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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8147 matches for " Bruno Broucker "
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Créer un lien entre réformes de l’administration et formations en management public. Une analyse de l’état fédéral Belge
Annie Hondeghem,Bruno Broucker
Pyramides : Revue du Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches en Administration Publique , 2012,
Abstract: En 2001, un programme de formation en management public (le PUMP) a été créé pour soutenir la réforme de l’administration fédérale (le plan Copernic). Jusqu’à présent, ce programme continue à exister bien que sa fonction se soit déplacée de Copernic vers la modernisation générale de l’administration fédérale. Le changement de cabinet politique en 2003 a eu une influence importante et structurelle sur ce programme. Un partenariat entre deux acteurs principaux (le cabinet et les institutions d'enseignement) a fait place à un partenariat plus complexe et dynamique, suite à l’implication plus importante de l’administration dans le dossier. Le PUMP a créé un groupe de fonctionnaires avec une expertise importante pouvant être impliqués dans des projets de réformes, comme experts ou comme managers. Par contre, deux problèmes majeurs empêchent un transfert optimal des acquis : un manque de consistance externe dans le programme de formation et une insuffisance dans les initiatives concrètes des organisations envers les fonctionnaires.
Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: The law of 22 December 1998 introduced the mandate system for the heads of the Public Prosecution offices, which were appointed permanent before that. Theoretically, such a system needs to enhance, within the organization, effectiveness, efficiency, responsabilisation, and goal-orientation. However, the mandate system within the Belgian Public Prosecution was introduced prematurely, for dubious reasons and in a precipitate manner. In the current situation, the position of the mandate holder is uncertain, with a bounded autonomy and a low wage increase. Moreover, it remains impossible to intervene in the policy of appointed heads of office (during their mandate), the efficiency and effectiveness is only increased in some prosecution offices and a contract containing actual management responsibilities is absent. In sum: there is a large gap between the theoretical principles of mandate systems and the way it is introduced in the Belgian Public Prosecution.
Harmonizing Budgeting and Accounting: The Case of Italy  [PDF]
Adriana Bruno
Open Journal of Accounting (OJAcct) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojacct.2014.31005
Abstract: Many reforms have been undertaken in recent years; indeed, scholars have concentrated their attention on ac-counting techniques, financial management, and the potential for adding tools to support managerial reform agendas [1-3]. This paper extends prior research by focusing on the manner of diffusion ongoing reform process, through the adoption of the new version of Financial Management Reform process model [3]. The objective of this research is to investigate how a new accounting system has been introduced in the public sector in a processual and outcome-oriented analysis [4]. The study setting for this research is the Italian government, specifically the intermediate or regional level government, Campania Region, where a trial period is underway. The objective is to discover what obstacles and difficulties might exist when implementing a harmonized accounting and budgeting system while moving toward an accrual accounting system. The study reveals the main paradox in the implementation of the reform. This kind of study could add fresh knowledge to the literature and highlight common problems encountered when implementing accounting reforms. Additionally it could help set a standard to assist public entities in developing and implementing accounting guidelines.
A Few Reflections on the Reasons Why Cooperative Firms Have Failed to Gain a Firm Foothold  [PDF]
Bruno Jossa
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2015.33027
Abstract: After the inception of the cooperative movement in the mid-19th century, it was widely held that capitalistic businesses would soon be replaced by a system of worker-controlled firms and a wealth of policy proposals called for a major impulse to cooperation in later years also. But cooperation has not met with the hoped-for success. How do we account for this? To our day, employee management specialists have been unable to provide a satisfactory explanation for the fact that the policy proposal to introduce democratic firm control still carries little consensus despite the collapse of the Soviet model of communism. In this paper, we give some answers to the question and emphasise the idea that progress in the direction of a generalised system of cooperative firms would amount to a considerable improvement over capitalism, but will hardly be made without the effective contribution of intellectuals and political parties.
Competition in a Democratic Firm System: Failures and Constraints  [PDF]
Bruno Jossa
Modern Economy (ME) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/me.2017.811092
Abstract: Considering that businesses face bankruptcy when their aggregate costs exceed their revenues, the cancellation of the largest production cost item—wages and salaries—in an employee-managed firm system is an effective safeguard against bankruptcy. For this and other reasons, the author argues that risks of insolvency are unlikely to scare democratic firms into accepting the capitalistic logic of cut-throat competition.
The True Strong Point of Democratic Firm Management  [PDF]
Bruno Jossa
Modern Economy (ME) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/me.2018.910101
Abstract: According to the author, the benefits society would derive from the transfer of corporate decision powers to workers upon the establishment of a democratic firm system include both the disempowerment of capitalists and, most importantly, a powerful impetus in the direction of full democracy. Capitalism is a despotic system enabling capitalists to impose their laws not only on workers, but even on politics and culture has been gaining wide currency. Therefore, one major advantage of democratic firm management is the enforcement of the “one head, one vote” principle in lieu of the “one share, one vote” criterion.
