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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 19733 matches for " Bresser-Pereira "
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Democracia, Estado social e reforma
Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira,Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira
Revista de Administra??o de Empresas , 2010,
Abstract:
Brasil, sociedade nacional-dependente
Bresser-Pereira, Luiz Carlos;
Novos Estudos - CEBRAP , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-33002012000200008
Abstract: the history of independent brazil may be divided in three major political cycles, and, since 1930, we can distinguish five political pacts or class coalitions. since 1930 these pacts have been nationalist. only in the 1990s the brazilian elites surrendered to the neoliberal hegemony. yet, since the mid 2000s, they are recovering their idea of nation. in fact, the main claim of the essay is that brazilian elites and the brazilian society are "national-dependent", i. e. , they are ambiguous and contradictory, requiring an oxymoron to define them. today, it searches for a synthesis between the two last political cycles - between social justice and economic development in the framework of democracy.
O paradoxo da esquerda no Brasil
Bresser-Pereira, Luiz Carlos;
Novos Estudos - CEBRAP , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-33002006000100003
Abstract: the left usually wins elections in brazil but eventually does not govern. in order to validate this claim, the paper, first, reviews the concept of left and right, defining the left political groups by their disposition to risk social order in the name of social justice. second, the paper argues that in modern democracies there is no inconsistency between a left coalition and capitalism. third, it says that in brazil the experience shows that the left indeed wins elections but does not govern.
A crise financeira global e depois: um novo capitalismo?
Bresser-Pereira, Luiz Carlos;
Novos Estudos - CEBRAP , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-33002010000100003
Abstract: the 2008 global financial crisis was a consequence of the processes of financialization, the massive creation of fictitious financial wealth which began in the 1980's, and of the hegemony of a reactionary ideology, neoliberalism, based on the belief of the self-regulating capacity and efficiency of markets. from this crisis a new capitalism will emerge, althought its chacarteristics are hard to foresee. it will not be financial, but the tendencies of the 30 "golden years" toward global and knowledge-based capitalism, and the tendency of expansion of democracy will be among them.
Assalto ao Estado e ao mercado, neoliberalismo e teoria econ?mica
Bresser-Pereira, Luiz Carlos;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142009000200002
Abstract: state and market are complementary institutions. the state is the major institution coordinating modern societies; it is the constitutional system and the organizations guaranteeing it; it is the main instrument through which democratic societies have been changing capitalism so as to achieve their own agreed political objectives. markets are institutions based on competition which the state regulates so that they contribute to the coordination of the economy. while liberalism emerged in the 18th century to fight an autocratic state, since the 1980s neoliberalism (a major distortion of economic liberalism) became dominant and mounted a political assault to the state in the name of the market, but eventually also attacked the market. neoclassical macroeconomics and public choice theory were the meta-ideologies that gave to this assault a "scientific" and mathematical allure.
Nacionalismo no centro e na periferia do capitalismo
Bresser-Pereira, Luiz Carlos;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142008000100012
Abstract: in this work i show that nationalism, together with liberalism, socialism, efficientism and the environmentalism, is one of the ideologies of the modern societies. in the first section, i define nation as the form of society politically organized that is born with the capitalist revolution and leads to the formation of the nation-state, and nationalism as the corresponding ideology: its objective is the autonomy and the national economic development. in the second section, i distinguish the nationalism of the central countries from that one of the peripheral countries; while in the first the nationalism is implicit, in the peripherals is explicit or then turn to the cosmopolitism. in the third section i argument that the imperialism, even being inevitable between strong and week countries, will change its characteristics when this relation of forces is modified as a consequence of the nationalism of the dominated ones. still in this section, i make one brief reference to brazil. finally, i come back to the ideologies of the capitalism to show that, differently from the others, the nationalism is a particularist ideology, which increases the resistance to it and facilitates the task of domination of the central countries. yet, the nationalism does not disappear because it is an organizer principle of the capitalist society.
A taxa de cambio no centro da teoria do desenvolvimento
Bresser-Pereira, Luiz Carlos;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142012000200002
Abstract: this paper presents the main ideas of structuralist development macroeconomics - the theory behind new developmentalism. its focus is on the exchange rate that is positioned for the first time in the core of development economics. economic theory usually views the exchange rate as a short term problem to be discussed in open macroeconomics. structuralist development macroeconomics argues that there is in developing countries a tendency to the cyclical overvaluation of the exchange rate caused by the lack of neutralization of the dutch disease and by excessive capital inflows. in consequence it views the exchange rate as chronically overvalued, and, for that reason, a major obstacle to economic growth. in the development process, the exchange rate has the role of light switch that connects or disconnects the national business enterprises utilizing technology in the world state of the art from world markets.
Economia política da desgovernan?a global
Bresser-Pereira, Luiz Carlos;
Estudos Econ?micos (S?o Paulo) , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-41612007000300001
Abstract: global economic disgovernance rather than governance characterizes today the world economy. two facts substantiate this assessment: the recurring balance of payment crises in developing countries, and the present enormous current account deficit in the united states. the emergent markets' crises are essentially the outcome of a strategy that the north proposed to the south: the growth cum foreign savings strategy. given the fact that the inflow of capitals evaluate the exchange rate, and that the countries did not face major investment opportunities in the 1990s, such strategy led not to increase in capital accumulation and growth but to large current account deficits and to balance of payment (financial) crises. on the other hand, the us current account deficit is a serious problem. the us is already a debtor country, but adjustment continues to be postponed. thus, the probability of a soft landing is small. both sources of instability are related with current account deficits and overvalued currencies. the political economy behind has a name: exchange rate populism, one of the two forms of economic populism (the other is fiscal populism). this is not surprising in developing countries, but could be in a developed country like the united states. yet, when one considers the political and social retrocession that the american society is experiencing since the end of world war ii, it is not.
Esquerda nacional e empresários na América Latina
Bresser-Pereira, Luiz Carlos;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64452007000100005
Abstract: may a business man support a left wing political party? to answer this question, the author defines left as the political ideology that accepts to risk social order in name of social justice. if this is done moderately, if the political party adopts a center-left position, there will be no inconsistency. in modern democracies, political parties on the left and on the right fight for the support of the ideological center, and tend to converge to it. what to say on that question in the case of brazil? here, as in latin america, moderate left-wing political parties often win elections but seldom govern. this paradox is explained by the conservative character of latin american elites. latin america is formed of dependent countries striving in a highly competitive world where national strategies are required to grow. in principle, one would expect that the left would be a national left, but since the "dependency theory" declared that a national bourgeoisie was impossible in latin america, an alliance between progressive business men and the left became more difficult but, also, the left and the intellectuals tended to become dependent or cosmopolitan.
O surgimento do Estado republicano
Bresser-Pereira, Luiz Carlos;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64452004000200008
Abstract: the social-democratic state existing in advanced democracies is gradually changing into a republican state. the neo-liberal wave failed because modern societies need a strong, not a weak state. a republican state is strong enough to protect the public patrimony from private capture. the republican state that is emerging is fiscally strong because it limits its debts, it is administratively strong because it is engaged in public management reform, and it is politically strong because citizens, politicians and civil servants know that the principles ruling politics are not the same that rule markets. a short survey of the literature on republicanism is undertaken to substantiate these claims.
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