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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 474313 matches for " Brito Dyla Tavares de Sá "
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Demanda e clientela multiprofissional: influências e desafios para um Mestrado em Tecnologia Educacional nas Ciências da Saúde
Brito, Dyla Tavares de Sá;Siqueira, Vera Helena Ferraz de;Marteleto, Maristela Arantes;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1999000600006
Abstract: this article aims to identify the key characteristics of individuals pursuing a master's degree in health education, discussing relevant issues concerning the objectives and content of their training. the analysis is based on data for master's applicants selected during the four years since the program on educational technology in health sciences was created by the unit of educational technology in health, under the health sciences center at the federal university of rio de janeiro. the study showed that the applicants came from various professions and belonged to both teaching faculty and health care teams. the profile identified by the study has provided the material for discussing key aspects related to the master's course characteristics and the challenges involved in achieving its social role and meeting the clientele's needs.
Ideologia, fetiche e utopia na saúde: uma análise a partir da saúde bucal
Figueiredo,Gustavo de Oliveira; Brito,Dyla Tavares de Sá; Botazzo,Carlos;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232003000300009
Abstract: the aim of this task is to discuss a new proposal of collective (public) oral health for the professional development of brazilian dentists. this study is based in a new model of attention in oral health. the collective oral health is a critical movement that is fighting for its own legitimation as public health politics and philosophic bases to dental schools against the hegemony. fundamented in a analysis of social, cultural, political and economical contexts of contemporary brazil, and based in a critical reflection of dental education, clinical practice of dentistry and some concepts like fetish, ideology and utopia, the study discuss the limitations that the present model of public politics employed brings to health promotion and life's quality for brazilian society. therefore we discuss the beginning of the movement and also analyzed some experiences in the organization of public health services. the project of collective oral health proposes changes in health attention and new compromises and political articulations for the reconstruction of the brazilian society.
Demanda e clientela multiprofissional: influências e desafios para um Mestrado em Tecnologia Educacional nas Ciências da Saúde
Brito Dyla Tavares de Sá,Siqueira Vera Helena Ferraz de,Marteleto Maristela Arantes
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1999,
Abstract: Este artigo tem por objetivo identificar características de indivíduos que procuram uma forma o na área da educa o em saúde, em nível de pós-gradua o. Visa, também, problematizar algumas quest es referentes à rela o entre essa clientela e os objetivos e conteúdos da proposta do curso. A análise baseia-se em dados sobre a clientela inscrita e selecionada ao longo dos quatro anos de existência do curso de mestrado Tecnologia Educacional nas Ciências da Saúde, do Núcleo de Tecnologia Educacional para a Saúde, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Entre outros aspectos, encontrou-se que a clientela, em raz o da natureza de sua gradua o e de seu trabalho, caracteriza-se pela multiprofissionalidade na área da saúde, trabalhando na docência e/ou na prática assistencial. O perfil encontrado serviu de base para discutir mudan as que vêm ocorrendo na configura o do curso, apresentando desafios para que a proposta cumpra seus papel social e atenda às necessidades da clientela.
Ideologia, fetiche e utopia na saúde: uma análise a partir da saúde bucal
Figueiredo Gustavo de Oliveira,Brito Dyla Tavares de Sá,Botazzo Carlos
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2003,
Abstract: No artigo pretendemos caracterizar 3 conceitos essenciais para se compreender a produ o de necessidades humanas, como a saúde, seu escalonamento na esfera de valores socialmente construídos e as rela es de poder usualmente escondidas quando se trata do adoecer humano. Ao abordar o termo fetiche, tomamos o conceito de Marx sobre o fetichismo da mercadoria, e partimos ent o dessa perspectiva para caracterizar a express o "fetichismo odontológico". Depois, fazemos uma reflex o sobre ideologia, um conceito carregado de historicidade e, por isso, polêmico. Partimos, entretanto, já da vis o dialética marxista, quando Marx e Engels ressignificaram o que seria ideologia. Concluímos com uma análise do conceito de utopia, que consideramos, no sentido sociológico, a express o de grupos contra-hegem nicos num movimento de crítica à ideologia. Focalizamos a "utopia da saúde bucal" como um movimento de constru o de propostas alternativas com a finalidade de transformar a realidade. O objetivo é constituir uma base de conhecimento que, mesmo bastante limitada, permita analisar a realidade sob um ponto de vista alternativo àquele que estamos habituados, para que assim possamos compreender que o que se faz necessário n o s o mudan as em métodos ou instrumentos, nem em maneiras de agir, mas a compreens o de uma história mais real e menos natural.
