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Casa en Santa Teresa: Río de Janeiro, Brasil
Bucci,Angelo;
ARQ (Santiago) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-69962010000200018
Abstract: this project is locate between the 100 and 125 msnm, on one of the highest points of santa teresa, in the city of rio de janeiro. two aligned blocks placed over the l120 m level, contain the bedrooms and study, open to the eastern-western views and cross ventilation. the living room is placed on the level 125 m, offering open views to the city. this level is open except for the kitchen that acts as a meeting place, linked to the pool and kitchen.
Casa en Santa Teresa: Río de Janeiro, Brasil
Angelo Bucci
ARQ , 2010,
Abstract: Esta obra se localiza entre los 100 y 125 msnm, en uno de los puntos más altos del morro de Santa Teresa, en la ciudad de Río de Janeiro. Dos bloques alineados, dispuestos sobre el nivel 120 m, contienen los dormitorios y el escritorio, abiertos hacia las vistas oriente y poniente y a la ventilación cruzada. La sala de estar es dispuesta en la cota 125 m, ofreciendo vistas abiertas a la ciudad. Dicho nivel es abierto, salvo la cocina que se plantea como lugar de encuentro, ligada a la piscina y el jardín. This project is locate between the 100 and 125 msnm, on one of the highest points of Santa Teresa, in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Two aligned blocks placed over the l120 m level, contain the bedrooms and study, open to the eastern-western views and cross ventilation. The living room is placed on the level 125 m, offering open views to the city. This level is open except for the kitchen that acts as a meeting place, linked to the pool and kitchen.
Public Health History Corner Abraham Flexner:the iconoclast
Roberto Bucci
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2009, DOI: 10.2427/5797
Abstract: Abraham Flexner, in 1910, led an attack on the inadequacy of the medical schools in the United States. In opposition to the traditional clinical type training he proposed a new laboratory centred model, with a strong emphasis on basic sciences. These university lab experiments were one of the main driving forces in the development of medical sciences in the USA. The work of a pedagogue caused a real medical revolution, the outcomes of which were important but not all positive.
A historical laboratory in Rome
Roberto Bucci
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.2427/5754
Abstract: Visitors who climb the austere stairs of the Giuseppe Sanarelli Institute, headquarters of the Public Health Sciences Department, in the University La Sapienza of Rome, may experience a strange feeling: the steps follow one another identically, yet each seems taller and more difficult than the last. It is as if, with every step, time reveals its stories, experiences; ever larger and harder to sustain. Following the corridor it is impossible not to pause and reflect upon the displays of memories and details belonging to the past. There is a constant sensation, almost tangible: it is as if each of the objects, so dense with memories, want to take you on a fantastic voyage to another time and place. Objects made of wood, copper and other materials that come from the past, filled with the scent of a world that no longer exists.
Acting as a unit". A praiseworthy story from Cleveland
Roberto Bucci
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2009, DOI: 10.2427/5782
Abstract: This is a story that comes from Cleveland. It’s a story of zealous and ingenious men, of ideas and of cooperation. A story that is the result of various personal and diverse professional experiences, from different historical moments, all converged towards a single cause: excellence in health care. It is also a story about a private institution but nevertheless it offers many public health teachings: it’s the story of Albert Kanoti and the Cleveland Clinic Foundation. The Cleveland Clinic was founded on February 5 1921 as an independent, not-for-profit academic medical center engaged in patient care, research, and education. In 1924 it added a 184-bed hospital to its outpatient facilities. It has also experienced tragic moments, when on May 15, 1929, nitrate-based x-ray films ignited in the original building, releasing poisonous fumes; 123 people died, including Dr. Phillips, one of the founders. Despite losses from the disaster and the stock market crash, the institution stayed afloat on the good will of prominent members of the community, and the large surgical practice of Dr. Crile, another of its founders. It expanded greatly after World War II, focusing on specialized medicine. The Cleveland Clinic Research Division investigated kidney disease, blood circulation, and artificial organs, including the artificial kidney. ClevelandClinic physicians, researchers and nurses pioneered enterostomal therapy, dialysis, and kidney transplant techniques, and were first to identify carpal tunnel syndrome and isolate serotonin, and all before 1960.
Public Health History Corner Multidisciplinary approach to Public Health: Albert Jonsen’s example
Roberto Bucci
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.2427/5701
Abstract: Public Health is not a discipline with clearly defined boundaries. This feature has taken many contributions from different cultural contexts. In its most recent development, Public Health has also emphasized the enhancement of the human element for the proper functioning of health facilities and the provision of quality care. The vision of public health only through its processes, resources, rules and protocols and any other part of the “structural” component, is certainly simplistic and of the past. This vision of the efficiency of health organization has positive aspects but certainly cannot disregard the fact that things do not have just procedures, but also involve who perform them and how these are managed. So ‘new’ public health contained a new focus on human rights and sought to address social and environmental change. At its root was the common thought that the general context for health had been marginalized only by medically generated concerns.
