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Three water-borne bacterial isolates were collected
from the Houston metropolitan area. Each isolate was capable of growing upon carbon
limited media inoculated with the organophosphorus (OP) compound paraoxon. All
isolates were able to efficiently metabolize paraoxon and, to a lesser
degree, methyl parathion to p-nitrophenol.
16S rDNA genome sequencing with universal bacterial primers identified the isolates
as species belonging to the genera Aeromonas, Steno- trophomonas, or Exiguobacterium. All screened isolates harbor organophosphorus
degradation (opd) genes that are
approximately 99% similar over approximately 660 base pairs sequenced
to one first isolated from Sphingobium fuliginis ATCC 27551 (formerly Flavobacterium sp. ATCC 27551). Additionally, two isolates KKWT11, identified as a putative Senotro-
phomonas maltophilia, and KKBO11, identified as a putative Exiguobacterium
indicum, were found to possess genomic DNA that closely matched a metallo- beta-lactamase
that has been reported to function as a methyl parathion degradation (mpd)
gene suggesting that both of these strains are prime candidates for
wastewater remediation of a broad range of OP compounds.
In this paper we
will analyze some decisions a player has to make as Shepard, the main character
from the popular video game Mass Effect.
We will view those decisions through the lenses of two philosophical positions,
utilitarianism and Nietzsche’s “will to power”, and connect those and other
dilemmas to our own world today. We will also discuss ways how Mass Effect could be integrated into
and be a useful aid for an introductory philosophy class.
Short Retraction Notice
The paper does not meet the standards of \"Food and Nutrition Sciences\".
This article has been retracted to straighten the academic record. In making this decision the Editorial Board follows COPE's Retraction Guidelines. The aim is to promote the circulation of scientific research by offering an ideal research publication platform with due consideration of internationally accepted standards on publication ethics. The Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apologies for any inconvenience this retraction may have caused.
Editor guiding this retraction: Prof. Dr. Alessandra Bordoni (EiC of FNS)
The full retraction notice in PDF is preceding the original paper, which is marked \"RETRACTED\".