A no??o fenomenológica de existência e as práticas psicológicas clínicas
Sá, Roberto Novaes de;Barreto, Carmem Lúcia Brito Tavares;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2011000300011
Abstract: this essay presents man's way of being as "existence", as formulated by martin heidegger in being and time, as one of the most fundamental contributions of phenomenology to clinical psychology. the notion of "existence", also related to "being-there "(dasein) and "being-in-theworld", is understood as the origin of the essence of beings, i.e., a pre-understanding of being itself, linked to the human condition of ′beingthrown′ into a temporal facticity. it is understood that the heideggerian notion of "existence "defines a clearly distinctive clinical attitude and presents new possibilities for thematizing psychological phenomena and clinical practices. psychological practices of a phenomenological and existential perspective assume the experience of self and others as an experience of "being-in-the-world-with". in this way, they should be understood as spaces for taking care of those possibilities of "being-with "rather than taking care of an intrapsychic subject.
Supplements and Foods with Potential Reduction of Blood Pressure in Prehypertensive and Hypertensive Subjects: A Systematic Review
Aline de Freitas Brito,Caio Victor Coutinho de Oliveira,Lydiane Tavares Toscano,Alexandre Sérgio Silva
ISRN Hypertension , 2013, DOI: 10.5402/2013/581651
Abstract: Although the dietary approaches for stop hypertension (DASH) is well established and effective in reduction of blood pressure, in recent years, new scientific studies have indicated that specific food, nutrients isolated from foods, and even commercial food supplements are not covered by DASH. In this research, these nutrients were evaluated through a review using the databases of PubMed with the terms “dietary supplements and blood pressure” without a limit of date. Vitamins (C, D, and E) and minerals (potassium and copper) promote the greatest reductions in BP, around 7 to 14?mmHg for systolic blood pressure (SBP) and 4 to 5?mmHg for diastolic blood pressure (PAD). Antioxidants reduce SBP and DBP in 3 to 27?mmHg and 3 to 4?mmHg, respectively. Among the amino acids, only L-arginine was effective in promoting reduction of 20 and 15?mmHg for SBP and DBP, respectively. In food, the grape juice promoted the highest reductions in SBP and DBP, around 8?mmHg and 6?mmHg, respectively. Finally, for commercial supplements, the fermented milk product GAIOR, the grain salba, and fish oil promoted reductions of about 4,4; 6; and 5?mmHg and 3,4; 3; and 1?mmHg for SBP and DBP, respectively. Therefore, new nutrients, foods, and supplements can enrich the recommendations of the DASH. 1. Introduction The degenerative diseases are the most prevalent in the world today, representing one of the greatest public health problems in the actuality [1]. According to estimates of the World Health Organization [2], these diseases are responsible for about 60% of all deaths worldwide, and 46% of the global burden of diseases affecting the population. Among them predominate obesity (12% of world population) [2], diabetes (10% of world population) [3], and dyslipidemia (7.9% of deaths worldwide) [2]. The main cause of these comorbidities have been the stress, sedentary lifestyle and eating habits. All of these diseases are potentially able to promote increased blood pressure. While the fatty produced substances such as angiotensinogen and proinflammatory contribute to elevate blood pressure [4]; hyperlipidemia results in excessive oxidation of low density lipoproteins with subsequent atherosclerotic process [5]. The state of diabetes promotes strong oxidative stress that contributes unequivocally to endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, and vasoconstriction which increases blood pressure [6]. Therefore, these three states of morbidity are among the risk factors of hypertension that are, among all chronic diseases, the most prevalent, affecting about 30% of the world population [2],
