paripovi? Du?an,BuljugiSvetlana,Kru??i? Divna
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/sarh1204179p
Abstract: Introduction. Urinary tract infection is common in childhood. Depending on the localization of the infection, severity of its clinical presentation and possible acute and long-term complications, it may be described as either acute cystitis or acute pyelonephritis. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the resistance patterns of uropathogens during the last 5 years in newborns and young children with acute pyelonephritis. Methods. Uropathogens resistance to commonly usable anti-microbial agents (ampicillin, a combination of sulphamethoxasole and trimethoprim, cephalexin, ceftriaxone, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, gentamycin, amikacin, ciprofloxacin, imipenem and nalidixic acid) was retrospectively studied in newborns and young children treated during early (2005-2007) and late (2008-2009) study periods. Anti-bacterial susceptibility testing of the urine isolates was performed by the standard disc diffusion method. Results. 117 newborns and 294 children aged 9.3±0.7 months were treated during early (n=136) or late (n=275) study period due to the first episode of acute pyelonephritis. Escherichia coli was the most common bacterial pathogen (85.5%). Compared to children older than one month, newborns had higher degree of antibacterial resistance to 2nd and 3rd generation cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, and nalidixic acid during early, and to ceftazidime, aminoglycosides and nalidixic acid during late study period. Also, multidrug resistance was more common in newborns during the early study period. Conclusion. Newborns had higher rate of antibacterial resistance than young children. The progressive increase of anti-microbial resistance in children with acute pyelonephritis is of great concern.
In vivo susceptibility of ESBL producing Escherichia coli to ceftriaxone in children with acute pyelonephritis
Peco-Anti? Amira,Paripovi? Du?an,BuljugiSvetlana,Spasojevi?-Dimitrijeva Brankica
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/sarh1206321p
Abstract: Introduction. The choice of empiric therapy of acute pyelonephritis (APN) in children should be based on the knowledge of Escherichia coli (E. coli) as the most common uropathogen and its antibiotic sensitivities considering that nowadays ESBL-producing [ESBL (+)] E. coli is on the rise worldwide. Objective. To examine in vivo susceptibility of ESBL (+) E. coli to ceftriaxone (CTX), and to evaluate the options for empiric therapy for APN in children. Methods. Retrospective study of CTX empiric therapy of APN in children treated at the University Children s Hospital in Belgrade from January 2005 to December 2009. ESBL phenotypic confirmatory test with ceftazidime, CTX and cefotaxime was performed for all urine isolates by disc diffusion method on Mueller-Hinton agar plates. In vivo sensitivity of CTX documented by clinical response to empiric CTX therapy was compared between two groups of children: group I with ESBL (+) E. coli and group II with ESBL (-) E. coli APN. Results. Group I with ESBL (+) APN consisted of 94 patients and group II of 120 patients with ESBL (-) APN, respectively. All patients received CTX as empiric therapy at a mean dose of 66.9 mg during 7.2±2.6 days of therapy. Clinical effect of CTX was similar in patients with ESBL (+) compared to those with ESBL (-) APN. Conclusions. In vitro resistance of ESBL E. coli to CTX determined by standard methods is not sufficiently predictive for its in vivo sensitivity. Therefore CTX may be used as empiric therapy for acute pyelonephritis in children.
Optical Constants for MBE n-Type GaAs Films Doped by Si or Te between 1.50-4.75 eV  [PDF]
Svetlana N. Svitasheva
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2010.26046
Abstract: The thickness and spectral dependence of the complex refractive index of upper layer in thin-film MBE-grown GaAs heterostructures were calculated basing on an classical oscillatory model of dielectric function from spectra measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry (nondestructive, contactless optical method) in the range of 1.5-4.75 eV.
Traditional Institutions and Knowledge of Siberian Aboriginal Community  [PDF]
Svetlana Panakarova, Maxim Vlasov
Modern Economy (ME) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/me.2013.49061
Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the perspectives of the use of traditional knowledge in national socio-economic development in general and in the development of local communities of aboriginal nations of Siberia in particular. This study aims to analyze the traditional economic activity with the help of the questionnaire of 1500 respondents (from different ethnic groups) in different parts of the Siberian region—Khakasia. The results of empirical research have shown that in Khakas communities traditional kinds of activity are extended and they are of great importance for people as earlier. The comparative analysis of labor productivity in animal husbandry and wildlife management allows to draw a conclusion of the positive influence of traditional knowledge in these fields of activity. Some clusters of traditional economic institutions of the indigenous people of Southern Siberia have been identified such as: institutions for corporate property of land, institutions for private property of cattle, institutions for labor mutual aid, institutions for wandering, institutions for communal managements. The results of evolution of traditional institutions and their current state are presented. Even the transformed institutions are accepted by members of national communities as earlier. Therefore they can become the effective instrument of social and economic development of indigenous people territories. The spiraling process of traditional knowledge of Khakas people is explained in the SECI Model. According to the research, regarding the Khakas community, the management process of knowledge has to include three types of economic agents: local government authorities, entrepreneurs, members of Khakas community. Three strategies to manage the traditional knowledge are recommended such as: animal husbandry development, commercialization of traditional wildlife management, realization of a state policy taking into consideration the existence of traditional institutions. The research demonstrates the traditional knowledge may be the factor of economic increase and social development for local society. Moreover, it is a national heritage and it needs to be managed.