Public Health History Corner The far-sighted: Alessandro Seppilli
Roberto Bucci
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.2427/5663
Abstract: Alessandro Seppilli is one of the main protagonists for the planning and establishment of the Italian National Health Service [1]. As Chairman of the Commission for the study of health reform in the Italian Consiglio Superiore di Sanità (Higher Council of Health). As a lecturer and researcher he promoted and led several important lines of research, always ahead of its time and with great foresight. His curiosity led him to be involved in a variety of Public Health disciplines: water and sanitation, safe milk distribution, as well as demonstrating, through research, the influence of atmospheric electrical changes on biological phenomena in respect to the vital effects of electric fields changes. He also conducted pioneering research into the study of anticaries fluoride and the carcinogenic effects of active and passive cigarette smoke. Last but not least he studied the use of low temperatures for food storage, investigated the distribution of drinking water by alternative systems and undertook studies on environmental carcinogenesis.
Applied (and appealing…) Epidemiology
Roberto Bucci
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.2427/5702
Abstract: Giuseppe La Torre has, in his manual “Applied Epidemiology and Biostatistics”, drawn upon his experience (long and intense despite his young age) as applied epidemiology expert in the Catholic University of Sacred Heart. For some years, in fact, he has offered valuable advice to many researchers who had failed to publish in international journals because of an inappropriate use of epidemiological methods and biostatistics, and has helped many of them present the results of their research. After numerous rejected papers, researchers would turn to his expertise and knowhow of the most modern epidemiological tools. The results were flattering: the papers which Professor La Torre and his staff had dealt with the epidemiological issues, as if by magic, were accepted for publication. It is therefore justified and understandable that the author has decided to propose, to a wider public, his epidemiological expertise about applied epidemiology. But there is no magic. The author simply focuses on the need to apply epidemiological methods to areas of public health practice for determining disease etiology and the “real-life” applications to public health and health services research.
Public Health History Corner Edmund Pellegrino: a modern day prophet for medical humanities in the US
Roberto Bucci
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2009, DOI: 10.2427/5784
Abstract: Abraham Flexner lit the fire that freed American doctors from obsolete aspects of their training. Edmund Pellegrino was the prudent fireman who acknowledged the risk of too broad a fire and put in place safe guards to protect those aspects that needed to be saved. The prodigious leap forward in medicine due to the “laboratory centred” training introduced by Flexner’s proposals for medical training began to have negative effects in daily medical practice, particularly with regards to the increasing technological input in medicine and the perception that there was a lack of sensitivity to the humanistic aspects of health. It took a strong and genial personality, no less than Abraham Flexner, to correct the course of medical training in the USA and to restore the balance between these two dimensions.
Analysis of the NUPEC PSBT Tests with FLICA-OVAP
Matteo Bucci,Philippe Fillion
Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/436142
Abstract: This paper discusses the results of a computational activity devoted to the prediction of two-phase flows in subchannels and in rod bundles. The capabilities of the FLICA-OVAP code have been tested against an extensive experimental database made available by the Japanese Nuclear Power Energy Corporation (NUPEC) in the frame of the PWR subchannel and bundle tests (PSBT) international benchmark promoted by OECD and NRC. The experimental tests herein addressed involve void fraction distributions and boiling crisis phenomena in rod bundles with uniform and nonuniform heat flux conditions. Both steady-state and transient scenarios have been addressed, including power increase, flow reduction, temperature increase, and depressurization, representative of PWR thermal-hydraulics conditions. After a brief description of the main features of FLICA-OVAP, the relevant physical models available within the code are detailed. Results obtained in the different tests included in the PSBT void distribution and DNB benchmarks are therefore reported. The relevant role of selected physical models is discussed. 1. Introduction Based on NUPEC PWR subchannel and bundle tests (PSBT), an international benchmark has been promoted by OECD and NRC and has been coordinated by Penn State University [1]. The aim of this benchmark is to encourage advancement and assessment of numerical models in subchannel analysis of fluid flow in rod bundles, which has very important relevance for the nuclear reactor safety margin evaluation. An important database of void fraction and critical heat flux measurements in steady-state and transient conditions has been carried out by NUPEC on a prototypical PWR rod bundle. Different types of subchannel or rod bundle geometries and a wide range of flow conditions at high pressure have been investigated (see Table 1) allowing the assessment of the key models and correlations in these conditions. Table 1: Operating conditions of the NUPEC PWR test facility. The Service de Thermohydraulique et de Mécanique des fluides (STMF) at the Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (CEA), France, has been involved in the PSBT benchmark performing calculations with the FLICA-OVAP code [2]. FLICA-OVAP is an advanced two-phase flow thermal-hydraulics code based on a full 3D subchannel approach. It is designed to analyze flows in light water reactors cores such as PWRs, BWRs, and experimental reactors. To provide a relevant answer to different core concepts and multiple industrial applications, several models coexist in the FLICA-OVAP platform: the
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