Efeito residual do lodo de esgoto na produtividade do milho safrinha
Barbosa, Graziela Moraes de Cesare;Tavares Filho, Jo?o;Brito, Osmar Rodrigues;Fonseca, Inês Cristina Batista;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-06832007000300020
Abstract: among the possibilities of final disposal of sewage sludge, agricultural recycling has become one of the most widely used in several developed countries, and is considered the most appropriate in technical, economical and environmental terms. this study aimed at evaluating the sewage sludge residual effect on off-season corn yield on an eutroferric red latossol (oxisol). the field experiment was in a randomized block design with three replications, with treatments consisting of increasing doses of sewage sludge (0, 6, 12, 24 and 36 t ha-1, on a dry weight basis), applied in the two previous cropping seasons.. the residual effect of the application of lime-stabilized sewage sludge increased the yield of off-season corn; the grain yield under a rate of 36 t ha-1 was statistically higher than those under 6 and 12 t ha-1.
Fatores associados ao aleitamento materno exclusivo: o papel do cuidado na aten??o básica
Pereira, Rosane Siqueira Vasconcellos;Oliveira, Maria Inês Couto de;Andrade, Carla Louren?o Tavares de;Brito, Alexandre dos Santos;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2010001200013
Abstract: the aim of this study was to assess the association between promotion, protection, and support for breastfeeding in primary health care services and prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months of life. a cross-sectional study was conducted in a representative sample of 1,029 mothers of infants younger than six months treated at primary health care facilities in the city of rio de janeiro, in southeastern brazil. prevalence ratios (pr) were estimated by poisson regression. prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding was 58.1%. factors associated with increased prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding were: white skin color (pr = 1.20; 95%ci: 1.05-1.36); schooling (pr = 1.19; 95%ci: 1.05-1.35); marital status (married or in common-law marriage) (pr = 1.72; 95%ic:1.02-2.90); previous breastfeeding (pr = 1.27; 95%ci: 1.08-1,49); exclusive breastfeeding at the time of hospital discharge (pr = 2.01; 95%ci: 1.20-3.36); group support for the mother (pr = 1.14; 95%ci: 1.01-1.28); and orientation on breastfeeding (pr = 1.20; 95%ci: 1.08-1.33). prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding decreased 17% per month in the infant's life. support groups and orientation by primary health care for breastfeeding were associated with increased exclusive breastfeeding prevalence.
Equilíbrio de bases no solo e produ o de matéria seca de milho (Zea mays L.) em solos tratados com lodo de esgoto, carbonato de cálcio e cal virgem = Balance of basis in the soil and dry matter production in maze (Zea mays L.) in soils treated with sewage sludge, calcium carbonate and unslaked lime
Graziela Moraes de Cesare Barbosa,Jo?o Tavares Filho,Osmar Rodrigues Brito,Inês Cristina de Batista Fonseca
Acta Scientiarum : Agronomy , 2007,
Abstract: O lodo de esgoto pode ter diferentes disposi es finais, dentre os quais o uso agron mico. Nesse caso, é necessário conhecer as características do lodo, do solo, da planta e suas intera es, bem como o clima e o local a ser aplicado. Este trabalho teve o objetivo de verificar a influência do lodo de esgoto, com e sem adi o de cal, no equilíbrio do solo e na produ o de matéria seca do milho. O experimento foi conduzido em vasos e em ambiente de casa devegeta o, utilizando-se terra da camada superficial (0-15 cm) de dois solos: a primeira amostra (S1), com textura argilosa, foi coletada em um Latossolo Vermelho eutroférrico sob plantiodireto, e a