Social-Psychological Model of the “Migration Circle”: Potential Emigrants, Migrants,Remigrants  [PDF]
Svetlana Gurieva, Tamara Kinunen
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.211023
Abstract: А fundamentally new model of “migration circle” is considered in accordance with modern theo-ries of migration and adaptation. This model is represented in the following basic stages: starting- up (the potential emigrants), the main (directly emigrants), and final (re-emigrants). The benchmark analysis of values and dominant ethnic tendencies of migrants residing at different stages of migration (at the miscellaneous points of the “migration circle”) has revealed the existing of the significant differences in the value preferences’ structure, dominant ethnic tendencies, social and cultural distance. The received data allow forecasting accurate to 72% the emigrants’ success of adaptation to a new social and cultural environment. Accumulating during the investigation scientific theoretical material allows finding solution of many practical problems arising at the threshold of emigration (potential emigrants) either in situations of the return to Motherland (re-emigrants).
How Did the Yakuts Fortify Themselves against the Cold?  [PDF]
Svetlana Ivanovna Petrova
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.33017
Abstract: This article is dedicated to the analysis of the heat-insulating function of winter clothes and personal cold-protective equipments (protectors), which grew out of use at the beginning of the XX century and now are kept in different museum funds. The author pays the main attention to the description of the material, production technologies, and functional heat-insulating properties of the traditional winter clothes and protectors. The article also discusses ethnocultural parallels of the traditional clothes.
The relationship of mineral and geochemical composition to artificial radionuclide partitioning inYenisei river sediments downstream frommining-and-chemical combine rosatom  [PDF]
Bondareva Lydia, Artamonova Svetlana
Natural Science (NS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2011.37073
Abstract: Discharges from the Mining-and-Chemical Com- bine (MCC) of Rosatom, downstream from Krasnoyarsk-26, near of the Krasnoyarsk resulted in radioactive contamination of sedi-ments of the River Yenisei. The concentration of artificial gammaemitting radionuclides (137Cs, 60Co, 152Eu, and 241Am) was determined to analyze the migration processes leading to the transport of these radionuclides. The concentration of artificial radionuclides in the surface layers of the studied area varied in wide ranges: 137Cs – 318 - 1800 Bq/kg, 60Co – 87 - 720 Bq/kg, 152Eu – 12 - 287 Bq/kg and 241Am – 6 - 76 Bq/kg. There was a sequence of migration of radionuclides investigated in the surface layer of sedi-ments that were collected in the near zone of influence of the MCC: 241Am ≈ 152Eu >60Co >137Cs. Radionuclide species have been found to be directly related to sediment structure and composition.
Calcitonin Participant in the Development of Insulin Resistance  [PDF]
Svetlana Stepanovna Moisa
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2017.107026
Abstract: The review contains contemporary literature data about calcitonin role in the development of insulin resistance and its potential role in the pathogenesis of carbohydrate metabolism disturbances. Analogues disturbances revealed under diabetes mellitus and under calcitonin treatment are considered. Literature data about hormone diabetogenicity are discussed. The analysis of experimental and literature data testifies that calcitonin under unfavorable conditions (age, obesity, stress) against the background of the decreasing of functional activity of insular apparatus can lead to the development of metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus. It is shown that calcium channel blockers inhibit calcitonin effect leads to glucose intolerance and decreases tissue insulin sensitivity. In this connection a question about direct influence on calcium mechanisms of endocrine system as possible method of drug therapy is discussed.
Aspectos clínico-epidemiológicos da neurocisticercose no Brasil: análise crítica
Agapejev, Svetlana;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2003000500022
Abstract: with the objective to show the characteristics of neurocysticercosis (ncc) in brazil, was performed a critical analysis of national literature which showed a frequency of 1.5% in autopsies and 3.0% in clinical studies, corresponding to 0.3% of all admissions in general hospitals. in seroepidemiological studies the positivity of specific reactions was 2.3%. brazilian patient with ncc presents a general clinical-epidemilogical profile (31-50 years old man, rural origin, complex partial epileptic crisis, increased protein levels or normal csf, ct showing calcifications, constituting the inactive form of ncc), and a profile of severity (21-40 years old woman, urban origin, vascular headache and intracranial hypertension, typical csf syndrome of ncc or alteration of two or more csf parameters, ct showing vesicles and/or calcifications, constituting the active form of ncc). although two localities from the state of s?o paulo have 72:100000 and 96:100000/habitants as prevalence coefficients, regional and national prevalences are very underestimated. some aspects related to underestimation of ncc prevalence in brazil are discussed.
Fourth ventricle computed tomography indexes: standardisation and characteristics in neurocysticercosis
Agapejev, Svetlana;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2002000200005
Abstract: objectives: to propose standardisation of fourth ventricle dimensions and to study its characteristics in neurocysticercosis. method: a control group (cg) constituted by 114 individuals with normal ct, and 80 patients with neurocysticercosis composed the group with neurocysticercosis (gn). measures of the inner cranial diameter (cr), fronto-polar distance between both lateral ventricles (fp), antero-posterior (ap) and latero-lateral (ll) fourth ventricle width based the standardisation of six indexes. results: ap/cr, ap/ll and ap/fp were the more discriminative indexes, presenting in cg the mean values of 0.063, 0.267 and 0.582, respectively. the indexes in gn had values statistically higher than in cg. from gn, 51patients had increased indexes values above 2 standard deviation of the cg mean. ap/ll was 3 1 in 95% of patients with ventricular shunting and in 88% with depression. it also occurred in 73% patients with satisfactory follow-up and in everybody who died. conclusion: ap/cr, ap/ll and ap/fp may represent fourth ventricle dimensions.
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