Analysis of nitrogen oxides (NOx) in the exhaled breath condensate (EBC) of subjects with asthma as a complement to exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) measurements: a cross-sectional study
Nathalie Chérot-Kornobis, Sébastien Hulo, Jean-Louis Edmé, Virginie de Broucker, Régis Matran, Annie Sobaszek
BMC Research Notes , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-4-202
Abstract: This hospital-based cross-sectional study included 23 controls matched with 23 asthmatics. EBC and FeNO were performed and respiratory function measured. Intra-assay and intra-subject reproducibility were assessed for the analysis of NOx in the EBC of 10 healthy subjects.The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was excellent for intra-assay reproducibility and was moderate for intra-subject reproducibility (Fermanian's classification). NOx was significantly higher in asthmatics (geometric mean [IQR] 14.4 μM [10.4 - 19.7] vs controls 9.9 μM [7.5 - 15.0]), as was FeNO (29.9 ppb [17.9 - 52.4] vs controls 9.6 ppb [8.4 - 14.2]). FeNO also increased significantly with asthma severity.We validated the procedures for NOx analysis in EBC and confirmed the need for assays of other biomarkers to further our knowledge of the pathophysiologic processes of asthma and improve its treatment and control.Inflammatory and oxidative changes in lungs are early indicators of the pathophysiology of many respiratory diseases [1-4]. Over the past decade, investigations of exhaled breath have multiplied, through the study of various compounds, both volatile, such as NO (FeNO), and non-volatile, especially nitrogen oxides (NOx). Understanding asthma requires markers of disease severity and control that can help to predict the risk factors for exacerbation [5,6]. Clinical and spirometric data are used in standardised questionnaires for follow-up and control. A more precise approach to the pathophysiology of asthma through the study of pulmonary biomarkers is interesting for early or even subclinical asthma diagnoses [4].The study of FeNO is well standardised today; this compound is thought to reflect inflammatory conditions in the tissue (airway wall or alveolar compartments) [7-10]. Nonetheless, this biomarker does not provide any specific help in understanding the pathophysiological processes in asthma [11,12]: that is, it does not provide information on the phenomena of oxidative stress
Effects of omacor® on left ventricular remodelling consecutive to post myocardial infarction special issue-myocardial infarction  [PDF]
Bruno Le Grand
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2013.35A007
Abstract: Ventricular remodelling is the main trigger of the development of heart failure. Therefore, the reduction of structural remodelling is known to prevent the development of heart failure. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of OMACOR?, a well known mixture of EPA and DHA in an experimental model of heart failure induced by occlusion of left descending coronary artery and the reperfusion within 2 months. After a long term treatment of 2 months; OMACOR? (100 mg/kg) statistically significantly reduced the expansion of infarcted zone (35% ± 4%, P < 0.05, n = 9, versus 45% ± 3% in the vehicle group). The phosphorylation of Cx43 as biomarker of the cardiac remodelling was visualised by immunofluorescence in rat’s heart at the end of the study. In the vehicle-infarcted group, a significant de-phosphorylation of Cx43 was observed (8.2 ± 1.0 u.a, n = 8 compared to 11.8 ± 1.3 u.a in the sham group, n = 9) confirming a remodelling process in the infarcted group. In the group treated with OMACOR?,the de-phosphorylation of Cx43 was no longer observed compared to the sham group (16.4 ± 2.9 u.a, n = 9, NS). The present results demonstrate that a long term treatment with OMA-COR? reduced the infarcted size in experimental models of heart failure and that these anti-remodelling effects are due at least in part by resynchronizing the gap junction activity.

World Trade Logics and Measure of Global Inequality: Regional Pattern and Globalization Evolution between 2003-2012  [PDF]
Bruno G. Rüttimann
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2014.44019
Abstract: The economy is globalizing. But how are the different economic world regions performing regarding globalization of trade flows? Why are they performing differently? Globalization is not only the increase of international trade between certain preferential geographic areas of economy, but also the resulting increase of interweavement of trade flows between different geographical areas, independent of the amount of trade. This paper is a revised and expanded version of the paper entitled “World Trade and Associated Systems Risk of Global Inequality: Empiric Study of Globalization Evolution between 2003-2011 and Regional Pattern Analysis” presented at International Conference on Applied Economics (ICOAE2013), Istanbul, 27-29 June, 2013. This paper analyzes the evolution of world trade flows between 2003-2012 and performs a cross-section analysis of the year 2012. The economic interweavement will be measured by an inequality risk metric applied to the supply-demand matrix. This risk indicator is based on the concept of statistical entropy resulting in an inequality risk measure, giving an indication for the degree of economic globalization and the evolution of globalization in different geographical regions. In addition, it analyses the governing rational of globalization evolution. The result of this research shows that economic trade flows are globalizing, but with clear different regional patterns, not only between globalizing and de-globalizing regions, but also within the globalizing and de-globalizing regions itself. The emerging economies such as China or the Middle East are globalizing whereas mature economies such as North America and Europe are de-globalizing, confirming for globalization of the inverse Kuznets evolution. The different patterns between the different economic world regions can be explained by using the Globalization Type’s Model as well as the Central Theorem of Globalization.
Discourse about Linear Programming and Lean Manufacturing: Two Different Approaches with a Similar, Converging Rational  [PDF]
Bruno G. Rüttimann
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2015.81010
Abstract: In recent years, the Toyota Production System has also assumed in western manufacturing plants a predominant position. Lean Manufacturing, as it is usually called in the occidental world, aims at a “Single-piece-flow” job handling and has its advantages compared to the classic “Batch and Queue” job handling. On the other hand, mathematical Linear Programming optimization techniques have passed into oblivion, having obtained the feel to be inappropriate for production planning. Although the two approaches have different aims and application, they give particular attention to scarce resources. The concepts of “bottleneck” in Lean Manufacturing and “shadow price” in Linear Programming are complementary. The paper shows the different focus of the two approaches and crystallizes their synergic values.
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