segunda amostra (S2), com textura arenosa, foi coletada em um Latossolo Vermelho distrófico sob pastagem. Utilizaram-se os seguintes tratamentos no solo S1: T1A – testemunha; T2A – 9 t ha-1 lodo de esgoto; T3A – 18 t ha-1 lodo de esgoto caleado (9 t ha-1 de lodo de esgoto + 9 t ha-1 de cal virgem); T4A – 9 t ha-1 cal virgem; e para o solo S2: T1B – testemunha; T2B – 9 t ha-1 lodo de esgoto; T3B – 18 t ha-1 lodo de esgoto caleado (9 t ha-1 de lodo de esgoto + 9 t ha-1 de cal virgem); T4B – 9 t ha-1 cal virgem; T5B – calagem recomendada. A produ o de matéria seca de plantas de milho cultivadas em Latossolo Vermelho, textura arenosa, aumentou com aaplica o de lodo de esgoto sem cal. A aplica o de lodo de esgoto caleado, nos dois solos, elevaram os teores de Mg e P (S1 e S2) e Na (S2). O aumento nos valores de pH poderá ser um fator limitante para a sua aplica o. Sewage sludge may have different uses, among which the agronomic use. In this case, it is necessary to know the characteristics of the sludge, the soil, the plant and its interactions, as well as the climate and the site where it will be applied. This work aimed at investigating the influence of sewage sludge, with or without addition of lime, in the balance of the soil and in the maize dry matter production. The experiment was carried out in pots under greenhouse conditions, utilizing two samples of soils, collected at a 0-15 cm deep layer: the first sample (S1), with clay texture, wascollected from eutrophyc Red Latosol in direct seeding, and the second sample (S2), with sand texture was collected from dystrophic Red Latosol. The following treatments were used in soil S1: T1A – control; T2A – 9 t ha-1 sewage sludge; T3A – 18 t ha-1 limed sewage sludge (9 t ha-1 sewage sludge + 9 t ha-1 unslaked lime); T4A – 9 t ha-1 unslaked lime; and for soil S2: T1B – control; T2B – 9 t ha-1 sewage sludge; T3B – 18 t ha-1 limed sewage sludge (9 t ha-1 sewage sludg
Impacto da desnutri??o e do treinamento aeróbico moderado sobre a estrutura da parede arterial de ratos em processo de envelhecimento
Brito, Vitor Caiaffo;Maux, Danielle Augusta de Sá Xerita;Oliveira, Belisa Duarte Ribeiro de;Costa, Rita de Cássia Silva;Silva, Camilla Rodrigues Souza e;Paes, Silvana Tavares;Moraes, Sílvia Regina Arruda de;
Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-86922011000400014
Abstract: we evaluated the late effects of malnutrition multicarencial imposed during lactation and the possible effects and / or changes to both the aging process as of moderate aerobic training on the luminal diameter and the tunica media area of the left common carotid artery, horizontal aorta and thoracic aorta of rats in the aging process. twenty-four wistar rats male were separated according to diet and physical training: gns - nourished sedentary group, gnt - trained nourished group, gds - malnourished sedentary group and gdt - malnourished trained group. at 10 months, the gnt and gdt were submitted to tam, in water for 8 weeks. then the mice were anesthetized and sacrificed and the arterial fragments were collected for histological processing. the area of the tunica media was measured by the difference between external and internal areas of the arterial wall and luminal diameter was measured from the average of two diameters measured from four points marked on the inner layer of the vessel. the area of tunica media decreased in the horizontal aorta when compared the groups gns x gds (p = 0.015) and increased in left common carotid artery between the groups gns and gnt (p = <0.001). the thoracic aorta showed an increase in luminal diameter when comparing the gds with the gdt (p = 0.041). both malnutrition multicarencial induced partial changes in the horizontal aorta wall, as well as the physical training was able to promote changes in the tunica media area of the left common carotid artery and luminal diameter of the thoracic aorta.
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